Open Varieties of Capitalism

Continuity, Change and Performances

Author: U. Becker

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 023024081X

Category: Political Science

Page: 222

View: 1404

Presenting capitalisms as open, system-like configurations, this book argues four ideal-typical varieties (liberal, statist, corporatist, meso-communitarian) and analyzes the socio-economic performances of advanced capitalisms.
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Die Logik des kollektiven Handelns

Kollektivgüter und die Theorie der Gruppen

Author: Mancur Olson

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783161485046

Category: Political Science

Page: 181

View: 8123

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Capitalist Diversity and Diversity within Capitalism

Author: Geoffrey Wood,Christel Lane

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136626530

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 272

View: 4999

The economic crisis that began in 2008 has underscored the impact not only of embedded and assumed ways of managing the economy, but also that present circumstances are the product of a long period of experimentation and bounded diversity; it is understanding the nature of both that forms a central concern of this collection. This book redefines, develops and extends the emerging literature on internal diversity within varieties of capitalism, and the extent to which such internal systemic diversity goes beyond mere diffuseness to represent the coexistence of different logics of action within both liberal market and more cooperative varieties of capitalism. The collection is based on new, fresh material, from leading scholars in the field. The contributors come from a variety of perspectives within the broad socio-economic literature on institutions, and yet they all focus on the limitations of current institutional fixes, and the protracted and durable nature of the current crisis, which, the editors suggest, reflect profound changes in input costs and the utilization of technology. What characterizes this common ground is an inherent pragmatism, combined with an increasing sophistication in the usage of analytical concepts; illustrating the progression since the early work on comparative capitalism in the late 1990s and early 2000s. This book should be an invaluable resource for students and researchers of economic theory and philosophy as well as political economics and socio-economics.
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The Changing Political Economies of Small West European Countries

Author: Uwe Becker

Publisher: Amsterdam University Press

ISBN: 9089643311

Category: Social Science

Page: 237

View: 2625

The literature on changing varieties of capitalism concentrates on the big economies, particularly the US, Japan and Germany. This important volume sheds light on the group of smaller European countries that share a high degree of corporatism - Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden and Switzerland. Most of them have recently been praised as alter native models to the route exemplified by the US. The authors investigate the trajectories of these countries welfare systems, corporate governance, labour markets and industrial relations from about 1990 until the economic crisis in 2008. The volume also tracks their position in the processes of European integration and asks whether their particular brands of capitalism might be a viable candidate for the European socio-economic model.
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Globalisation and European Integration

Critical Approaches to Regional Order and International Relations

Author: Petros Nousios,Henk Overbeek,Andreas Tsolakis

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136335072

Category: Political Science

Page: 304

View: 7554

This book explores the links between European integration and globalisation, and examines the potential for social transformation in the context of the global economic crisis and the resulting EU reforms. Divided into three parts, this book offers both empirical and theoretical analyses of social integration, supranationality and global competition. Drawing on Critical Political Economy research, Neo-Gramscian, Open Marxist, Regulationist and Post-structuralist scholars subject a wide range of European flagship policies in matters of competition, trade and security to critical scrutiny and relate them to global political economy dynamics. Contributors examine the ways in which current global economic turbulence has affected the European Union, its membership and its adjacent areas, and determine the potential for economic and political transformation in light of the global economic crisis and Europe’s 2020 Strategy. In the emerging multi-polar world, in which the EU and the US are expected to share global policymaking with new powers, this book argues for a revised conceptualisation of European integration and its relationship with globalisation. Globalisation and European Integration will be of interest to students, scholars and researchers of globalisation, political economy, international relations, and European Union politics.
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Siebzehn Widersprüche und das Ende des Kapitalismus

Author: David Harvey

Publisher: Ullstein eBooks

ISBN: 3843710716

Category: Social Science

Page: 384

View: 5749

WORUM GEHT ES? Gibt es seit dem Ende des Kommunismus wirklich keine echten Alternativen zum Kapitalismus? David Harvey meint: Doch! Man muss allerdings das Wesen des Kapitalismus genau verstehen, um ihn durch einen revolutionären Humanismus ersetzen zu können, in dessen Zentrum nicht das Kapital, sondern der Mensch steht. Konkret untersucht Harvey die Anhäufung von Kapital, das fatale Wachstumscredo, den spekulativen Immobilienmarkt und den Raubbau an der Natur. Er beschreibt jedoch nicht nur Krisen, sondern zeigt auch Chancen auf. Denn gerade die Widersprüche im Kapitalismus können Anfangspunkte für neue politische und kulturelle Bewegungen sein. Die utopische Kraft dafür kommt aus den Städten. WAS IST BESONDERS? Eine fundierte, realitätsnahe Kapitalismuskritik und zugleich ein Manifest des Wandels – geschrieben von einem der führenden Sozialtheoretiker der heutigen Zeit. WER LIEST? • Jeder, der die globalen Machtverhältnisse kritisch sieht • Leser von Stéphane Hessel, Michael J. Sandel, David Graeber und Thomas Piketty
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Plattform-Kapitalismus

Author: Nick Srnicek

Publisher: Hamburger Edition HIS

ISBN: 386854934X

Category: Political Science

Page: 144

View: 6007

Was vereint Google, Facebook, Apple, Microsoft, Monsanto, Uber und Airbnb? Sie alle sind Unternehmen, die Hardware und Software für andere bereitstellen, mit dem Ziel, möglichst geschlossene sozio-ökonomische Tech-Systeme zu schaffen. Google kontrolliert die Recherche, Facebook regiert Social Media und Amazon ist führend beim E-Commerce. Doch nicht nur Technologie-Unternehmen bauen Plattformen auf, auch Traditionsfirmen wie Siemens entwickeln ein cloudbasiertes Produktionssystem. Plattformen sind in der Lage, immense Daten zu gewinnen, zu nutzen und zu verkaufen – Monopolisierungstendenzen sind die "natürliche" Folge. Sind wir auf dem Weg in einen digitalen Monopolkapitalismus? Diese Streitschrift ist unerlässlich für alle, die verstehen wollen, wie die mächtigsten technologischen Unternehmen unserer Zeit die globale Ökonomie verändern.
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The BRICs and Emerging Economies in Comparative Perspective

Political Economy, Liberalisation and Institutional Change

Author: Uwe Becker

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134647034

Category: Political Science

Page: 226

View: 2121

In the past ten to twenty years the global political economy picture has dramatically changed with the emergence of the economies of Brazil, Russia, India and, notably, China (BRICs) as big players and competitors of the advanced economies in the West and Eastern Asia. The book comparatively analyses institutional change in the BRICs. This book examines the BRICs by analysing their institutional development, their main continuities and changes, and their differences. It provides a comparative analysis of the political economies of the BRICs, but also considers South Africa and Turkey. The contributors provide a systematic comparison of the state-economy and the capital-labour relationships and explore whether they liberalized or followed a specific trajectory. The book also addresses debates on the varieties of capitalism and explores whether the emerging economies fit into the dichotomous construction of liberal and coordinated capitalism or whether they require a more differentiated typological approach. Moving away from rigid conceptions and the static classification of political economies as either liberal or coordinated and presenting a more open approach, The BRICs and Emerging Economies in Comparative Perspective will be vital reading for students and scholars of comparative political economy, international relations, capitalism, the BRICs, emerging markets and the role of the state in the economy.
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Die unbarmherzige Revolution

eine Geschichte des Kapitalismus

Author: Joyce Oldham Appleby

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783867741354

Category:

Page: 686

View: 2553

In ihrer großen Geschichte des Kapitalismus erzählt Joyce Appleby die Geschichte unseres Wirtschaftssystems: von den großen Entdeckungen der Portugiesen, vom Sklavenhandel über die industrielle Revolution bis zur Globalisierung der Gegenwart, und beschreibt schließlich unsere ökonomische und auch kulturelle Identität, die so sehr vom Kapitalismus geprägt ist. Messerscharf seziert sie die guten und die schlechten Seiten des Kapitalismus und beschreibt, was der Kapitalismus mit den Menschen macht. Eine mitreißende Lektüre für alle, die von der "unbarmherzigen Revolution" profitieren oder an ihr verzweifeln.
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The EU's Lisbon Strategy

Evaluating Success, Understanding Failure

Author: P. Copeland

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137272163

Category: Political Science

Page: 279

View: 9342

How successful was the EU's Lisbon Strategy? This volume provides the first comprehensive assessment of the Strategy and reflects on its key developments during its 10-year cycle. The volume contains both theoretical and empirical contributions by some of the leading scholars of EU studies across the social sciences.
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Integrating Varieties of Capitalism and Welfare State Research

A Unified Typology of Capitalisms

Author: Martin Schröder

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137310308

Category: Political Science

Page: 223

View: 579

This book combines the two most important typologies of capitalist diversity; Esping-Andersen's welfare regime typology and Hall and Soskice's 'Varieties of Capitalism' typology, into a unified typology of capitalist diversity. The author shows empircally that certain welfare states bundle together with certain production systems.
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Varieties of Capitalism

The Institutional Foundations of Comparative Advantage

Author: Peter A. Hall,David Soskice

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191647705

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 570

View: 6817

What are the most fundamental differences among the political economies of the developed world? How do national institutional differences condition economic performance, public policy, and social well-being? Will they survive the pressures for convergence generated by globalization and technological change? These have long been central questions in comparative political economy. This book provides a new and coherent set of answers to them. Building on the new economics of organization, the authors develop an important new theory about which differences among national political economies are most significant for economic policy and performance. Drawing on a distinction between 'liberal' and 'coordinated' market economies, they argue that there is more than one path to economic success. Nations need not converge to a single Anglo-American model. They develop a new theory of 'comparative institutionaladvantage' that transforms our understanding of international trade, offers new explanations for the response of firms and nations to the challenges of globalization, and provides a new theory of national interest to explain the conduct of nations in international relations. The analysis brings the firm back into the centre of comparative political economy. It provides new perspectives on economic and social policy-making that illuminate the role of business in the development of the welfare state and the dilemmas facing those who make economic policy in the contemporary world. Emphasizing the 'institutional complementarities' that link labour relations, corporate finance, and national legal systems, the authors bring interdisciplinary perspectives to bear on issues of strategic management, economic performance, and institutional change. This pathbreaking work sets new agendas in the study of comparative political economy. As such, it will be of value to academics and graduate students in economics, business, and political science, as well as to many others with interests in international relations, social policy-making, and the law.
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Postkapitalismus

Grundrisse einer kommenden Ökonomie

Author: Paul Mason

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 351874478X

Category: Political Science

Page: 500

View: 1089

Drei Dinge wissen wir: Der Kapitalismus hat den Feudalismus abgelöst; seither durchlief er zyklische Tiefs, spätestens seit 2008 stottert der Motor. Was wir nicht wissen: Erleben wir eine der üblichen Krisen oder den Anbruch einer postkapitalistischen Ordnung? Paul Mason blickt auf die Daten, sichtet Krisentheorien – und sagt: Wir stehen am Anfang von etwas Neuem. Er nimmt dabei Überlegungen auf, die vor über 150 Jahren in einer Londoner Bibliothek entwickelt wurden und laut denen Wissen und intelligente Maschinen den Kapitalismus eines Tages »in die Luft sprengen« könnten. Im Zeitalter des Stahls und der Schrauben, der Hierarchien und der Knappheit war diese Vision so radikal, dass Marx sie schnell in der Schublade verschwinden ließ. In der Welt der Netzwerke, der Kooperation und des digitalen Überflusses ist sie aktueller denn je. In seinem atemberaubenden Buch führt Paul Mason durch Schreibstuben, Gefängniszellen, Flugzeugfabriken und an die Orte, an denen sich der Widerstand Bahn bricht. Mason verknüpft das Abstrakte mit dem Konkreten, bündelt die Überlegungen von Autoren wie Thomas Piketty, David Graeber, Jeremy Rifkin und Antonio Negri und zeigt, wie wir aus den Trümmern des Neoliberalismus eine gerechtere und nachhaltigere Gesellschaft errichten können.
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Varieties of Capitalism and New Institutional Deals

Regulation, Welfare and the New Economy

Author: Wolfram Elsner,Gerhard Hanappi

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9781781956755

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 376

View: 4156

In response to global and technological challenges, this text highlights the continuing diversity of national institutional reconfigurations and policy reforms from an institutional-economics perspective.
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National Identity and the Varieties of Capitalism

The Danish Experience

Author: John L. Campbell,John A. Hall,Ove Kaj Pedersen

Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP

ISBN: 9780773529977

Category: Political Science

Page: 525

View: 8544

Denmark has out-performed most other advanced capitalist countries since the mid-1980s Contributors to National Identity and the Varieties of Capitalism draw from the literature on capitalism and small states and corporatism to explore why this is the case. They find that Danish political and economic institutions facilitate bargaining and consensus building in ways that have enabled the state, businesses, and labour unions to adapt to the challenges of globalization. Moreover, by virtue of its small size, homogeneous population, and response to a variety of international challenges - both economic and geopolitical - Denmark has developed a strong national identity that further bolsters consensus building. The result has been an adaptable and flourishing national political economy.
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Varieties of Capitalism and Business History

The Dutch Case

Author: Keetie E. Sluyterman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317665325

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 232

View: 9119

The financial crisis of 2008 brought new urgency to the question how best to organise national economies. This volume gives a business history perspective on the Varieties of Capitalism debate and considers the respective merits of the liberal and coordinated market economies. It looks at individual firms and business people as well as institutions and takes a long-term perspective by covering the whole 20th century. The authors examine both continuity and change with a particular focus on the Netherlands, a nation with an open economy, situated between two countries that oppose each other in the way they organize their economies: Germany and Great Britain. The Netherlands also provides an important case study with Dutch business maintaining strong links to the United States, widely considered to be the ‘typical’ liberal market economy. Contributors address the main topics of the capitalism debate, including labour relations, corporate governance, the firm and its leaders, coordination between firms, innovation, multinationals as agents of change, and economic performance. They show that the Netherlands moved from a mostly liberal market economy before 1914 towards a coordinated market economy from the 1930s onwards, and – up to a certain extent – back again to a more liberal market economy. Under both varieties of capitalism the country experienced economic growth and stagnation, but a more equal division of wealth occurred in the coordinated market economy only. Wars and international economic crises offered moments for revaluation and changes of tack. This book raises questions for every country around the globe: How is change being brought about? Can one see different results from a liberal or a more coordinated market economy? And most critically: which system is more effective in bringing prosperity and enabling enough people to share in the wealth?
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Spielarten des akademischen Kapitalismus

Hochschulsysteme im internationalen Vergleich

Author: Michael Hölscher

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658109629

Category: Social Science

Page: 419

View: 5118

Die international vergleichende Hochschulforschung liefert sehr detaillierte Länderberichte und -vergleiche, ist dabei aber häufig etwas theoriearm. Das Buch zeigt auf, dass der theoretische Ansatz der Varieties of Capitalism (VoC, deutsch: Spielarten des Kapitalismus) eine geeignete Heuristik darstellt, um empirisch zu beobachtende Unterschiede in den Hochschulsystemen konsistent zu erklären. So zeigen sich etwa die erwartbaren Unterschiede zwischen koordinierten und liberalen Marktwirtschaften in der Hochschullehre, bei den Kompetenzen der Absolventen und bei der Privatisierung. Mit der Anwendung auf den Hochschulbereich bietet das Buch gleichzeitig den ersten umfassenden empirischen Test für die Brauchbarkeit des VoC-Ansatzes in einem hoch relevanten, aber bisher unterbelichteten Bereich.
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Varieties of Capitalism, Types of Democracy and Globalization

Author: Masanobu Ido

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136342702

Category: Political Science

Page: 248

View: 3624

This book combines two strands of international political economy; examining how capitalism and democracy shape and are shaped by each other. Although until now considered separately, this path-breaking book proposes an innovative view of a political-economic system that inextricably links the model of capitalism to the type of democracy, where continuation is mutually reinforced. Advanced countries have achieved post-war affluence by adopting one of two contrasting models of capitalism; liberal market economies or coordinated market economies, and two opposing types of democracies: consensus or majoritarian democracies. Expert contributors in the field consider the question of whether and how globalization is transforming the post-war political–economic systems of advanced countries such as Britain, France, Germany, Italy and Japan, as well as the question of how it is shaping democracy and capitalism combinations in former socialist countries in Eastern Europe and the new "capitalist" China. The book examines various topics, including party system change, a political dilemma of the established party, and corporate governance reforms, to posit an original an innovative theory of international political economy. Variety of Capitalism, Types of Democracy and Globalization will be of interest to students and scholars of comparative politics, political economy and globalization.
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Varianten des Kapitalismus

Die Unterschiede liberaler und koordinierter Marktwirtschaften

Author: Martin Schröder

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658052422

Category: Political Science

Page: 211

View: 332

Warum kommen fast alle Internet Start-ups aus den USA, während die begehrtesten Autos der Welt aus Deutschland kommen? Solche Unterschiede kann man mit der Theorie der Varieties of Capitalism erklären, die Länder in liberale und koordinierte Marktwirtschaften einteilt. Während liberale Marktwirtschaften gut darin sind, neue Produkte zu erfinden, entwickeln koordinierte Marktwirtschaften bestehende Produkte weiter. Damit erklärt dieses Buch, warum fast alle englischsprachigen Länder den Markt nutzen und sehr hohe Einkommensunterschiede haben; demgegenüber erklärt es aber auch, warum Deutschland und andere europäische Länder mit starkem Sozialstaat und Gewerkschaften erfolgreich sind.
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