Physical Properties of Crystals

Their Representation by Tensors and Matrices

Author: J. F. Nye,Professor Physics Laboratory J F Nye

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198511656

Category: Mathematics

Page: 329

View: 2044

First published in 1957, this classic study has been reissued in a paperback version that includes an additional chapter bringing the material up to date. The author formulates the physical properties of crystals systematically in tensor notation, presenting tensor properties in terms of their common mathematical basis and the thermodynamic relations between them. The mathematical groundwork is laid in a discussion of tensors of the first and second ranks. Tensors of higher ranks and matrix methods are then introduced as natural developments of the theory. A similar pattern is followed in discussing thermodynamic and optical aspects.
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Mikrosystemtechnik für Ingenieure

Author: Wolfgang Menz,Oliver Paul

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527663460

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 590

View: 7467

Die dritte Auflage des mittlerweile zum Standardwerk gereiften Lehrbuchs trägt den rasanten Entwicklungen in diesem interdisziplinären Gebiet umfassend Rechnung. Insbesondere die Kapitel Siliziumtechnik, Materialien und Alternative Technologien wurden stark erweitert. Außerdem sind neue Anwendungsaspekte hinzugekommen. Somit schlägt dieses Lehrbuch weiterhin in einzigartiger Weise den Bogen von den Grundlagen der Mikrosystemtechnik bis hin zu den aktuellen Anwendungen in einer Vielzahl von High-Tech Entwicklungen.
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Scientific Essays in Honor of H Pierre Noyes on the Occasion of His 90th Birthday

Author: John C Amson,Louis H Kauffman

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814579386

Category: Mathematics

Page: 400

View: 1706

This book is a Festschrift for the 90th birthday of the physicist Pierre Noyes. The book is a representative selection of papers on the topics that have been central to the meetings over the last three decades of ANPA, the Alternative Natural Philosophy Association. ANPA was founded by Pierre Noyes and his colleagues the philosopher-linguist-physicist Frederick Parker-Rhodes, the physicist Ted Bastin, and the mathematicians Clive Kilmister, John Amson. Many of the topics in the book center on the combinatorial hierarchy discovered by the originators of ANPA. Other topics explore geometrical, cosmological and biological aspects of those ideas, and foundational aspects related to discrete physics and emergent quantum mechanics. The book will be useful to readers interested in fundamental physics, and particularly to readers looking for new and important viewpoints in Science that contain the seeds of futurity. Contents:Unital Homogeneous Polynomial Operators on Hilbert Space (John C Amson)Towards a Generalised Combinatorial Hierarchy (Keith G Bowden)Quantum Cosmology and Special Mersenne Primes (Geoffrey F Chew)BiEntropy — the Measurement and Algebras of Order and Disorder in Finite Binary Strings (Grenville J Croll)Constraints Theory Brief (Anthony M Deakin)An Elegance First Approach to looking for the Universe in Finite Geometry (Herb Doughty)Boolean Geometry and Non-boolean Change (Thomas Etter)Speculation on Consciousness as Relative Existence (Louis Gidney)A Management View of ANPA (East) 1979 to 2012 (Michael Horner)Critical Stability of Few-Body Systems (V A Karmanov and J Carbonell)Non-Commutative Worlds and Classical Constraints (Louis H Kauffman)Report on ANPA to the ANPA Advisory Board, 2008 (Clive W Kilmister)Reflections on Fundamentals and Foundations of Physics (James Lindesay)Ordering Operators (David McGoveran)Information, Entropy, and the Combinatorial Hierarchy: Calculations (Michael Manthey and Douglas Matzke)Spacetime, Dirac and Bit-Strings (G N Ord)Fractal Large-Scale Structure in the Universe (D F Roscoe)A Dual Space as the Basis of Quantum Mechanics and Other Aspects of Physics (Peter Rowlands)Discrete Motion and the Emergence of Space and Time (Richard Shoup)Expanding–Contracting Universes (Irving Stein)Development of a New Approach to Systems Biology and Therapy Design (Fredric S Young) Readership: Researchers in mathematical physics, theoretical physics and history of science. Key Features:The book is unique as a collection of basic papers in the study of the combinatorial hierarchy and discrete physics. We mention particularly that it contains contributions by a number of very well-known physicists and mathematiciansThere are a number of ground-breaking topics — including work relating quantum mechanics and discrete and geometrical physics, and new approaches to the combinatorial hierarchy using topos theoryFinally, the papers are for the most part self-contained expositions available to advanced undergraduates and researchers in both continuous and discrete theoretical physicsKeywords:Theoretical Physics;Nuclear Physics;Combinatorics;Hierarchies;Boolean Geometry;Finite Geometries;Bitstrings;Cosmology;Tensors;Operators;Categories;Systems Biology;Entropy;Few-Body Systems;Critical Stability;Mersenne Primes
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High-Pressure Crystallography

From Fundamental Phenomena to Technological Applications

Author: Elena Boldyreva,Przemyslaw Dera

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9048192579

Category: Science

Page: 612

View: 4026

This unique book is devoted to the theme of crystallographic studies at high pressure. It places emphasis on the phenomena characteristic to the compressed state of matter, as well as experimental and theoretical techniques, used to study these phenomena.
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The crystal as a supramolecular entity

Author: Gautam R. Desiraju

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Inc

ISBN: 9780471950158

Category: Science

Page: 314

View: 7162

Supramolecular chemistry involves the study and synthesis of very large molecules which are used in complex chemical reactions, and have great potential in areas such as medicine, electronics, and optics. Offers a comprehensive overview of crystals and supramolecular entities.
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Sensor systems and networks

phenomena, technology, and applications for NDE and health monitoring 2007 :19-21 March 2007, San Diego, California, USA

Author: Kara J. Peters,Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers,American Society of Mechanical Engineers,Intelligent Materials Forum (Mitō Kagaku Gijutsu Kyōkai),Jet Propulsion Laboratory (U.S.),National Science Foundation (U.S.)

Publisher: Society of Photo Optical

ISBN: 9780819466518

Category: Computers

Page: 430

View: 6355

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Heterogeneous Integration of Materials for Passive Components and Smart Systems:

Author: Juan C. Nino,Fred Roozeboom,Paul Muralt,Susan Trolier-McKinstry,David LaVan

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781558999268

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 178

View: 6985

The growing polyfunctionality of next-generation devices for optical, communication, military, automotive, medical, sensing and memory applications requires an ever-increasing passive-to-active ratio. Integration of passives is essential to ensure the continuing advancement and growth of information and communication technologies while maintaining or lowering the current cost and size of devices. This book, first published in 2007, discusses advances, the current status, and future challenges in the broad area of materials integration for passive components and smart systems. It focuses on packaging and embedded components and reviews low-temperature co-fired ceramic (LTCC) components and the role of interfaces and chemical compatibility and how they influence module design. The road from design to actual embedded circuit elements and applications on different substrates is discussed. Current miniaturization and integration strategies and processes for medical and RF systems-in-package are featured. It also highlights poster presentations and a wide variety of topics in smart device and system integration are presented. The book concludes with papers on MEMS and NEMS engineering and on magnetic components.
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Smart Structures and Materials 2006

27 February-1 March 2006, San Diego, California, USA. Smart sensor monitoring systems and applications

Author: Daniele Inaudi,Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers

Publisher: SPIE-International Society for Optical Engineering

ISBN: N.A

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 556

View: 3421

Proceedings of SPIE present the original research papers presented at SPIE conferences and other high-quality conferences in the broad-ranging fields of optics and photonics. These books provide prompt access to the latest innovations in research and technology in their respective fields. Proceedings of SPIE are among the most cited references in patent literature.
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Introduction to Crystallography

Author: Christopher Hammond

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198564331

Category: Science

Page: 132

View: 3710

In this newly revised and updated edition of Hammond's successful and popular text, the reader is introduced to the basic concepts of crystallography. A step-by-step approach provides a clear account of symmetry and crystal structures. The new edition features a final chapter on the geometrical construction of diffraction patterns and a helpful appendix on vectors and their use in crystallography. The book begins with a description of simple crystal lattices and then uses two-dimensional patterns to introduce the concept of symmetry. These ideas are extended to three dimensions, with a discussion of Bravais lattices, crystal systems, and crystal symmetry. Further chapters cover the description of crystal structures in terms of Miller indices and zone axis symbols; the concept of the reciprocal lattice; and diffraction. Clearly illustrated throughout, the book includes study problems, suggestions for further reading, and a range of useful appendices, and will be of interest and value to students at all levels.
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ASM Handbook

Fundamentals of modeling for metals processing. Volume 22A

Author: David U. Furrer,S. Lee Semiatin

Publisher: Asm International

ISBN: N.A

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 734

View: 8502

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Bridge Maintenance, Safety, Management, Life-cycle Performance and Cost

Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Bridge Maintenance, Safety and Management, Porto, Portual, 16-19 July 2006

Author: Paulo J. S. Cruz,Dan M. Frangopol,Luis C. Neves

Publisher: CRC PressI Llc

ISBN: N.A

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1085

View: 4409

Advances in bridge maintenance, safety, management and life-cycle performance contains the papers presented at IABMAS'06, the Third International Conference of the International Association for Bridge Maintenance and Safety (IABMAS), held in Porto, Portugal from 16 to 19 July, 2006. All major aspects of bridge maintenance, management, safety, and cost are addressed including All major aspects of bridge maintenance, safety and management are addressed including advanced materials, ageing of bridges, assessment and evaluation, bridge codes, bridge diagnostics, bridge management systems, composites, design for durability, deterioration modelling, emerging technologies, fatigue, field testing, financial planning, health monitoring, high performance materials, innovations, inspection, load capacity assessment, loads, maintenance strategies, new technical and material concepts, non-destructive testing, optimization strategies, prediction of future traffic demands, rehabilitation, reliability and risk management, repair, replacement, residual service life, safety and serviceability, service life prediction, strengthening, sustainable materials for bridges, sustainable bridges, whole life costing, among others. This book is a major contribution to the state-of-the art in all aspects of bridge maintenance and safety, including contributions from leading experts in this area. It is a significant contribution to the process of decision making in bridge maintenance, safety, management and cost for the purpose of enhancing the welfare of society.
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ASM handbook

Author: ASM International. Handbook Committee

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781615030019

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 8598

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The basics of crystallography and diffraction

Author: Christopher Hammond

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 432

View: 4081

This book provides a clear introduction to topics which are essential to students in a wide range of scientific disciplines but which are otherwise only covered in specialised and mathematically detailed texts. It shows how crystal structures may be built up from simple ideas of atomic packing and co-ordination, it develops the concepts of crystal symmetry, point and space groups by way of two dimensional examples of patterns and tilings, it explains the concept of the reciprocal lattice in simple terms and shows its importance in an understanding of light, X-ray and electron diffraction. Practical examples of the applications of these techniques are described and also the importance of diffraction in the performance of optical instruments. The book is also of value to the general reader since it shows, by biographical and historical references, how the subject has developed and thereby indicates some of the excitement of scientific discovery.
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New Technical Books

Author: New York Public Library

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Engineering

Page: N.A

View: 1330

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Ultrahigh-pressure Mineralogy

Physics and Chemistry of the Earth's Deep Interior

Author: Russell Julian Hemley

Publisher: Mineralogical Society of Amer

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 671

View: 7323

Volume 37 of Reviews in Mineralogy, divided into three sections, begins with an overview (Chapter 1) of the remarkable advances in the ability to subject minerals-not only as pristine single-crystal samples but also complex, natural mineral assemblages-to extreme pressure-temperature conditions in the laboratory. These advances parallel the development of an arsenal of analytical methods for measuring mineral behavior under those conditions. This sets the stage for section two (Chapters 2-8) which focuses on high-pressure minerals in their geological setting as a function of depth. This top-down approach begins with what we know from direct sampling of high-pressure minerals and rocks brought to the surface to detailed geophysical observations of the vast interior. The third section (Chapters 9-19) presents the material fundamentals, starting from properties of a chemical nature, such as crystal chemistry, thermochemistry, element partitioning, and melting, and moving toward the domain of mineral physics such as melt properties, equations of state, elasticity, rheology, vibrational dynamics, bonding, electronic structure, and magnetism. The Review thus moves from the complexity of rocks to their mineral components and finally to fundamental properties arising directly from the play of electrons and nuclei. This volume was prepared for a short course by the same title, organized by Russell J. Hemley and Ho-kwang Mao and sponsored by the Mineralogical Society of America, December 4-6, 1998 on the campus of the University of California at Davis.
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