DN to [lambda]

Author: James R. Janesick

Publisher: SPIE Press

ISBN: 9780819467225

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 258

View: 5394

Photon Transfer is designed for a wide audience--from the novice to the advanced user already familiar with the method. For first-time users, the book's primary purpose is to give sufficient guidelines to accurately generate, calibrate, and understand imaging data products through the photon transfer method. The book contains more than 230 figures that present experimental CCD and CMOS data products and modeling simulations connected to photon transfer. Contents also provide hundreds of relations that support photon transfer theory, simulations, and data.

Scientific Charge-coupled Devices

Author: James R. Janesick

Publisher: SPIE Press

ISBN: 9780819436986

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 906

View: 9322

The invention of the charge-coupled device 30 years ago was the beginning of a remarkable image capture technology that has changed the course of imaging in fields ranging from astronomy to biotechnology. This book presents a comprehensive history, tutorial, and state-of-the-art description of CCDs and is intended for scientists, engineers, imaging hardware managers, and graduate students.

Modulation Transfer Function in Optical and Electro-optical Systems

Author: Glenn D. Boreman

Publisher: SPIE Press

ISBN: 9780819441430

Category: Science

Page: 110

View: 2553

This tutorial introduces the theory and applications of MTF, used to specify the image quality achieved by an imaging system. It covers basic linear systems theory and the relationship between impulse response, resolution, MTF, OTF, PTF, and CTF. Practical measurement and testing issues are discussed.

Image Sensors and Signal Processing for Digital Still Cameras

Author: Junichi Nakamura

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351836978

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 336

View: 2537

Shrinking pixel sizes along with improvements in image sensors, optics, and electronics have elevated DSCs to levels of performance that match, and have the potential to surpass, that of silver-halide film cameras. Image Sensors and Signal Processing for Digital Still Cameras captures the current state of DSC image acquisition and signal processing technology and takes an all-inclusive look at the field, from the history of DSCs to future possibilities. The first chapter outlines the evolution of DSCs, their basic structure, and their major application classes. The next few chapters discuss high-quality optics that meet the requirements of better image sensors, the basic functions and performance parameters of image sensors, and detailed discussions of both CCD and CMOS image sensors. The book then discusses how color theory affects the uses of DSCs, presents basic image processing and camera control algorithms and examples of advanced image processing algorithms, explores the architecture and required performance of signal processing engines, and explains how to evaluate image quality for each component described. The book closes with a look at future technologies and the challenges that must be overcome to realize them. With contributions from many active DSC experts, Image Sensors and Image Processing for Digital Still Cameras offers unparalleled real-world coverage and opens wide the door for future innovation.

Optical Communications Rules of Thumb

Author: John Lester Miller,Ed Friedman

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 0071500901

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 428

View: 322

This engineering tool provides over 200 time and cost saving rules of thumb--short cuts, tricks, and methods that optical communications veterans have developed through long years of trial and error. * DWDM (Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing) and SONET (Synchronous Optical NETwork) rules * Information Transmission, fiber optics, and systems rules

CMOS/CCD Sensors and Camera Systems

Author: Gerald C. Holst,Terrence S. Lomheim

Publisher: Society of Photo Optical

ISBN: 9780819486530

Category: Science

Page: 388

View: 1183

The fully updated edition of this bestseller addresses CMOS/CCD differences, similarities, and applications, including architecture concepts and operation, such as full-frame, interline transfer, progressive scan, color filter arrays, rolling shutters, 3T, 4T, 5T, and 6T. The authors discuss novel designs, illustrate sampling theory and aliasing with numerous examples, and describe the advantages and limitations of small pixels. This monograph provides the very latest information for specifying cameras using radiometric or photometric concepts to consider the entire system--from scene to observer. Numerous new references have also been added.

Modeling the Imaging Chain of Digital Cameras

Author: Robert D. Fiete

Publisher: SPIE-International Society for Optical Engineering

ISBN: 9780819483393

Category: Science

Page: 207

View: 7446

The process by which an image is formed, processed, and displayed can be conceptualized as a chain of physical events called the imaging chain. By mathematically modeling the imaging chain, we can gain insight into the relationship between the camera design parameters and the resulting image quality. The mathematical models can also be used to optimize and assess the design of a camera for specific applications before expenditures are committed to building hardware. Modeling the Imaging Chain of Digital Cameras teaches the key elements of the end-to-end imaging chain for digital camera systems and describes how elements of the imaging chain are mathematically modeled using the basics of linear systems mathematics and Fourier transforms. The emphasis is on general digital cameras designed to image incoherent light in the visible imaging spectrum. The reader will learn how digital camera design parameters are related to the elements of the imaging chain and how they influence the resulting image quality. The book also discusses the use of imaging chain models to simulate images from different digital camera designs for image quality evaluations.


Author: Roger A. Arnold

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1305446275

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 696

View: 8794

Today's economy may be tough, but economics doesn't have to be. Let Roger Arnold's MACROECONOMICS, 12E open up the world of economic analysis. With more detailed coverage of the financial and economic crisis than any other principles text on the market, this inviting book offers innovative and engaging learning features and easy customization. The author weaves memorable examples from pop culture throughout this edition and bolsters reader interest by illustrating the unexpected places macroeconomics occur. Readers see how economic forces link to every day events and form an important part of life 24/7. Coverage of the latest macroeconomic developments and new content reflect today's changing economy and equip readers with a thorough understanding of contemporary macroeconomics. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Electronic Imaging in Astronomy

Detectors and Instrumentation

Author: Ian S. McLean

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540765832

Category: Science

Page: 552

View: 7141

The second edition of Electronic Imaging in Astronomy: Detectors and Instrumentation describes the remarkable developments that have taken place in astronomical detectors and instrumentation in recent years – from the invention of the charge-coupled device (CCD) in 1970 to the current era of very large telescopes, such as the Keck 10-meter telescopes in Hawaii with their laser guide-star adaptive optics which rival the image quality of the Hubble Space Telescope. Authored by one of the world’s foremost experts on the design and development of electronic imaging systems for astronomy, this book has been written on several levels to appeal to a broad readership. Mathematical expositions are designed to encourage a wider audience, especially among the growing community of amateur astronomers with small telescopes with CCD cameras. The book can be used at the college level for an introductory course on modern astronomical detectors and instruments, and as a supplement for a practical or laboratory class.

Solid-State Imaging with Charge-Coupled Devices

Author: A.J. Theuwissen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0306471191

Category: Science

Page: 390

View: 5423

Solid-State Imaging with Charge-Coupled Devices covers the complete imaging chain: from the CCD's fundamentals to the applications. The book is divided into four main parts: the first deals with the basics of the charge-coupled devices in general. The second explains the imaging concepts in close relation to the classical television application. Part three goes into detail on new developments in the solid-state imaging world (light sensitivity, noise, device architectures), and part four rounds off the discussion with a variety of applications and the imager technology. The book is a reference work intended for all who deal with one or more aspects of solid- state imaging: the educational, scientific and industrial world. Graduates, undergraduates, engineers and technicians interested in the physics of solid-state imagers will find the answers to their imaging questions. Since each chapter concludes with a short section `Worth Memorizing', reading this short summary allows readers to continue their reading without missing the main message from the previous section.

Therapeutic Modalities for Musculoskeletal Injuries, 4E

Author: Denegar, Craig R.,Saliba, Ethan,Saliba, Susan

Publisher: Human Kinetics

ISBN: 1450469019

Category: Medical

Page: 384

View: 478

Therapeutic Modalities for Musculoskeletal Injuries, Fourth Edition, offers comprehensive coverage of therapeutic interventions for musculoskeletal injuries, providing the tools for optimal decision making for safe and effective use of each treatment method.

Scientific Detectors for Astronomy

The Beginning of a New Era

Author: P. Amico,James W. Beletic

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402025270

Category: Science

Page: 630

View: 8963

Dear Friends, It seems like it was only yesterday that we drove the last of you to the airport. The memories and the spirit of the Scientific Detectors for Astronomy Workshop (SDW2002) remain fresh and strong. For us, this was a very special event, a great gathering of what may be one of the friendliest and most cooperative technical communities on our little planet. We have tried to capture the spirit of the Workshop in these Proceedings and we hope you are able to relive your week in Hawaii. For those readers who did not attend, we invite you into this community. As you probably noticed, there is a new name on the cover: Jenna Beletic was the ace up our sleeve for these Proceedings. As a summer intern at Keck, she took up the task of organizing, proofreading, editing and formatting the papers. She also made the graphics (her artistic talents shine on pages xxxiii and xxxv), contacted authors and prepared the mountain of paperwork which goes with producing a book. Jenna’s enthusiasm at learning, her passion for the job and creativity (e. g. find 100 ways to get Paola and Jim to do their jobs) have been a motivating addition to our team of “old workshop foxes”...... and a source for a good deal of paternal pride. We are honoured to have her as a fellow editor.

Charge-Coupled Device Technology

Author: S Ochi,T Lizuka,M Hamasaki,Y Sato,T Narabu,H Abe,Y Kagawa,K. Kato

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9789056990015

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 202

View: 3083

The introduction and preliminary chapters discuss the background and development of CCD technology, and the structure and operation of CCD image sensors. Subsequent chapters examine the technology and sensor manufacturing process, including modelling, the theories behind digital imaging processing, and the applications of digital cameras. Finally, the editor discusses future technological and market trends anticipated in this fast growing industry. This title contains the most up-to-date and comprehensive information on the development of the Charge-Coupled Device (CCD), which makes possible the widespread use of consumer camcorders and broadcasting color cameras. The material in this book is comprehensive enough to be of great value to researchers, industrialists and post-graduate students in the area of image technology, while the simplicity and clarity of explanation make it easy to understand to the non-expert.

Scientific Detectors for Astronomy 2005

Explorers of the Photon Odyssey

Author: Jenna E. Beletic,James W. Beletic,Paola Amico

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402043309

Category: Science

Page: 771

View: 3628

The 2005 meeting in Taormina, Italy was attended by 127 professionals who develop and use the highest quality detectors for wavelengths from x-ray to sub-mm, with emphasis on optical and infrared detectors. The meeting consisted of overview talks, technical presentations, poster sessions and roundtable discussions. These proceedings capture the technical content and the spirit of the 2005 workshop. The 87 papers cover a wide range of detector technologies including CCDs, CMOS, APDs, and sub-mm detectors. There are papers on observatory status and plans, special applications, detector testing and characterization, and electronics. A special feature of these proceedings is the inclusion of pedagogical overview papers, which were written by teams of leading experts from different institutions. These proceedings are appropriate for a range of expertise levels, from undergraduates to professionals working in the field. The information presented in this book will serve as a valuable reference for many years to come. This workshop was organized by the Scientific Workshop Factory, Inc. and the INAF- Osservatorio Astrofisico di Catania.

Twin Tracks

The Unexpected Origins of the Modern World

Author: James Burke

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 9781439128756

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 5234

Twin Tracks is a landmark book of real-world stories that investigates the nature of change and divines as never before the unlikely origins of many aspects of contemporary life. In each of the work's twenty-five narratives, we discover how the different outcomes of an important historical event in the past often come together again in the future. Each chapter starts with an event -- such as the U.S. attack on Tripoli in 1804 -- that generates two divergent series of consequences. After tracking each pathway as it ranges far and wide through time and space, Burke shows how the paths finally and unexpectedly converge in the modern world. Twin Tracks pinpoints the myriad ways the future is shaped, whether by love, war, accident, genius, or discovery. For instance, in "The Marriage of Figaro to Stealth Fighter," Burke's twin tracks start with the composer of the opera and the French spy from whose play he stole the plot. The tracks then encompass, among other things, freemasonry, the War of Independence, Captain Cook, jellyfish, Jane Austen, and audio tape. Ultimately, the convergence of the two Figaro tracks sets the stage for the development of Gulf War Stealth aircraft. Wonderfully accessible and lucidly written, Twin Tracks offers an amusing and instructive new view of the past and the future.

Automatic Target Recognition

Author: Bruce Jay Schachter

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781510618565

Category: Algorithms

Page: N.A

View: 3472

"This third edition of Automatic Target Recognition provides a roadmap for breakthrough ATR designs with increased intelligence, performance, and autonomy. Clear distinctions are made between military problems and comparable commercial Deep Learning problems. These considerations need to be understood by ATR engineers working in the defense industry as well as by their government customers. A reference design is provided for a next-generation ATR that can continuously learn from and adapt to its environment. The convergence of diverse forms of data on a single platform supports new capabilities and improved performance. This third edition broadens the notion of ATR to multisensor fusion. Radical continuous-learning ATR architectures, better integration of data sources, well-packaged sensors, and low-power teraflop chips will enable transformative military designs"--

Handbook of Isotopes in the Cosmos

Hydrogen to Gallium

Author: Donald Clayton

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521530835

Category: Science

Page: 314

View: 9794

An information resource about the isotopes and their place in the cosmos.


The Essential Element

Author: John S. Rigden

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674012523

Category: Science

Page: 280

View: 9684

Looks at the mysteries, scientific discoveries, and benefits of the chemical element hydrogen.

Fundamentals of Contamination Control

Author: Alan C. Tribble

Publisher: SPIE Press

ISBN: 9780819438447

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 176

View: 7956

This Tutorial Text provides a comprehensive introduction to the subject of contamination control, with specific applications to the aerospace industry. The author draws upon his many years as a practicing contamination control engineer, researcher, and teacher. The book examines methods to quantify the cleanliness level required by various contamination-sensitive surfaces and to predict the end-of-life contamination level for those surfaces, and it identifies contamination control techniques required to ensure mission success.