New Foundations for Classical Mechanics

Author: David Hestenes

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792353027

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 703

View: 1838

This book provides an introduction to geometric algebra as a unified language for physics and mathematics. It contains extensive applications to classical mechanics in a textbook format suitable for courses at an intermediate level. The text is supported by more than 200 diagrams to help develop geometrical and physical intuition. Besides covering the standard material for a course on the mechanics of particles and rigid bodies, the book introduces new, coordinate-free methods for rotational dynamics and orbital mechanics, developing these subjects to a level well beyond that of other textbooks. These methods have been widely applied in recent years to biomechanics and robotics, to computer vision and geometric design, to orbital mechanics in government and industrial space programs, as well as to other branches of physics. The book applies them to the major perturbations in the solar system, including the planetary perturbations of Mercury's perihelion. Geometric algebra integrates conventional vector algebra (along with its established notations) into a system with all the advantages of quaternions and spinors. Thus, it increases the power of the mathematical language of classical mechanics while bringing it closer to the language of quantum mechanics. This book systematically develops purely mathematical applications of geometric algebra useful in physics, including extensive applications to linear algebra and transformation groups. It contains sufficient material for a course on mathematical topics alone. The second edition has been expanded by nearly a hundred pages on relativistic mechanics. The treatment is unique in its exclusive use of geometric algebra and in its detailed treatment of spacetime maps, collisions, motion in uniform fields and relativistic precession. It conforms with Einstein's view that the Special Theory of Relativity is the culmination of developments in classical mechanics.
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New Foundations for Classical Mechanics

Author: D. Hestenes

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0306471221

Category: Science

Page: 706

View: 7734

(revised) This is a textbook on classical mechanics at the intermediate level, but its main purpose is to serve as an introduction to a new mathematical language for physics called geometric algebra. Mechanics is most commonly formulated today in terms of the vector algebra developed by the American physicist J. Willard Gibbs, but for some applications of mechanics the algebra of complex numbers is more efficient than vector algebra, while in other applications matrix algebra works better. Geometric algebra integrates all these algebraic systems into a coherent mathematical language which not only retains the advantages of each special algebra but possesses powerful new capabilities. This book covers the fairly standard material for a course on the mechanics of particles and rigid bodies. However, it will be seen that geometric algebra brings new insights into the treatment of nearly every topic and produces simplifications that move the subject quickly to advanced levels. That has made it possible in this book to carry the treatment of two major topics in mechanics well beyond the level of other textbooks. A few words are in order about the unique treatment of these two topics, namely, rotational dynamics and celestial mechanics.
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Classical Mechanics

Author: J. Michael Finn

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers

ISBN: 0763779601

Category: Science

Page: 500

View: 1896

Classical Mechanics presents an updated treatment of the dynamics of particles and particle systems suitable for students preparing for advanced study of physics and closely related fields, such as astronomy and the applied engineering sciences. Compared to older books on this subject, the mathematical treatment has been updated for the study of more advanced topics in quantum mechanics, statistical mechanics, and nonlinear and orbital mechanics. The text begins with a review of the principles of classical Newtonian dynamics of particles and particle systems and proceeds to show how these principles are modified and extended by developments in the field. The text ends with the unification of space and time given by the Special Theory of Relativity. In addition, Hamiltonian dynamics and the concept of phase space are introduced early on. This allows integration of the concepts of chaos and other nonlinear effects into the main flow of the text. The role of symmetries and the underlying geometric structure of space-time is a key theme. In the latter chapters, the connection between classical and quantum mechanics is examined in some detail.
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The Structure of Physics

Author: Carl F. von Weizsäcker

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402052359

Category: Science

Page: 360

View: 5688

The book is a newly arranged and revised English version of "Aufbau der Physik" by Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker. Some original chapters and sections have been deleted, and a new chapter about further insights and results of ur-theoretic research of the late 1980’s and 1990’s has been included. Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker combines the perspectives of science, philosophy, religion and politics with a view towards the challenges as well as the responsibilities of our time.
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Quantenrealität

Jenseits der Neuen Physik

Author: HERBERT

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 303486681X

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 342

View: 6908

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Klassische Mechanik

Author: Herbert Goldstein,Charles P. Poole, Jr.,John L. Safko, Sr.

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527662073

Category: Science

Page: 700

View: 6539

Der Goldstein gehört zu den Standardwerken für die Vorlesung in Klassischer Mechanik, die Pflichtvorlesung und Teil des Theorie-Lehrplans jedes Physik-Studienganges ist. Für diese aktuelle Ausgabe haben Charles Poole und John Safko die Texte überarbeitet und neueste Themen, Anwendungen und Notationen eingearbeitet und sind damit auf moderne Trends in der Theoretischen Mechanik eingegangen. Neue numerische Übungen verhelfen den Studenten zur Fähigkeit, Computeranwendungen für die Lösung von Physikproblemen zu benutzen. Mathematische Techniken werden detailliert eingeführt, so daß der Text auch für Studenten ohne den entsprechenden Hintergrund der Theoretischen Mechanik verständlich ist.
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Classical Mechanics, Second Edition

Author: Tai L. Chow

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466570008

Category: Science

Page: 639

View: 9144

Classical Mechanics, Second Edition presents a complete account of the classical mechanics of particles and systems for physics students at the advanced undergraduate level. The book evolved from a set of lecture notes for a course on the subject taught by the author at California State University, Stanislaus, for many years. It assumes the reader has been exposed to a course in calculus and a calculus-based general physics course. However, no prior knowledge of differential equations is required. Differential equations and new mathematical methods are developed in the text as the occasion demands. The book begins by describing fundamental concepts, such as velocity and acceleration, upon which subsequent chapters build. The second edition has been updated with two new sections added to the chapter on Hamiltonian formulations, and the chapter on collisions and scattering has been rewritten. The book also contains three new chapters covering Newtonian gravity, the Hamilton-Jacobi theory of dynamics, and an introduction to Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formulations for continuous systems and classical fields. To help students develop more familiarity with Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formulations, these essential methods are introduced relatively early in the text. The topics discussed emphasize a modern perspective, with special note given to concepts that were instrumental in the development of modern physics, for example, the relationship between symmetries and the laws of conservation. Applications to other branches of physics are also included wherever possible. The author provides detailed mathematical manipulations, while limiting the inclusion of the more lengthy and tedious ones. Each chapter contains homework problems of varying degrees of difficulty to enhance understanding of the material in the text. This edition also contains four new appendices on D'Alembert's principle and Lagrange's equations, derivation of Hamilton’s principle, Noether’s theorem, and conic sections.
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Distributionen Und Hilbertraumoperatoren

Mathematische Methoden Der Physik

Author: Philippe Blanchard,Erwin Brüning

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783211825075

Category: Science

Page: 375

View: 3534

Das Buch bietet eine Einführung in die zum Studium der Theoretischen Physik notwendigen mathematischen Grundlagen. Der erste Teil des Buches beschäftigt sich mit der Theorie der Distributionen und vermittelt daneben einige Grundbegriffe der linearen Funktionalanalysis. Der zweite Teil baut darauf auf und gibt eine auf das Wesentliche beschränkte Einführung in die Theorie der linearen Operatoren in Hilbert-Räumen. Beide Teile werden von je einer Übersicht begleitet, die die zentralen Ideen und Begriffe knapp erläutert und den Inhalt kurz beschreibt. In den Anhängen werden einige grundlegende Konstruktionen und Konzepte der Funktionalanalysis dargestellt und wichtige Konsequenzen entwickelt.
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Introduction to Soliton Theory: Applications to Mechanics

Author: Ligia Munteanu,Stefania Donescu

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402025777

Category: Mathematics

Page: 222

View: 1826

This monograph is planned to provide the application of the soliton theory to solve certain practical problems selected from the fields of solid mechanics, fluid mechanics and biomechanics. The work is based mainly on the authors’ research carried out at their home institutes, and on some specified, significant results existing in the published literature. The methodology to study a given evolution equation is to seek the waves of permanent form, to test whether it possesses any symmetry properties, and whether it is stable and solitonic in nature. Students of physics, applied mathematics, and engineering are usually exposed to various branches of nonlinear mechanics, especially to the soliton theory. The soliton is regarded as an entity, a quasi-particle, which conserves its character and interacts with the surroundings and other solitons as a particle. It is related to a strange phenomenon, which consists in the propagation of certain waves without attenuation in dissipative media. This phenomenon has been known for about 200 years (it was described, for example, by the Joule Verne's novel Les histoires de Jean Marie Cabidoulin, Éd. Hetzel), but its detailed quantitative description became possible only in the last 30 years due to the exceptional development of computers. The discovery of the physical soliton is attributed to John Scott Russell. In 1834, Russell was observing a boat being drawn along a narrow channel by a pair of horses.
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Moderne Physik

Author: Paul A. Tipler,Ralph A. Llewellyn

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783110347951

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 7883

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Mathematical Foundations of Quantum Statistics

Author: Aleksandr Iakovlevich Khinchin

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780486400259

Category: Science

Page: 232

View: 3176

A coherent, well-organized look at the basis of quantum statistics’ computational methods, the determination of the mean values of occupation numbers, the foundations of the statistics of photons and material particles, thermodynamics.
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Electrodynamics and Classical Theory of Fields & Particles

Author: Asim Orhan Barut

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780486640389

Category: Science

Page: 235

View: 7234

The first comprehensive treatment of relativistic electrodynamics, this volume remains essential reading. This graduate-level text was written by a distinguished theoretical physicist. It deftly reveals the classical underpinnings of modern quantum field theory with explorations of space-time, Lorentz transformations, conservation laws, equations of motion, Green’s functions, and action-at-a-distance electrodynamics. 1964 edition.
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Mathematical Foundations of Quantum Theory

Author: A.R. Marlow

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0323141188

Category: Science

Page: 382

View: 1169

Mathematical Foundations of Quantum Theory is a collection of papers presented at the 1977 conference on the Mathematical Foundations of Quantum Theory, held in New Orleans. The contributors present their topics from a wide variety of backgrounds and specialization, but all shared a common interest in answering quantum issues. Organized into 20 chapters, this book's opening chapters establish a sound mathematical basis for quantum theory and a mode of observation in the double slit experiment. This book then describes the Lorentz particle system and other mathematical structures with which fundamental quantum theory must deal, and then some unsolved problems in the quantum logic approach to the foundations of quantum mechanics are considered. Considerable chapters cover topics on manuals and logics for quantum mechanics. This book also examines the problems in quantum logic, and then presents examples of their interpretation and relevance to nonclassical logic and statistics. The accommodation of conventional Fermi-Dirac and Bose-Einstein statistics in quantum mechanics or quantum field theory is illustrated. The final chapters of the book present a system of axioms for nonrelativistic quantum mechanics, with particular emphasis on the role of density operators as states. Specific connections of this theory with other formulations of quantum theory are also considered. These chapters also deal with the determination of the state of an elementary quantum mechanical system by the associated position and momentum distribution. This book is of value to physicists, mathematicians, and researchers who are interested in quantum theory.
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Geometric Continuum Mechanics and Induced Beam Theories

Author: Simon R. Eugster

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319164953

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 146

View: 1900

This research monograph discusses novel approaches to geometric continuum mechanics and introduces beams as constraint continuous bodies. In the coordinate free and metric independent geometric formulation of continuum mechanics as well as for beam theories, the principle of virtual work serves as the fundamental principle of mechanics. Based on the perception of analytical mechanics that forces of a mechanical system are defined as dual quantities to the kinematical description, the virtual work approach is a systematic way to treat arbitrary mechanical systems. Whereas this methodology is very convenient to formulate induced beam theories, it is essential in geometric continuum mechanics when the assumptions on the physical space are relaxed and the space is modeled as a smooth manifold. The book addresses researcher and graduate students in engineering and mathematics interested in recent developments of a geometric formulation of continuum mechanics and a hierarchical development of induced beam theories.
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Quantenmechanik für Fortgeschrittene

QM II

Author: Franz Schwabl

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662096307

Category: Science

Page: 419

View: 2926

Aufbauend auf der Quantenmechanik desselben Autors werden hier fortgeschrittene Themen behandelt: I Vielteilchensysteme, II Relativistische Wellengleichungen, III Relativistische Felder. Die in gewohnter Weise stringente mathematische Darstellung wird durch die Angabe aller Zwischenschritte, durch zahlreiche Anwendungsbeispiele im Text und Übungen ergänzt. Der Text legt insbesondere durch Darstellung der relativistischen Wellengleichungen und ihrer Symmetrieeigenschaften sowie der quantenfeldtheoretischen Grundlagen das Fundament für das weitere Studium von Festkörperphysik, Kern- und Elementarteilchenphysik.
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Foundations of Classical and Quantum Statistical Mechanics

International Series of Monographs in Natural Philosophy

Author: R. Jancel

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483186261

Category: Science

Page: 440

View: 4012

Foundations of Classical and Quantum Statistical Mechanics details the theoretical foundation the supports the concepts in classical and quantum statistical mechanics. The title discusses the various problems set by the theoretical justification of statistical mechanics methods. The text first covers the the ergodic theory in classical statistical mechanics, and then proceeds to tackling quantum mechanical ensembles. Next, the selection discusses the the ergodic theorem in quantum statistical mechanics and probability quantum ergodic theorems. The selection also details H-theorems and kinetic equations in classical and quantum statistical mechanics. The book will be of great interest to students, researchers, and practitioners of physics, chemistry, and engineering.
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