North of Mexico
Author: Alan Graham
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
View: 4724This account of North American vegetation and paleoenvironments over the past 70 million years reveals a history that is vast, immensely complex, and dynamic.
Author: C. P. Summerhayes
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
View: 5222To understand climate change today, we first need to know how Earth’s climate changed over the past 450 million years. Finding answers depends upon contributions from a wide range of sciences, not just the rock record uncovered by geologists. In Earth’s Climate Evolution, Colin Summerhayes analyzes reports and records of past climate change dating back to the late 18th century to uncover key patterns in the climate system. The book will transform debate and set the agenda for the next generation of thought about future climate change. The book takes a unique approach to the subject providing a description of the greenhouse and icehouse worlds of the past 450 million years since land plants emerged, ignoring major earlier glaciations like that of Snowball Earth, which occurred around 600 million years ago in a world free of land plants. It describes the evolution of thinking in palaeoclimatology and introduces the main players in the field and how their ideas were received and, in many cases, subsequently modified. It records the arguments and discussions about the merits of different ideas along the way. It also includes several notes made from the author’s own personal involvement in palaeoclimatological and palaeoceanographic studies, and from his experience of working alongside several of the major players in these fields in recent years. This book will be an invaluable reference for both undergraduate and postgraduate students taking courses in related fields and will also be of interest to historians of science and/or geology, climatology and oceanography. It should also be of interest to the wider scientific and engineering community, high school science students, policy makers, and environmental NGOs. Reviews: "Outstanding in its presentation of the facts and a good read in the way that it intersperses the climate story with the author's own experiences. [This book] puts the climate story into a compelling geological history." -Dr. James Baker "The book is written in very clear and concise prose, [and takes] original, enlightening, and engaging approach to talking about 'ideas' from the perspective of the scientists who promoted them." -Professor Christopher R. Scotese
Author: Thomas J. Crowley,Gerald R. North
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
View: 6045Paleoclimatology is a review of the history of the Earth's climate from the time of its formation four-and-a-half billion years ago to the present. The field, according to John Imbrie, a leading paleontologist at Brown University, is "ripe for synthesis," with broad implications in geology, geophysics, geochemistry, oceanography, and the atmospheric sciences. This book addresses several topics rarely discussed in paleoclimate summaries, including the modeling of Paleozoic climates and the environmental consequences of asteroid impacts. In addition, the book identifies areas for future research and offers a frame of reference for interpreting the likely consequences of greenhouse warming. A new chapter has been added updating the information since 1991.
Author: T. C. Partridge,Rodney Richard Morgan Maud
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
View: 4637Other themes include Cenozoic volcanism, paleofold hydrology, periglacial features, wetlands, vegetation history as reconstructed from pollen and macro-plant remains, environmental isotopes, and the Quaternary archaeological record. In a concluding synthesis, evidence from all of these sources is used to trace the evolution of climates through the past 65 million years. This book will be an essential work of reference for students and researchers in the fields of geology, paleontology hominid evolution, and paleoclimatology.
Author: Peter Strogen,Ian D. Somerville,Gareth Ll Jones
Publisher: Geological Society Publishing House
View: 5733Apart from their intrinsic geological interest, rocks of Dinantian age are of considerable economic value. This book on these rocks covers: economic geology; research into Dinantian carbonate build-ups; nature and scale of siliclastic environments; controls on the formation and evolution of carbonate platforms, ramps and basins; and fauna and biostratigraphy.