Orthopaedic Biomechanics

Mechanics and Design in Musculoskeletal Systems

Author: Donald L. Bartel,Dwight T. Davy,Tony M. Keaveny

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: 9780130089090

Category: Medical

Page: 370

View: 879

This book addresses the mechanical and structural aspects of the skeletal system – along with the analysis and design of orthopaedic implants that are used to repair the system when it is damaged. Focuses on applications of mechanical engineering in orthopaedic biomechanics, quantitatative modeling, and improving the reader's understanding of mechanics. Introduces the musculoskeletal system, determining loads and motions, the structure and properties of bone and soft tissue, and stress analysis of biomechanical systems), as well as introducing applications of the material (including a basic introduction to bone-implant systems, fracture fixation devices, hip replacements, knee replacements, and articulating surfaces). For those interested in orthopaedic biomechanics, as well as orthopedic surgeons who wish to learn more about mechanics and design in the musculoskeletal system.
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Basic Orthopaedic Biomechanics & Mechano-biology

Author: Van C. Mow,Rik Huiskes

Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

ISBN: 9780781739337

Category: Medical

Page: 720

View: 3799

Biomaterials / Ahmed El-Ghannam and Paul Ducheyne -- Biomechanics of the spine / Ian A. F. Stokes and James C. Iatridis -- Biomechanics of fracture fixation and fracture healing / Lutz E. Claes and Keita Ito -- Biomechanics and preclinical testing of artificial joints: the hip / Rik Huiskes and Jan Stolk -- Biomechanics of total knee replacement designs / Peter S. Walker.
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Musculoskeletal Biomechanics

Author: Paul Brinckmann,W. Frobin,Gunnar Leivseth

Publisher: Thieme

ISBN: 9781588900807

Category: Medical

Page: 243

View: 2965

Orthopedic Biomechanics sheds light on an important and interesting discipline at the interface between medical and natural sciences. Understanding the effects of mechanical influences on the human body is the first step toward developing innovative treatment and rehabilitation concepts for orthopedic disorders. This book provides valuable information on the forces acting on muscles, tendons, and bones. Beginning with the step-by-step fundamentals of physics and mechanics, it goes on to cover the function and loading of joints, movement in two- and three-dimensions, and the properties of biological tissues. This book explains the practical importance of biomechanics, including special chapters addressing the mechanical causes of disk prolapse, load on the spine in sitting and standing positions, and the correlation between mechanical loading and bone density. Key Features: Limited use of complex vector equations while providing in-depth treatment analysis Exquisitely illustrated, detailed descriptions of the mechanical aspects of every major joint in the body: hip, shoulder, knee, and lumbar spine Extensive references for further information Valuable appendixes describing the interaction between mechanical and biological functions as well as mathematical tools necessary to understand technically demanding concepts This book also analyzes techniques for changing the effects on bones and joints through therapy, training, external aids, modified behavior, and ergonomic improvements. An essential resource for orthopedists and physical therapists alike, it will help you understand past and current scientific work in the field and how to apply state-of-the-art solutions to the problems you'll encounter on a daily basis.
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Mechanics of Biomaterials

Fundamental Principles for Implant Design

Author: Lisa A. Pruitt,Ayyana M. Chakravartula

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521762219

Category: Medical

Page: 681

View: 361

Combining materials science, mechanics, implant design and clinical applications, this self-contained text provides a complete grounding to the field.
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Orthopaedic Biomechanics Made Easy

Author: Sheraz S. Malik,Shahbaz S. Malik

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316195864

Category: Medical

Page: N.A

View: 4171

Orthopaedic surgeons require not only an understanding of anatomy and clinical sciences, and competence in surgical skills, but also a strong foundation in biomechanics. The application of biomechanics plays an increasing role in modern orthopaedics; for example, correct decisions about the mode of treatment and choice of implants are just as important as operating precisely to reach a specific anatomical landmark. This book simplifies the core principles in orthopaedic biomechanics, giving readers the solid grounding they need to flourish in the specialty. Each topic is covered in a discrete, double-page spread, featuring concise text accompanied by illustrations or tables to give readers a solid understanding of the concepts discussed. This is a must-read guide for orthopaedic trainees at every level, and will be valuable for biomechanical researchers and other professionals in the field.
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Orthopaedic Biomechanics

Author: Beth A. Winkelstein

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439860947

Category: Medical

Page: 639

View: 314

Given the strong current attention of orthopaedic, biomechanical, and biomedical engineering research on translational capabilities for the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of clinical disease states, the need for reviews of the state-of-art and current needs in orthopaedics is very timely. Orthopaedic Biomechanics provides an in-depth review of the current knowledge of orthopaedic biomechanics across all tissues in the musculoskeletal system, at all size scales, and with direct relevance to engineering and clinical applications. Discussing the relationship between mechanical loading, function, and biological performance, it first reviews basic structure-function relationships for most major orthopedic tissue types followed by the most-relevant structures of the body. It then addresses multiscale modeling and biologic considerations. It concludes with a look at applications of biomechanics, focusing on recent advances in theory, technology and applied engineering approaches. With contributions from leaders in the field, the book presents state-of-the-art findings, techniques, and perspectives. Much of orthopaedic, biomechanical, and biomedical engineering research is directed at the translational capabilities for the "real world". Addressing this from the perspective of diagnostics, prevention, and treatment in orthopaedic biomechanics, the book supplies novel perspectives for the interdisciplinary approaches required to translate orthopaedic biomechanics to today’s real world.
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Computational Biomechanics of the Musculoskeletal System

Author: Ming Zhang,Yubo Fan

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466588047

Category: Medical

Page: 404

View: 854

Computational biomechanics is an emerging research field that seeks to understand the complex biomechanical behaviors of normal and pathological human joints to come up with new methods of orthopedic treatment and rehabilitation. Computational Biomechanics of the Musculoskeletal System collects the latest research and cutting-edge techniques used in computational biomechanics, focusing on orthopedic and rehabilitation engineering applications. The book covers state-of-the-art techniques and the latest research related to computational biomechanics, in particular finite element analysis and its potential applications in orthopedics and rehabilitation engineering. It offers a glimpse into the exciting potentials for computational modeling in medical research and biomechanical simulation. The book is organized according to anatomical location—foot and ankle, knee, hip, spine, and head and teeth. Each chapter details the scientific questions/medical problems addressed by modeling, basic anatomy of the body part, computational model development and techniques used, related experimental studies for model setup and validation, and clinical applications. Plenty of useful biomechanical information is provided for a variety of applications, especially for the optimal design of body support devices and prosthetic implants. This book is an excellent resource for engineering students and young researchers in bioengineering. Clinicians involved in orthopedics and rehabilitation engineering may find this work to be both informative and highly relevant to their clinical practice.
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Computational Modelling of Biomechanics and Biotribology in the Musculoskeletal System

Biomaterials and Tissues

Author: Z Jin

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0857096737

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 550

View: 3071

Computational Modelling of Biomechanics and Biotribology in the Musculoskeletal System reviews how a wide range of materials are modelled and how this modelling is applied. Computational modelling is increasingly important in the design and manufacture of biomedical materials, as it makes it possible to predict certain implant-tissue reactions, degradation, and wear, and allows more accurate tailoring of materials' properties for the in vivo environment. Part I introduces generic modelling of biomechanics and biotribology with a chapter on the fundamentals of computational modelling of biomechanics in the musculoskeletal system, and a further chapter on finite element modelling in the musculoskeletal system. Chapters in Part II focus on computational modelling of musculoskeletal cells and tissues, including cell mechanics, soft tissues and ligaments, muscle biomechanics, articular cartilage, bone and bone remodelling, and fracture processes in bones. Part III highlights computational modelling of orthopedic biomaterials and interfaces, including fatigue of bone cement, fracture processes in orthopedic implants, and cementless cup fixation in total hip arthroplasty (THA). Finally, chapters in Part IV discuss applications of computational modelling for joint replacements and tissue scaffolds, specifically hip implants, knee implants, and spinal implants; and computer aided design and finite element modelling of bone tissue scaffolds. This book is a comprehensive resource for professionals in the biomedical market, materials scientists and mechanical engineers, and those in academia. Covers generic modelling of cells and tissues; modelling of biomaterials and interfaces; biomechanics and biotribology Discusses applications of modelling for joint replacements and applications of computational modelling in tissue engineering
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Orthopedic Biomechanics

Author: Paul Brinckmann,Wolfgang Frobin,Gunnar Leivseth

Publisher: Thieme

ISBN: 3131768320

Category: Medical

Page: 504

View: 5939

Orthopedic Biomechanics sheds light on an important and interesting discipline at the interface between medical and natural sciences. Understanding the effects of mechanical influences on the human body is the first step toward developing innovative treatment and rehabilitation concepts for orthopedic disorders. This book provides valuable information on the forces acting on muscles, tendons, and bones. Beginning with the step-by-step fundamentals of physics and mechanics, it goes on to cover the function and loading of joints, movement in two- and three-dimensions, and the properties of biological tissues. This book explains the practical importance of biomechanics, including special chapters addressing the mechanical causes of disk prolapse, load on the spine in sitting and standing positions, and the correlation between mechanical loading and bone density. Key Features: Limited use of complex vector equations while providing in-depth treatment analysis Exquisitely illustrated, detailed descriptions of the mechanical aspects of every major joint in the body: hip, shoulder, knee, and lumbar spine Extensive references for further information Valuable appendixes describing the interaction between mechanical and biological functions as well as mathematical tools necessary to understand technically demanding concepts This book also analyzes techniques for changing the effects on bones and joints through therapy, training, external aids, modified behavior, and ergonomic improvements. An essential resource for orthopedists and physical therapists alike, it will help you understand past and current scientific work in the field and how to apply state-of-the-art solutions to the problems you'll encounter on a daily basis.
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Basic Orthopaedic Biomechanics

Author: Van C. Mow,Wilson C. Hayes

Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

ISBN: 9780397516841

Category: Medical

Page: 514

View: 6646

This classic text has been completely revised and updated to reflect the latest advances in orthopaedic biomechanics, and the successful application of mechanical laws to the locomotor system of the human body. The Second Edition features new chapters on cell-matrix interactions in articular cartilage and on the quantitative anatomy of diarthrodial joints, as well as expanded coverage of the biomechanics of artificial hip and knee joints.
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Deformable Bodies and Their Material Behavior

Author: Henry W. Haslach, Jr.,Ronald W. Armstrong

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Incorporated

ISBN: 9780471125785

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 532

View: 9231

ESSENTIAL TOOLS FOR AVOIDING MATERIAL FUNCTIONAL FAILURE Offering comprehensive, organized, and detailed coverage, Henry Haslach and Ronald Armstrong???s Deformable Bodies and Their Material Behavior present a quantitative description of the mechanical behavior of a broad range of deformable bodies under widely differing conditions and at a level sufficient to match real behavior, and introduces the key tools needed to avoid material functional failure. Covering stress and deformation analysis, material failure modes, and mechanical rest evaluations of material properties, this text provides the tools, insights, and knowledge needed to build a strong foundation for the design of mechanical devices. Considers most types of materials: metals, ceramics, fibered composites, concrete biological tissue, rubber, polymers, and wood. Focuses on the relationships between material properties of a deformable body and the forces and displacements applied to its boundary. Helps develop an appreciation for the approximations made in producing the mathematical models intended to predict mechanical response. Provides historical background on the definitions and models that designers commonly use, describing the practical reasons why these tools were invented.
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Biological and Bioenvironmental Heat and Mass Transfer

Author: Ashim K. Datta

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0824744381

Category: Medical

Page: 424

View: 7384

Providing a foundation in heat and mass transport, this book covers engineering principles of heat and mass transfer. The author discusses biological content, context, and parameter regimes and supplies practical applications for biological and biomedical engineering, industrial food processing, environmental control, and waste management. The book contains end-of-chapter problems and sections highlighting key concepts and important terminology It offers cross-references for easy access to related areas and relevant formulas, as well as detailed examples of transport phenomena, and descriptions of physical processes. It covers mechanisms of diffusion, capillarity, convection, and dispersion.
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Biomechanics and Motor Control of Human Movement

Author: David A. Winter

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470398183

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 370

View: 4891

The classic book on human movement in biomechanics, newlyupdated Widely used and referenced, David Winter’s Biomechanicsand Motor Control of Human Movement is a classic examination oftechniques used to measure and analyze all body movements asmechanical systems, including such everyday movements as walking.It fills the gap in human movement science area where modernscience and technology are integrated with anatomy, musclephysiology, and electromyography to assess and understand humanmovement. In light of the explosive growth of the field, this new editionupdates and enhances the text with: Expanded coverage of 3D kinematics and kinetics New materials on biomechanical movement synergies and signalprocessing, including auto and cross correlation, frequencyanalysis, analog and digital filtering, and ensemble averagingtechniques Presentation of a wide spectrum of measurement and analysistechniques Updates to all existing chapters Basic physical and physiological principles in capsule form forquick reference An essential resource for researchers and student inkinesiology, bioengineering (rehabilitation engineering), physicaleducation, ergonomics, and physical and occupational therapy, thistext will also provide valuable to professionals in orthopedics,muscle physiology, and rehabilitation medicine. In response to manyrequests, the extensive numerical tables contained in Appendix A:"Kinematic, Kinetic, and Energy Data" can also be found at thefollowing Web site: www.wiley.com/go/biomechanics
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Biomechanics in the Musculoskeletal System

Author: Manohar M. Panjabi,Augustus A. White

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Medical

Page: 196

View: 7746

Learn the principles of biomechanics that will help you improve patient care and further your understanding of the various aspects of musculoskeletal systems. This book examines the principles of mechanical engineering essential to the musculoskeletal system, and makes these concepts relevant to medical professionals and others who may not have the mathematical background of an engineer. Each biomechanical principle is described in five basic steps: definition; description; lay examples; clinical examples; and explanatory notes. Through this well-illustrated, cohesive discussion of biomechanics, you'll find an understandable and logical approach to the musculoskeletal system that will enhance any practice.
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Handbook of Biomedical Engineering

Author: Jacob Kline

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0323142680

Category: Medical

Page: 754

View: 8328

Handbook of Biomedical Engineering covers the most important used systems and materials in biomedical engineering. This book is organized into six parts: Biomedical Instrumentation and Devices, Medical Imaging, Computers in Medicine, Biomaterials and Biomechanics, Clinical Engineering, and Engineering in Physiological Systems Analysis. These parts encompassing 27 chapters cover the basic principles, design data and criteria, and applications and their medical and/or biological relationships. Part I deals with the principles, mode of operation, and uses of various biomedical instruments and devices, including transducers, electrocardiograph, implantable electrical devices, biotelemetry, patient monitoring systems, hearing aids, and implantable insulin delivery systems. Parts II and III describe the basic principle of medical imaging devices and the application of computers in medicine, particularly in the fields of data management, critical care, clinical laboratory, radiology, artificial intelligence, and research. Part IV focuses on the application of biomaterials and biomechanics in orthopedic and accident investigation, while Part V considers the major functions of clinical engineering. Part VI provides the principles and application of mathematical models in physiological systems analysis. This book is valuable as a general reference for courses in a biomedical engineering curriculum.
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Biomechanics and Biomaterials in Orthopedics

Author: Dominique G. Poitout

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1848826648

Category: Medical

Page: 547

View: 8436

With the constant evolution of implant technology, and improvement in the production of allograft and bone substitutes, the armamentarium of the orthopaedic surgeon has significantly expanded. In particular, the recent involvement of nanotechnologies opens up the possibilities of new approaches in the interactive interfaces of implants. With many important developments occurring since the first edition of this well-received book, this updated resource informs orthopaedic practitioners on a wide range of biomechanical advances in one complete reference guide. Biomechanics and Biomaterials in Orthopedics, 2nd edition compiles the most prominent work in the discipline to offer newly-qualified orthopedic surgeons a summary of the fundamental skills that they will need to apply in their day-to-day work, while also updating the knowledge of experienced surgeons. This book covers both basic concepts concerning biomaterials and biomechanics as well as their clinical application and the experience from everyday practical use. This book will be of great value to specialists in orthopedics and traumatology, while also providing an important basis for graduate and postgraduate learning.
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Clinical Mechanics and Kinesiology

Author: Janice Kaye Loudon,Robert C. Manske,Michael P. Reiman

Publisher: Human Kinetics

ISBN: 0736086439

Category: Medical

Page: 439

View: 6365

Clinical Mechanics and Kinesiology provides a solid foundation in physical therapy, occupational therapy, and athletic training so that students understand biomechanics and functional anatomy as they relate to both normal and abnormal movement. Written by active clinicians with more than 40 combined years of clinical and teaching experience, this text is also a practical reference for rehabilitation professionals working with a range of populations and pathologies. Taking a clinical approach not found in other texts, Clinical Mechanics and Kinesiology follows a logical progression from biomechanical and physiological concepts all the way to full-body movement patterns such as jumping and cutting.
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Biomechanics of the Musculo-skeletal System

Author: Benno M. Nigg,Walter Herzog

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 672

View: 3333

The latest edition of this well organised and authoritative book provides a comprehensive account of the mechanics of the neuro-musculo-skeletal system. Covering the key areas including the properties of biomaterials, common measuring techniques and modelling, Biomechanics of the Musculo-skeletal System, Third Edition also integrates historical aspects thus building a bridge between old and familiar knowledge and the latest developments in biomechanics. As with the previous edition there are numerous applications and extensive questions and answers at the end of sections. Specific changes for this edition include: Major revision of the section on biological materials including bone, cartilage, ligament, tendon, muscle and joints and new discussion of failure and healing Extensive updating of material covering force, pressure distribution, optical methods and simulation Increase in the number and type of applications across a broad range of disciplines Biomechanics of the Musculo-skeletal System, Third Edition is an invaluable resource for all students, professionals and researchers concerned with biomechanical aspects of the human or animal body.
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An Introduction to Rehabilitation Engineering

Author: Rory A Cooper,Hisaichi Ohnabe,Douglas A. Hobson

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420012495

Category: Science

Page: 470

View: 5560

Answering the widespread demand for an introductory book on rehabilitation engineering (RE), Dr. Rory A. Cooper, a distinguished RE authority, and his esteemed colleagues present An Introduction to Rehabilitation Engineering. This resource introduces the fundamentals and applications of RE and assistive technologies (ATs). After providing a brief introduction, the book describes the models for AT service delivery, the design tools and principles of universal design, and various technology-transfer mechanisms, models, and principles. The text then explains the process for creating assistive device standards, followed by a review of seating biomechanics and soft tissue biomechanics. Subsequent chapters examine design and service delivery principles of wheelchairs and scooters, functional electrical stimulation and its applications, wheelchair-accessible transportation legislation, and the applications of robotics in medical rehabilitation. The book proceeds to discuss prosthetic and orthotic design and usage, visual and hearing impairment, Web-related AT, and augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) technology. It concludes with an introduction to adaptive sports and recreation. Incorporating the critical aspects of RE and AT, An Introduction to Rehabilitation Engineering focuses on the principles, modeling, standards, devices, and technologies of RE and AT. It presents a concise yet complete overview of RE to provide a solid foundation in the subject as well as to stimulate further study.
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