Physical Aspects of Polymer Self-Assembly

Author: P. R. Sundararajan

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118543785

Category: Science

Page: 384

View: 3388

Offering an overview of principles and techniques, this book covers all major categories of self-assembled polymers – properties, processes, and design. Each chapter focuses on morphology, applications, and advanced concepts to illustrate the advantages of polymer self-assembly across industrial and academic research. • Provides an organized, comprehensive overview of polymer self-assembly, its fundamentals, principles, and applications • Includes chapters on block copolymers, amphiphilic polymers, supramolecular polymers, rotaxenes, polymer gels, dendrimers, and small molecules in polymer matrices • Focuses on novel applications, block copolymer assembly to nanotechnology, photonics and metamaterials, molecular machines and artificial muscle, gels that can be applied to polymer science, materials science, and nanotechnology • Examines state-of-the-art concepts, like lithographic patterning and foldaxane • Discusses challenges and future outlook of a popular and emerging field of study
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Introduction to Physical Polymer Science

Author: Leslie H. Sperling

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119103746

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 880

View: 6270

An Updated Edition of the Classic Text Polymers constitute the basis for the plastics, rubber, adhesives,fiber, and coating industries. The Fourth Edition of Introductionto Physical Polymer Science acknowledges the industrial success ofpolymers and the advancements made in the field while continuing todeliver the comprehensive introduction to polymer science that madeits predecessors classic texts. The Fourth Edition continues its coverage of amorphous andcrystalline materials, glass transitions, rubber elasticity, andmechanical behavior, and offers updated discussions of polymerblends, composites, and interfaces, as well as such basics asmolecular weight determination. Thus, interrelationships amongmolecular structure, morphology, and mechanical behavior ofpolymers continue to provide much of the value of the book. Newly introduced topics include: * Nanocomposites, including carbon nanotubes and exfoliatedmontmorillonite clays * The structure, motions, and functions of DNA and proteins, aswell as the interfaces of polymeric biomaterials with livingorganisms * The glass transition behavior of nano-thin plastic films In addition, new sections have been included on fire retardancy,friction and wear, optical tweezers, and more. Introduction to Physical Polymer Science, Fourth Edition providesboth an essential introduction to the field as well as an entrypoint to the latest research and developments in polymer scienceand engineering, making it an indispensable text for chemistry,chemical engineering, materials science and engineering, andpolymer science and engineering students and professionals.
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Polymeric and Self Assembled Hydrogels

From Fundamental Understanding to Applications

Author: Xian Jun Loh,Oren A. Scherman

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 184973562X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 262

View: 1257

The diverse range of applications has thrust hydrogels into the spotlight of scientific research. From biomedical applications in tissue engineering, drug delivery and wound healing, and consumer care products such as contact lenses to laboratory purification in chromatography and as electrophoresis gels, many researchers are looking at hydrogels for their materials solutions. This rapid expansion of the field has however created a gap between the current knowledge and understanding of hydrogel research and its future outlook. To overcome this, Polymeric and Self Assembled Hydrogels captures the entire landscape of hydrogels research providing a guidebook for academics, industrialists and postgraduates interested in the area. With contributions from the top authorities in the field, the book details the fundamental principles of both synthetic and natural polymeric networks and supramolecular hydrogels from either surfactants or peptides, along with examples of their major applications. This is the resource to give you everything you need to know about hydrogel research.
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Fundamentals of Soft Matter Science

Author: Linda S. Hirst

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439827753

Category: Science

Page: 246

View: 8209

Soft materials such as liquid crystals, polymers, biomaterials, and colloidal systems touch every aspect of our lives. Not surprisingly, the rapid growth of these fields over the past few decades has resulted in an explosion of soft matter research groups worldwide. Fundamentals of Soft Matter Science introduces and explores the scientific study of soft matter and molecular self-assembly, covering the major classifications of materials, their structure and characteristics, and everyday applications. Designed for beginners to the field with a basic scientific background, this readable book emphasizes conceptual understanding, minimizing detailed mathematical derivations. Each chapter is dedicated to a different group of soft materials, including liquid crystals, surfactants, polymers, colloids, and soft biomaterials. Each subject is broken down into the essential concepts: material structures and physical characteristics, some simple theoretical ideas, and important experimental methods. The book emphasizes commonly used experimental techniques and practical applications. Full color illustrations and photographs are incorporated throughout to help describe the systems and key concepts.
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Systems Self-Assembly

Multidisciplinary Snapshots

Author: N.A

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080559759

Category: Science

Page: 304

View: 5363

Systems Self-Assembly is the only book to showcase state-of-the-art self-assembly systems that arise from the computational, biological, chemical, physical and engineering disciplines. Written by world experts in each area, it provides a coherent, integrated view of both book practice examples and new trends with a clearly presented computational flavor. The unifying thread throughout the text is the computational nature of self-assembling systems. This book consists of 13 chapters dealing with a variety of topics such as the patterns of self-organised nanoparticle assemblies; biomimetic design of dynamic self-assembling systems; computing by self-assembly involving DNA molecules, polyominoes, and cells; evolutionary design of a model of self-assembling chemical structures; self-assembly as an engineering concept across size scales; and probabilistic analysis of self-assembled molecular networks. Other chapters focus on the programming language of dynamic self-assembly; self-assembled computer architectures; simulation of self-assembly processes using abstract reduction systems; computer aided search for optimal self-assembly systems; theoretical aspects of programmable self-assembly; emergent cooperativity in large-scale patterns; and automated self-assembling programming. Systems Self-Assembly is an ideal reference for scientists, researchers and post-graduate students; practitioners in industry, engineering and science; and managers, decision-makers and policy makers. *The only book to showcases state-of-the-art self-assembly systems that arise from the computational, biological, chemical, physical and engineering disciplines *Coherent, integrated view of both book practice examples and new trends with a clearly presented computational flavor *Written by world experts in each area
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Biosensors for Direct Monitoring of Environmental Pollutants in Field

Author: D.P. Nikolelis,Ulrich J. Krull,Joseph Wang,Marco Mascini

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401589739

Category: Science

Page: 381

View: 2185

Biosensors offer clear and distinct advantages over standard analytical methods for the direct monitoring of environmental pollutants in the field, such as real-time detection with minimum sample preparation and handling. The present book highlights recent advantages that will be of great value to a range of scientists, researchers and students dealing with analytical and environmental chemistry and biosensor technology. It presents recent trends in analytical methodology for the determination of indoor and outdoor pollutants, advances in DNA, biological and recognition-based sensors, examples of biosensors for use in field and water analysis, biosensors based on non-aqueous systems, and recent advances in the miniaturisation and micromachining of biosensors.
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Self-Healing Polymers

From Principles to Applications

Author: Wolfgang H. Binder

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527670203

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 446

View: 3746

Self-healing is a well-known phenomenon in nature: a broken bone merges after some time and if skin is damaged, the wound will stop bleeding and heals again. This concept can be mimicked in order to create polymeric materials with the ability to regenerate after they have suffered degradation or wear. Already realized applications are used in aerospace engineering, and current research in this fascinating field shows how different self-healing mechanisms proven successful by nature can be adapted to produce even more versatile materials. The book combines the knowledge of an international panel of experts in the field and provides the reader with chemical and physical concepts for self-healing polymers, including aspects of biomimetic processes of healing in nature. It shows how to design self-healing polymers and explains the dynamics in these systems. Different self-healing concepts such as encapsulated systems and supramolecular systems are detailed. Chapters on analysis and friction detection in self-healing polymers and on applications round off the book.
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Characterization of Polymer Blends

Miscibility, Morphology and Interfaces

Author: Sabu Thomas,Yves Grohens,P. Jyotishkumar

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527645616

Category: Science

Page: 994

View: 854

Filling the gap for a reference dedicated to the characterization of polymer blends and their micro and nano morphologies, this book provides comprehensive, systematic coverage in a one-stop, two-volume resource for all those working in the field. Leading researchers from industry and academia, as well as from government and private research institutions around the world summarize recent technical advances in chapters devoted to their individual contributions. In so doing, they examine a wide range of modern characterization techniques, from microscopy and spectroscopy to diffraction, thermal analysis, rheology, mechanical measurements and chromatography. These methods are compared with each other to assist in determining the best solution for both fundamental and applied problems, paying attention to the characterization of nanoscale miscibility and interfaces, both in blends involving copolymers and in immiscible blends. The thermodynamics, miscibility, phase separation, morphology and interfaces in polymer blends are also discussed in light of new insights involving the nanoscopic scale. Finally, the authors detail the processing-morphology-property relationships of polymer blends, as well as the influence of processing on the generation of micro and nano morphologies, and the dependence of these morphologies on the properties of blends. Hot topics such as compatibilization through nanoparticles, miscibility of new biopolymers and nanoscale investigations of interfaces in blends are also addressed. With its application-oriented approach, handpicked selection of topics and expert contributors, this is an outstanding survey for anyone involved in the field of polymer blends for advanced technologies.
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Photochemistry

Author: I. Dunkin

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 9780854044405

Category: Reference

Page: 276

View: 1992

Compiled by teams of leading authorities this Specialist Periodical Report on Photochemistry aims to provide an annual review of photo-induced processes.
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Physics of Biomaterials: Fluctuations, Selfassembly and Evolution

Author: T. Riste,David Sherrington

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792341314

Category: Science

Page: 378

View: 6654

Recent years have seen a growing interest in and activity at the interface between physics and biology, with the realization that both subjects have a great deal to learn from and to teach to one another. A particularly promising aspect of this interface concerns the area of cooperative phenomena and phase transitions. The present book addresses both the structure and motion of biological materials and the increasingly complex behaviour that arises out of interactions in large systems, giving rise to self organization, adaptation, selection and evolution: concepts of interest not only to biology and living systems but also within condensed matter physics. The approach adopted by Physics of Biomaterials: Fluctuations, Self Assembly and Evolution is tutorial, but the book is fully up to date with the latest research. Written at a level appropriate to graduate researchers, preferably with a background either in condensed matter physics or theoretical or physically-oriented experimental biology.
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Chemistry of Discotic Liquid Crystals

From Monomers to Polymers

Author: Sandeep Kumar

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439811450

Category: Science

Page: 519

View: 598

The self-contained properties of discotic liquid crystals (DLCs) render them powerful functional materials for many semiconducting device applications and models for energy and charge migration in self-organized dynamic functional soft materials. The past three decades have seen tremendous interest in this area, fueled primarily by the possibility of creating a new generation of organic semiconductors and wide viewing displays using DLCs. While a number of books on classical calamitic liquid crystals are available, there are, as yet, no books that are dedicated exclusively to the basic design principles, synthesis, and physical properties of DLCs. The first reference book to cover DLCs, Chemistry of Discotic Liquid Crystals: From Monomers to Polymers highlights the chemistry and thermal behavior of DLCs. Divided into six chapters, each with a general description, background, and context for the concepts involved, the book begins with a basic introduction to liquid crystals, describing molecular self-assembly and various types of liquid crystals. It outlines their classification, covers their history and general applications, and focuses on DLCs and their discovery, structure, characterization, and alignment. The book goes on to examine the chemistry and physical properties of various monomeric DLCs, including 25 sections describing the synthesis and mesomorphic properties of monomeric DLCs formed by different cores. The bulk of the book covers the chemistry and mesomorphism of discotic dimers, oligomers, and polymers and concludes with a look at some applicable properties of DLCs. A comprehensive and up-to-date resource, this book is designed to be accessible and of value not just for students and researchers but also to the directors and principal investigators working in this field, providing the foundation and fuel to advance this fast-growing technological field.
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Fluorescence Studies of Polymer Containing Systems

Author: Karel Procházka

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319267884

Category: Science

Page: 302

View: 9982

This volume describes the application of fluorescence spectroscopy in polymer research. The first chapters outline the basic principles of the conformational and dynamic behavior of polymers and review the problems of polymer self-assembly. Subsequent chapters introduce the theoretical principles of advanced fluorescence methods and typical examples of their application in polymer science. The book closes with several reviews of various fluorescence applications for studying specific aspects of polymer-solution behavior. It is a useful resource for polymer scientists and experts in fluorescence spectroscopy alike, facilitating their communication and cooperation.
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Bio-Applications of Nanoparticles

Author: Warren C.W. Chan

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387767130

Category: Medical

Page: 207

View: 9677

This edited book highlights the central players in the Bionanotechnology field - which are the nanostructures and biomolecules. It provides broad examples of current developments in Bionanotechnology research and is an excellent introduction to the field. The book describes how nanostructures are synthesized and details the wide variety of nanostructures available for biological research and applications. Examples of the unique properties of nanostructures are provided along with the current applications of these nanostructures in biology and medicine. The final chapters of the book describe the toxicity of nanostructures.
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Nanotechnology Applications for Tissue Engineering

Author: Sabu Thomas,Yves Grohens,Neethu Ninan

Publisher: William Andrew

ISBN: 0323353037

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 336

View: 426

Tissue engineering involves seeding of cells on bio-mimicked scaffolds providing adhesive surfaces. Researchers though face a range of problems in generating tissue which can be circumvented by employing nanotechnology. It provides substrates for cell adhesion and proliferation and agents for cell growth and can be used to create nanostructures and nanoparticles to aid the engineering of different types of tissue. Written by renowned scientists from academia and industry, this book covers the recent developments, trends and innovations in the application of nanotechnologies in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. It provides information on methodologies for designing and using biomaterials to regenerate tissue, on novel nano-textured surface features of materials (nano-structured polymers and metals e.g.) as well as on theranostics, immunology and nano-toxicology aspects. In the book also explained are fabrication techniques for production of scaffolds to a series of tissue-specific applications of scaffolds in tissue engineering for specific biomaterials and several types of tissue (such as skin bone, cartilage, vascular, cardiac, bladder and brain tissue). Furthermore, developments in nano drug delivery, gene therapy and cancer nanotechonology are described. The book helps readers to gain a working knowledge about the nanotechnology aspects of tissue engineering and will be of great use to those involved in building specific tissue substitutes in reaching their objective in a more efficient way. It is aimed for R&D and academic scientists, lab engineers, lecturers and PhD students engaged in the fields of tissue engineering or more generally regenerative medicine, nanomedicine, medical devices, nanofabrication, biofabrication, nano- and biomaterials and biomedical engineering. Provides state-of-the-art knowledge on how nanotechnology can help tackling known problems in tissue engineering Covers materials design, fabrication techniques for tissue-specific applications as well as immunology and toxicology aspects Helps scientists and lab engineers building tissue substitutes in a more efficient way
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Biomolecular Self-Assembling Materials

Scientific and Technological Frontiers

Author: National Research Council,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Board on Physics and Astronomy,Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, and Applications,Solid State Sciences Committee,Panel on Biomolecular Materials

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309056284

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 44

View: 3420

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Comprehensive Biomaterials

Author: Paul Ducheyne,Kevin Healy,Dietmar W. Hutmacher,David W. Grainger,C. James Kirkpatrick

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080552943

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 3672

View: 2204

Comprehensive Biomaterials brings together the myriad facets of biomaterials into one, major series of six edited volumes that would cover the field of biomaterials in a major, extensive fashion: Volume 1: Metallic, Ceramic and Polymeric Biomaterials Volume 2: Biologically Inspired and Biomolecular Materials Volume 3: Methods of Analysis Volume 4: Biocompatibility, Surface Engineering, and Delivery Of Drugs, Genes and Other Molecules Volume 5: Tissue and Organ Engineering Volume 6: Biomaterials and Clinical Use Experts from around the world in hundreds of related biomaterials areas have contributed to this publication, resulting in a continuum of rich information appropriate for many audiences. The work addresses the current status of nearly all biomaterials in the field, their strengths and weaknesses, their future prospects, appropriate analytical methods and testing, device applications and performance, emerging candidate materials as competitors and disruptive technologies, and strategic insights for those entering and operational in diverse biomaterials applications, research and development, regulatory management, and commercial aspects. From the outset, the goal was to review materials in the context of medical devices and tissue properties, biocompatibility and surface analysis, tissue engineering and controlled release. It was also the intent both, to focus on material properties from the perspectives of therapeutic and diagnostic use, and to address questions relevant to state-of-the-art research endeavors. Reviews the current status of nearly all biomaterials in the field by analyzing their strengths and weaknesses, performance as well as future prospects Presents appropriate analytical methods and testing procedures in addition to potential device applications Provides strategic insights for those working on diverse application areas such as R&D, regulatory management, and commercial development
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Self-Assembled Nanostructures

Author: Jin Zhang,Zhong-lin Wang,Jun Liu,Shaowei Chen,Gang-yu Liu

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0306479419

Category: Science

Page: 316

View: 1626

Nanostructures refer to materials that have relevant dimensions on the nanometer length scales and reside in the mesoscopic regime between isolated atoms and molecules in bulk matter. These materials have unique physical properties that are distinctly different from bulk materials. Self-Assembled Nanostructures provides systematic coverage of basic nanomaterials science including materials assembly and synthesis, characterization, and application. Suitable for both beginners and experts, it balances the chemistry aspects of nanomaterials with physical principles. It also highlights nanomaterial-based architectures including assembled or self-assembled systems. Filled with in-depth discussion of important applications of nano-architectures as well as potential applications ranging from physical to chemical and biological systems, Self-Assembled Nanostructures is the essential reference or text for scientists involved with nanostructures.
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Encyclopedia of Physical Science and Technology

Author: Robert Allen Meyers

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780122274206

Category: Physical sciences

Page: 876

View: 6664

Following in the footsteps of the earlier editions, hundreds of the most respected scientists and engineers participated in the creation of this new edition, including many Nobel Laureates. The articles are in-depth, yet accessible, and address all of the key areas of physical science--including aeronautics, astronomy, chemistry, communications, computers, earth sciences, electronics, engineering, materials science, mathematics, nuclear technology, physics, power systems, propulsion, and space technology. (Midwest).
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