On Fertile Ground

A Natural History of Human Reproduction

Author: Peter Thorpe ELLISON,Peter Thorpe Ellison

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674036444

Category: Science

Page: 368

View: 5917

Reproduction is among the most basic of human biological functions, both for our distant ancestors and for ourselves, whether we live on the plains of Africa or in North American suburbs. Our reproductive biology unites us as a species, but it has also been an important engine of our evolution. In the way our bodies function today we can see both the imprint of our formative past and implications for our future. It is the infinitely subtle and endlessly dramatic story of human reproduction and its evolutionary context that Peter T. Ellison tells in "On Fertile Ground." Ranging from the latest achievements of modern fertility clinics to the lives of subsistence farmers in the rain forests of Africa, this book offers both a remarkably broad and a minutely detailed exploration of human reproduction. Ellison, a leading pioneer in the field, combines the perspectives of anthropology, stressing the range and variation of human experience; ecology, sensitive to the two-way interactions between humans and their environments; and evolutionary biology, emphasizing a functional understanding of human reproductive biology and its role in our evolutionary history. Whether contrasting female athletes missing their periods and male athletes using anabolic steroids with Polish farm women and hunter-gatherers in Paraguay, or exploring the intricate choreography of an implanting embryo or of a nursing mother and her child, "On Fertile Ground" advances a rich and deeply satisfying explanation of the mechanisms by which we reproduce and the evolutionary forces behind their design.
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Der Kaiserschnitt

Indikationen, Hintergründe, operatives Management der Misgav-Ladach-Methode

Author: Eli Alon

Publisher: Elsevier,Urban&FischerVerlag

ISBN: 9783437243103

Category: Cesarean section

Page: 442

View: 4026

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Eine kurze Geschichte der Menschheit

Author: Yuval Noah Harari

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 364110498X

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 9721

Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.
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Human Evolutionary Biology

Author: Michael P. Muehlenbein

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521879485

Category: Science

Page: 624

View: 1304

A wide-ranging and inclusive text focusing on topics in human evolution and the understanding of modern human variation and adaptability.
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Essentials of Physical Anthropology

Author: Robert Jurmain,Lynn Kilgore,Wenda Trevathan

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 0840032595

Category: Social Science

Page: 448

View: 7157

Concise, well-balanced, and comprehensive, ESSENTIALS OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, Eighth Edition introduces you to physical anthropology with the goal of helping you understand the big picture of human evolution. Supported by vibrant visuals that include abundant illustrations, photographs, and photo-enhanced maps, the text focuses on human evolution and biology to help you master basic biological principles of physical anthropology so you’ll be able to better understand human origins and our place in the biological world. Offering balanced coverage of the topic areas you’ll cover in class (heredity and evolution, primates, hominid evolution, and contemporary human evolution) this edition emphasizes the chronology of fossil finds instead of just describing the fossils and the sites where they were found. The authors also interpret each fossil within the framework of the story of human evolution. New features like Why It Matters further emphasize the fossils’ evolutionary significance, and often even propose the relevance of chapter materials to our everyday lives. The seventh edition provides thorough coverage of cutting-edge advances in molecular biology and expanded coverage of population biology and human variation. It also includes powerful learning tools, including a robust text website. Altogether, ESSENTIALS OF PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY, Seventh Edition, integrates up-to-date coverage of the latest finds and relevant technologies in a format and writing style designed to help all students master the material. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
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Knobil and Neill's Physiology of Reproduction

Author: Tony M. Plant,Anthony J. Zeleznik

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 012397769X

Category: Science

Page: 2684

View: 8669

The Fourth Edition of Knobil & Neill continues to serve as a reference aid for research, to provide the historical context to current research, and most importantly as an aid for graduate teaching on a broad range of topics in human and comparative reproduction. In the decade since the publication of the last edition, the study of reproductive physiology has undergone monumental changes. Chief among these advances are in the areas of stem cell development, signaling pathways, the role of inflammation in the regulatory processes in the various tissues, and the integration of new animal models which have led to a greater understanding of human disease. The new edition synthesizes all of this new information at the molecular, cellular, and organismal levels of organization and present modern physiology a more understandable and comparative context. The Fourth Edition has been extensively revised, reflecting new fundamental advancements in this rapidly advancing field. Provides a common language for researchers across the fields of physiology, endocrinology, and biology to discuss their understanding of reproduction. Saves academic researchers time in quickly accessing the very latest details on reproductive physiology, as opposed to searching through thousands of journal articles.
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Mechanisms of Life History Evolution

The Genetics and Physiology of Life History Traits and Trade-Offs

Author: Thomas Flatt,Andreas Heyland

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191621021

Category: Science

Page: 506

View: 6511

Life history theory seeks to explain the evolution of the major features of life cycles by analyzing the ecological factors that shape age-specific schedules of growth, reproduction, and survival and by investigating the trade-offs that constrain the evolution of these traits. Although life history theory has made enormous progress in explaining the diversity of life history strategies among species, it traditionally ignores the underlying proximate mechanisms. This novel book argues that many fundamental problems in life history evolution, including the nature of trade-offs, can only be fully resolved if we begin to integrate information on developmental, physiological, and genetic mechanisms into the classical life history framework. Each chapter is written by an established or up-and-coming leader in their respective field; they not only represent the state of the art but also offer fresh perspectives for future research. The text is divided into 7 sections that cover basic concepts (Part 1), the mechanisms that affect different parts of the life cycle (growth, development, and maturation; reproduction; and aging and somatic maintenance) (Parts 2-4), life history plasticity (Part 5), life history integration and trade-offs (Part 6), and concludes with a synthesis chapter written by a prominent leader in the field and an editorial postscript (Part 7).
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Two Cities, One Life

Marriage and Fertility in Lugang and Nijmegen

Author: Theo Engelen,Hsieh Ying-Hui

Publisher: Amsterdam University Press

ISBN: 905260214X

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 175

View: 9532

Annotation "In this book, the authors compare the demography of the Taiwanese town Lugang and the Dutch town Nijmegen using data on the lifes of thousands of their inhabitants. The period covered is approximately 1850 to 1945. First, the standard demographic rates on nuptiality, fertility and mortality are calculated to test the Malthusian predictions on a so called 'positive' and a 'preventive' demographic regime, Next, the authors try to disentangle the individual rationality behind aggregated measures in order to find out how the inhabitants of the two towns used the one life they had. Unaware of each others existence, the people living in Nijmegen and Lugang had more in common than one would expect given the huge cultural differences."--BOOK JACKET.
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Introduction to Physical Anthropology 2011-2012 Edition

Author: Robert Jurmain,Lynn Kilgore,Wenda Trevathan,Russell Ciochon

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1111297932

Category: Social Science

Page: 624

View: 364

INTRODUCTION TO PHYSICAL ANTHROPOLOGY 2011-2012 continues to present the most up-to-date and balanced, comprehensive introduction to the field, combining an engaging writing style and compelling visual content to bring the study of physical anthropology to life for today’s students. With a focus on the big picture of human evolution, the text helps students master the basic principles of the subject and arrive at an understanding of the human species and its place in the biological world. This book continues to keep pace with changes in the field by including thorough coverage of cutting-edge advances in molecular biology and genomics, primatology, key fossil discoveries, and modern human biology. A new Conclusion: Why it Matters, drives home the importance of understanding human evolution and the incredible impact our species has had, and will continue to have, on the environment and all life forms on this planet. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
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Seitensprünge der Evolution

Machos und andere Mysterien der Biologie

Author: Matthias Glaubrecht

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Evolution

Page: 197

View: 6639

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Contemporary Authors

Author: Gale Group

Publisher: Gale Cengage

ISBN: 9780787645953

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 471

View: 9621

Your students and users will find biographical information on approximately 300 modern writers in this volume of Contemporary Authors(r) .
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Ökologie

Author: Thomas M. Smith,Robert Leo Smith

Publisher: Pearson Deutschland GmbH

ISBN: 9783827373137

Category: Ecology

Page: 982

View: 943

Populations, ecosystems, species interactions, community.
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Die Mühlen der Zivilisation

Eine Tiefengeschichte der frühesten Staaten

Author: James C. Scott

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518761528

Category: Social Science

Page: 400

View: 5640

Uns modernen Menschen erscheint die Sesshaftigkeit so natürlich wie dem Fisch das Wasser. Wie selbstverständlich gehen wir und auch weite Teile der historischen Forschung davon aus, dass die neolithische Revolution, in deren Verlauf der Mensch seine nomadische Existenz aufgab und zum Ackerbauer und Viehzüchter wurde, ein bedeutender zivilisatorischer Fortschritt war, dessen Früchte wir noch heute genießen. James C. Scott erzählt in seinem provokanten Buch eine ganz andere Geschichte. Gestützt auf archäologische Befunde, entwickelt er die These, dass die ersten bäuerlichen Staaten aus der Kontrolle über die Reproduktion entstanden und ein hartes Regime der Domestizierung errichteten, nicht nur mit Blick auf Pflanzen und Tiere. Auch die Bürger samt ihrer Sklaven und Frauen wurden der Herrschaft dieser frühesten Staaten unterworfen. Sie brachte Strapazen, Epidemien, Ungleichheiten und Kriege mit sich. Einzig die »Barbaren« haben sich gegen die Mühlen der Zivilisation gestemmt, sich der Sesshaftigkeit und den neuen Besteuerungssystemen verweigert und damit der Unterordnung unter eine staatliche Macht. Sie sind die heimlichen Helden dieses Buches, das unseren Blick auf die Menschheitsgeschichte verändert.
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Natural History

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Natural history

Page: N.A

View: 3931

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JASO

Journal of the Anthropological Society of Oxford

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Anthropology

Page: N.A

View: 1591

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Anthropology

Author: Barbara D. Miller,Bernard A. Wood

Publisher: Allyn & Bacon

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 722

View: 6978

The first introductory anthropology text to present and integrate a four-field perspective, while simultaneously integrating important topics such as ethics, methods, gender, and race in all chapters. Co-authors Barbara Miller and Bernard Wood, a world-renowned biological anthropologist, are joined by three of the brightest new scholars in archaeology and biological anthropology to provide complete and in-depth coverage of each of the four fields of anthropology. Anthropology incorporates the most current discoveries and research and their impact upon the classics in anthropology. Through a four-field approach and carefully chosen examples, the text illuminates the key ideas of the different sub-fields and demonstrates how their issues are connected and how anthropology is relevant to today's world. Beautifully illustrated, Anthropology maximizes the effectiveness of the art program by building pedagogy into the captions of photos, figures, tables and maps. The result is an original and unique text, which provides students with the most faithful and holistic representation of anthropology available today. contains a wealth of multimedia across the four fields including documentary video footage, image bank, PowerPoint presentations, audio glossary, and more.
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Foundations of Evolutionary Psychology

Author: Charles B. Crawford,Dennis Krebs

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Psychology

Page: 521

View: 8898

Evolutionary psychology is concerned with the adaptive problems early humans faced in ancestral human environments, the nature of the psychological mechanisms natural selection shaped to deal with those ancient problems, and the ability of the resulting evolved psychological mechanisms to deal with the problems people face in the modern world. Evolutionary psychology is currently advancing our understanding of altruism, moral behavior, family violence, sexual aggression, warfare, aesthetics, the nature of language, and gender differences in mate choice and perception. It is helping us understand the relationships between cognitive science, developmental psychology, behavior genetics, personality, and social psychology. Foundations of Evolutionary Psychology provides an up-to-date review of the ideas, issues, and applications of contemporary evolutionary psychology. It is suitable for senior undergraduates, first year graduate students, or professionals who wish to become conversant with the major issues currently shaping the emergence of this dynamic new field. It will be interesting to psychologists, anthropologists, sociologists, economists, philosophers, cognitive scientists, and anyone interested in using new developments in the theory of evolution to gain new insights into human behavior.
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