Philosophy of Mind

Classical and Contemporary Readings

Author: David John Chalmers

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195145816

Category: Philosophy

Page: 675

View: 3713

This is a comprehensive collection of readings in the philosophy of mind, ranging from Descartes to the leading edge of the discipline.
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Philosophy of Mind

Classical and Contemporary Readings

Author: David John Chalmers

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195145809

Category: Philosophy

Page: 675

View: 3894

This is a comprehensive collection of readings in the philosophy of mind, ranging from Descartes to the leading edge of the discipline.
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Willensfreiheit und Wissenschaft

Ein Dialog

Author: Alfred R. Mele

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518754564

Category: Philosophy

Page: 162

View: 6354

Ist unser Denken und Handeln so frei, wie wir für gewöhnlich glauben? Diese alte Frage beschäftigt und verwirrt Philosophen wie Laien und seit einiger Zeit auch die Naturwissenschaft. Nun bringt uns der renommierte Philosoph Alfred R. Mele das Problem auf neue und unterhaltsame Art näher: in Form eines Gesprächs unter Studierenden. Nach und nach zeigt sich darin, was wir unter Willensfreiheit verstehen sollten und wie den Herausforderungen insbesondere von Hirnforschern und Psychologen wie Benjamin Libet oder Stanley Milgram begegnet werden kann. Eine perfekte Einführung in die Willensfreiheitsdebatte und die damit verbundenen Grundfragen der Philosophie.
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The Philosophy of Mind

Classical Problems/contemporary Issues

Author: Brian Beakley,Peter Ludlow,Peter Jay Ludlow

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262521673

Category: Psychology

Page: 433

View: 4621

Bringing together the best classical and contemporary writings in the philosophy of mind and organized by topic, this anthology allows readers to follow the development of thinking in five broad problem areas - the mind/body problem, mental causation, associationism/connectionism, mental imagery, and innate ideas - over 2500 years of philosophy. The writings range from Plato and Descartes to Fodor and the PDP research group, showing how many of the current concerns in the philosophy of mind and cognitive science are firmly rooted in history. The editors have provided helpful introductions to each of the main sections. Brian Beakley is Assistant Professor in the Philosophy Department at Eastern Illinois University. Peter Ludlow is Assistant Professor in the Philosophy Department at SUNY, Stony Brook. Readings from: Plato, Aristotle, St. Thomas Aquinas, Rene Descartes, Thomas Hobbes, Nicolas Malebranche, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, John Locke, George Berkeley, David Hume, Immanuel Kant, John Stuart Mill, Thomas Henry Huxley, William James, Oswald Kulpe, John Watson, jean Piaget, Gilbert Ryle, U. T. Place, Hilary Putnam, Daniel Dennett, Donald Davidson, Jerry Fodor, Roger Shepard, Jacqueline Metzler, Saul Kripke, Ned Block, Noam Chomsky, Stephen Kosslyn, Zenon Pylyshyn, Patricia Churchland, James McClelland, David Rumelhart, Geoffrey Hinton, Paul Smolensky, Seymour Papert.
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Philosophy of Mind

A Contemporary Introduction

Author: John Heil

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415891744

Category: Philosophy

Page: 281

View: 2582

When first published, John Heil's introduction quickly became a widely used guide for students with little or no background in philosophy to central issues of philosophy of mind.ãee Heil provided an introduction free of formalisms, technical trappings, and specialized terminology.ãee He offered clear arguments and explanations, focusing on the ontological basis of mentality and its place in the material world.ãee The book concluded with a systematic discussion of questions the book raises--and a sketch of a unified metaphysics of mind--thus inviting scholarly attention while providing a book very well suited for an introductory course. This Third Edition builds on these strengths, and incorporates new material on theories of consciousness, computationalism, the language of thought, and animal minds as well as other emerging areas of research.ãee With an updated reading list at the end of each chapter and a revised bibliography, this new edition will again make it the indispensable primer for anyone seeking better understanding of the central metaphysical issues in philosophy of mind.ãee
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Der logische Aufbau der Welt

Author: Rudolf Carnap

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 3787323589

Category: Philosophy

Page: 290

View: 2976

In seinem 1928 erschienenen Hauptwerk Der logische Aufbau der Welt unternahm Rudolf Carnap den Versuch, die erkenntnistheoretische These des englischen Empirismus, nach der die Basis aller unserer Wirklichkeitserkenntnis in Wahrnehmungserlebnissen bestehe, durch die methodische und zugleich logisch einsichtige Konstruktion der Gegenstandswelt aus solcherart bestimmten Elementarerlebnissen zu untermauern. Neu und richtungweisend an diesem Ansatz war der Gebrauch, den Carnap - er war Schüler Freges - "von den Hilfmitteln der modernen Logik, besonders der von Russell entwickelten Relationenlogik, machte, und die Rücksicht auf die psychologische Erkenntnis, daß die einfachen Sinnesdaten nicht Erlebnisse sind, sondern erst rückwärts aus den Erlebnissen erschlossen werden müssen" (Günter Patzig).
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Introduction to Philosophy

Classical and Contemporary Readings

Author: John Perry,Michael Bratman,John Martin Fischer

Publisher: OUP USA

ISBN: 9780199812998

Category: Philosophy

Page: 896

View: 9009

Introduction to Philosophy: Classical and Contemporary Readings, Sixth Edition, is the most comprehensive topically organized collection of classical and contemporary philosophy available. The sixth edition includes five new readings—by renowned contemporary philosophers Anthony Brueckner, John Martin Fischer, Alan Goldman, Rosalind Hursthouse, and Thomas Nagel—and additional descriptive material on the authors throughout the book.
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Philosophy of Psychology: Contemporary Readings

Author: Jose Luis Bermudez

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134204655

Category: Philosophy

Page: 688

View: 5547

Philosophy of Psychology: Contemporary Readings is a comprehensive anthology that includes classic and contemporary readings from leading philosophers. Addressing in depth the major topics within philosophy of psychology, the editor has carefully selected articles under the following headings: pictures of the mind commonsense psychology representation and cognitive architecture. Articles by the following philosophers are included: Blackburn, Churchland, Clark, Cummins, Dennett, Davidson, Fodor, Kitcher, Lewis, Lycan, McDowell, McLeod, Rey, Segal, Stich. Each section includes a helpful introduction by the editor which aims to guide the student gently into the topic. The book is highly accessible and provides a broad-ranging exploration of the subject, including discussion of the leading philosophers in the field. Ideal for any student of philosophy of psychology or philosophy of mind.
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Philosophy of Mind

A Comprehensive Introduction

Author: William Jaworski

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444397581

Category: Philosophy

Page: 520

View: 5499

Philosophy of Mind introduces readers to one of the liveliest fields in contemporary philosophy by discussing mind-body problems and the various solutions to them. It provides a detailed yet balanced overview of the entire field that enables readers to jump immediately into current debates. Treats a wide range of mind-body theories and arguments in a fair and balanced way Shows how developments in neuroscience, biology, psychology, and cognitive science have impacted mind-body debates Premise-by-premise arguments for and against each position enable readers to grasp the structure of each argument quickly and easily Diagrams and illustrations help readers absorb the more complex ideas Bibliographic essays at the end of each chapter bring readers up to date on the latest literature Written in a clear, easy to read style that is free of technical jargon, and highly accessible to a broad readership The only book to explain systematically how a hylomorphic theory such as Aristotle’s can contribute to current mind-body debates and vie with current mind-body theories Online chapters on free will and the philosophy of persons make the book a flexible teaching tool for general and introductory philosophy courses - available at www.wiley.com/go/jaworski
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Schicksal, Zeit und Sprache

Über Willensfreiheit

Author: David Foster Wallace

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518789503

Category: Philosophy

Page: 207

View: 2772

Können wir die Zukunft durch unser Handeln beeinflussen? Oder ist sie von Gott, vom Schicksal oder von Naturgesetzen vorherbestimmt? Diese Frage beschäftigt Philosophen seit der Antike. 1985 nahm sich ein Student vor, sie ein für allemal zu lösen – David Foster Wallace. Er jongliert souverän mit modallogischen Formeln und Diagrammen und führt exzentrische Beispiele ins Feld, die direkt seinen Erzählungen entsprungen sein könnten: Terroristen, Stabhochspringer, Tennisspieler ohne Schläger. Neben dem posthum erschienenen Aufsatz enthält der Band eine biografische Skizze über Foster Wallace’ Studentenzeit und eine kurze Einführung in die Modallogik.
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From Psychology to Phenomenology

Franz Brentano's 'Psychology from an Empirical Standpoint' and Contemporary Philosophy of Mind

Author: B. Tassone

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137029226

Category: Philosophy

Page: 331

View: 8146

Although highly influential, Brentano's doctrines from Psychology from an Empirical Standpoint were taken up and changed by his students and subsequent thinkers. Tassone's study of this important text offers readers a better understanding of PES and outlines its ongoing relevance for contemporary philosophy of mind.
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The Routledge Companion to Phenomenology

Author: Sebastian Luft,Soren Overgaard

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136725628

Category: Philosophy

Page: 744

View: 1030

Phenomenology was one of the twentieth century’s major philosophical movements and continues to be a vibrant and widely studied subject today. The Routledge Companion to Phenomenology is an outstanding guide and reference source to the key philosophers, topics and themes in this exciting subject, and essential reading for any student or scholar of phenomenology. Comprising over fifty chapters by a team of international contributors, the Companion is divided into five clear parts: main figures in the phenomenological movement, from Brentano to Derrida main topics in phenomenology phenomenological contributions to philosophy phenomenological intersections historical postscript. Close attention is paid to the core topics in phenomenology such as intentionality, perception, subjectivity, the self, the body, being and phenomenological method. An important feature of the Companion is its examination of how phenomenology has contributed to central disciplines in philosophy such as metaphysics, philosophy of mind, moral philosophy, aesthetics and philosophy of religion as well as disciplines beyond philosophy such as race, cognitive science, psychiatry, literary criticism and psychoanalysis.
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Mental Causation

The Mind-body Problem

Author: Anthony Dardis

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231144164

Category: Philosophy

Page: 195

View: 5725

Two thousand years ago, Lucretius said that everything is atoms in the void; it's physics all the way down. Contemporary physicalism agrees. But if that's so how can we?how can our thoughts, emotions, our values?make anything happen in the physical world? This conceptual knot, the mental causation problem, is the core of the mind-body problem, closely connected to the problems of free will, consciousness, and intentionality. Anthony Dardis shows how to unravel the knot. He traces its early appearance in the history of philosophical inquiry, specifically in the work of Plato, Aristotle, Descartes, and T. H. Huxley. He then develops a metaphysical framework for a theory of causation, laws of nature, and the causal relevance of properties. Using this framework, Dardis explains how macro, or higher level, properties can be causally relevant in the same way that microphysical properties are causally relevant: by their relationship with the laws of nature. Smelling an orange, choosing the orange rather than the cheesecake, reaching for the one on the left instead of the one on the right-mental properties such as these take their place alongside the physical "motor of the world" in making things happen.
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The Future for Philosophy

Author: Brian Leiter

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199203925

Category: Philosophy

Page: 357

View: 9493

Where does philosophy, the oldest academic subject, stand at the beginning of the new millennium? This remarkable volume brings together leading figures from most major branches of the discipline to offer answers. What remains of the 'linguistic turn' in twentieth-century philosophy? How should moral philosophy respond to and incorporate developments in empirical psychology? Where might Continental and Anglophone feminist theory profitably interact? How has our understanding of ancient philosophy beenaffected by the emergence of analytic philosophy? Where does the mind-body problem stand today? What role must value judgments play in science? Do Marx, Nietzsche, or Freud matter in the 21st century? These and many other questions at the cutting edge of the discipline are addressed by distinguished philosophers from Australia, Britain, Canada, and the United States. They aim not only to stimulate philosophical debate, but to introduce those in cognate disciplines---biology, classics, economics,history, law, linguistics, literary studies, mathematics, philosophy, physics, political science, psychology, among others--- to what is happening in contemporary philosophy. In a substantial introduction, the editor gives an overview of the state of philosophy today and helps orientnon-philosophers.
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Language, Names, and Information

Author: Frank Jackson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444351576

Category: Philosophy

Page: 176

View: 9560

Language, Names, and Information is an important contribution to philosophy of language by one of its foremost scholars, challenging the pervasive view that the description theory of proper names is dead in the water, and defending a version of the description theory from a perspective on language that sees words as a wonderful source of information about the nature of the world we live in. Challenges current pervasive view that the description theory of reference for proper names has been refuted Discusses several topics at the center of current debates, including representation and information, two-dimensionalism, possible worlds, and broad vs. narrow content Maintains the conversational and somewhat informal tone of the original lectures upon which the book is based
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Philosophy of Law

Classic and Contemporary Readings

Author: Larry May,Jeff Brown

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405183888

Category: Law

Page: 625

View: 9210

Philosophy of Law provides a rich overview of the diverse theoretical justifications for our legal rules, systems, and practices. Utilizes the work of both classical and contemporary philosophers to illuminate the relationship between law and morality Introduces students to the philosophical underpinnings of International Law and its increasing importance as we face globalization Features concrete examples in the form of cases significant to the evolution of law Contrasts Anglo-American law with foreign institutions and practices such as those in China, Japan, India, Ireland and Canada Incorporates diverse perspectives on the philosophy of law ranging from canonical material to feminist theory, critical theory, postmodernism, and critical race theory
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The Phenomenological Mind

An Introduction to Philosophy of Mind and Cognitive Science

Author: Shaun Gallagher,Dan Zahavi

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134166214

Category: Philosophy

Page: 256

View: 3868

The Phenomenological Mind is the first book to properly introduce fundamental questions about the mind from the perspective of phenomenology. Key questions and topics covered include: What is phenomenology? naturalizing phenomenology and the empirical cognitive sciences phenomenology and consciousness consciousness and self-consciousness, including perception and action time and consciousness, including William James intentionality the embodied mind action knowledge of other minds situated and extended minds phenomenology and personal identity Interesting and important examples are used throughout, including phantom limb syndrome, blindsight and self-disorders in schizophrenia, making The Phenomenological Mind an ideal introduction to key concepts in phenomenology, cognitive science and philosophy of mind.
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