Newsworthy

The Supreme Court Battle over Privacy and Press Freedom

Author: Samantha Barbas

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 1503600831

Category: Law

Page: 352

View: 3171

In 1952, the Hill family was held hostage by escaped convicts in their suburban Pennsylvania home. The family of seven was trapped for nineteen hours by three fugitives who treated them politely, took their clothes and car, and left them unharmed. The Hills quickly became the subject of international media coverage. Public interest eventually died out, and the Hills went back to their ordinary, obscure lives. Until, a few years later, the Hills were once again unwillingly thrust into the spotlight by the media—with a best-selling novel loosely based on their ordeal, a play, a big-budget Hollywood adaptation starring Humphrey Bogart, and an article in Life magazine. Newsworthy is the story of their story, the media firestorm that ensued, and their legal fight to end unwanted, embarrassing, distorted public exposure that ended in personal tragedy. This story led to an important 1967 Supreme Court decision—Time, Inc. v. Hill—that still influences our approach to privacy and freedom of the press. Newsworthy draws on personal interviews, unexplored legal records, and archival material, including the papers and correspondence of Richard Nixon (who, prior to his presidency, was a Wall Street lawyer and argued the Hill family's case before the Supreme Court), Leonard Garment, Joseph Hayes, Earl Warren, Hugo Black, William Douglas, and Abe Fortas. Samantha Barbas explores the legal, cultural, and political wars waged around this seminal privacy and First Amendment case. This is a story of how American law and culture struggled to define and reconcile the right of privacy and the rights of the press at a critical point in history—when the news media were at the peak of their authority and when cultural and political exigencies pushed free expression rights to the forefront of social debate. Newsworthy weaves together a fascinating account of the rise of big media in America and the public's complex, ongoing love-hate affair with the press.
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Laws of Image

Privacy and Publicity in America

Author: Samantha Barbas

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 0804796718

Category: Law

Page: 328

View: 2130

Americans have long been obsessed with their images—their looks, public personas, and the impressions they make. This preoccupation has left its mark on the law. The twentieth century saw the creation of laws that protect your right to control your public image, to defend your image, and to feel good about your image and public presentation of self. These include the legal actions against invasion of privacy, libel, and intentional infliction of emotional distress. With these laws came the phenomenon of "personal image litigation"—individuals suing to vindicate their image rights. Laws of Image tells the story of how Americans came to use the law to protect and manage their images, feelings, and reputations. In this social, cultural, and legal history, Samantha Barbas ties the development of personal image law to the self-consciousness and image-consciousness that has become endemic in our media-saturated culture of celebrity and consumerism, where people see their identities as intertwined with their public images. The laws of image are the expression of a people who have become so publicity-conscious and self-focused that they believe they have a right to control their images—to manage and spin them like actors, politicians, and rock stars.
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The Rhetorical Invention of Diversity

Supreme Court Opinions, Public Arguments, and Affirmative Action

Author: M. Kelly Carr

Publisher: MSU Press

ISBN: 1628953314

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 294

View: 2977

Despite the tepid reception of Regents of the University of California v. Bakke in 1978, the Supreme Court has thrice affirmed its holding: universities can use race as an admissions factor to achieve the goal of a diverse student body. This book examines the process of rhetorical invention followed by Justice Lewis F. Powell Jr., his colleagues, and other interlocutors as they sifted through arguments surrounding affirmative action policies to settle on diversity as affirmative action’s best constitutional justification. Here M. Kelly Carr explores the goals, constraints, and argumentative tools of the various parties as they utilized the linguistic resources available to them, including arguments about race, merit, and the role of the public university in civic life. Using public address texts, legal briefs, memoranda, and draft opinions, Carr looks at how public arguments informed the amicus briefs, chambers memos, and legal principles before concluding that Powell’s pragmatic decision making fused the principle of individualism with an appreciation of multiculturalism to accommodate his colleagues’ differing opinions. She argues that Bakke is thus a legal and rhetorical milestone that helped to shift the justificatory grounds of race-conscious policy away from a recognition of historical discrimination and its call for reparative equality, and toward an appreciation of racial diversity.
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The First Amendment Bubble

How Privacy and Paparazzi Threaten a Free Press

Author: Amy Gajda

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674368320

Category: Law

Page: 302

View: 6434

For decades, privacy took a back seat to the public’s right to know. But as the Internet and changing journalism have made it harder to distinguish news from titillation, U.S. courts are showing new resolve in protecting individuals from invasive media scrutiny. As Amy Gajda shows, this judicial backlash is now impinging on mainstream journalists.
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Nixon in New York

How Wall Street Helped Richard Nixon Win the White House

Author: Victor Li

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1683930010

Category: History

Page: 368

View: 4979

This book details Richard Nixon’s years as a lawyer on Wall Street as a time of rebirth and reinvention, and how his firm served as a springboard to his successful comeback in 1968.
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Information Privacy Law

Author: Daniel J. Solove,Paul M. Schwartz

Publisher: Wolters Kluwer Law & Business

ISBN: 1454896442

Category: Law

Page: 1200

View: 8157

This text offers a clear, comprehensive, and cutting-edge introduction to the field of information privacy law, with the latest cases and materials exploring issues of emerging technology and information privacy. Extensive background information and authorial guidance provide clear and concise introductions to various areas of law. The Sixth Edition of Information Privacy Law has been revised to include the General Data Protection Regulation, Spokeo, and many other new developments. Key Benefits: Updated cases, including those involving Hulu, Apple, Google, Snapchat, and others along with the Supreme Court ruling on Spokeo, Inc. v. Robins. New coverage of FTC and HHS enforcement actions. Extensive coverage of FTC privacy enforcement, HIPAA and HHS enforcement, standing in privacy lawsuits, among other topics. Chapters devoted exclusively to data security, national security, employment privacy, and education privacy. Sections on government surveillance and freedom to explore ideas. Extensive coverage of the NSA and the Snowden revelations and the ensuing litigation.
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Constitution Writing, Religion and Democracy

Author: Aslı Ü. Bâli,Hanna Lerner

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 131683946X

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 9486

What role do and should constitutions play in mitigating intense disagreements over the religious character of a state? And what kind of constitutional solutions might reconcile democracy with the type of religious demands raised in contemporary democratising or democratic states? Tensions over religion-state relations are gaining increasing salience in constitution writing and rewriting around the world. This book explores the challenge of crafting a democratic constitution under conditions of deep disagreement over a state's religious or secular identity. It draws on a broad range of relevant case studies of past and current constitutional debates in Europe, Asia, Africa and the Middle East, and offers valuable lessons for societies soon to embark on constitution drafting or amendment processes where religion is an issue of contention.
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Gene Editing, Law, and the Environment

Life Beyond the Human

Author: Irus Braverman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351685880

Category: Law

Page: 216

View: 6111

Technologies like CRISPR and gene drives are ushering in a new era of genetic engineering, wherein the technical means to modify DNA are cheaper, faster, more accurate, more widely accessible, and with more far-reaching effects than ever before. These cutting-edge technologies raise legal, ethical, cultural, and ecological questions that are so broad and consequential for both human and other-than-human life that they can be difficult to grasp. What is clear, however, is that the power to directly alter not just a singular form of life but also the genetics of entire species and thus the composition of ecosystems is currently both inadequately regulated and undertheorized. In Gene Editing, Law, and the Environment, distinguished scholars from law, the life sciences, philosophy, environmental studies, science and technology studies, animal health, and religious studies examine what is at stake with these new biotechnologies for life and law, both human and beyond.
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The First Lady of Hollywood

A Biography of Louella Parsons

Author: Samantha Barbas

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520249852

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 426

View: 511

A biography of Louella Parsons, America's premiere movie gossip columnist from 1915 to 1960, chronicles her reign over Hollywood during the studio era, her lifelong alliance with William Randolph Hearst, and her complex and turbulent relationships.
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Human Trafficking

Emerging Legal Issues and Applications

Author: Peter W. Blair (Jr)

Publisher: Lawyers & Judges Publishing

ISBN: 9781936360222

Category: Human trafficking

Page: 298

View: 5498

"This book proposes unique solutions to human trafficking in the United States, Australia, and Europe that can be applied elsewhere in the world. It explores the intersection of human trafficking with other phenomena such as cults, drug trafficking, human rights, and gender issues. Importantly, this book unveils the cutting-edge Social Influence Model for admitting evidence of undue influence and coercion into court when trafficking victims find themselves on the wrong side of a prosecution."--Back cover.
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The Offensive Internet

Author: Martha Craven Nussbaum

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674058763

Category: Law

Page: 312

View: 9137

The Internet has been romanticized as a zone of freedom. The alluring combination of sophisticated technology with low barriers to entry and instantaneous outreach to millions of users has mesmerized libertarians and communitarians alike. Lawmakers have joined the celebration, passing the Communications Decency Act, which enables Internet Service Providers to allow unregulated discourse without danger of liability, all in the name of enhancing freedom of speech. But an unregulated Internet is a breeding ground for offensive conduct. At last we have a book that begins to focus on abuses made possible by anonymity, freedom from liability, and lack of oversight. The distinguished scholars assembled in this volume, drawn from law and philosophy, connect the absence of legal oversight with harassment and discrimination. Questioning the simplistic notion that abusive speech and mobocracy are the inevitable outcomes of new technology, they argue that current misuse is the outgrowth of social, technological, and legal choices. Seeing this clearly will help us to be better informed about our options. In a field still dominated by a frontier perspective, this book has the potential to be a real game changer. Armed with example after example of harassment in Internet chat rooms and forums, the authors detail some of the vile and hateful speech that the current combination of law and technology has bred. The facts are then treated to analysis and policy prescriptions. Read this book and you will never again see the Internet through rose-colored glasses.
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The Desperate Hours

A Novel

Author: Joseph Hayes

Publisher: Permabooks

ISBN: N.A

Category: American literature

Page: 302

View: 3447

The experiences of the Hilliards, a family threatened by threeescaped convicts who take over their home and hold the family as hostages.
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American Justice 2017

The Supreme Court in Crisis

Author: Kimberly Robinson

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 0812249976

Category: Law

Page: 176

View: 9756

With the death of associate justice Antonin Scalia, the Supreme Court was plunged into crisis. Refusing to hold hearings or confirm the nominee of a Democratic president almost a year away from a presidential election, the Republican-controlled Senate held the court hostage, forcing it to do its work through nearly the entire term ending in June 2017 with just eight justices. In American Justice 2017: The Supreme Court in Crisis, Kimberly Robinson examines the way individual justices and the institution as a whole reacted to this unprecedented, politically fraught situation. In public, the justices put on brave faces, waiting for the confirmation battle to play itself out, while indicating in occasional statements that the court would muddle through just fine. In private, though, things appear to have been more complicated. Narrow decisions, lackluster choice of cases, and odd bedfellows teaming up on the same sides of opinions and dissents give us a hint of the strenuous effort the eight justices made to uphold the integrity of the institution in the face of hurricane-force partisan gales.
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Movie Crazy

Stars, Fans, and the Cult of Celebrity

Author: S. Barbas

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137103191

Category: History

Page: 218

View: 1314

While the impact that legendary actors and actresses have had on the development of the Hollywood film industry is well known, few have recognised the power of movie fans on shaping the industry. This books redresses that balance, and is the first study of Hollywood's golden era to examine the period from the viewpoint of the fans. Using fan club journals, fan letters, studio production records, and other previously unpublished archival sources, Samantha Barbas reveals how the passion, enthusiasm, and ongoing activism of film fans in Hollywood's golden era transformed early cinema, the modern mass media and American popular culture.
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The Irish Cottage

History, Culture and Design

Author: Marion McGarry

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781786050120

Category: Architecture

Page: 140

View: 6912

A historical and cultural study of the Irish cottage. This fully illustrated book examines the evolution of the rural Irish cottage in the period 1860-1960, exploring the subject in a holistic context and discussing how Irish history, society, politics, and culture shaped the design of these dwellings.
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The Press and Rights to Privacy

First Amendment Freedoms Vs. Invasion of Privacy Claims

Author: Erin K. Coyle

Publisher: Lfb Scholarly Pub Llc

ISBN: 9781593324933

Category: Law

Page: 219

View: 5641

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Libel and Privacy

Author: N.A

Publisher: Aspen Publishers Online

ISBN: 0735552975

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 1694

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The Death of Privacy

The Battle for Personal Privacy in the Courts, the Media, and Society

Author: Gini Gramam Scott

Publisher: iUniverse

ISBN: 0595515401

Category: History

Page: 408

View: 9150

Today, personal privacy is becoming a thing of the past due to the information revolution, the intrusive gossip hungry media, and other social and technological developments making everyone's life an open book. As a result, individuals and organized groups have been fighting to create more privacy protections from those seeking to invade their privacy and learn information about them, which can quickly be spread worldwide due to the power of the Internet.The Death of Privacy raises intriguing questions about an individual's desire for the right to privacy versus Big Brother's "right to know". For example: May an employer inquire about an employee's personal history beyond details that may affect job performance? Just how far can the press go in revealing anything about anyone? Can the police demand to search your home or car as part of an official investigation in your neighborhood? What privacy protection exists if your name and address are obtained by marketers and mailing list companies? How do the "new technologies"-cellular phones, faxes, e-mail, computer bulletin boards-influence the overall future of privacy? Dr. Gini Graham Scott, a nationally recognized expert on personal privacy and other related issues, gives a thoughtful overview of privacy battles in and out of the courtroom that have directly influenced what can remain private. In addition, this book shows the growing impact of print and broadcast media from the early privacy skirmishes generated by the press back in the late 1800s through the mid1990s, which turned today's media into tabloid journalism.The Death of Privacy steers an objective course in explaining the varying views on both sides of the battles, while advocating the right of individuals to maintain as much personal privacy protection of possible. This book will be of importance to anyone who wants to understand the decline of personal privacy today, and will be of special interest to sociologists, legal and medical professionals, politicians, historians, and individual rights' advocates, still fighting for personal privacy today.
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Academic Freedom and the Law

A Comparative Study

Author: Eric Barendt

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1847316107

Category: Law

Page: 360

View: 6490

Academic Freedom and the Law: A Comparative Study provides a critical analysis of the law relating to academic freedom in three major jurisdictions: the United Kingdom, Germany and the United States. The book outlines the various claims which may be made to academic freedom by individual university teachers and by universities and other higher education institutions, and it examines the justifications which have been put forward for these claims. Three separate chapters deal with the legal principles of academic freedom in the UK, Germany, and the USA. A further chapter is devoted to the restrictions on freedom of research which may be imposed by the regulation of clinical trials, by intellectual property laws, and by the terms of contracts made between researchers and the companies sponsoring medical and other research. The book also examines the impact of recent terrorism laws on the teaching and research freedom of academics, and it discusses their freedom to speak about general political and social topics unrelated to their work. This is the first comparative study of a subject of fundamental importance to all academics and others working in universities. It emphasises the importance of academic freedom, while pointing out that, on occasion, exaggerated claims have been made to its exercise.
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