On Sets and Graphs

Perspectives on Logic and Combinatorics

Author: Eugenio G. Omodeo,Alberto Policriti,Alexandru I. Tomescu

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319549812

Category: Computers

Page: 275

View: 9421

This treatise presents an integrated perspective on the interplay of set theory and graph theory, providing an extensive selection of examples that highlight how methods from one theory can be used to better solve problems originated in the other. Features: explores the interrelationships between sets and graphs and their applications to finite combinatorics; introduces the fundamental graph-theoretical notions from the standpoint of both set theory and dyadic logic, and presents a discussion on set universes; explains how sets can conveniently model graphs, discussing set graphs and set-theoretic representations of claw-free graphs; investigates when it is convenient to represent sets by graphs, covering counting and encoding problems, the random generation of sets, and the analysis of infinite sets; presents excerpts of formal proofs concerning graphs, whose correctness was verified by means of an automated proof-assistant; contains numerous exercises, examples, definitions, problems and insight panels.

Pristine Perspectives on Logic, Language and Computation

ESSLLI 2012 and ESSLLI 2013 Student Sessions, Selected Papers

Author: Margot Colinet,Sophia Katrenko,Rasmus K. Rendsvig

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3662441160

Category: Computers

Page: 267

View: 4603

The European Summer School in Logic, Language and Information (ESSLLI) is organized every year by the Association for Logic, Language and Information (FoLLI) in different sites around Europe. The main focus of ESSLLI is on the interface between linguistics, logic and computation. ESSLLI offers foundational, introductory and advanced courses, as well as workshops, covering a wide variety of topics within the three areas of interest: Language and Computation, Language and Logic, and Logic and Computation. The 16 papers presented in this volume have been selected among 44 papers presented by talks or posters at the Student Sessions of the 24th and 25th editions of ESSLLI, held in 2012 in Opole, Poland, and 2013 in Düsseldorf, Germany. The papers are extended versions of the versions presented, and have all been subjected to a second round of blind peer review.

A First Course in Graph Theory

Author: Gary Chartrand,Ping Zhang

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486297306

Category: Mathematics

Page: 464

View: 717

Written by two prominent figures in the field, this comprehensive text provides a remarkably student-friendly approach. Its sound yet accessible treatment emphasizes the history of graph theory and offers unique examples and lucid proofs. 2004 edition.

The Joy of Finite Mathematics

The Language and Art of Math

Author: Chris P. Tsokos,Rebecca D. Wooten

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128029854

Category: Mathematics

Page: 554

View: 8161

The Joy of Finite Mathematics: The Language and Art of Math teaches students basic finite mathematics through a foundational understanding of the underlying symbolic language and its many dialects, including logic, set theory, combinatorics (counting), probability, statistics, geometry, algebra, and finance. Through detailed explanations of the concepts, step-by-step procedures, and clearly defined formulae, readers learn to apply math to subjects ranging from reason (logic) to finance (personal budget), making this interactive and engaging book appropriate for non-science, undergraduate students in the liberal arts, social sciences, finance, economics, and other humanities areas. The authors utilize important historical facts, pose interesting and relevant questions, and reference real-world events to challenge, inspire, and motivate students to learn the subject of mathematical thinking and its relevance. The book is based on the authors’ experience teaching Liberal Arts Math and other courses to students of various backgrounds and majors, and is also appropriate for preparing students for Florida’s CLAST exam or similar core requirements. Highlighted definitions, rules, methods, and procedures, and abundant tables, diagrams, and graphs, clearly illustrate important concepts and methods Provides end-of-chapter vocabulary and concept reviews, as well as robust review exercises and a practice test Contains information relevant to a wide range of topics, including symbolic language, contemporary math, liberal arts math, social sciences math, basic math for finance, math for humanities, probability, and the C.L.A.S.T. exam Optional advanced sections and challenging problems are included for use at the discretion of the instructor Online resources include PowerPoint Presentations for instructors and a useful student manual

Mathematics and Logic

Author: Mark Kac,Stanislaw M. Ulam

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486670856

Category: Philosophy

Page: 170

View: 1836

Fascinating study of the origin and nature of mathematical thought, including relation of mathematics and science, 20th-century developments, impact of computers, and more.Includes 34 illustrations. 1968 edition."

A Short Course in Discrete Mathematics

Author: Edward A. Bender,S. Gill Williamson

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486439461

Category: Mathematics

Page: 240

View: 3109

What sort of mathematics do I need for computer science? In response to this frequently asked question, a pair of professors at the University of California at San Diego created this text. Its sources are two of the university's most basic courses: Discrete Mathematics, and Mathematics for Algorithm and System Analysis. Intended for use by sophomores in the first of a two-quarter sequence, the text assumes some familiarity with calculus. Topics include Boolean functions and computer arithmetic; logic; number theory and cryptography; sets and functions; equivalence and order; and induction, sequences, and series. Multiple choice questions for review appear throughout the text. Original 2005 edition. Notation Index. Subject Index.

Applied Combinatorics, 6th Edition

Author: Alan Tucker

Publisher: Wiley Global Education

ISBN: 1118210115

Category: Mathematics

Page: 496

View: 6618

The new 6th edition of Applied Combinatorics builds on the previous editions with more in depth analysis of computer systems in order to help develop proficiency in basic discrete math problem solving. As one of the most widely used books in combinatorial problems, this edition explains how to reason and model combinatorically while stressing the systematic analysis of different possibilities, exploration of the logical structure of a problem, and ingenuity. Although important uses of combinatorics in computer science, operations research, and finite probability are mentioned, these applications are often used solely for motivation. Numerical examples involving the same concepts use more interesting settings such as poker probabilities or logical games.

Set Theory for Computing

From Decision Procedures to Declarative Programming with Sets

Author: Domenico Cantone,Eugenio Omodeo,Alberto Policriti

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475734522

Category: Computers

Page: 409

View: 5533

An up-to-date and comprehensive account of set-oriented symbolic manipulation and automated reasoning methods. This book is of interest to graduates and researchers in theoretical computer science and computational logic and automated reasoning.

Computability and Models

Perspectives East and West

Author: Barry S. Cooper,Sergei S. Goncharov

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780306474002

Category: Computers

Page: 375

View: 2042

There are few notions as fundamental to contemporary science as those of computability and modelling. Computability and Models attempts to make some of the exciting and important new research developments in this area accessible to a wider readership. Written by international leaders drawn from major research centres both East and West, this book is an essential addition to scientific libraries serving both specialist and the interested non-specialist reader.

Lectures on Discrete Mathematics for Computer Science

Author: Bakhadyr Khoussainov,Nodira Khoussainova

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company

ISBN: 9813108126

Category: Mathematics

Page: 364

View: 1332

This textbook presents fundamental topics in discrete mathematics introduced from the perspectives of a pure mathematician and an applied computer scientist. The synergy between the two complementary perspectives is seen throughout the book; key concepts are motivated and explained through real-world examples, and yet are still formalized with mathematical rigor. The book is an excellent introduction to discrete mathematics for computer science, software engineering, and mathematics students. The first author is a leading mathematician in the area of logic, computability, and theoretical computer science, with more than 25 years of teaching and research experience. The second author is a computer science PhD student at the University of Washington specializing in database systems. The father-and-daughter team merges two different views to create a unified book for students interested in learning discrete mathematics, the connections between discrete mathematics and computer science, and the mathematical foundations of computer science. Readers will learn how to formally define abstract concepts, reason about objects (such as programs, graphs and numbers), investigate properties of algorithms, and prove their correctness. The textbook studies several well-known algorithmic problems including the path problem for graphs and finding the greatest common divisor, inductive definitions, proofs of correctness of algorithms via loop invariants and induction, the basics of formal methods such as propositional logic, finite state machines, counting, probability, as well as the foundations of databases such as relational calculus.

A Spiral Workbook for Discrete Mathematics

Author: Harris Kwong

Publisher: Open SUNY Textbooks

ISBN: 9781942341185


Page: 308

View: 9601

This is a text that covers the standard topics in a sophomore-level course in discrete mathematics: logic, sets, proof techniques, basic number theory, functions, relations, and elementary combinatorics, with an emphasis on motivation. It explains and clarifies the unwritten conventions in mathematics, and guides the students through a detailed discussion on how a proof is revised from its draft to a final polished form. Hands-on exercises help students understand a concept soon after learning it. The text adopts a spiral approach: many topics are revisited multiple times, sometimes from a different perspective or at a higher level of complexity. The goal is to slowly develop students' problem-solving and writing skills.

A Logical Approach to Discrete Math

Author: David Gries,Fred B. Schneider

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475738374

Category: Computers

Page: 516

View: 6508

Here, the authors strive to change the way logic and discrete math are taught in computer science and mathematics: while many books treat logic simply as another topic of study, this one is unique in its willingness to go one step further. The book traets logic as a basic tool which may be applied in essentially every other area.

Combinatorics: Ancient & Modern

Author: Robin Wilson,John J. Watkins

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191630624

Category: Mathematics

Page: 392

View: 6821

Who first presented Pascal's triangle? (It was not Pascal.) Who first presented Hamiltonian graphs? (It was not Hamilton.) Who first presented Steiner triple systems? (It was not Steiner.) The history of mathematics is a well-studied and vibrant area of research, with books and scholarly articles published on various aspects of the subject. Yet, the history of combinatorics seems to have been largely overlooked. This book goes some way to redress this and serves two main purposes: 1) it constitutes the first book-length survey of the history of combinatorics; and 2) it assembles, for the first time in a single source, researches on the history of combinatorics that would otherwise be inaccessible to the general reader. Individual chapters have been contributed by sixteen experts. The book opens with an introduction by Donald E. Knuth to two thousand years of combinatorics. This is followed by seven chapters on early combinatorics, leading from Indian and Chinese writings on permutations to late-Renaissance publications on the arithmetical triangle. The next seven chapters trace the subsequent story, from Euler's contributions to such wide-ranging topics as partitions, polyhedra, and latin squares to the 20th century advances in combinatorial set theory, enumeration, and graph theory. The book concludes with some combinatorial reflections by the distinguished combinatorialist, Peter J. Cameron. This book is not expected to be read from cover to cover, although it can be. Rather, it aims to serve as a valuable resource to a variety of audiences. Combinatorialists with little or no knowledge about the development of their subject will find the historical treatment stimulating. A historian of mathematics will view its assorted surveys as an encouragement for further research in combinatorics. The more general reader will discover an introduction to a fascinating and too little known subject that continues to stimulate and inspire the work of scholars today.

Combinatorics, Computability and Logic

Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Combinatorics, Computability and Logic, (DMTCS’01)

Author: C.S. Calude,M.J. Dinneen,S. Sburlan

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1447107179

Category: Mathematics

Page: 251

View: 6064


Discrete Mathematics

An Open Introduction

Author: Oscar Levin

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 9781534970748


Page: 342

View: 3519

This gentle introduction to discrete mathematics is written for first and second year math majors, especially those who intend to teach. The text began as a set of lecture notes for the discrete mathematics course at the University of Northern Colorado. This course serves both as an introduction to topics in discrete math and as the "introduction to proof" course for math majors. The course is usually taught with a large amount of student inquiry, and this text is written to help facilitate this. Four main topics are covered: counting, sequences, logic, and graph theory. Along the way proofs are introduced, including proofs by contradiction, proofs by induction, and combinatorial proofs. The book contains over 360 exercises, including 230 with solutions and 130 more involved problems suitable for homework. There are also Investigate! activities throughout the text to support active, inquiry based learning. While there are many fine discrete math textbooks available, this text has the following advantages: It is written to be used in an inquiry rich course. It is written to be used in a course for future math teachers. It is open source, with low cost print editions and free electronic editions.

Computability and Complexity

From a Programming Perspective

Author: Neil D. Jones

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262100649

Category: Computers

Page: 466

View: 9556

"Neil Jones is one of the precious few computer scientists with great expertise and leadership roles in both formal methods and complexity. This makes his book especially valuable." -- Yuri Gurevich, Professor of Computer Science, University of Michigan Computability and complexity theory should be of central concern to practitioners as well as theorists. Unfortunately, however, the field is known for its impenetrability. Neil Jones's goal as an educator and author is to build a bridge between computability and complexity theory and other areas of computer science, especially programming. In a shift away from the Turing machine- and Gö del number-oriented classical approaches, Jones uses concepts familiar from programming languages to make computability and complexity more accessible to computer scientists and more applicable to practical programming problems. According to Jones, the fields of computability and complexity theory, as well as programming languages and semantics, have a great deal to offer each other. Computability and complexity theory have a breadth, depth, and generality not often seen in programming languages. The programming language community, meanwhile, has a firm grasp of algorithm design, presentation, and implementation. In addition, programming languages sometimes provide computational models that are more realistic in certain crucial aspects than traditional models. New results in the book include a proof that constant time factors do matter for its programming-oriented model of computation. (In contrast, Turing machines have a counterintuitive "constant speedup" property: that almost anyprogram can be made to run faster, by any amount. Its proof involves techniques irrelevant to practice.) Further results include simple characterizations in programming terms of the central complexity classes PTIME and LOGSPACE, and a new approach to complete problems for NLOGSPACE, PTIME, NPTIME, and PSPACE, uniformly based on Boolean programs. "Foundations of Computing series"

Graphs for Pattern Recognition

Infeasible Systems of Linear Inequalities

Author: Damir Gainanov

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110481065

Category: Mathematics

Page: 158

View: 5153

Data mining and pattern recognition are areas based on the mathematical constructions discussed in this monograph. By using combinatorial and graph theoretical techniques, it is shown how to tackle infeasible systems of linear inequalities. These are, in turn, building blocks of geometric decision rules for pattern recognition.

A Walk Through Combinatorics

An Introduction to Enumeration and Graph Theory

Author: Mikl¢s B¢na

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814335231

Category: Mathematics

Page: 546

View: 6905

Suitable for an introductory combinatorics course lasting one or two semesters, this book includes an extensive list of problems, ranging from routine exercises to research questions. It walks the reader through the classic parts of combinatorial enumeration and graph theory, while also discussing some the progress made in the area.

Mathematical Tools for Data Mining

Set Theory, Partial Orders, Combinatorics

Author: Dan Simovici,Chabane Djeraba

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1447164075

Category: Computers

Page: 831

View: 8697

Data mining essentially relies on several mathematical disciplines, many of which are presented in this second edition of this book. Topics include partially ordered sets, combinatorics, general topology, metric spaces, linear spaces, graph theory. To motivate the reader a significant number of applications of these mathematical tools are included ranging from association rules, clustering algorithms, classification, data constraints, logical data analysis, etc. The book is intended as a reference for researchers and graduate students. The current edition is a significant expansion of the first edition. We strived to make the book self-contained and only a general knowledge of mathematics is required. More than 700 exercises are included and they form an integral part of the material. Many exercises are in reality supplemental material and their solutions are included.