Perspectives on Global Development 2017 International Migration in a Shifting World

International Migration in a Shifting World

Author: OECD

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9264265686

Category:

Page: 276

View: 1704

Perspectives on Global Development 2017 presents an overview of the shifting of economic activity to developing countries and examines whether this shift has led to an increase in international migration towards developing countries.
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Trajectories and Imaginaries in Migration

The Migrant Actor in Transnational Space

Author: Felicitas Hillmann,Ton van Naerssen,Ernst Spaan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351119648

Category: Social Science

Page: 210

View: 4959

This book draws attention to the various factors that characterize migrant flows and mobilities, calling into question familiar concepts such as push and pull, migration as a life project and sociocultural integration. It highlights processes such as fl exible migrant routes, temporary and return migration, mental aspects of migration processes and transnationalism, which are organised around the themes of shaping trajectories, frictions in space, and the migrant mental framework. It brings together work from scholars from Europe and beyond, with the contributions collected emphasizing the social and mental processes that underpin the migratory process, which can be seen as the ‘soft side’ of migration. Too often, this side is neglected when the governance of migration is discussed. The novel ideas expressed here also help to overcome the mechanistic view of migration as a push-pull event. Thus, the book suggests a different understanding of migration and mobility as relational, non-linear and fluid social processes, characterized by instability in migrant life trajectories. Emphasizing the fl exibility of migrants and migration and advocating the importance of emotionally charged, individual perceptions as central to migrant decision-making, it will appeal to scholars of sociology, anthropology, politics and geography with interests in migration and diaspora studies.
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How Immigrants Contribute to Developing Countries' Economies

Author: OECD,International Labour Organization

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9264288732

Category:

Page: 199

View: 7934

How Immigrants Contribute to Developing Countries' Economies is the result of a project carried out by the OECD Development Centre and the International Labour Organization, with support from the European Union. The report covers the ten project partner countries.
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Migrating to Opportunity

Overcoming Barriers to Labor Mobility in Southeast Asia

Author: Mauro Testaverde,Harry Moroz,Claire H. Hollweg,Achim Schmillen

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 1464811083

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 334

View: 5339

The movement of people in Southeast Asia is an issue of increasing importance. Countries of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) are now the origin of 8 percent of the world's migrants. These countries host only 4 percent of the world's migrants but intra-regional migration has turned Malaysia, Singapore, and Thailand into regional migration hubs that are home to 6.5 million ASEAN migrants. However, significant international and domestic labor mobility costs limit the ability of workers to change firms, sectors, and geographies in ASEAN. This report takes an innovative approach to estimate the costs for workers to migrate internationally. Singapore and Malaysia have the lowest international labor mobility costs in ASEAN while workers migrating to Myanmar and Vietnam have the highest costs. Singapore and Malaysia's more developed migration systems are a key reason for their lower labor mobility costs. How easily workers can move to take advantage of new opportunities is important in determining how they fare under the increased economic integration planned for ASEAN. To study this question, the report simulates how worker welfare is affected by enhanced trade integration under different scenarios of labor mobility costs. Region-wide, worker welfare would be 14 percent higher if barriers to mobility were reduced for skilled workers, and an additional 29 percent if barriers to mobility were lowered for all workers. Weaknesses in migration systems increase international labor mobility costs, but policy reforms can help. Destination countries should work toward systems that are responsive to economic needs and consistent with domestic policies. Sending countries should balance protections for migrant workers with the needs of economic development.
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How Immigrants Contribute to Kyrgyzstan's Economy

Author: OECD,International Labour Organization

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9264287302

Category:

Page: 119

View: 5972

How Immigrants Contribute to Kyrgyzstan’s Economy is the result of a project carried out by the OECD Development Centre and the International Labour Organization, with support from the European Union.
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The Shifting Global World of Youth and Education

Author: Mabel Ann Brown

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315454513

Category: Education

Page: 298

View: 1244

The Shifting Global World of Youth and Education explores how increasing migration and population changes are having an unprecedented impact on global education. Given that the number of children of migrant background is growing internationally, there is a need for increasing awareness of the educational attainment and cultural integration of this population group. This book presents international perspectives on migration and youth and analyses what kinds of effects such demographic changes are having on educational systems around the world. The chapters in this volume provide a fascinating insight into how countries around the world are dealing with loss or growth in their young population as well as changes to their education systems. Written by specialist academics from the relevant country, the book covers Cuba, Lithuania, the United Kingdom, the United States, Finland, Greece, Germany, Austria, Hungary, Latvia, China, Australia, India, Italy and Poland. Taking into consideration the countries’ social and political context, the chapters discuss educational issues surrounding curriculum, assessment and the opportunities available for the support of young people. Conclusions are drawn about what could be done in the future for the benefit of both the migrant and the existing populations. The Shifting Global World of Youth and Education will be of great interest to academics, researchers and postgraduate students in the disciplines of education, sociology, political sciences and social work. The book will also give secondary teachers, teaching assistants, social workers and youth workers the opportunity to reflect on their role within a national and international context.
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Global Perspectives on Migration and Development

GFMD Puerto Vallarta and Beyond

Author: Irena Omelaniuk

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400741103

Category: Social Science

Page: 248

View: 6904

This volume is the first in a new Springer series to examine one of humanity’s most pressing concerns: global migration and its implications for development. As population mobility grows in an ever more crowded world, the Global Forum on Migration and Development (GFMD) has emerged as the most important global mechanism to deal with the urgent challenges it presents. This book explores fresh strategies proposed by the GFMD in its fourth year of operation in Mexico and beyond. Interrogating the relationship between migration and development, the papers advance the Global Forum’s aims of reducing poverty and empowering low-income families everywhere. In 2010, there were 214 million international migrants worldwide, nearly two and a half times the number in 1965. By 2050, international migration is likely to expand sharply in scale, reach and complexity, due to growing demographic disparities, environmental change, shifting global political and economic dynamics, technological innovations and social networks. Migration can bring substantial gains to families in less-developed countries, and mobile labor is an axiomatic feature of the global economy. Yet outward migration of skilled workers can seriously retard development at home, and exert pressure on wages in host nations. Balancing these and other conflicting concerns requires the substantive and expert discourse offered in this book. Contributors discuss, and propose concrete solutions to, vital issues such as the debilitating costs of cross-border labor recruitment and the provision of social and income protection for foreign contract workers. With suggestions on how to facilitate connections between transnational families, and gender- and family-sensitive immigration regimes, this book aims to foster collaborative intergovernmental links as well as partnerships between governments, civil society and international organizations. It shows how the GFMD can positively influence policy and institutional behavior while addressing wider systemic factors in protecting mobile workers.
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World Politics in Translation

Power, Relationality and Difference in Global Cooperation

Author: Tobias Berger,Alejandro Esguerra

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351806335

Category: Political Science

Page: 236

View: 1318

Virtually all pertinent issues that the world faces today – such as nuclear proliferation, climate change, the spread of infectious disease and economic globalization – imply objects that move. However, surprisingly little is known about how the actual objects of world politics are constituted, how they move and how they change while moving. This book addresses these questions through the concept of 'translation' – the simultaneous processes of object constitution, transportation and transformation. Translations occur when specific forms of knowledge about the environment, international human rights norms or water policies consolidate, travel and change. World Politics in Translation conceptualizes 'translation' for International Relations by drawing on theoretical insights from Literary Studies, Postcolonial Scholarship and Science and Technology Studies. The individual chapters explore how the concept of translation opens new perspectives on development cooperation, the diffusion of norms and organizational templates, the performance in and of international organizations or the politics of international security governance. This book constitutes an excellent resource for students and scholars in the fields of Politics, International Relations, Social Anthropology, Development Studies and Sociology. Combining empirically grounded case studies with methodological reflection and theoretical innovation, the book provides a powerful and productive introduction to world politics in translation.
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Handbook of the International Political Economy of Migration

Author: Leila Simona Talani,Simon McMahon

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1782549900

Category: Social Science

Page: 456

View: 3609

This Handbook discusses theoretical approaches to migration studies in general, as well as confronting various issues in international migration from a distinctive and unique international political economy perspective. With a focus on the relation bet
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The Age of Migration

International Population Movements in the Modern World

Author: Stephen Castles,Mark J. Miller

Publisher: Palgrave MacMillan

ISBN: 9780230517844

Category: Political Science

Page: 369

View: 3741

This edition provides coverage of the nature, extent and dimensions of international population movements and of their consequences in an increasingly multicultural world.
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Diaspora for Development in Africa

Author: Sonia Plaza,Dilip Ratha

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821382586

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 328

View: 4244

The diaspora of developing countries can be a potent force for development, through remittances, but more importantly, through promotion of trade, investment, knowledge and technology transfers. The book aims to consolidate research and evidence on these issues with a view to formulating policies in both sending and receiving countries.
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Learning in the Global Era

International Perspectives on Globalization and Education

Author: Marcelo Suarez-Orozco

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520941497

Category: Education

Page: 335

View: 8775

An international gathering of leading scholars, policymakers, and educators takes on some of the most difficult and controversial issues of our time in this groundbreaking exploration of how globalization is affecting education around the world. The contributors, drawing from innovative research in both the social sciences and the neurosciences, examine the challenges and opportunities now facing schools as a result of massive migration flows, new economic realities, new technologies, and the growing cultural diversity of the world's major cities. Writing for a wide audience, they address such questions as: How do we educate all youth to develop the skills and sensibilities necessary to thrive in globally linked, technologically interconnected economies? What can schools do to meet the urgent need to educate growing numbers of migrant youth at risk of failure in societies already divided by inequality? What are the limits of cultural tolerance as tensions over gender, religion, and race threaten social cohesion in schools and neighborhoods alike? Bringing together scholars with deep experience in Africa, the Americas, Asia, Europe, and the Middle East, this work, grounded in rich examples from everyday life, is highly relevant not only to scholars and policymakers but also to all stakeholders responsible for the day-to-day workings of schools in cities across the globe.
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Global Value Chains in a Changing World

Author: Deborah Kay Elms,Patrick Low

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9789287038821

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 409

View: 1418

A collection of papers by some of the world's leading specialists on global value chains (GVCs). It examines how GVCs have evolved and the challenges they face in a rapidly changing world. The approach is multi-disciplinary, with contributions from economists, political scientists, supply chain management specialists, practitioners and policy-makers. Co-published with the Fung Global Institute and the Temasek
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International Migration Outlook 2017

Author: OECD

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9264275584

Category:

Page: 364

View: 9639

The 2017 edition of International Migration Outlook, the 41st edition, analyses recent developments in migration movements and policies in OECD countries and selected non-member countries.
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Perspectives on Global Development 2010 Shifting Wealth

Shifting Wealth

Author: OECD

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 926408472X

Category:

Page: 176

View: 4227

Shifting Wealth examines the changing dynamics of the global economy over the last 20 years, and in particular the impact of the economic rise of large developing countries, such as China and India, on the poor.
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Trouble in the Making?

The Future of Manufacturing-Led Development

Author: Mary Hallward-Driemeier,Gaurav Nayyar

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 1464811938

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 252

View: 1144

Technology and globalization are threatening manufacturing’s traditional ability to deliver both productivity and jobs at a large scale for unskilled workers. Concerns about widening inequality within and across countries are raising questions about whether interventions are needed and how effective they could be. Trouble in the Making? The Future of Manufacturing-Led Development addresses three questions: - How has the global manufacturing landscape changed and why does this matter for development opportunities? - How are emerging trends in technology and globalization likely to shape the feasibility and desirability of manufacturing-led development in the future? - If low wages are going to be less important in defining competitiveness, how can less industrialized countries make the most of new opportunities that shifting technologies and globalization patterns may bring? The book examines the impacts of new technologies (i.e., the Internet of Things, 3-D printing, and advanced robotics), rising international competition, and increased servicification on manufacturing productivity and employment. The aim is to inform policy choices for countries currently producing and for those seeking to enter new manufacturing markets. Increased polarization is a risk, but the book analyzes ways to go beyond focusing on potential disruptions to position workers, firms, and locations for new opportunities. www.worldbank.org/futureofmanufacturing
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Ageing Populations

The Social Policy Implications

Author: N.A

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9789264131132

Category: Social Science

Page: 90

View: 4986

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Gender History in a Transnational Perspective

Networks, Biographies, Gender Orders

Author: Oliver Janz,Daniel Schönpflug

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 1782382755

Category: Social Science

Page: 296

View: 9359

Recent debates have used the concept of "transnational history" to broaden research on historical subjects that transcend national boundaries and encourage a shift away from official inter-state interactions to institutions, groups, and actors that have been obscured. This approach proves particularly fruitful for the dynamic field of global gender and women's history. By looking at the restless lives and work of women's activists in informal border-crossings, ephemeral NGOs, the lower management of established international organizations, and other global networks, this volume reflects the potential of a new perspective that allows for a more adequate analysis of transnational activities. By pointing out cultural hierarchies, the vicissitudes of translation and re-interpretation, and the ambiguity of intercultural exchange, this volume demonstrates the critical potential of transnational history. It allows us to see the limits of universalist and cosmopolitan claims so dear to many historical actors and historians.
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Towards a new global age

challenges and opportunities : policy report

Author: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

Publisher: Organization for Economic

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 37

View: 3627

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Capital for the Future

Saving and Investment in an Interdependent World

Author: The World Bank

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821399551

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 168

View: 6779

The gradual acceleration of growth in developing countries is a defining feature of the past two decades. This acceleration came with major shifts in patterns of investment, saving, and capital flows. This second volume in the Global Development Horizons series analyzes these shifts and explores how they may evolve through 2030. Average domestic saving in developing countries stood at 34 percent of their GDP in 2010, up from 24 percent in 1990, while their investment was around 33 percent of their GDP in 2012, up from 26 percent. These trends in saving and investment, along with higher growth rates in developing countries, have resulted in developing countries’ share of global savings now standing at 46 percent, nearly double the level of the 1990s. The presence of developing countries on the global stage will continue to expand over the next two decades. Analysis in this report projects that by 2030, China will account for 30 percent of global investment activity, far and away the largest share of any single country, while India and Brazil (at 7 percent and 3 percent) will account for shares comparable to those of the United States and Japan (11 percent and 5 percent). The complex interaction among aging, growth, and financial deepening can be expected to result in a world where developing countries will contribute 62 of every 100 dollars of world saving in 2030, up from 45 dollars in 2010, and where they account for between $6.2 trillion and $13 trillion of global gross capital flows, rising from $1.3 trillion in 2010. Trends in investment, saving, and capital flows through 2030 will affect economic conditions from the household level to the global macroeconomic level, with implications not only for national policy makers but also for international institutions and policy coordination. Policymakers preparing for this change will benefit from a better understanding of the unfolding dynamics of global capital and wealth in the future. This book is accompanied by a website, http://www.worldbank.org/CapitalForTheFuture, that includes a host of related electronic resources: data sets underlying the two main scenarios presented in the report, background papers, technical appendixes, interactive widgets with variations to some of the assumptions used in the projections, and related audio and video resources.
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