Paths to Inclusion

The Integration of Migrants in the United States and Germany

Author: Peter H. Schuck,Rainer Münz

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 9781571810922

Category: Social Science

Page: 306

View: 5343

When discussing wages, historians have traditionally concentrated on the level of wages, much less on how people were paid for their work. Important aspects were thus ignored such as how frequently were wages actually paid, how much of the wage was paid in non-monetary form - whether as traditional perquisites or community relief - especially when there was often insufficient coinage available to pay wages. Covering a wide geographical area, ranging from Spain to Finland, and time span, ranging from the sixteenth century to the 1930s, this volume offers fresh perspectives on key areas in social and economic history such as the relationship between customs, moral economy, wages and the market, changing pay and wage forms and the relationship between age, gender and wages.
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I want my dream!

Persönliche Zukunftsplanung

Author: Stefan Doose

Publisher: AG SPAK Bücher

ISBN: 3940865621

Category:

Page: 201

View: 8391

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Selbstbestimmung und Inklusion: das Konzept der Persönlichen Zukunftsplanung in der Heilpädagogik

Author: Silke Gaube

Publisher: Diplomica Verlag

ISBN: 3958507018

Category: Education

Page: 108

View: 6506

Die Persönliche Zukunftsplanung (PZP) tritt mit dem hohen Anspruch auf, bessere Bedingungen für Selbstbestimmung und Inklusion zu ermöglichen. Dabei verfolgt sie zwei Ziele: Primäres Ziel der PZP ist es, die persönlichen Zukunftserwartungen eines Menschen in Bezug auf ein oder mehrere individuelle Lebensziele hin zu erfassen und ihm die nötige Assistenz zur eigenständigen Planung und Umsetzung anzubieten. Die sekundäre Zielsetzung des Konzepts ist es, eine Anfrage an die Gesellschaft und an die Institutionen der Behindertenhilfe darzustellen und auf diese verändernd einzuwirken. Dieses Buch liefert dem Leser einen Überblick über den Stand der nationalen Diskussion von PZP, insbesondere in ihrer Relevanz für die Behindertenhilfe. Im Zentrum stehen einerseits PZP als „Stoßkraft“ für Veränderungen in der Heilspädagogik und andererseits die Problematik der Integration von PCP in Hilfseinrichtungen.
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Geschlossene Grenzen, offene Gesellschaften?

Migrations- und Integrationsprozesse in westlichen Industrienationen

Author: Wolfgang Seifert

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 9783593364919

Category: Assimilation (Sociology)

Page: 406

View: 1034

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Mathematical Foundations of Computer Science 2004

29th International Symposium, MFCS 2004, Prague, Czech Republic, August 22-27, 2004, Proceedings

Author: Jirí Fiala,Václav Koubek,Jan Kratochvíl

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3540286292

Category: Computers

Page: 904

View: 1661

This volume contains the papers presented at the 29th Symposium on Mat- matical Foundations of Computer Science, MFCS 2004, held in Prague, Czech Republic, August 22–27, 2004. The conference was organized by the Institute for Theoretical Computer Science (ITI) and the Department of Theoretical Com- terScienceandMathematicalLogic(KTIML)oftheFacultyofMathematicsand Physics of Charles University in Prague. It was supported in part by the Eu- pean Association for Theoretical Computer Science (EATCS) and the European Research Consortium for Informatics and Mathematics (ERCIM). Traditionally, the MFCS symposia encourage high-quality research in all branches of theoretical computer science. Ranging in scope from automata, f- mal languages, data structures, algorithms and computational geometry to c- plexitytheory,modelsofcomputation,andapplicationsincludingcomputational biology, cryptography, security and arti?cial intelligence, the conference o?ers a unique opportunity to researchers from diverse areas to meet and present their results to a general audience. The scienti?c program of this year’s MFCS took place in the lecture halls of the recently reconstructed building of the Faculty of Mathematics and P- sics in the historical center of Prague, with the famous Prague Castle and other celebratedhistoricalmonumentsinsight.Theviewfromthewindowswasach- lengingcompetitionforthespeakersinthe?ghtfortheattentionoftheaudience. But we did not fear the result: Due to the unusually tough competition for this year’s MFCS, the admitted presentations certainly attracted considerable in- rest. The conference program (and the proceedings) consisted of 60 contributed papers selected by the Program Committee from a total of 167 submissions.
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Paths to Freedom

Manumission in the Atlantic World

Author: Rosemary Brana-Shute,Randy J. Sparks

Publisher: Univ of South Carolina Press

ISBN: 9781570037740

Category: History

Page: 397

View: 1725

Manumission--the act of freeing a slave while the institution of slavery continues--has received relatively little scholarly attention as compared to other aspects of slavery and emancipation. To address this gap, editors Rosemary Brana-Shute and Randy J. Sparks present a volume of essays that comprise the first-ever comparative study of manumission as it affected slave systems on both sides of the Atlantic. In this landmark volume, an international group of scholars consider the history and implications of manumission from the medieval period to the late nineteenth century as the phenomenon manifested itself in the Old World and the New. The contributors demonstrate that although the means of manumission varied greatly across the Atlantic world, in every instance the act served to reinforce the sovereign power structures inherent in the institution of slavery. In some societies only a master had the authority to manumit slaves, while in others the state might grant freedom or it might be purchased. Regardless of the source of manumission, the result was viewed by its society as a benevolent act intended to bind the freed slave to his or her former master through gratitude if no longer through direct ownership. The possibility of manumission worked to inspire faithful servitude among slaves while simultaneously solidifying the legitimacy of their ownership. The essayists compare the legacy of manumission in medieval Europe; the Jewish communities of Levant, Europe, and the New World; the Dutch, French, and British colonies; and the antebellum United States, while exploring wider patterns that extended beyond a single location or era.
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Crooked Paths to Allotment

The Fight over Federal Indian Policy after the Civil War

Author: C. Joseph Genetin-Pilawa

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 0807837415

Category: History

Page: 248

View: 4391

Standard narratives of Native American history view the nineteenth century in terms of steadily declining Indigenous sovereignty, from removal of southeastern tribes to the 1887 General Allotment Act. In Crooked Paths to Allotment, C. Joseph Genetin-Pilawa complicates these narratives, focusing on political moments when viable alternatives to federal assimilation policies arose. In these moments, Native American reformers and their white allies challenged coercive practices and offered visions for policies that might have allowed Indigenous nations to adapt at their own pace and on their own terms. Examining the contests over Indian policy from Reconstruction through the Gilded Age, Genetin-Pilawa reveals the contingent state of American settler colonialism. Genetin-Pilawa focuses on reformers and activists, including Tonawanda Seneca Ely S. Parker and Council Fire editor Thomas A. Bland, whose contributions to Indian policy debates have heretofore been underappreciated. He reveals how these men and their allies opposed such policies as forced land allotment, the elimination of traditional cultural practices, mandatory boarding school education for Indian youth, and compulsory participation in the market economy. Although the mainstream supporters of assimilation successfully repressed these efforts, the ideas and policy frameworks they espoused established a tradition of dissent against disruptive colonial governance.
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The Mediterranean Dimension of the European Union's Internal Security

Author: S. Wolff

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230369421

Category: Political Science

Page: 273

View: 1177

EU internal security concerns such as migration, police and judicial cooperation are today part of EU foreign policy. This book shows how those concerns dominate the EU agenda towards Mediterranean countries. Adopting a rational-choice institutionalist approach, it explores EU policy and the strategic choices made after the 2011 Arab revolts.
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Learning and Using Multiple Languages

Current Findings from Research on Multilingualism

Author: Maria Pilar Safont Jordà,Laura Portolés Falomir

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1443874922

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 365

View: 8343

This volume brings together the latest findings from research on multilingual language learning and use in multilingual communities. Suzanne Flynn, Håkan Ringbom and Larissa Aronin are some of the prestigious scholars who have contributed to this book. As argued by this last author in her chapter, although multilingualism has always existed, the important changes that research on this phenomenon has recently undergone, like that of adopting a multilingual perspective in its studies, should always be borne in mind. This volume considers the languages of multilingual communities, as well as the interaction among them. As such, the chapters adopt a multilingual approach that guides the analysis of grammatical, lexical and pragmatic development together with the role of affective and social factors in multilingual settings. Furthermore, this edited monograph is not restricted to an age group in the scope of its studies, as it contains research on children, teenagers, young adults and adults. In addition, it covers a wide range of sociolinguistic settings, including English-speaking countries, like the United Kingdom and Canada, and Northern and Central European contexts such as Sweden and Germany, as well as Southern settings like Spain and Tunisia. This book will be relevant to both researchers and teachers due to its educational and sociolinguistic orientation, dealing as it does with language learners from various multilingual communities and describing the social representation of languages and the measures for their promotion.
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New Paths to Urbanization in China

Seeking More Balanced Patterns

Author: Yu Zhu

Publisher: Nova Publishers

ISBN: 9781560726814

Category: Political Science

Page: 243

View: 547

While most developed countries were urbanized in the nineteenth and early-twentieth centuries, urbanization in developing countries is mainly a late-twentieth century and early twenty-first century process. Therefore studies on urbanization patterns in developed countries can provide an important base of information and analysis for solving the urban problems in developing countries. New urbanization patterns first emerged in some coastal provinces. These were a product of China's reform and open-door processes, and are still in the process of further development and diffusion to other provinces in China. This book explores the causes, effects and implications of these new urbanization patterns through case studies in areas where the patterns are most developed.
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National Innovation Systems, Social Inclusion and Development

The Latin American Experience

Author: Gabriela Dutrénit,Judith Sutz

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1782548688

Category: Social Science

Page: 448

View: 3217

This unique book brings together new perspectives on inclusive development and the kinds of science, technology and innovation that can foster this form of development.
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Changing Paths

International Development and the New Politics of Inclusion

Author: Peter P. Houtzager,Michael Peter Moore

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 9780472024810

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 312

View: 1417

After two decades of marketizing, an array of national and international actors have become concerned with growing global inequality, the failure to reduce the numbers of very poor people in the world, and a perceived global backlash against international economic institutions. This new concern with poverty reduction and the political participation of excluded groups has set the stage for a new politics of inclusion within nations and in the international arena. The essays in this volume explore what forms the new politics of inclusion can take in low- and middle-income countries. The contributors favor a polity-centered approach that focuses on the political capacities of social and state actors to negotiate large-scale collective solutions and that highlights various possible strategies to lift large numbers of people out of poverty and political subordination. The contributors suggest there is little basis for the radical polycentrism that colors so much contemporary development thought. They focus on how the political capabilities of different societal and state actors develop over time and how their development is influenced by state action and a variety of institutional and other factors. The final chapter draws insightful conclusions about the political limitations and opportunities presented by current international discourse on poverty. Peter P. Houtzager is a Fellow at the Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex. He has been a visiting scholar at the Center for Latin American Studies, University of California, Berkeley, visiting lecturer at Stanford University, and lecturer at St. Mary's College. A political scientist with broad training in comparative politics and historical-institutional analysis, he has written extensively on the institutional roots of collective action. Mick Moore is a Fellow at the Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex, as well as Director of the Centre for the Future State. He has been a visiting professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. His professional interests include political and institutional aspects of poverty reduction and of economic policy and performance, the politics and administration of development, and good government.
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Pathways to Inclusion

Building a New Story with People and Communities

Author: John Lord,Peggy Hutchison

Publisher: Captus Press

ISBN: 1553221656

Category: Changement social / Canada

Page: 263

View: 8652

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Proceedings of the ACM SIGSOFT '89

Third Symposium on Software Testing, Analysis, and Verification (TAV3), Key West, Florida, December 13-15, 1989

Author: Richard A. Kemmerer

Publisher: Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)

ISBN: N.A

Category: Computers

Page: 229

View: 9275

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Children of Immigrants in a Globalized World

A Generational Experience

Author: E. Colombo,P. Rebughini

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137005297

Category: Social Science

Page: 208

View: 9798

This book explores the generational experience of children of immigrants growing up in an increasingly globalized and interconnected world, comparing the lives of Mediterranean youths with those from America and Northern Europe.
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Identifying Constraints to Financial Inclusion and Their Impact on GDP and Inequality: A Structural Framework for Policy

Author: Ms. Era Dabla-Norris,Yan Ji,Robert Townsend,D. Filiz Unsal

Publisher: International Monetary Fund

ISBN: 1475585918

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 49

View: 4000

We develop a micro-founded general equilibrium model with heterogeneous agents to identify pertinent constraints to financial inclusion. We evaluate quantitatively the policy impacts of relaxing each of these constraints separately, and in combination, on GDP and inequality. We focus on three dimensions of financial inclusion: access (determined by the size of participation costs), depth (determined by the size of collateral constraints resulting from limited commitment), and intermediation efficiency (determined by the size of interest rate spreads and default possibilities due to costly monitoring). We take the model to a firm-level data from the World Bank Enterprise Survey for six countries at varying degrees of economic development—three low-income countries (Uganda, Kenya, Mozambique), and three emerging market countries (Malaysia, the Philippines, and Egypt). The results suggest that alleviating different financial frictions have a differential impact across countries, with country-specific characteristics playing a central role in determining the linkages and tradeoffs between inclusion, GDP, inequality, and the distribution of gains and losses.
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