Politics in the European Union

Author: Ian Bache,Simon Bulmer,Stephen George,Owen Parker

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199689660

Category: Political Science

Page: 604

View: 900

The European Union is a unique, complex, and ever-changing political entity which continues to shape both international politics and the politics of its individual member states. Politics in the European Union provides a clear analysis of the theory, history, policies, and institutions of theEU, giving students a well-rounded introduction to the subject. With an updated history section, this text weaves together material on key contemporary concerns, including the Eurozone crisis and the implementation of the Lisbon Treaty, with a thorough consideration of the workings and remit of theEuropean Union.
Release

Integrating Gender

Women, Law and Politics in the European Union

Author: Catherine Hoskyns

Publisher: Verso

ISBN: 9781859840788

Category: Political Science

Page: 248

View: 3798

Integrating Gender makes a timely contribution to debate about the social content and internal politics of the European Union. Based on a detailed study of the EU's policy on women's rights, it draws together approaches from international relations and feminist theory to develop a powerful critique. Since the 1970s the European Community's policy on women's rights has provided a rare example of a European policy which grants social rights and engages at least to some extent with a mobilized political community. Analysis of policy implementation reveals the complex web which develops when national and transnational state activity interacts with social movements operating in different national and cultural contexts. In Integrating Gender, Catherine Hoskyns tracks these developments across the EU member states using a wide range of primary sources, including original interviews with some of the key women involved at grassroots, professional and official levels. For the first time the prism of feminism is focused on the political, legal and social history of the European Union; the resulting analysis illuminates both the politics of the Union and the reasons for its current crisis of legitimacy.
Release

Democratic Politics in the European Parliament

Author: Simon Hix,Abdul G. Noury,Gérard Roland

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139464795

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 8834

With the European Parliament comprising politicians from many different countries, cultures, languages, national parties and institutional backgrounds, one might expect politics in the Parliament to be highly-fragmented and unpredictable. By studying more than 12,000 recorded votes between 1979 and 2004 this 2007 book establishes that the opposite is in fact true: transnational parties in the European Parliament are highly cohesive and the classic 'left-right' dimension dominates voting behaviour. Furthermore, the cohesion of parties in the European Parliament has increased as the powers of the Parliament have increased. The authors suggest that the main reason for these developments is that like-minded MEPs have incentives to form stable transnational party organizations and to use these organizations to compete over European Union policies. They suggest that this is a positive development for the future of democratic accountability in the European Union.
Release

Green Parties and Politics in the European Union

Author: Elizabeth Bomberg

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134851456

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 3019

Bomberg argues the 'greening' of European politics and the advancement of European integration are inextricably linked and that the EU presents a strategic dilemma to Green parties. In short, how can Greens reconcile their radical, alternative politics with the EU's mainstream, traditional institutions and practices? Bomberg's analysis is based on over 100 interviews with leading green politicians, NGO members, environmental and industrial lobbyists, EU officials and MEPs. She includes appendices showing profiles of green parties in European countries, and key policy-making institutions
Release

The Currency of Ideas

Monetary Politics in the European Union

Author: Kathleen R. McNamara

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801486029

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 185

View: 6934

In the new preface to this paperback edition, Kathleen R. McNamara recounts the rapid progress made in 1998 toward European monetary integration and explores the significance of political forces in bringing about recent key developments.
Release

Justice Contained

Law and Politics in the European Union

Author: Lisa J. Conant

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801439100

Category: History

Page: 250

View: 7467

In this probing analysis of the European Union's transnational legal system, Lisa Conant explores the interaction between law and politics. In particular, she challenges the widely held view that the European Court of Justice (ECJ) has, through bold judicial activism, brought about profound policy and institutional changes within the EU's member states. She argues convincingly that this court, like its domestic counterparts, depends on the support of powerful organized interests to gain compliance with its rulings. What, Conant asks, are the policy implications of the ECJ's decisions? How are its rulings applied in practice? Drawing on the rich scholarship on the U.S. Supreme Court, Conant depicts the limits that the ECJ and other tribunals have to face. To illuminate these constraints, she traces the impact of ECJ decisions in four instances concerning market competition and national discrimination. She also proposes ways of anticipating which of this court's legal interpretations are likely to inspire major reforms.Justice Contained closes with a comparative analysis of judicial power, identifying the ECJ as an institution with greater similarities to domestic courts than to international organizations. The book advances a deeper understanding both of the court's contributions to European integration and of the political economy of litigation and reform.
Release

Collective Action in the European Union

Interests and the New Politics of Associability

Author: Justin Greenwood,Mark Aspinwall

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415159746

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 238

View: 4667

Collective Action in the European Union addresses fundamental questions surrounding the European political economy. The impressive array of contributors ask how and why collective action is formed at the European level. They also consider whether collective action at the transnational level is driven by rational, utility maximising behaviour, or whether explanations couched in social terms are more convincing. Many of the chapters introduce fresh empirical studies, in the domains of business, the professions, consumers and environmental interests.
Release

Britain in the European Union Today

Author: Colin Pilkington

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 9780719045622

Category: Political Science

Page: 275

View: 9071

This textbook offers students of British politics both a clear introduction to the European Union and a comprehensive guide to the role of Europe in British politics. It begins by explaining how the EU has grown, and then covers the impact of the Union on Britain, both in terms of its influence on governmental policymaking and in terms of European legislation. It goes on to explore the British people's participation in the EU's democratic processes, through representation in the European Parliament and through the developing idea of European citizenship. The author concentrates on the impact of Britain's EU membership following ratification of the Maastricht Treaty, and explores the effects of membership on political parties, pressure groups and the individual.
Release

Internationale Organisationen

Author: Volker Rittberger,Bernhard Zangl,Andreas Kruck

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 353119514X

Category: Social Science

Page: 279

View: 6705

Internationale Organisationen mit globaler oder regionaler Reichweite (z.B. UN, IWF, Weltbank, WTO, EU) spielen eine zunehmend wichtige Rolle bei der Schaffung und Implementierung von internationalen Normen und Regeln, mithin bei Global Governance. Die Sicherheit, das ökonomische Wohlergehen, der Schutz der Menschenrechte und die ökologischen Lebensbedingungen von Menschen weltweit werden von der Fähigkeit bzw. Unfähigkeit internationaler Organisationen, Kooperation und Regieren jenseits des Nationalstaates möglich zu machen und zu stabilisieren, beeinflusst. Das Lehrbuch will die Leserin bzw. den Leser daher theoretisch informiert und empirisch fundiert mit den Entstehungsbedingungen, der Entwicklung, Funktionsweise und den Tätigkeiten internationaler Organisationen vertraut machen. Es führt in die wichtigsten Theorien über internationale Organisationen ein und bietet einen historischen Überblick über internationale Organisationen in verschiedenen Politikfeldern. Das Lehrbuch analysiert ferner die Akteure, Strukturen und Prozesse, die die Entscheidungsfindung in internationalen Organisationen prägen. Schließlich werden die Tätigkeiten eines breiten Spektrums internationaler Organisationen und deren Beitrag zur kooperativen Bearbeitung grenzüberschreitender Probleme in den Sachbereichen „Sicherheit“, „Wirtschaft“, „Umwelt“ und „Menschenrechte“ untersucht.
Release

Political Parties in the European Union

Author: Simon Hix,Christopher Lord

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1349255602

Category: European Union

Page: 272

View: 4713

Political Parties in the European Union provides a comprehensive assessment of the importance of party politics to the functioning of the European Union which the authors argue has frequently been underestimated. Incorporating much new research material it covers not only the transnational party groups in the European Parliament but also the participants in the European Council and Council of Ministers who, the authors remind us, are not just representatives of 'national interests' but also party politicians.
Release

Environmental politics in the European Union

Policy-making, implementation and patterns of multi-level governance

Author: Christoph Knill,Duncan Liefferink

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 1847796842

Category: Political Science

Page: 264

View: 5723

This book provides a comprehensive introduction to the development, making and implementation of European Union environmental politics and identifies the central areas and instruments of EU environmental policy. It analyses the factors influencing not only the formulation but also the implementation of environmental measures in the complex multi-level setting of the EU. On this basis, it takes a critical look at the EU's effectiveness and problem-solving capacity in the environmental field. Designed as a textbook at undergraduate and graduate level, the book employs a clear and insightful analytical perspective based on the theoretical state-of-the-art of EU policy studies. Thus, it provides an overview of the major theoretical approaches available in the field. At the same time, the discussion is illustrated by a broad range of empirical findings with regard to the formulation and implementation of EU environmental policy. This study is an ideal companion for anyone seeking a concise and accessible introduction into EU environmental politics.
Release

Policy-making in the European Union

Author: Helen Wallace,Mark A. Pollack,Alasdair R. Young

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199689679

Category: Political Science

Page: 574

View: 3506

Constantly evolving, and with far-reaching implications, European Union policy-making is of central importance to the politics of the European Union. From defining the processes, institutions and modes through which policy-making operates, the text moves on to situate individual policieswithin these modes, detail their content, and analyse how they are implemented, navigating policy in all its complexities. Exploring the link between the modes and mechanisms of EU policy-making and its implementation at national level, Policy-Making in the Europe Union helps students to engage with the key issues related to policy. Written by experts, for students and scholars alike, this is the most authoritative andin-depth guide to policy in the European Union.
Release

The Politics of Corporate Taxation in the European Union

Knowledge and International Policy Agendas

Author: Claudio Radaelli

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135106312

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 272

View: 5105

This study explores the formation of the European Union's tax policy and asks why member states did not raise objections to it. The author's analysis is enriched by two further levels of inquiry. Firstly, he examines the 'Europeanization' of domestic tax policy in Italy and the UK, asking how domestic policy has changed and what is meant by 'Europeanization'. Secondly, he puts the European Union tax policy in the wider context of tax globalization. Will the liberalization of capital movement, tax havens and the flexibility of multinationals in managing their taxable incomes wreck the European Union's fragile tax policies?
Release

Finland in the European Union

Author: Tapio Raunio,Teija Tiilikainen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135762031

Category: Political Science

Page: 192

View: 684

With a focus on governmental institutions, this book explores the ways in which EU membership has altered the balance of power among key political actors. The authors discuss cultural adaptation to integration, as well as examining the views of the elite and voters. The transformation in national identity, sovereignty and neutrality are also examined.
Release

The Government and Politics of the European Union

Author: Neill Nugent

Publisher: Palgrave

ISBN: 1137454105

Category: Political Science

Page: 512

View: 4754

A systematically updated and revised new edition of the leading text on the European Union. Combining authoritative coverage with student-friendly design and features, the eighth edition is brought fully up to date with recent developments in the EU, including the ongoing fallout from the eurozone crisis.
Release

Media and Cultural Policy in the European Union

Author: Katharine Sarikakis

Publisher: Rodopi

ISBN: 9042021756

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 249

View: 5953

Articles offer a historical and socio-political analysis of major media and cultural policies in the European Union: 'The Place of Media and Cultural Policy in the EU', K. Sarikakis'; 'Can State Aid in the Film Sector Stand The Proof of EU and WTO Liberalisation Efforts?', C. Pauwels, S. De Vinck, B. Van Rompuy; 'Cultural Diversity and Subsidiarity: The Case of Cultural Tourism In the European Union', E. Dumont, J. Teller; 'Mediating Social Cohesion: Media and Cultural Policy in the European Union and Canada', K. Sarikakis; 'The EU, Communications Liberalisation and the Future of Public Service Broadcasting', P. Humphreys; 'More Europe: More Unity, More Diversity? The Enlargement of the European Audiovisual Space', H. de Smaele; 'Undermining Media Diversity: Inaction on Media Concentrations and Pluralism in the EU', G. Doyle; 'The Construction of European Identity and Citizenship Through Cultural Policy', L. Tsaliki; 'The EU and the Press: Policy or Non-policy?', D. Hutchison; 'Diverse Journalists in a Diverse Europe? Impulses for a Discussion on Media and Integration', S. Kretzschmar; ' Whither Cultural Diversity: The European Union's Market Vision For the Review of Television Without Frontiers Directive', M. Wheeler.
Release

The SAGE Handbook of European Union Politics

Author: Knud Erik Jørgensen,Mark Pollack,Ben Rosamond

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446206491

Category: Political Science

Page: 616

View: 3039

'This volume is one to which anyone trying to make sense of the EU of the early 21st century will return again and again. A terrific line-up that combines diverse talents from North America and Europe. Few books of this kind could live up to the billing 'definitive benchmark', but this one certainly does' - John Peterson, University of Edinburgh 'A most useful book that can be highly recommended. A strong analytical framework coupled with unparalleled coverage of the major issues of the political science research of the EU makes this volume a formidable tool for teaching and a significant input to new scholarly research. It is both relatively sophisticated and very accessible to graduate students and advanced researchers. The clear writing style and the richness of information presented will certainly make this book interesting for non-academic readers' - Igor Vidacak, Institute for International Relations, Zagreb - Journal of Common Market Studies 'An admirably comprehensive source book for those interested in how the tools of political science inspire EU area studies. The editors enlist leading researchers to synthesize the state of the art in their field of expertise. The Handbook of European Union Politics will be an indispensable intellectual resource for researchers, teachers, and graduate students of the European Union' - Liesbet Hooghe, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA 'Presents an excellent overview of political science research on the EU. It finds the right balance between establishing the state of the art and pointing the reader to theoretical diversity. Highly recommended for advanced students and scholars looking for quick and solid orientation in a fragmented field - and for new ideas for research' - Frank Schimmelfennig, ETH Zurich, Switzerland 'This is a milestone in the study of EU politics. The authors include the most knowledgeable practitioners in the field, and collectively they provide a comprehensive and highly competent overview of the state of theory and research on EU institutions, politics and policies' - Fritz Scharpf, Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies, Germany The European Union (EU) poses quite profound questions for scholars and students of the social and political sciences. This benchmark handbook is designed to: - provide an authoritative state-of-the art guide to the scope of the field suitable for both established scholars and students of the EU - reflect and contribute to the debates about the nature of the field of EU studies and EU politics in particular - explore in detail the development of the many approaches to the study of EU politics. Divided into four sections, the Handbook focuses on theorizing European integration; the EU as polity; politics and policy making in the EU; and the EU and the international system. Its appeal will reside not only in its comprehensive and authoritative coverage of the field, but also in the quality of its contributors, and the diversity of theoretical and methodological approaches included. The resulting volume is a 'must have' for all scholars and advanced students of the EU and European integration.
Release

The Politics of Everyday Europe

Constructing Authority in the European Union

Author: Kathleen R. McNamara

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0198716230

Category: Political Science

Page: 208

View: 3994

How do political authorities build support for themselves and their rule? Doing so is key to accruing power, but it can be a complicated affair. This book shows how social processes can legitimate new rulers and make their exercise of power seem natural. Historically, political authorities have used carefully crafted symbols and practices to create a cultural infrastructure for rule, most notably through nationalism and state-building. The European Union (EU), as a new governance form, faces a particularly acute set of challenges in naturalising itself.
Release

European Integration and Political Conflict

Author: Gary Marks,Marco R. Steenbergen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521535052

Category: History

Page: 280

View: 4792

Over the past half-century, Europe has experienced the most radical reallocation of authority that has ever taken place in peace-time, yet the ideological conflicts that will emerge from this are only now becoming apparent. The editors of this 2004 volume, Gary Marks and Marco Steenbergen, have brought together a formidable group of scholars of European and comparative politics to investigate patterns of conflict that are arising in the European Union. Using diverse sources of data, and examining a range of actors, including citizens, political parties, members of the European Parliament, social movements, and interest groups, the authors of this volume conclude that political contestation concerning European integration is indeed rooted in the basic conflicts that have shaped political life in Western Europe for many years. This comprehensive volume provides an analysis of political conflict in the European Union.
Release

Transnational Politics of the Environment

The European Union and Environmental Policy in Central and Eastern Europe

Author: Liliana B. Andonova

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262261418

Category: Science

Page: 266

View: 1481

A study of the effect of EU membership on Central and Eastern European environmental policy and the interplay of political incentives and industry behavior that determines policy In Transnational Politics of the Environment, Liliana Andonova examines the effect of the Europen Union (EU) on the environmental policies of Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, and Poland. Compliance with EU environmental regulations is especially onerous for Central and Eastern European countries because of the costs involved and the legacy of pollution from communist-era industries. But Andonova argues that EU integration has a positive impact on environmental policies in these countries by exerting a strong influence on the environmental interests of regulated industries. With her empirical study of chemical safety and air pollution policies from 1990 to 2000, she shows that export-competitive industries such as the chemical industry that would benefit from economic integration have an incentive to adopt EU norms. By contrast, industries such as electric utilities that primarily serve the domestic market remain opposed to EU environmental standards and must be prodded by their own governments to implement environmental-protection measures. These differences in domestic interests greatly influence the course of reforms and the adoption of EU standards. Transnational Politics of the Environment challenges the current focus on intergovernmental cooperation between East and West by highlighting the roles of industries, transnational norms, and domestic institutions in promoting change in environmental regulation. It offers a generalizable framework for understanding the politics of environmental regulation in emerging market economies, and helps bridge the divide between the study of domestic and international environmental politics.
Release