Playing With the Boys

Why Separate is Not Equal in Sports

Author: Eileen McDonagh,Laura Pappano

Publisher: OUP USA

ISBN: 0195167562

Category: Political Science

Page: 349

View: 4474

Athletic contests help define what we mean in America by "success." By keeping women from "playing with the boys" on the false assumption that they are inherently inferior, society relegates them to second-class citizens. In this forcefully argued book, Eileen McDonagh and Laura Pappano show in vivid detail how women have been unfairly excluded from participating in sports on an equal footing with men. Using dozens of powerful examples--girls and women breaking through in football, ice hockey, wrestling, and baseball, to name just a few--the authors show that sex differences are not sufficient to warrant exclusion in most sports, that success entails more than brute strength, and that sex segregation in sports does not simply reflect sex differences, but actively constructs and reinforces stereotypes about sex differences. For instance, women's bodies give them a physiological advantage in endurance sports, yet many Olympic events have shorter races for women than men, thereby camouflaging rather than revealing women's strengths.
Release

Out of Play

Critical Essays on Gender and Sport

Author: Michael A. Messner

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 0791479781

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 4616

A revealing look at gender issues in contemporary sport.
Release

The Stronger Women Get, the More Men Love Football

Sexism and the Culture of Sport

Author: Mariah Burton Nelson

Publisher: Women's Press (UK)

ISBN: 9780704344921

Category: Sex differences

Page: 304

View: 1403

A critique of sexism in contemporary sport in which the author shows how it affects women and men outside the playing arena, examining how women are excluded from participating in sport on equal terms with men, and how all-male sporting environments foster misogyny and sexual violence.
Release

Female Gladiators

Gender, Law, and Contact Sport in America

Author: Sarah K. Fields

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 0252091205

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 232

View: 7572

Female Gladiators examines the legal and social history of the right of women to participate with men in contact sports. The impetus to begin legal proceedings was the 1972 enactment of Title IX, which prohibited discrimination in educational settings, but it was the Equal Protection Clause of the U.S. Constitution and the equal rights amendments of state constitutions that ultimately opened doors. Despite court rulings, however, many in American society resisted--and continue to resist--allowing girls in dugouts and other spaces traditionally defined as male territories. When the leagues continued to bar girls simply because they were not boys, the girls went to court. Sarah K. Fields examines the legal and cultural conflicts over gender and contact sports that continue to rage today.
Release

Sex Segregation in Sports: Why Separate Is Not Equal

Why Separate Is Not Equal

Author: Adrienne N. Milner,Jomills Henry Braddock II

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1440838119

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 208

View: 6210

Why isn't segregation based on sex illegal in sports just as race segregation is? This book examines the controversial issue, arguing that "separate but equal" is neither achievable nor constitutional. • Features both current and historical events to support the argument for sex integration in sports • Examines how sex and race are social constructions and considers their connected plights • Presents both legal and social arguments for the elimination of sports-related sex segregation • Challenges legal, biological, and social arguments against sex integration • Analyzes the legal nuances of Title IX legislation and Brown vs. Board of Education and compares the two cases
Release

A Level Playing Field

Author: Gerald Lyn Early

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674060865

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 288

View: 7324

The noted cultural critic Gerald Early explores the intersection of race and sports, and our deeper, often contradictory attitudes toward the athletes we glorify. What desires and anxieties are encoded in our worship of (or disdain for) high-performance athletes? What other, invisible contests unfold when we watch a sporting event?
Release

Body Panic

Gender, Health, and the Selling of Fitness

Author: Shari L. Dworkin,Faye Linda Wachs

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814719686

Category: Social Science

Page: 227

View: 7886

In this, the third volume of an interdisciplinary history of the United States since the Civil War, Sean Dennis Cashman provides a comprehensive review of politics and economics from the tawdry affluence of the 1920s throught the searing tragedy of the Great Depression to the achievements of the New Deal in providing millions with relief, job opportunities, and hope before America was poised for its ascent to globalism on the eve of World War II. The book concludes with an account of the sliding path to war as Europe and Asia became prey to the ambitions of Hitler and military opportunists in Japan. The book also surveys the creative achievements of America's lost generation of artists, writers, and intellectuals; continuing innovations in transportation and communications wrought by automobiles and airplanes, radio and motion pictures; the experiences of black Americans, labor, and America's different classes and ethnic groups; and the tragicomedy of national prohibition. The cast of characters includes FDR, the New Dealers, Eleanor Roosevelt, George W. Norris, William E. Borah, Huey Long, Henry Ford, Clarence Darrow, Ernest Hemingway, Scott Fitzgerald, W.E.B. DuBois, A. Philip Randolph, Orson Welles, Wendell Willkie, and the stars of radio and the silver screen. The first book in this series, America in the Gilded Age, is now accounted a classic for historiographical synthesis and stylisic polish. America in the Age of the Titans, covering the Progressive Era and World War I, and America in the Twenties and Thirties reveal the author's unerring grasp of various primary and secondary sources and his emphasis upon structures, individuals, and anecdotes about them. The book is lavishly illustrated with various prints, photographs, and reproductions from the Library of Congress, the Museum of Modern Art, and the Whitney Museum of American Art.
Release

Inside School Turnarounds

Urgent Hopes, Unfolding Stories

Author: Laura Pappano

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781934742747

Category: Education

Page: 184

View: 7208

Inside School Turnarounds uses on-the-ground reporting and up-to-the-minute research to provide a compelling and insightful exploration of the work of school turnarounds. The quest for school improvement is old. The demand for dramatic, immediate school improvement is new. Even as President Barack Obama and Secretary of Education Arne Duncan commit $4.3 billion to making 5,000 of the nation's worst-performing schools better now, few people know what that really looks like--or how it actually works. How do school and district leaders enact rapid and meaningful reform that truly transforms the lives and learning of their students? Veteran education journalist Laura Pappano gathers stories, ideas, emerging practices, and honest admissions about what has worked and what hasn't for schools and districts caught in midstream as they navigate this uncertain journey. In the voices of administrators, teachers, children, and parents, Pappano's book captures the joys and frustrations, passions and challenges of those responding to the unprecedented demands being placed on--and embraced by--turnaround schools. Inside School Turnarounds is part of the Harvard Education Letter Impact series.
Release

Getting in the Game

Title IX and the Women's Sports Revolution

Author: Deborah L. Brake

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 0814760392

Category: Law

Page: 320

View: 8491

The first legal analysis of Title IX assesses the successes and failures of the landmark federal statute enacted in 1972 to prohibit sex discrimination in education,
Release

Out in Sport

The experiences of openly gay and lesbian athletes in competitive sport

Author: Eric Anderson,Rory Magrath,Rachael Bullingham

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317295412

Category: Social Science

Page: 186

View: 8876

Research has shown that since the turn of the millennia, matters have rapidly improved for gays and lesbians in sport. Where gay and lesbian athletes were merely tolerated a decade ago, today they are celebrated. This book represents the most comprehensive examination of the experiences of gays and lesbians in sport ever produced. Drawing on interviews with openly gay and lesbian athletes in the US and the UK, as well as media accounts, the book examines the experiences of ‘out’ men and women, at recreational, high school, university and professional levels, in addition to those competing in gay sports leagues. Offering a new approach to understanding this important topic, Out in Sport is essential reading for students and scholars of sport studies, LGBT studies and sociology, as well as sports practitioners and trainers.
Release

Sex Testing

Gender Policing in Women's Sports

Author: Lindsay Pieper

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 0252098447

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 8707

In 1968, the International Olympic Committee (IOC) implemented sex testing for female athletes at that year's Games. When it became clear that testing regimes failed to delineate a sex divide, the IOC began to test for gender --a shift that allowed the organization to control the very idea of womanhood. Lindsay Parks Pieper explores sex testing in sport from the 1930s to the early 2000s. Focusing on assumptions and goals as well as means, Pieper examines how the IOC in particular insisted on a misguided binary notion of gender that privileged Western norms. Testing evolved into a tool to identify--and eliminate--athletes the IOC deemed too strong, too fast, or too successful. Pieper shows how this system punished gifted women while hindering the development of women's athletics for decades. She also reveals how the flawed notions behind testing--ideas often sexist, racist, or ridiculous--degraded the very idea of female athleticism.
Release

The End of Men

And the Rise of Women

Author: Hanna Rosin

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 1101596929

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 9744

“You have to…play by the rules so you can get to the top and change things.” -- Sheryl Sandberg A landmark portrait of women, men, and power in a transformed world Men have been the dominant sex since, well, the dawn of mankind. But Hanna Rosin was the first to notice that this long-held truth is, astonishingly, no longer true. At this unprecedented moment, by almost every measure, women are no longer gaining on men: They have pulled decisively ahead. And “the end of men”—the title of Rosin’s Atlantic cover story on the subject—has entered the lexicon as dramatically as Betty Friedan’s “feminine mystique,” Simone de Beauvoir’s “second sex,” Susan Faludi’s “backlash,” and Naomi Wolf’s “beauty myth” once did. In this landmark book, Rosin reveals how this new state of affairs is radically shifting the power dynamics between men and women at every level of society, with profound implications for marriage, sex, children, work, and more. With wide-ranging curiosity and insight unhampered by assumptions or ideology, Rosin shows how the radically different ways men and women today earn, learn, spend, couple up—even kill—has turned the big picture upside down. And in The End of Men she helps us see how, regardless of gender, we can adapt to the new reality and channel it for a better future.
Release

The Female Brain

Author: Louann Brizendine, M.D.

Publisher: Harmony

ISBN: 9780767928410

Category: Science

Page: 304

View: 8748

Since Dr. Brizendine wrote The Female Brain ten years ago, the response has been overwhelming. This New York Times bestseller has been translated into more than thirty languages, has sold nearly a million copies between editions, and has most recently inspired a romantic comedy starring Whitney Cummings and Sofia Vergara. And its profound scientific understanding of the nature and experience of the female brain continues to guide women as they pass through life stages, to help men better understand the girls and women in their lives, and to illuminate the delicate emotional machinery of a love relationship. Every brain begins as a female brain. It only becomes male eight weeks after conception, when excess testosterone shrinks the communications center, reduces the hearing cortex, and makes the part of the brain that processes sex twice as large. Louann Brizendine, M.D. is a pioneering neuropsychiatrist who brings together the latest findings to show how the unique structure of the female brain determines how women think, what they value, how they communicate, and whom they’ll love. Brizendine reveals the neurological explanations behind why • A woman remembers fights that a man insists never happened • A teen girl is so obsessed with her looks and talking on the phone • Thoughts about sex enter a woman’s brain once every couple of days but enter a man’s brain about once every minute • A woman knows what people are feeling, while a man can’t spot an emotion unless somebody cries or threatens bodily harm • A woman over 50 is more likely to initiate divorce than a man Women will come away from this book knowing that they have a lean, mean communicating machine. Men will develop a serious case of brain envy.
Release

No Girls in the Clubhouse

The Exclusion of Women from Baseball

Author: Marilyn Cohen

Publisher: McFarland

ISBN: 0786452978

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 228

View: 8202

Even though teenaged girl Jackie Mitchell once struck out Babe Ruth and Lou Gehrig, women are still striking out on the hardball diamond. This book builds on recently published histories of women as amateur and professional players, umpires, sports commentators and fans to analyze the cultural and historical contexts for excluding females from America’s pastime. Drawing on anthropological and feminist perspectives, the book examines the ways that constructions of women’s bodies and normative social roles have pushed them toward softball instead of baseball. Sportswriter accounts, Title IX sex-discrimination suits, and interviews with players explore the obstacles and the social isolation of females who join all-male baseball teams, while also discussing policies that inhibit the practice.
Release

Game, Set, Match

Billie Jean King and the Revolution in Women's Sports

Author: Susan Ware

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 9780807834541

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 282

View: 9487

Argues that Billie Jean King's 1973 defeat of male player Bobby Riggs in tennis' Battle of the Sexes match helped, along with the passage of the Title IX anti-sex discrimination act, cause a revolution in women's sports.
Release

The Chicago Marathon

Author: Andrew Suozzo

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 0252074211

Category: History

Page: 254

View: 410

An in-depth, illustrated study of the Chicago Marathon looks at every aspect of the annual event, drawing on interviews with the athletes, organizers, sponsors, support staff, and volunteers to reveal how the various elements of the race reflect the politics, people, and urban culture of Chicago. Simultaneous.
Release

White Sports/Black Sports: Racial Disparities in Athletic Programs

Racial Disparities in Athletic Programs

Author: Lori Latrice Martin Ph.D.

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1440800545

Category: Social Science

Page: 209

View: 6152

The racial makeup of sports in the United States serves as a classic example of racism in the 21st century. This book examines the racial disparities in sports and the continuing significance of race in 21st-century America, debunking the myth of a "postracial society." • Examines how race and sports are powerful social constructions • Presents examples of how sports can serve as both a liberating and an oppressive force • Explains how sports influence and are influenced by society and the ways in which institutional barriers and personal practices perpetuate racism in sports and in the society at large • Documents how historic racial stereotypes, such as the "brute" and "sapphire" caricatures, are alive and well in the world of sports
Release

The Sports Gene

Inside the Science of Extraordinary Athletic Performance

Author: David Epstein

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 1101622636

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 352

View: 5334

The New York Times bestseller – with a new afterword about early specialization in youth sports. The debate is as old as physical competition. Are stars like Usain Bolt, Michael Phelps, and Serena Williams genetic freaks put on Earth to dominate their respective sports? Or are they simply normal people who overcame their biological limits through sheer force of will and obsessive training? In this controversial and engaging exploration of athletic success and the so-called 10,000-hour rule, David Epstein tackles the great nature vs. nurture debate and traces how far science has come in solving it. Through on-the-ground reporting from below the equator and above the Arctic Circle, revealing conversations with leading scientists and Olympic champions, and interviews with athletes who have rare genetic mutations or physical traits, Epstein forces us to rethink the very nature of athleticism.
Release

The Boys of Summer

Author: Roger Kahn

Publisher: Aurum Press Limited

ISBN: 1781312079

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 560

View: 9358

DIV This is a book about young men who learned to play baseball during the 1930s and 1940s, and then went on to play for one of the most exciting major-league ball clubs ever fielded, the team that broke the colour barrier with Jackie Robinson. It is a book by and about a sportswriter who grew up near Ebbets Field, and who had the good fortune in the 1950s to cover the Dodgers for the Herald Tribune. This is a book about what happened to Jackie, Carl Erskine, Pee Wee Reese, and the others when their glory days were behind them. In short, it is a book fathers and sons and about the making of modern America. 'At a point in life when one is through with boyhood, but has not yet discovered how to be a man, it was my fortune to travel with the most marvelously appealing of teams.' Sentimental because it holds such promise, and bittersweet because that promise is past, the first sentence of this masterpiece of sporting literature, first published in the early '70s, sets its tone. The team is the mid-20th-century Brooklyn Dodgers, the team of Robinson and Snyder and Hodges and Reese, a team of great triumph and historical import composed of men whose fragile lives were filled with dignity and pathos. Roger Kahn, who covered that team for the New York Herald Tribune, makes understandable humans of his heroes as he chronicles the dreams and exploits of their young lives, beautifully intertwining them with his own, then recounts how so many of those sweet dreams curdled as the body of these once shining stars grew rusty with age and battered by experience. /div
Release