New Social Movements In Western Europe

A Comparative Analysis

Author: Kriesi Hanspeter,Ruud Koopmans,Jan Willem Duyvendak,Marco G. Giugni

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136996524

Category: History

Page: 347

View: 7432

First published in 1996. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
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New Social Movements

Author: N.A

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3640616995

Category: Political Science

Page: 16

View: 2290

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2010 im Fachbereich Politik - Sonstige Themen, Note: 2,0, Zeppelin University Friedrichshafen, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Social movements are large informal groupings of individuals or organisations with a common interest, which focus on specific political or social issues to carry out a social change. They are distinguished from other collective actors by having (the threat of) mass mobilisation as their prime source of social sanction, and hence of power (Scott, 1990: 6). Even if they vary by size, „they are all essentially collective“ (Encyclopædia Britannica, 2010). In contrast to individual strategies, individual needs and problems, social movements are the - more or less spontaneous - product of a defined conditions „shared by many as a public issue necessitating joint action“ (Oberschall, 1997: 2). Beginning with a collective behaviour, the result is a social movement when „short-lived impulses give way to long-term aims“ (Encyclopædia Britannica, 2010). It takes measures to „pursue a collective solution by pooling their efforts and resources and coordinating their actions“ (Oberschall, 1997: 2). Whether a social movement success or fails is depending on how many people join and how determined they are. (Oberschall, 1997: 3). When we talk about social movements we have to pose several questions, for example under what circumstances an issue becomes a public controversy and attracts supporters. Another question is the part played by leaders, and what lasting consequences result that wouldn‘t have otherwise occurred. All in all social movements play a very important role in the society. They "see themselves, and they are analyzed in contemporary political sociology, as involved in struggles over the definition of meanings and the construction of new identities and lifestyles, as well as addressing formal political institutions." (Nash, 2010: 87). According to Charles Tilly, „social movements create or activate paired and unequal categories, with an important twist: they deliberately emphasize the unjust treatment of people on the weaker side of the categorical line and/or the improper behaviour of people on the stronger side.“ (Tilly, 1998: 212). Tilly argues that there are four key-elements to every social movement: First of all, a social movement contains a campaign, related to an electoral campaign; however, the supporters in this campaign are „WUNC“ that means worthy, unified, numerous and comitted.
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New Social Movements

Author: Anna Christina Götting,Anonym

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3640616650

Category:

Page: 32

View: 5784

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2010 im Fachbereich Politik - Sonstige Themen, Note: 2,0, Zeppelin University Friedrichshafen, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Social movements are large informal groupings of individuals or organisations with a common interest, which focus on specific political or social issues to carry out a social change. They are distinguished from other collective actors by having (the threat of) mass mobilisation as their prime source of social sanction, and hence of power (Scott, 1990: 6). Even if they vary by size, they are all essentially collective" (Encyclopaedia Britannica, 2010). In contrast to individual strategies, individual needs and problems, social movements are the - more or less spontaneous - product of a defined conditions shared by many as a public issue necessitating joint action" (Oberschall, 1997: 2). Beginning with a collective behaviour, the result is a social movement when short-lived impulses give way to long-term aims" (Encyclopaedia Britannica, 2010). It takes measures to pursue a collective solution by pooling their efforts and resources and coordinating their actions" (Oberschall, 1997: 2). Whether a social movement success or fails is depending on how many people join and how determined they are. (Oberschall, 1997: 3). When we talk about social movements we have to pose several questions, for example under what circumstances an issue becomes a public controversy and attracts supporters. Another question is the part played by leaders, and what lasting consequences result that wouldn't have otherwise occurred. All in all social movements play a very important role in the society. They "see themselves, and they are analyzed in contemporary political sociology, as involved in struggles over the definition of meanings and the construction of new identities and lifestyles, as well as addressing formal political institutions." (Nash, 2010: 87). According to Charles Tilly, social movements create or activate paired and unequal cat"
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The Next Upsurge

Labor and the New Social Movements

Author: Dan Clawson

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801488702

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 235

View: 4352

The U.S. labor movement may be on the verge of massive growth, according to Dan Clawson. He argues that unions don't grow slowly and incrementally, but rather in bursts. Even if the AFL-CIO could organize twice as many members per year as it now does, it would take thirty years to return to the levels of union membership that existed when Ronald Reagan was elected president. In contrast, labor membership more than quadrupled in the years from 1934 to 1945. For there to be a new upsurge, Clawson asserts, labor must fuse with social movements concerned with race, gender, and global justice.The new forms may create a labor movement that breaks down the boundaries between "union" and "community" or between work and family issues. Clawson finds that this is already happening in some parts of the labor movement: labor has endorsed global justice and opposed war in Iraq, student activists combat sweatshops, unions struggle for immigrant rights. Innovative campaigns of this sort, Clawson shows, create new strategies—determined by workers rather than union organizers—that redefine the very meaning of the labor movement. The Next Upsurge presents a range of examples from attempts to replace "macho" unions with more feminist models to campaigns linking labor and community issues and attempts to establish cross-border solidarity and a living wage.
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New Social Movements

From Ideology to Identity

Author: Joseph R. Gusfield

Publisher: Temple University Press

ISBN: 9781439901410

Category: Social Science

Page: 376

View: 7160

Redefining the field of social movements.
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Hate Crimes

New Social Movements and the Politics of Violence

Author: Valerie Jenness,Kendal Broad

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9780202366371

Category: Social Science

Page: 215

View: 9867

In addressing a timely set of questions about the politics and dynamics of inter-group violence manifest as discrimination, this volume explores such issues as why injuries against some groups of people (Jews, people of color, gays and lesbians, and, sometimes, women, and those with disabilities) capture notice, while similar acts of bias-motivated violence against others continue to go unnoticed. Throughout, the authors develop a compelling argument about the social processes through which new social problems emerge, social policy is developed and diffused, and new cultural forms are institutionalized.
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Reinventing Revolution

New Social Movements and the Socialist Tradition in India

Author: Gail Omvedt

Publisher: M.E. Sharpe

ISBN: 9780765631763

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 553

This study describes and analyses the new social movements that have arisen in India over the past two decades, in particular the anti-caste movement (of both the untouchables and the lower-middle castes), the women's liberation movement, the farmers' movement (centred on struggles arising out of their integration into a state-controlled capitalist market), and the environmental movements (opposition to destructive development, including resistance to big dam projects and the search for alternatives). Rooted in participant observation, it focuses on the ideologies and self-understanding of the movements themselves. The central themes of this book are the origin of movements in the socio-economic contradictions of post-independence India; their effect on political developments, in particular the disintegration of Congress hegemony; their relation to "traditional Marxist" theory and Communist practice; and their groping toward a synthesis of theory and practice that constitutes a new social vision distinct from traditional Marxism.
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Democracy and Participation

Popular Protest and New Social Movements

Author: Malcolm J. Todd,Gary Taylor

Publisher: Merlin Press

ISBN: 9780850365382

Category: Political Science

Page: 345

View: 3623

This collection tackles issues, themes and debates in the study of protest, democracy and the role of new social movements in the 2000s. The contributors introduce case studies of social movements concerned with women's rights, ethnicity and 'race', mental health, peace and anti-privatisation. They also explore issues of youth and political involvement, free speech, unemployment and the role of voluntary and community groups in challenging traditional perspectives on democracy. Drawing on expertise from many disciplines, they are at the cutting edge of recent empirical and theoretical work. This accessible book will be a valuable and stimulating resource for university and college students of sociology, social policy, politics and the social sciences. It will stimulate any reader concerned with issues of democracy, protest and the role of new social movements.
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The Power of Politics

New Social Movements in France

Author: Jan Willem Duyvendak

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 251

View: 5339

The early development of a strong antinuclear movement during the 1970s made France the prototypical country for new social movements (NSMs). However, in the 1980s, these French NSMs experienced a strong decline. Duyvendak (research fellow, Amsterdam School for Social Science Research) compares the development of these NSMs in France--for peace, the environment, an end to nuclear technology, solidarity, squatters' rights, women's rights, and gay rights--to the development of similar campaigns in Germany, Switzerland, and the Netherlands. Annotation copyright by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
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Debating New Social Movements

Culture, Identity, and Social Fragmentation

Author: Su H. Lee

Publisher: University Press of Amer

ISBN: 9780761837695

Category: Social Science

Page: 265

View: 4064

This book is a straightforward exposition of the social-theoretical fields and problematic issues relating to contemporary social movements and identities. The issues important to 'new social movements' (identity, culture, diversity, power, and local activism) are examined by providing intelligible connections between the contrasting perspectives of critical theory and postmodern thought. Professor Su H. Lee analyzes the affinity between poststructuralist theories and new social movements in light of cultural multiplicity and social fragmentation, while questioning the political and ethical implications that arise from the political emblem of identity and difference. The overarching approach of Debating New Social Movements is both synthetic and analytic. It bridges disconnected themes under contrasting theoretical frameworks, and takes a stance from critical theory to expose significant shortfalls in the postmodern political and cultural thoughts on identity and social movements.
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The New Development Politics

The Age of Empire Building and New Social Movements

Author: James Petras

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1351885170

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 5450

A critique of current conceptions of international political economy, the role of the state and contemporary social movements, The New Development Politics challenges the dominant paradigms in the field of development studies. Raising fundamental theoretical and empirical questions, it provides a coherent response to the increasing militarization of inter-state relations, increasing protectionism and inter-state rivalries and the growing age of state intervention in political, economic and social life. The study presents a critical analysis of US empire-building, the role of dirty money and political power, as opposed to technological change. It features a discussion of neo-mercantilism as a new mode of empire and examines the role of new movements of unemployed and landless peasants in key Third World countries.
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Tangled Up in Red, White, and Blue

New Social Movements in America

Author: Christine A. Kelly

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742508132

Category: History

Page: 195

View: 6209

In Tangled Up in Red, White, and Blue, Christine Kelly examines the role that progressive social movements might play in the recovery and expansion of democracy and justice in the new millennium. Kelly simultaneously combines an analysis of several modernization theses with respect to the role of social movements, with a unique sense of the way that the American ideological and institutional context has shaped progressive social movements, for better and worse, in our era. Kelly candidly confronts contemporary American radicalism from the perspective of a movement participant--included is a rare treatment of the 1980s student movement--but with an eye on the future. Tangled Up in Red, White, and Blue is a bold and sophisticated study combining the frequently divorced interests of political theory, institutional analysis, and social movement studies--both European and American.
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Another Japan is Possible

New Social Movements and Global Citizenship Education

Author: Jennifer Chan

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 9780804757812

Category: Political Science

Page: 406

View: 3921

This book looks at the emergence of internationally linked Japanese nongovernmental advocacy networks that have grown rapidly since the 1990s in the context of three conjunctural forces: neoliberalism, militarism, and nationalism. It connects three disparate literatures—on the global justice movement, on Japanese civil society, and on global citizenship education. Through the narratives of fifty activists in eight overlapping issue areas—global governance, labor, food sovereignty, peace, HIV/AIDS, gender, minority and human rights, and youth—Another Japan is Possible examines the genesis of these new social movements; their critiques of neoliberalism, militarism, and nationalism; their local, regional, and global connections; their relationships with the Japanese government; and their role in constructing a new identity of the Japanese as global citizens. Its purpose is to highlight the interactions between the global and the local—that is, how international human rights and global governance issues resonate within Japan and how, in turn, local alternatives are articulated by Japanese advocacy groups—and to analyze citizenship from a postnational and postmodern perspective.
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Understanding European Movements

New Social Movements, Global Justice Struggles, Anti-Austerity Protest

Author: Cristina Flesher Fominaya,Laurence Cox

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136187006

Category: Social Science

Page: 268

View: 9795

European social movements have been central to European history, politics, society and culture, and have had a global reach and impact. Yet they have rarely been taken on their own terms in the English-language literature, considered rather as counterpoints to the US experience. This has been exacerbated by the failure of Anglophone social movement theorists to pay attention to the substantial literatures in languages such as French, German, Spanish or Italian – and by the increasing global dominance of English in the production of news and other forms of media. This book sets out to take the European social movement experience seriously on its own terms, including: the European tradition of social movement theorising – particularly in its attempt to understand movement development from the 1960s onwards the extent to which European movements between 1968 and 1999 became precursors for the contemporary anti-globalisation movement the construction of the anti-capitalist "movement of movements" within the European setting the new anti-austerity protests in Iceland, Greece, Spain (15-M/Indignados), and elsewhere. This book offers a comprehensive, interdisciplinary perspective on the key European social movements in the past forty years. It will be of interest for students and scholars of politics and international relations, sociology, history, European studies and social theory.
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New Social Movements and Democracy in Palestine

A Model for the Politics of Civil Society in the Arab World

Author: Dina Craissati

Publisher: Lit Verlag

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 212

View: 5497

The book presents a framework for discerning democratic processes in contemporary societies by highlighting the relevance of new social movements (NSMs) analysis towards a different understanding of the relation between democracy and civil society. On hand of the Palestinian case, the study catches alternative democratic processes through an improved comprehension of what is now indiscriminately called NGOs, by featuring a new kind of social actor, close to what one could call NSM, and by demonstrating how it potentially contributes to a new democratic culture and to policy change.
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Dynamic Utopia

Establishing Intentional Communities as a New Social Movement

Author: Robert C. Schehr

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780897894500

Category: Social Science

Page: 210

View: 2732

Portrays intentional communities as indicative of subaltern resistance to dominant culture.
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