Overcoming Bias

Building Authentic Relationships across Differences

Author: Tiffany Jana,Matthew Freeman

Publisher: Berrett-Koehler Publishers

ISBN: 1626567271

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 144

View: 5115

Control, Conquer, and Prevail! Everybody's biased. The truth is, we all harbor unconscious assumptions that can get in the way of our good intentions and keep us from building authentic relationships with people different from ourselves. Tiffany Jana and Matthew Freeman use vivid stories and fun (yes, fun!) exercises and activities to help us reflect on our personal experiences and uncover how our hidden biases are formed. By becoming more self-aware, we can control knee-jerk reactions, conquer fears of the unknown, and prevail over closed-mindedness. In the end, Jana and Freeman's central message is that you are not the problem—but you can be the solution.
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Overcoming Bias

A Journalist's Guide to Culture & Context

Author: Sue Ellen Christian

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351816861

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 240

View: 1603

Journalists go out of their way to avoid purposeful bias in the news. But there is a more pervasive set of internal biases and flaws in thinking that can lead to unintentional inaccuracies and distortions in news coverage. This engaging book offers a fresh take on reporting without bias, targeting the way that we categorize people, filter information and default to rehearsed ways of thinking. Included throughout are stories and on-target advice from reporters and editors, providing real-world voices and experiences. This advice and guidance is coupled with practical exercises that give readers the chance to apply what they learn. Overcoming Bias will teach readers to edit their thinking for habitual errors, making them more perceptive journalists. It provides a career-long foundation for challenging bias. This is an ideal text for a course on multi-cultural reporting or journalism ethics; it may also be used as a supplement in any course on reporting and writing, as each chapter deals with potential biases that emerge at each stage of the story process, from story ideas to editing.
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The Age of Em

Work, Love, and Life when Robots Rule the Earth

Author: Robin Hanson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0191069663

Category: Computers

Page: 368

View: 5133

Robots may one day rule the world, but what is a robot-ruled Earth like? Many think the first truly smart robots will be brain emulations or ems. Scan a human brain, then run a model with the same connections on a fast computer, and you have a robot brain, but recognizably human. Train an em to do some job and copy it a million times: an army of workers is at your disposal. When they can be made cheaply, within perhaps a century, ems will displace humans in most jobs. In this new economic era, the world economy may double in size every few weeks. Some say we can't know the future, especially following such a disruptive new technology, but Professor Robin Hanson sets out to prove them wrong. Applying decades of expertise in physics, computer science, and economics, he uses standard theories to paint a detailed picture of a world dominated by ems. While human lives don't change greatly in the em era, em lives are as different from ours as our lives are from those of our farmer and forager ancestors. Ems make us question common assumptions of moral progress, because they reject many of the values we hold dear. Read about em mind speeds, body sizes, job training and career paths, energy use and cooling infrastructure, virtual reality, aging and retirement, death and immortality, security, wealth inequality, religion, teleportation, identity, cities, politics, law, war, status, friendship and love. This book shows you just how strange your descendants may be, though ems are no stranger than we would appear to our ancestors. To most ems, it seems good to be an em.
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Heroes Don't Just Happen

Biographies of Overcoming Bias and Building Character in Sports

Author: Corinne J. Naden,Rose Blue

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 84

View: 2533

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The Elephant in the Brain

Hidden Motives in Everyday Life

Author: Kevin Simler,Robin Hanson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190496010

Category: Psychology

Page: 288

View: 726

Human beings are primates, and primates are political animals. Our brains, therefore, are designed not just to hunt and gather, but also to help us get ahead socially, often via deception and self-deception. But while we may be self-interested schemers, we benefit by pretending otherwise. The less we know about our own ugly motives, the better - and thus we don't like to talk or even think about the extent of our selfishness. This is "the elephant in the brain." Such an introspective taboo makes it hard for us to think clearly about our nature and the explanations for our behavior. The aim of this book, then, is to confront our hidden motives directly - to track down the darker, unexamined corners of our psyches and blast them with floodlights. Then, once everything is clearly visible, we can work to better understand ourselves: Why do we laugh? Why are artists sexy? Why do we brag about travel? Why do we prefer to speak rather than listen? Our unconscious motives drive more than just our private behavior; they also infect our venerated social institutions such as Art, School, Charity, Medicine, Politics, and Religion. In fact, these institutions are in many ways designed to accommodate our hidden motives, to serve covert agendas alongside their "official" ones. The existence of big hidden motives can upend the usual political debates, leading one to question the legitimacy of these social institutions, and of standard policies designed to favor or discourage them. You won't see yourself - or the world - the same after confronting the elephant in the brain.
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Women, Work, and Computerization

Understanding and Overcoming Bias in Work and Education : Proceedings of the IFIP TC9/WG 9.1 Conference on Women, Work, and Computerization, Helsinki, Finland, 30 June-2 July 1991

Author: Inger V. Eriksson,B. A. Kitchenham,Kea Tijdens

Publisher: North Holland

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 437

View: 5249

This volume considers the impact of information technology on women's employment and education by examining two main themes: the effect of women's perspectives on systems analysis and design; and the factors which lead to the under-representation of women in the computer profession, and in particular, to the low numbers of female students of computer science and informatics. Statistics on participation of women in the computer industry are included, along with theories and empirical findings on participatory design of office systems and case studies on the impact of information technology on gendered division of labour. Papers suggesting ways of overcoming the problems faced both by women users of computer systems and by women entering the computing profession complete the volume.
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Darwin's Unfinished Symphony

How Culture Made the Human Mind

Author: Kevin N. Laland

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 069118447X

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 5218

Humans possess an extraordinary capacity for culture, from the arts and language to science and technology. But how did the human mind—and the uniquely human ability to devise and transmit culture—evolve from its roots in animal behavior? Darwin’s Unfinished Symphony presents a captivating new theory of human cognitive evolution. This compelling and accessible book reveals how culture is not just the magnificent end product of an evolutionary process that produced a species unlike all others—it is also the key driving force behind that process. Kevin Laland tells the story of the painstaking fieldwork, the key experiments, the false leads, and the stunning scientific breakthroughs that led to this new understanding of how culture transformed human evolution. It is the story of how Darwin’s intellectual descendants picked up where he left off and took up the challenge of providing a scientific account of the evolution of the human mind.
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Breaking Through Bias

Communication Techniques for Women to Succeed at Work

Author: Andrea S. Kramer,Alton B. Harris

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351862316

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 256

View: 1019

More than fifty years after the beginning of the Women's Movement and forty years after passage of Title IX, women are still not "making it" in traditionally male careers. Women start their careers on parity with men but generally end them far earlier, having achieved less status, lower compensation, and less satisfaction than men. Breaking Through Bias explains that it is the stereotypes about women, men, work, leadership, and family that hold women back, and it presents an integrated set of communication techniques that women can use to avoid the discriminatory consequences of these stereotypes. Women define career success in a wide variety of ways. But whatever a woman's personal definition, if she is in a traditionally male-dominated career--virtually all high status, highly compensated fields--her career is at risk because of pervasive gender stereotypes. This highly practical book makes clear that women don't need to change who they are to succeed in their chosen careers, and they certainly don't need to act more like men. Women do, however, need to be attuned to the negative gender stereotypes that surround them; they need to anticipate the biases these stereotypes foster, and they need to manage the impressions they make to avoid or overcome these biases. Based on the authors' personal experiences as business leaders and practicing attorneys, involvement in compensation and hiring decisions, extensive mentoring activities, and numerous scientific and academic studies, Breaking Through Bias presents unique, practical, and effective advice about how women can at last break through gender bias in the workplace and win at the career advancement game.
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Overcoming Bias and Racism in Your Workspace

A Primer for All in the Business World

Author: Gregory Harris

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780692793374

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 1637

A working guide for converting biased environments and racist individuals, one person at a time as necessary. Solutions for resolving business, process and people issues at work, and creating a better environment long term for all of us.
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Erasing Institutional Bias

How to Create Systemic Change for Organizational Inclusion

Author: Tiffany Jana,Ashley Diaz Mejias

Publisher: Berrett-Koehler Publishers

ISBN: 1523097590

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 192

View: 1151

All humans have bias, and as a result, so do the institutions we build. Internationally sought-after diversity consultant Tiffany Jana empowers readers to work against institutional bias no matter what their position is in an organization. Building upon the revelatory power of her book Overcoming Bias, which addressed managing individual and interpersonal bias, Erasing Institutional Bias scales up the framework to impact systemic change in organizations. Jana and coauthor Ashley Diaz Mejias bring together in-depth research on how biases become embedded into workplace cultures with practical and engaging tools that will mobilize readers toward action. They confront specific topics such as racism, sexism, hiring and advancement bias and retribution bias, meaning when organizations develop a culture of aggression, and offer solutions for identifying and controlling them. This book urges readers to ask questions such as, “Are we attempting to create systems in which all people can thrive? What kind of world and what kind of workplaces are we cultivating?” These questions, the authors say, must first be answered by ourselves, recognizing our own role in perpetuating harmful biases that come to define institutions. In a world divided, Erasing Institutional Bias is designed to raise awareness about imbalances and help us hold ourselves accountable for creating a world that works for everyone. Each of us can evaluate our own current role in perpetuating systemic bias and define our new role in breaking it down. Jana and Mejias inspire and equip us so that we can all affect organizational change, together.
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Mate

Become the Man Women Want

Author: Tucker Max,Geoffrey Miller, PhD

Publisher: Little, Brown

ISBN: 0316375349

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 384

View: 5321

The #1 bestselling pioneer of "fratire" and a leading evolutionary psychologist team up to create the dating book for guys Whether they conducted their research in life or in the lab, experts Tucker Max and Dr. Geoffrey Miller have spent the last 20+ years learning what women really want from their men, why they want it, and how men can deliver those qualities. The short answer: become the best version of yourself possible, then show it off. It sounds simple, but it's not. If it were, Tinder would just be the stuff you use to start a fire. Becoming your best self requires honesty, self-awareness, hard work and a little help. Through their website and podcasts, Max and Miller have already helped over one million guys take their first steps toward Ms. Right. They have collected all of their findings in Mate, an evidence-driven, seriously funny playbook that will teach you to become a more sexually attractive and romantically successful man, the right way: - No "seduction techniques" - No moralizing - No bullshit Just honest, straightforward talk about the most ethical, effective way to pursue the win-win relationships you want with the women who are best for you. Much of what they've discovered will surprise you, some of it will not, but all of it is important and often misunderstood. So listen up, and stop being stupid!
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The Future of Cross-Border Insolvency

Overcoming Biases and Closing Gaps

Author: Irit Mevorach

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198782896

Category: Law

Page: 300

View: 1775

A fresh and insightful guide to post-financial crisis cross-border insolvency, this book interrogates the current regime and sets out a framework for improving its future. In recent decades, and especially since the global financial crisis, a number of important initiatives have focused on developing the mechanisms for managing the insolvency of multinational enterprises and financial institutions. The book considers the effectiveness of the current system and identifies the gaps that could be bridged by adopting certain strategies and tools, to improve the system further. The book first discusses the theoretical debate regarding cross-border insolvency and surveys the strengths and weaknesses of the prevailing method-modified universalism-in its application to both commercial entities and financial institutions, consequently identifying a single set of emerging norms. The book argues that adhering to these norms more robustly would enhance global welfare and produce the best outcomes for businesses and institutions. By drawing upon sources from international law as well as behavioural and economic theory, the book offers a blueprint for meeting the demands of future cross-border insolvencies. It considers how to translate modified universalism into binding international law and how to choose the right instrument for cross-border insolvency as well as the impact that instrument design has on decisions and choices. It explores how to encourage compliance and proposes mechanisms that could potentially overcome, or at least take into account, behavioural biases in decision-making.
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Hive Mind

How Your Nation’s IQ Matters So Much More Than Your Own

Author: Garett Jones

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 0804797056

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 224

View: 8666

Over the last few decades, economists and psychologists have quietly documented the many ways in which a person's IQ matters. But, research suggests that a nation's IQ matters so much more. As Garett Jones argues in Hive Mind, modest differences in national IQ can explain most cross-country inequalities. Whereas IQ scores do a moderately good job of predicting individual wages, information processing power, and brain size, a country's average score is a much stronger bellwether of its overall prosperity. Drawing on an expansive array of research from psychology, economics, management, and political science, Jones argues that intelligence and cognitive skill are significantly more important on a national level than on an individual one because they have "positive spillovers." On average, people who do better on standardized tests are more patient, more cooperative, and have better memories. As a result, these qualities—and others necessary to take on the complexity of a modern economy—become more prevalent in a society as national test scores rise. What's more, when we are surrounded by slightly more patient, informed, and cooperative neighbors we take on these qualities a bit more ourselves. In other words, the worker bees in every nation create a "hive mind" with a power all its own. Once the hive is established, each individual has only a tiny impact on his or her own life. Jones makes the case that, through better nutrition and schooling, we can raise IQ, thereby fostering higher savings rates, more productive teams, and more effective bureaucracies. After demonstrating how test scores that matter little for individuals can mean a world of difference for nations, the book leaves readers with policy-oriented conclusions and hopeful speculation: Whether we lift up the bottom through changing the nature of work, institutional improvements, or freer immigration, it is possible that this period of massive global inequality will be a short season by the standards of human history if we raise our global IQ.
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Everyday Bias

Identifying and Navigating Unconscious Judgments in Our Daily Lives

Author: Howard J. Ross

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1442230843

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 180

View: 3774

Incorporating anecdotes from today’s headlines alongside case studies from over 30 years as a diversity consultant, Ross shows us how deeply rooted and relevant the discussions surrounding unconscious bias remains today.
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Blindspot

Hidden Biases of Good People

Author: Mahzarin R. Banaji,Anthony G. Greenwald

Publisher: Bantam

ISBN: 0345528433

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 254

View: 5144

A pair of leading psychologists argues that prejudice toward others is often an unconscious part of the human psyche, providing an analysis of the science behind biased feelings while sharing guidelines for identifying and learning from hidden prejudices. 15,000 first printing.
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Here Be Dragons

Science, Technology and the Future of Humanity

Author: Olle Häggström

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198723547

Category: Technological innovations

Page: 288

View: 6301

The 20th century saw an unprecedented rate of technological development, and no slowdown is in sight. On the contrary, it is highly likely that changes in the 21st century will be even more revolutionary than those of the 20th, due to advances in science, technology and medicine. Particular areas where extraordinary and perhaps disruptive advances can be expected include biotechnology, nanotechnology, machine intelligence, and various ways to enhance humancognitive and other abilities using, e.g., pharmaceuticals, genetic engineering or machine-brain interfaces. The potential benefits are enormous, but so are the risks, including the possibility of humanextinction. This book is an attempt at a balanced discussion of these various technologies and their potential consequences. At the same time, it is a passionate plea for acting with foresight.
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Here Be Dragons

Science, Technology and the Future of Humanity

Author: Olle Häggström

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0191035394

Category: Mathematics

Page: 288

View: 420

There is a widely held conception that progress in science and technology is our salvation, and the more of it, the better. This, however, is an oversimplified and even dangerous attitude. While the future will certainly offer huge changes due to such progress, it is far from certain that all of these changes will be for the better. The unprecedented rate of technological development that the 20th century witnessed has made our lives today vastly different from those in 1900. No slowdown is in sight, and the 21st century will most likely see even more revolutionary changes than the 20th, due to advances in science, technology and medicine. Particular areas where extraordinary and perhaps disruptive advances can be expected include biotechnology, nanotechnology, and machine intelligence. We may also look forward various ways to enhance human cognitive and other abilities using, e.g., pharmaceuticals, genetic engineering or machine-brain interfaces - perhaps to the extent of changing human nature beyond what we currently think of as human, and into a posthuman era. The potential benefits of all these technologies are enormous, but so are the risks, including the possibility of human extinction. This book is a passionate plea for doing our best to map the territories ahead of us, and for acting with foresight, so as to maximize our chances of reaping the benefits of the new technologies while avoiding the dangers.
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Deep Diversity

Overcoming Us vs. Them

Author: Shakil Choudhury

Publisher: Between the Lines

ISBN: 1771130261

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 9166

What if our interactions with those different from us are strongly influenced by things happening below the radar of awareness, hidden even from ourselves? Deep Diversity explores this question and argues that “us vs. them” is an unfortunate but normal part of the human experience due to reasons of both nature and nurture. To really work through issues of racial difference and foster greater levels of fairness and inclusion, argues Shakil Choudhury, requires an understanding of the human mind—its conscious and unconscious dimensions. Deep Diversity integrates Choudhury’s twenty years of experience with interviews with researchers in social neuroscience, implicit bias, psychology, and mindfulness. Using a compassionate but challenging approach, Choudhury helps readers identify their own bias and offers practical ways to break the “prejudice habits” we have all learned, in order to tackle systemic discrimination. “Shakil Choudhury presents a uniquely accessible combination of personal observations and scientific evidence to make a convincing case for Deep Diversity. His words are honest and disarming and the book’s framework is both original and needed. This book will make you think hard and think better about what’s good for you, your organization, and society at large.” – Mahzarin R. Banaji, Harvard University, co-author of Blindspot: Hidden Biases in Good People
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Overcoming Impulse Control Problems

A Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy Program, Workbook

Author: Jon E. Grant,Christopher B. Donahue,Brian L. Odlaug

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199738807

Category: Psychology

Page: 106

View: 3287

If you feel you are no longer in control of your behavior, that your actions may have interfered with your family, social, or working life, this workbook can help you take back control.Impulse control disorders (ICDs) include pathological gambling (PG), kleptomania/compulsive stealing (KM), pyromania/fire setting (PY), and compulsive buying (CB). ICDs are characterized by difficulties resisting urges to engage in behaviors that are excessive and/or ultimately harmful to oneself or others. ICDs are relatively common and can be significantly harmful - even life threatening. They can also be effectively treated with behavioral therapies.Overcoming Impulse Control Problems is written by researchers with years of experience studying the psychology of impulse control disorders. This book represents the treatment they have found to be the most effective at controlling urges to gamble, steal, set fires, and over-spend. It will also help you to better understand the true nature of impulse control problems, and will help to prevent future problems. Intended for use in conjunction with supervised therapy, this workbook includes various self-assessmnets and exercises designed to help you realize the truth behind your actions, and to reach the ultimate goal of changing your impulsive behaviors.This workbook and the corresponding therapist guide form a complete treatment package that will help you overcome your impulsive behaviors and learn skills that are useful for a lifetime.
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The Person You Mean to Be

How Good People Fight Bias

Author: Dolly Chugh

Publisher: HarperCollins

ISBN: 006269216X

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 4722

Foreword by Laszlo Bock, the bestselling author of Work Rules! and former Senior Vice President of People Operations at Google An inspiring guide from Dolly Chugh, an award-winning social psychologist at the New York University Stern School of Business, on how to confront difficult issues including sexism, racism, inequality, and injustice so that you can make the world (and yourself) better. Many of us believe in equality, diversity, and inclusion. But how do we stand up for those values in our turbulent world? The Person You Mean to Be is the smart, "semi-bold" person’s guide to fighting for what you believe in. Dolly reveals the surprising causes of inequality, grounded in the "psychology of good people". Using her research findings in unconscious bias as well as work across psychology, sociology, economics, political science, and other disciplines, she offers practical tools to respectfully and effectively talk politics with family, to be a better colleague to people who don’t look like you, and to avoid being a well-intentioned barrier to equality. Being the person we mean to be starts with a look at ourselves. She argues that the only way to be on the right side of history is to be a good-ish— rather than good—person. Good-ish people are always growing. Second, she helps you find your "ordinary privilege"—the part of your everyday identity you take for granted, such as race for a white person, sexual orientation for a straight person, gender for a man, or education for a college graduate. This part of your identity may bring blind spots, but it is your best tool for influencing change. Third, Dolly introduces the psychological reasons that make it hard for us to see the bias in and around us. She leads you from willful ignorance to willful awareness. Finally, she guides you on how, when, and whom, to engage (and not engage) in your workplaces, homes, and communities. Her science-based approach is a method any of us can put to use in all parts of our life. Whether you are a long-time activist or new to the fight, you can start from where you are. Through the compelling stories Dolly shares and the surprising science she reports, Dolly guides each of us closer to being the person we mean to be.
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