Elitesoziologie

Eine Einführung

Author: Michael Hartmann

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593374390

Category: Social Science

Page: 205

View: 6340

Über Eliteuniversitäten und die Notwendigkeit von Eliten wird zurzeit heftig diskutiert. Aber was sind eigentlich Eliten? Was zeichnet sie aus? Sind Eliten und Demokratie überhaupt miteinander vereinbar? Michael Hartmann stellt im ersten Teil dieser Einführung die wichtigsten Elitetheorien der letzten 120 Jahre - von Mosca bis Bourdieu - in ihren wesentlichen Elementen vor und kommentiert sie kritisch. Ebenso wichtig für jeden, der sich mit Elitesoziologie beschäftigt, ist die Analyse der Eliten in den entwickelten Industrieländern, die Gegenstand des zweiten Teils sind: Wer besetzt in Wirtschaft, Politik, Verwaltung, Justiz oder Wissenschaft die Spitzenpositionen und welches sind ihre Funktionen? Michael Hartmann stellt dar, wie sich die maßgeblichen Eliten in den fünf größten Industriestaaten (Deutschland, Frankreich, Großbritannien, Japan und USA) rekrutieren, und untersucht ihre soziale Herkunft und Homogenität. Damit verbindet er auf anschauliche Weise Theorie und Empirie dieses wichtigen Teilgebiets der Soziologie.
Release

Social Movement Studies in Europe

The State of the Art

Author: Olivier Fillieule,Guya Accornero

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 1785330985

Category: History

Page: 526

View: 8782

Bringing together over forty established and emerging scholars, this landmark volume is the first to comprehensively examine the evolution and current practice of social movement studies in a specifically European context. While its first half offers comparative approaches to an array of significant issues and movements, its second half assembles focused national studies that include most major European states. Throughout, these contributions are guided by a shared set of historical and social-scientific questions with a particular emphasis on political sociology, thus offering a bold and uncommonly unified survey that will be essential for scholars and students of European social movements.
Release

Lawyering Europe

European Law as a Transnational Social Field

Author: Antoine Vauchez,Bruno de Witte

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 178225093X

Category: Law

Page: 306

View: 326

While scholarly writing has dealt with the role of law in the process of European integration, so far it has shed little light on the lawyers and communities of lawyers involved in that process. Law has been one of the most thoroughly investigated aspects of the European integration process, and EU law has become a well-established academic discipline, with the emergence more recently of an impressive body of legal and political science literature on 'European law in context'. Yet this field has been dominated by an essentially judicial narrative, focused on the role of the European courts, underestimating in the process the multifaceted roles lawyers and law play in the EU polity, notably the roles they play beyond the litigation arena. This volume seeks to promote a deeper understanding of European law as a social and political phenomenon, presenting a more complete view of the European legal field by looking beyond the courts, and at the same time broadening the scholarly horizon by exploring the ways in which European law is actually made. To do this it describes the roles of the great variety of actors who stand behind legal norms and decisions, bringing together perspectives from various disciplines (law, political science, political sociology and history), to offer a global multi-disciplinary reassessment of the role of 'law' and 'lawyers' in the European integration process.
Release

Handbook of Sociology and Human Rights

Author: David L. Brunsma,Keri E. Iyall Smith,Brian K Gran

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317258398

Category: Social Science

Page: 585

View: 4378

Long the province of international law, human rights now enjoys a renaissance of studies and new perspectives from the social sciences. This landmark book is the first to synthesize and comprehensively evaluate this body of work. It fosters an interdisciplinary, international, and critical engagement both in the social study of human rights and the establishment of a human rights approach throughout the field of sociology. Sociological perspectives bring new questions to the interdisciplinary study of human rights, as amply illustrated in this book. The Handbook is indispensable to any interdisciplinary collection on human rights or on sociology. This text: Brings new perspectives to the study of human rights in an interdisciplinary fashion. Offers state-of-the-art summaries, critical discussions of established human rights paradigms, and a host of new insights and further research directions. Fosters a comprehensive human rights approach to sociology, topically representing all 45 sections of the American Sociological Association.
Release

Movements for Human Rights

Locally and Globally

Author: David L. Brunsma,Keri Iyall Smith,Brian Gran

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1315511843

Category: Social Science

Page: 184

View: 6045

How do people work together to advance human rights? Do people form groups to prevent human rights from being enforced? Why? In what ways do circumstances matter to the work of individuals collectively working to shape human rights practices? Human society is made of individuals within contexts—tectonic plates not of the earth’s crust but of groups and individuals who scrape and shift as we bump along, competing for scarce resources and getting along. These movements, large and small, are the products of actions individuals take in communities, within families and legal structures. These individuals are able to live longer, yet continue to remain vulnerable to dangers arising from the environment, substances, struggles for power, and a failure to understand that in most ways we are the same as our neighbors. Yet it is because we live together in layers of diverse communities that we want our ability to speak to be unhindered by others, use spirituality to help us understand ourselves and others, possess a space and objects that are ours alone, and join with groups that share our values and interests, including circumstances where we do not know who our fellow neighbor is. For this reason sociologists have identified the importance of movements and change in human societies. When we collaborate in groups, individuals can change the contours of their daily lives. Within this book you will find the building blocks for human rights in our communities. To understand why sometimes we enjoy human rights and other times we experience vulnerability and risk, sociologists seek to understand the individual within her context. Bringing together prominent sociologists to grapple with these questions, Movements for Human Rights: Locally and Globally, offers insights into the ways that people move for (and against) human rights.
Release

Radikaler Protest

Zur soziologischen Theorie politischer Bewegungen

Author: Andreas Pettenkofer

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593387603

Category: Social Science

Page: 301

View: 8340

Die Bedingungen, unter denen radikale Protestbewegungen entstehen, sind zentral für die Erklärung sozialen Wandels. Andreas Pettenkofer liefert eine – bisher fehlende – kritische Gesamtdarstellung der entsprechenden Theorien. Darüber hinaus entwirft er in Anknüpfung an Konzepte der klassischen Religionssoziologie eine Theorie, um die Mechanismen auch des kulturellen Wandels zu erklären, die mit Protestbewegungen verbunden sind. Er ermöglicht damit ein genaueres Verständnis von Protestphänomenen. Zugleich zeigt er, welchen Nutzen die Analyse radikaler Protestbewegungen für die allgemeine sozialtheoretische Diskussion bringt.
Release

Der Ursprung Der Nationen

Author: Walter Bagehot

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3863828763

Category:

Page: 268

View: 4153

Nachdruck des Originals von 1883. Walter Bagehot (1826-1877) war ein bedeutender britischer Okonom und einer breiteren Offentlichkeit als erster Herausgeber und Chefredakteur des "Economist" bekannt, Durch seine Schriften trug er insbesondere zum besseren Verstandnis von Parlamentarismus und Zentralbanksystem bei. In dem hier vorliegenden Buch versucht Bagehot aus den Uberlieferungen der Kulturvolker sich ein Bild von deren Entstehung zu verschaffen.
Release

Ökonomische Theorie der Demokratie

Author: Anthony Downs

Publisher: Mohr Siebeck

ISBN: 9783165290523

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 303

View: 4690

English summary: It was Anthony Downs' objective to create a model dealing with voter and government behavior. In order to do so, he established goals which governments, parties and lobbyists as well as the voters can pursue. To motivate all those concerned, he introduced the self-interest axiom and called for rationality in order to attain these goals. With the help of marginal analysis, each voter determines his/her party differential, which will help to determine each voter's choice at the ballot box and to decide which party's rule will give him/her greater utility in the future. Downs describes how crucial the concept of ideology is to his theory. He maintains that a two-party democracy could not provide stable and effective government unless there is a large measure of ideological consensus amongst its citizens, and that political parties encouraged voters to be irrational by remaining vague and ambiguous. German description: Anthony Downs' inzwischen klassisches Demokratie-Modell des Wahler- und Regierungsverhaltens orientiert sich an der okonomischen Theorie. Er nimmt an, dass politische Parteien und Wahler in der Verfolgung bestimmter, deutlich spezifizierter Ziele optimal handeln. So treffen die Wahler unter Ungewissheit uber den Wahlvorgang und die zukunftige Regierungsbildung ihre Wahl nach dem mutmasslichen Nutzen. Die Regierung versucht, mit Hilfe der Manipulation des Budgets ihre Wiederwahl zu erreichen.Ideologien der Parteien auf der einen Seite, Interessengruppen auf der anderen stellen den Wahlern bzw. der Regierung Informationen zur rationalen Entscheidungsfindung zur Verfugung. Dabei wird deutlich, dass Mehrparteiensysteme und Verhaltniswahlrecht jedes Wahl-Kalkul unlosbar werden lassen. Auf die weiteren Folgerungen fur Demokratie-Forschung und -Verstandnis geht Downs im letzten Teil seines Werkes ausfuhrlich ein.
Release

Sociological Abstracts

Author: Leo P. Chall

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Sociology

Page: N.A

View: 6964

CSA Sociological Abstracts abstracts and indexes the international literature in sociology and related disciplines in the social and behavioral sciences. The database provides abstracts of journal articles and citations to book reviews drawn from over 1,800+ serials publications, and also provides abstracts of books, book chapters, dissertations, and conference papers.
Release

Jugend. Staat. Gewalt.

Politische Sozialisation von Jugendlichen, Jugendpolitik und politischer Bildung.

Author: Wilhelm Heitmeyer,Kurt Möller,Heinz Sünker

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political socialization

Page: 300

View: 5517

Release

Vom traditionellen China zum modernen Taiwan

Die Entwicklung funktionaler Differenzierung am Beispiel des politischen Systems und des Religionssystems

Author: Chih-Chieh Tang

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322813118

Category: Social Science

Page: 818

View: 3491

Chih-Chieh Tang untersucht die gesellschaftliche Entwicklung vom archaischen über das traditionelle China bis zum modernen Taiwan nach dem systemtheoretischen Ansatz. Er präsentiert ein heuristisches Gesamtbild und diskutiert Übereinstimmungen und Differenzen zwischen der im Lande entstandenen und der endogenen funktionalen Differenzierung im Westen.
Release