Perspectives on punishment

the contours of control

Author: Sarah Armstrong,Lesley McAra

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199278763

Category: Law

Page: 276

View: 6994

This book offers an incisive collection of contemporary research into the problems of crime control and punishment. It has three inter-related aims: to take stock of current thinking on punishment, regulation, and control in the early years of a new century and in the wake of a number of critical junctures, including 9/11, which have transformed the social, political, and cultural environment; to present a selection of the diverse epistemological and methodological frameworks which inform current research; and finally to set out some fruitful directions for the future study of punishment. The contributions to this collection cover some of the most exciting and challenging areas of current research including terrorism and the politics of fear, penality in societies in transition, penal policy and the construction of political identity, the impact of digital culture on modes of compliance, the emergent hegemony of information and surveillance systems, and the evolving politics of victim-hood. Taken together, this work draws connections between local problems of crime control, transnational forms of governance, and the ways in which certain political and jurisprudential discourses have come to dominate policy and practice in western penal systems.
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Resisting Punitiveness in Europe?

Welfare, Human Rights and Democracy

Author: Sonja Snacken,Els Dumortier

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136656871

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 6027

This volume provides an important and exciting contribution to the knowledge on punishment across Europe. Over the past decade, punitiveness has been studied through analyses of ‘increased’ or ‘new’ forms of punishment in western countries. Comparative studies on the other hand have illustrated important differences in levels of punitiveness between these countries and have tried to explain these differences by looking at risk and protective factors. Covering both quantitative and qualitative dimensions, this book focuses on mechanisms interacting with levels of punitiveness that seem to allow room for less punitive (political) choices, especially within a European context: social policies, human rights and a balanced approach to victim rights and public opinion in constitutional democracies. The book is split into three sections: Punishment and Welfare. Chapters look into possible lessons to be learned from characteristics and developments in Scandinavian and some Continental European countries. Punishment and Human Rights. Contributions analyze how human rights in Europe can and do act as a shield against – but sometimes also as a possible motor for – criminalization and penalization. Punishment and Democracy. The increased political attention to victims’ rights and interests and to public opinion surveys in European democracies is discussed as a possible risk for enhanced levels of punitiveness in penal policies and evaluated against the background of research evidence about the wishes and expectations of victims of crime and the ambivalence and ‘polycentric consistency’ of public opinion formations about crime and punishments. This book will be a valuable addition to the literature in this field and will be of interest to students, scholars and policy officials across Europe and elsewhere.
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The Culture of Punishment

Prison, Society, and Spectacle

Author: Michelle Brown

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 9780814799994

Category: Social Science

Page: 251

View: 1755

Analyzes social aspects of prison, covering various theories about the role and function of punishment in society in the United States, including how the culture of imprisonment carries over into everyday life through television shows, movies, prison tourism, and other avenues, and examines the negative impact of penal spectatorship.
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Legitimacy and Compliance in Criminal Justice

Author: Adam Crawford,Anthea Hucklesby

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415671558

Category: Social Science

Page: 221

View: 6657

Questions of legitimacy and issues of compliance lie at the heart of criminal justice systems and policies. Recent years have seen greater recognition and awareness of the essential role of legitimacy, trust and public confidence in underpinning the effectiveness of criminal justice practices and institutions. As such, experiences and perceptions of legitimacy have direct implications for compliance, whilst securing public compliance remains a pivotal challenge for systems of crime control. Exploring the hitherto neglected links between legitimacy and compliance raises crucial questions about the effectiveness of criminal justice and point to ways in which both elements might be enhanced. This book brings together leading international scholars to consider a number of connected themes relating to compliance, legitimacy and trust in different areas of criminal justice and social regulation. It presents an inter-disciplinary dialogue and debate that combines insights from criminology, psychology and socio-legal studies drawing together conceptual analysis with empirical research findings in relation to policing, anti-social behaviour interventions, community penalties, electronic monitoring, imprisonment and tax avoidance. In so doing, the book presents advances in theory and conceptual understandings of compliance and legitimacy within systems of crime control. The contributors highlight the importance of normative and social dimensions to compliance as well as the constructive role played by experiences of procedural fairness and legitimacy in systems of justice. This cutting-edge collection of essays will be invaluable reading for all those interested in thinking critically about the future of criminal justice policies and practices including academics, researchers and criminal justice practitioners.
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The Routledge Handbook of European Criminology

Author: Sophie Body-Gendrot,Mike Hough,Klara Kerezsi,René Lévy,Sonja Snacken

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136185496

Category: Social Science

Page: 576

View: 2925

This new book brings together some of the leading criminologists across Europe, to showcase the best of European criminology. This Handbook aims to reflect the range and depth of current work in Europe, and to counterbalance the impact of the – sometimes insular and ethnocentric – Anglo-American criminological tradition. The end-product is a collection of twenty-eight chapters illustrating a truly comparative and interdisciplinary European criminology. The editors have assembled a cast of leading voices to reflect on differences and commonalities, elaborate on theoretically grounded comparisons and reflect on emerging themes in criminology in Europe. After the editors’ introduction, the book is organised in three parts: five chapters offering historical, theoretical and policy oriented overviews of European issues in crime and crime control; seven chapters looking at different dimensions of crime in Europe, includingcrime trends, state crime, gender and crime and urban safety; fifteen chapters examining the variety of institutional responses, exploring issues such as policing, juvenile justice, punishment, green crime and the role of the victim. This book gives some indication of the richness and scope of the emerging comparative European criminology and will be required reading for anyone who wants to understand trends in crime and its control across Europe. It will also be a valuable teaching resource, especially at postgraduate level, as well as an important reference point for researchers and scholars of criminology across Europe.
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Transforming Criminal Justice?

Problem-Solving and Court Specialisation

Author: Jane Donoghue

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136699481

Category: Social Science

Page: 168

View: 3522

Why is punishment not more effective? Why do we have such high re-offending rates? How can we deal with crime and criminals in a more cost-effective way? Over the last decade in particular, the United Kingdom, in common with other jurisdictions such as Canada, the United States (US) and Australia, has sought to develop more effective ways of responding to criminal behaviour through court reforms designed to address specific manifestations of crime. Strongly influenced by developments in US court specialisation, problem-solving and specialist courts - including domestic violence courts, drugs courts, community courts and mental health courts - have proliferated in Britain over the last few years. These courts operate at the intersection of criminal law and social policy and appear to challenge much of the traditional model of court practice. In addition, policy makers and practitioners have made significant attempts to try to embed problem-solving approaches into the criminal justice system more widely. Through examination of original data gathered from detailed interviews with judges, magistrates and other key criminal justice professionals in England and Wales, as well as analysis of legislative and policy interventions, this book discusses the impact of the creation and development of court specialisation and problem-solving justice. This book will be essential reading for students and academics in the fields of criminology, criminal justice, criminal law, socio-legal studies and sociology, as well as for criminal justice practitioners and policy-makers.
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Crime, Justice and Social Democracy

International Perspectives

Author: K. Carrington,M. Ball,E. O'Brien,J. Tauri

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137008695

Category: Political Science

Page: 365

View: 7286

This is a provocative collection of timely reflections on the state of social democracy and its inextricable links to crime and justice. Authored by some of the world's leading thinkers from the UK, US, Canada and Australia, the volume provides an understanding of socially sustainable societies.
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Prisons, Punishment and the Pursuit of Security

Author: D. Drake

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137004835

Category: Social Science

Page: 220

View: 5381

Drawing on research in men's long-term, maximum-security prisons, this book examines three interconnected problems: the tendency of the prison to obscure other social problems and conceal its own failings, the pursuit of greater levels of human security through repressive and violent means and the persistence of the belief in the problem of 'evil'.
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Electronically Monitored Punishment

International and Critical Perspectives

Author: Mike Nellis,Kristel Beyens,Dan Kaminski

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136242775

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 8385

Electronic monitoring (EM) is a way of supervising offenders in the community whilst they are on bail, serving a community sentence or after release from prison. Various technologies can be used, including voice verification, GPS satellite tracking and – most commonly - the use of radio frequency to monitor house arrest. It originated in the USA in the 1980s and has spread to over 30 countries since then. This book explores the development of EM in a number of countries to give some indication of the diverse ways it has been utilized and of the complex politics which surrounds its use. A techno-utopian impulse underpins the origins of EM and has remained latent in its subsequent development elsewhere in the world, despite recognition that is it less capable of effecting penal transformations than its champions have hoped. This book devotes substantive chapters to the issues of privatisation, evaluation, offender perspectives and ethics. Whilst normatively more committed to the Swedish model, the book acknowledges that this may not represent the future of EM, whose untrammelled, commercially-driven development could have very alarming consequences for criminal justice. Both utopian and dystopian hopes have been invested in EM, but research on its impact is ambivalent and fragmented, and EM remains undertheorised, empirically and ethically. This book seeks to redress this by providing academics, policy audiences and practitioners with the intellectual resources to understand and address the challenges which EM poses.
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Equality, Responsibility, and the Law

Author: Arthur Ripstein

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521003070

Category: Law

Page: 320

View: 6172

Examines responsibility and luck as these issues arise in tort law, criminal law, and distributive justice.
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Principles of International Politics

Author: Bruce Bueno de Mesquita

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1483304663

Category: Political Science

Page: 600

View: 6918

Bruce Bueno de Mesquita, who set the standard for the scientific approach to international relations, has returned with a reformulated fifth edition of Principles of International Politics, based on extensive reviewer feedback and newly guided by an emphasis on questions about the causes and consequences of war, peace, and world order. More than ever, the strategic perspective in international relations is examined with complete clarity, precision, and accessibility. What hasn't changed is Principles' coverage of the fundamentals of IR. The foundational topics are given sustained treatment: the major theories of war, the domestic sources of international politics, the democratic peace, the problems of terrorism, the role of foreign aid, democratization, international political economy, globalization, international organizations and law, human rights, and the global environment. No other introductory text delivers such an easily-understood contemporary explanation of international politics, while truly enabling students to learn to mobilize the key concepts and models.
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Readings on Criminal Justice, Criminal Law & Policing

Author: Marc Cools,Sofie De Kimpe,Brice De Ruyver

Publisher: Maklu

ISBN: 9046602419

Category: Law

Page: 381

View: 4911

In today's globalized society, an international exchange of ideas and views is indispensable within the field of social sciences, including criminology and criminal justice studies. The research group Governance of Security (GofS) fosters contemporary international discourses on issues of crime and crime control. In 2008, GofS started a research paper series, combining theoretical and empirical articles on issues reflecting the research activities of GofS. This research group is a collaboration between Ghent University and Ghent University College in Belgium. GofS concentrates its research around the study of administrative and judicial policy that have been developed with respect to new issues of crime and insecurity. The GofS series â?? Governance of Security Research Papers (GofS) â?? is published by Maklu Publishing (Belgium). Readings on Criminal Justice, Criminal Law and Policing â?? Volume 2 of GofS's series Governance of Security Research Papers â?? includes the following: Punishment across Borders: The Rationales behind International Execution of Sentences â?¢ Interpreting the Concept of 'Discretionary Power' within the Execution of Sentences: A Comparison between the Belgian and French Situation â?¢ Esperanto for EU Crime Statistics: Towards Common European Offense Definitions in an EU-level Offense Classification System â?¢ Developing a Framework for the Legal Rights of Victims and Witnesses â?¢ What Can European Institutions and the International Criminal Court Learn from Each Other? â?¢ Purpose Limitation in EU-US Data Exchange in Criminal Matters: The Remains of the Day â?¢ Some Criminal Law Reflections on the Sexual Transmission of HIV â?¢ Reading about Crime in Post-Intervention Societies: A Critical Assessment â?¢ Policing and Leadership: The Case of the Belgian Chiefs of the Local Police â?¢ Reflections on the Possible Integration of Intelligence-Led Policing into Community Policing: The Belgian Case â?¢ Reliability and Correlational Validity of Police Interview Competences: Assessing the Stability of the Police Interview Competency Inventory â?¢ The Role of Europol in Joint Investigation Teams: A Foretaste of an Executive European Police Office? â?¢ Checking Aspects of a "Nodal Orientation" for Policing the Port of Antwerp.
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The Oxford Handbook of Free Will

Second Edition

Author: Robert Kane

Publisher: OUP USA

ISBN: 0195399692

Category: Philosophy

Page: 646

View: 8555

A guide to current work on free will and related subjects, the focus is on writings of the past 40 years, in which there has been a resurgence of interest in traditional issues about the freedom of the will in the light of new developments in the sciences, philosophy and humanistic studies.
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The Routledge Handbook of Irish Criminology

Author: Deirdre Healy,Claire Hamilton,Yvonne Daly,Michelle Butler

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317698169

Category: Social Science

Page: 606

View: 6406

The Routledge Handbook of Irish Criminology is the first edited collection of its kind to bring together the work of leading Irish criminologists in a single volume. While Irish criminology can be characterised as a nascent but dynamic discipline, it has much to offer the Irish and international reader due to the unique historical, cultural, political, social and economic arrangements that exist on the island of Ireland. The Handbook consists of 30 chapters, which offer original, comprehensive and critical reviews of theory, research, policy and practice in a wide range of subject areas. The chapters are divided into four thematic sections: Understanding crime examines specific offence types, including homicide, gangland crime and white-collar crime, and the theoretical perspectives used to explain them. Responding to crime explores criminal justice responses to crime, including crime prevention, restorative justice, approaches to policing and trial as well as post-conviction issues such as imprisonment, community sanctions and rehabilitation. Contexts of crime investigates the social, political and cultural contexts of the policymaking process, including media representations, politics, the role of the victim and the impact of gender. Emerging ideas focuses on innovative ideas that prompt a reconsideration of received wisdom on particular topics, including sexual violence and ethnicity. Charting the key contours of the criminological enterprise on the island of Ireland and placing the Irish material in the context of the wider European and international literature, this book is essential reading for those involved in the study of Irish criminology and international and comparative criminal justice.
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The Athenaeum

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 8743

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The Athenæum

A Journal of Literature, Science, the Fine Arts, Music, and the Drama

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 3130

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Das wahre Buch vom südlichen Blütenland

Author: Zhuangzi

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3843080992

Category: Philosophy

Page: 216

View: 5923

Zhuangzi: Das wahre Buch vom südlichen Blütenland Entstanden im 4. Jahrhundert v. Chr. Hier in der Übersetzung von Richard Wilhelm. Neuausgabe. Herausgegeben von Karl-Maria Guth. Berlin 2016. Textgrundlage ist die Ausgabe: Dschuang Dsï: Das wahre Buch vom südlichen Blütenland. Übersetzt v. Richard Wilhelm, Düsseldorf/Köln: Eugen Diederichs Verlag, 1972. Die Paginierung obiger Ausgabe wird in dieser Neuausgabe als Marginalie zeilengenau mitgeführt. Umschlaggestaltung von Thomas Schultz-Overhage. Gesetzt aus der Minion Pro, 11 pt.
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