Pioneers of Modern Design

From William Morris to Walter Gropius

Author: Nikolaus Pevsner

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 0141932325

Category: Design

Page: 272

View: 9044

One of the most widely read books on modern design, Nikolaus Pevsner's landmark work today remains as stimulating as it was when first published in 1936. This expanded edition of Pioneers of Modern Design provides Pevsner's original text along with significant new and updated information, enhancing Pevsner's illuminating account of the roots of Modernism. The book now offers many beautiful colour illustrations; updated biographies and bibliographies of all major figures; illustrated short essays on key themes, movements, and individuals; a critique of Pevsner's analysis from today's perspective; examples of works after 1914 (where the original study ended); a biography detailing Pevsner's life and achievements; and much more. Pevsner saw Modernism as a synthesis of three main sources: William Morris and his followers, the work of nineteenth-century engineers, and Art Nouveau. The author considers the role of these sources in the work of early Modernists and looks at such masters of the movement as C.F.A. Voysey and Charles Rennie Mackintosh in Britain, Sullivan and Frank Lloyd Wright in America, and Adolf Loos and Otto Wagner in Vienna. The account concludes with a discussion of the radical break with the past represented by the design work of Walter Gropius and his future Bauhaus colleagues. Nikolaus Pevsner (1902-1983), a distinguished scholar of art and architecture, was best known as editor of the 46-volume series The Buildings of England and as founding editor of The Pelican History of Art.
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Making Dystopia

The Strange Rise and Survival of Architectural Barbarism

Author: James Stevens Curl

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0191068152

Category: History

Page: 592

View: 8476

In Making Dystopia, distinguished architectural historian James Stevens Curl tells the story of the advent of architectural Modernism in the aftermath of the First World War, its protagonists, and its astonishing, almost global acceptance after 1945. He argues forcefully that the triumph of architectural Modernism in the second half of the twentieth century led to massive destruction, the creation of alien urban landscapes, and a huge waste of resources. Moreover, the coming of Modernism was not an inevitable, seamless evolution, as many have insisted, but a massive, unparalled disruption that demanded a clean slate and the elimination of all ornament, decoration, and choice. Tracing the effects of the Modernist revolution in architecture to the present, Stevens Curl argues that, with each passing year, so-called 'iconic' architecture by supposed 'star' architects has become more and more bizarre, unsettling, and expensive, ignoring established contexts and proving to be stratospherically remote from the aspirations and needs of humanity. In the elite world of contemporary architecture, form increasingly follows finance, and in a society in which the 'haves' have more and more, and the 'have-nots' are ever more marginalized, he warns that contemporary architecture continues to stack up huge potential problems for the future, as housing costs spiral out of control, resources are squandered on architectural bling, and society fractures. This courageous, passionate, deeply researched, and profoundly argued book should be read by everyone concerned with what is around us. Its combative critique of the entire Modernist architectural project and its apologists will be highly controversial to many. But it contains salutary warnings that we ignore at our peril. And it asks awkward questions to which answers are long overdue.
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Management Als Design? Design Als Management?

Author: Klaus Bernsau

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3941522035

Category: Design

Page: 212

View: 8338

Grunds tzlich muss in der Designtheorie zwischen einem enggefassten und einem weitgefassten Designbegriff unterschieden werden - und zwar im folgenden Sinne: Beim enggefassten Designbegriff werden die aktuellen gesellschaftlichen Verh ltnisse nicht mitthematisiert, sondern affirmativ vorausgesetzt. Dieser Designbegriff ist somit kein philosophischer, da er kein Problem mit der Wirklichkeit hat, sondern sie lediglich bedienen will. Der Designpraktiker erhofft sich von einem Designtheoretiker (der mit diesem enggefassten Designbegriff operiert) Antworten auf Fragen folgender Art: Wie weit darf man in seiner Werbung gehen, ohne dabei die religi sen Gef hle potenzieller Kunden zu verletzen, was dann negative Auswirkungen auf den Verkauf des Produktes haben k nnte? Wie lassen sich Kommunikationsabl ufe innerhalb eines Betriebes durch intelligentes Design weiter rationalisieren? Welche Designtrends werden in naher Zukunft zu erwarten sein? Welchen Anforderungen m ssen Bedienungselemente der Alltagstechnik gen gen, so dass sie problemlos auch von lteren Menschen bedient werden k nnen? Bei diesem enggefassten Designbegriff sind Fragen nach sthetik, konomik und Ethik affirmativ im Hinblick auf konomisch durchsetzbare design praktische L sungen gestellt. Auf einer ganz anderen Ebene liegen die Fragen, um die es beim erweiterten Designbegriff geht, den man auch den philosophischen" nennen k nnte. Der mit ihm verbundene Forschungsbegriff betrifft die Grundlagen des Designs. Als philosophischer Designbegriff geht es bei ihm nicht zuletzt um die Konstitution von Wirklichkeit. Heute haben viele Designer (die mit dem enggefassten Designbegriff operieren) lediglich den bornierten Wunsch, ein neues Produkt auf den Markt zu bringen - und das Wissen dazu soll ihnen die Designtheorie liefern. Im Gegensatz zu diesem anspruchslosen und sachfernen (da lediglich markt konomisch gefassten) Designbegriff will die Sektion Design in der Deutschen Gesellschaft f r Semiotik (DGS) wieder an
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William Morris and the Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings

Author: Andrea Elizabeth Donovan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135914087

Category: History

Page: 178

View: 6545

The Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings, founded by artist and craftsman William Morris in 1877, sought to preserve the integrity of historic buildings by preventing unnecessary repairs and additions. William Morris's intention and that of the SPAB, as outlined by the original manifesto, was that buildings of any period had a life that was best protected through the conservative repair of what was falling into ruin and the prevention of injury to buildings by safeguarding them as much as possible and practical. This practice became known as historic preservation. In this study, Donovan, relying upon many original documents from the SPAB archives in London, traces the history of the SPAB from it's foundation in nineteenth-century England to its current activities in England and Western Europe.
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Architecture Re-assembled

The Use (and Abuse) of History

Author: Trevor Garnham

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134052995

Category: Architecture

Page: 240

View: 9315

Beginning from the rise of modern history in the eighteenth century, this book examines how changing ideas in the discipline of history itself has affected architecture from the beginning of modernity up to the present day. It reflects upon history in order to encourage and assist the reader in finding well-founded principles for architectural design. This is not simply another history of architecture, nor a ‘history of histories’. Setting buildings in their contemporaneous ideas about history, it spans from Fischer von Erlach to Venturi and Rossi, and beyond to architects working in the fallout from both the Modern Movement – Aalto, Louis Kahn, Aldo van Eyck – and Post-modernism – such as Rafael Moneo and Peter Zumthor. It shows how Soane, Schinkel and Stirling, amongst others, made a meaningful use of history and contrasts this with how a misreading of Hegel has led to an abuse of history and an uncritical flight to the future. This is not an armchair history but a lively discussion of our place between past and future that promotes thinking for making.
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History of Modern Architecture

Author: Leonardo Benevolo

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262520454

Category: Architecture

Page: 868

View: 3939

Let it be said at once that the format of this work is richly handsome: it is atwo-volume boxed set comprising 844 pages and well over 1,000 high-quality illustrations, and itreflects throughout its publisher's conviction that good design is an essential, not superficial,part of bookmaking.Beyond that, it should be emphasized that this work is not another facilecultural tour of modern architecture. It is a serious and original study of the beginnings anddevelopment of modernism in which the pictorial aspects are designed to aid in the communication ofthe author's closely reasoned formulations, rather than to gloss over a lack of substantivecontent.The book is a translation of the third Italian edition, published in 1966. Benevolo, who ison the faculty of architecture in Venice, has earned an international reputation as a historian ofarchitecture and town planning, and his publications embrace the span of time from the Renaissanceto the foreseeable future. One such publication, The Origins of Modern Town Planning (The MIT Press,1967), may be read as a prelude to the present work as well as an independent contribution. Perhapsmore than any other architectural historian in our time, Benevolo has made a determined effort toplace developments in design and planning in their proper social and political settings.Indeed, theauthor argues that the development of the modern movement in architecture was determined, not byaesthetic formalisms, but largely by the social changes that have occurred since about 1760: "Afterthe middle of the eighteenth century, without the continuity of formal activity being in any waybroken, indeed while architectural language seems to be acquiring a particular coherence, therelations between architect and society began to change radically.... New material and spiritualneeds, new ideas and modes of procedure arise both within and beyond the traditional limits, andfinally they run together to form a new architectural synthesis that is completely different fromthe old one. In this way it is possible to explain the birth of modern architecture, which otherwisewould seem completely incomprehensible...."This second volume is concerned with the modern movementproper, from 1914 to 1966. The author emphasizes the unity of the movement, rejecting the usualtreatment that allots to the individual architects separate and unconnected biographicalaccounts.Benevolo remarks at one point, "When one talks about modern architecture one must bear inmind the fact that it implies not only a new range of forms, but also a new way of thinking, whoseconsequences have not yet all been calculated." His main concern is to provide a more exactcalculation of those consequences.
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Design Discourse

History, Theory, Criticism

Author: Victor Margolin

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226505145

Category: Art

Page: 291

View: 6088

Although design infuses every object in the material world and gives form to immaterial processes as well, it is only recently that design itself has become the focus of intellectual debate. In Design Discourse, Victor Margolin gathers together a body of new writing in the emerging field of design studies. The contributors argue in different ways for a rethinking of design in light of its cultural significance and its powerful position in today's society.
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Arts and crafts architecture

Author: Peter Davey

Publisher: Phaidon Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Architecture

Page: 256

View: 4355

This major survey gives a critical account of the lives, theories and work of the architects of the Arts and Crafts movement which began in England and quickly influenced Europe and North America. It highlights the contradictions they tried to resolve in accommodating or rejecting the developments of the new machine age, and in meeting the cost of materials and craftsmanship which forced them to work mainly for a wealthy elite class. It shows how the ideas of the movement influenced the California and Prairie Schools and Art Nouveau, and how it led ultimately to the development of neo-Georgianism and the growth of the machine-worshipping Modern Movement after the First World War. Copyright й Libri GmbH. All rights reserved.
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The Annual Obituary

Author: Elizabeth Devine,Roland Turner

Publisher: St James Pr

ISBN: 9780912289076

Category: Biography

Page: 660

View: 7065

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Annual Obituary 1983

Author: Elizabeth Devine

Publisher: St James Press

ISBN: 9780912289076

Category: Reference

Page: 660

View: 7810

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Victorian Architecture

Diversity & Invention

Author: James Stevens Curl

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Architecture

Page: 635

View: 1759

By means of a collection of illustrations and authorative text, Professor James Stevens Curl brings to life the great architectural achievements of the Victorians.They responded to unprecedented challenges and opportunities and met these with confident, colourful, rumbustiously eclectic architecture. Professor Curl deals with the palette of styles available to the Victorians; entirely new building types; novel materials; ecclesiastical buildings that, arguably, were superior to mediaeval exemplars; the responses of a vital society to contemporary challenges; and how they went further than anyone since Roman times to solve the problems of urban hygiene. All this is set firmly within the context of the intellectual complexities of the age.
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K. F. Schinkel

1781 - 1841 ; ein Baumeister im Dienste der Schönheit

Author: Martin Steffens,Karl Friedrich Schinkel

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783822824436

Category:

Page: 96

View: 4551

Leben und Werk des deutschen Architekten (1781-1841).
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Interior Design

Author: John F. Pile

Publisher: ABRAMS

ISBN: N.A

Category: Architecture

Page: 541

View: 7661

& For one/two-semester introductory courses in Interior Design. A comprehensive, applications-oriented introduction to the evolving field of interior design, with a focus on the challenges facing designers in the 21st century. Emphasizing good solutions to real problems by examining best practices from the past and present, the author details case studies using a broad range of projects from modest home and work-place designs, to public areas, to full professional involvement in large commercial spaces.
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Walter Gropius

Work and Teamwork

Author: Sigfried Giedion

Publisher: New York : Reinhold

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: 249

View: 6287

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The New Design Source Book

Author: Penny Sparke,Felice Hodges,Emma Dent Coad,Anne Stone

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Design

Page: 224

View: 9004

"The Design Source Book" has been widely used in university design courses for many years. This new, updated volume begins with the 1850's Arts and Crafts movement and includes today's use of computer design techniques. The best of architecture, automobiles, furniture, and fashion are pictured in a movement-by-movement, country-by-country, full-color survey. A marvel of design itself, the book pictures and explains the movements which have influenced our ideas and shaped our way of living.
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The Bauhaus

An Introductory Survey

Author: Ludwig Hirschfeld-Mack

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Architecture

Page: 54

View: 2515

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Design Issues

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Architectural design

Page: N.A

View: 7947

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Masters of Modern Design

A Critical Assessment

Author: George H. Marcus

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Architecture

Page: 176

View: 3901

"Marcus's thorough text covers the history, development, philosophy, and process of these influential designers. He focuses on the definitive stances each took in regard to modernism - issues of decoration, simplicity, functionality, and mass production - and the inescapable connections of their works and ideas."--BOOK JACKET.
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