New Directions in Child Abuse and Neglect Research

Author: National Research Council,Institute of Medicine,Committee on Law and Justice,Board on Children, Youth, and Families,Committee on Child Maltreatment Research, Policy, and Practice for the Next Decade: Phase II

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309285127

Category: Social Science

Page: 442

View: 6901

Each year, child protective services receive reports of child abuse and neglect involving six million children, and many more go unreported. The long-term human and fiscal consequences of child abuse and neglect are not relegated to the victims themselves -- they also impact their families, future relationships, and society. In 1993, the National Research Council (NRC) issued the report, Under-standing Child Abuse and Neglect, which provided an overview of the research on child abuse and neglect. New Directions in Child Abuse and Neglect Research updates the 1993 report and provides new recommendations to respond to this public health challenge. According to this report, while there has been great progress in child abuse and neglect research, a coordinated, national research infrastructure with high-level federal support needs to be established and implemented immediately. New Directions in Child Abuse and Neglect Research recommends an actionable framework to guide and support future child abuse and neglect research. This report calls for a comprehensive, multidisciplinary approach to child abuse and neglect research that examines factors related to both children and adults across physical, mental, and behavioral health domains--including those in child welfare, economic support, criminal justice, education, and health care systems--and assesses the needs of a variety of subpopulations. It should also clarify the causal pathways related to child abuse and neglect and, more importantly, assess efforts to interrupt these pathways. New Directions in Child Abuse and Neglect Research identifies four areas to look to in developing a coordinated research enterprise: a national strategic plan, a national surveillance system, a new generation of researchers, and changes in the federal and state programmatic and policy response.

Challenging Child Protection

New Directions in Safeguarding Children

Author: Lorraine Waterhouse,Janice McGhee

Publisher: Jessica Kingsley Publishers

ISBN: 0857007602

Category: Social Science

Page: 184

View: 4796

Challenging Child Protection offers a ground-breaking new perspective which will illuminate and improve the professional understanding and practice of social workers and child protection workers. Taking a fresh look at the principles underlying child protection, this book provides a thought-provoking analysis of the evidence base which underpins professional understanding and intervention. It outlines the ways in which agencies have worked to prevent child abuse and neglect and traces key changes in UK policy, as well as situating these amid wider trends in Europe. With contributions from a wide variety of disciplines, including philosophy and anthropology, this is a uniquely diverse collection of academic perspectives. This book challenges our conceptions of child protection and encourages readers to think critically about why children are harmed by adults, how society views child abuse and how this informs practice.

Child Abuse

Author: David A. Wolfe,Robert J. McMahon,Ray DeV Peters

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 0761910964

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 293

View: 4147

Experts in both child physical and sexual abuse are brought together in this volume, which focuses on both child and adult survivors. Contributors explore innovative treatment and prevention approaches, such as school and community violence prevention programmes, and preparation of children who have to testify in court.

Das mißhandelte Kind

Author: Mary Edna Helfer

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518583586


Page: 1025

View: 2997


Intergenerational Transmission of Child Maltreatment

Author: Lisa Schelbe,Jennifer M. Geiger

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319438247

Category: Social Science

Page: 89

View: 5463

This accessible resource coordinates what we know about the intergenerational transmission of child maltreatment (ITCM), with a specific focus on prevention in context. Cutting through facile cause-and-effect constructs, the authors review and critique the recent literature on the complicated nature of the phenomenon and weigh different approaches to its conceptualization. The book identifies child and parental risk factors linked to ITCM as well as protective factors involved in its reduction, while examining complex relationships between family, parenting, and social contexts that can provide keys to understanding and healing traumatized families. This close attention to crucial yet often overlooked details will aid professionals in creating the next wave of salient research projects and effective interventions, and enhance current efforts to break longstanding patterns of abuse and neglect. Among the topics covered: • Theoretical frameworks conceptualizing intergenerational transmission of child maltreatment.• Empirical studies on intergenerational transmission of child maltreatment.• Risk factors associated with ITCM.• Protective factors associated with breaking the cycle of maltreatment.• Methodological challenges in studying ITCM.• Recommendations for evaluation of intervention and prevention strategies. Geared toward novices and veterans alike, Intergenerational Transmission of Child Maltreatment is a solution-focused reference of singular importance to practitioners and research professionals involved in improving children’s well-being.

Sex Without Consent

Young People in Developing Countries

Author: Shireen J. Jejeebhoy,Iqbal Shah,Shyam Thapa

Publisher: Zed Books

ISBN: 9781842776810

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 370

View: 2601

The pressing need to analyse what is known about non-consensual sex among young people in developing countries is self-evident. Available evidence has been scattered and unrepresentative and has often given the misguided impression that non-consensual sex among young people is rare. This important volume presents a disturbing picture of non-consensual sex among girls as well as boys, and among married as well as unmarried young women in a variety of settings. This volume documents, moreover, the expanse of non-consensual experiences that young people face - from unwanted touch to forced penetrative sex and gang rape. Although focusing on young females, it also sheds light on the experience of young males as both victims and perpetrators.Taking a longer view, this volume highlights key factors placing young people at risk, whilst outlining the significant distinctive health and social implications they face. The editors, based at the Population Council (New Delhi), the World Health Organisation (Geneva), and Family Health International (Arlington) argue compellingly for a radical review and reform of existing programmes designed to prevent this kind of abuse and to support the survivors of sexual trauma in the developing world.

Children of Neglect

When No One Cares

Author: Margaret Smith,Rowena Fong

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135940118

Category: Psychology

Page: 324

View: 4834

This book contains a comprehensive review of the current state of child neglect. Included are statistics regarding incidence and lethality, definitional issues, etiological theory, history of and current policy, and current interventions. As child neglect is often linked with structural issues, the book also examines the relationship of child neglect to poverty, substance abuse and culture.

Capturing Social and Behavioral Domains in Electronic Health Records

Phase 1

Author: Institute of Medicine,Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice,Committee on the Recommended Social and Behavioral Domains and Measures for Electronic Health Records

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309301130

Category: Medical

Page: 136

View: 5926

Substantial empirical evidence of the contribution of social and behavioral factors to functional status and the onset and progression of disease has accumulated over the past few decades. Electronic health records (EHRs) provide crucial information to providers treating individual patients, to health systems, including public health officials, about the health of populations, and to researchers about the determinants of health and the effectiveness of treatment. Inclusion of social and behavioral health domains in EHRs is vital to all three uses. The Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health Act and the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act place new importance on the widespread adoption and meaningful use of EHRs. "Meaningful use" in a health information technology context refers to the use of EHRs and related technology within a health care organization to achieve specified objectives. Achieving meaningful use also helps determine whether an organization can receive payments from the Medicare EHR Incentive Program or the Medicaid EHR Incentive Program. Capturing Social and Behavioral Domains in Electronic Health Records is the first phase of a two-phase study to identify domains and measures that capture the social determinants of health to inform the development of recommendations for meaningful use of EHRs. This report identifies specific domains to be considered by the Office of the National Coordinator, specifies criteria that should be used in deciding which domains should be included, identifies core social and behavioral domains to be included in all EHRs, and identifies any domains that should be included for specific populations or settings defined by age, socioeconomic status, race/ethnicity, disease, or other characteristics.

New Directions in Interpersonal Communication Research

Author: Sandi W. Smith,Steven R. Wilson

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412959403

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 339

View: 2778

Following in the same tradition as two other edited collections that revolutionized interpersonal communication research (G.R. Miller′s Explorations in Interpersonal Communication and M.E. Roloff & G.R. Miller′s Interpersonal Processes) New Directions in Interpersonal Communication presents the latest research being done today and reflects the changes that have occurred in interpersonal communication research during the past 18 years. A combination of established and newer scholars, as well as ′boundary spanners′ (those who are applying interpersonal theories and concepts to areas such as family, health, intercultural, organizational, and mediated communication) illustrate the wealth and breadth of this area of study and research.

Children at Risk

Author: Robert Ammerman,Michel Hersen

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780306434372

Category: Psychology

Page: 314

View: 1719

During the past decade, a dramatic increase in research and clinical interest has risen in child abuse and neglect. This recent growth in awareness isdue at leastpartly to thealarmingstatisticsdocumentingthe incidence of child maltreatment. Almost one million children are re ported to be abused and neglected each year, and many experts believe that this figure underestimates the true incidence. Indeed, recentsurveys suggest that almost 1. 5 million children are the targets of domestic vio lence every year. A significantproportion of these children die as a func tion of this maltreatment, whereas theremaindersuffera variety ofshort and long-term deleterious medicaland psychosocial consequences. Child maltreatment is a universal problem that has precipitated a mobilization of effort from a variety of disciplines, including psychology, medicine, psychiatry, social work, sociology, and criminology. Particular attention has been directed toward the prevention and treatment of childabuse and neglect. Such endeavors require the screen ing of large groups in order to identify families that are at high-risk for engaging in such behavior. Delineating those characteristics that differ entiate high- from low-risk families and children is one of the obvious priorities for researchers and clinicians in the future. This book, there fore, carefully considers the status of research on risk factors of abuse and neglect in children. Adduced data undoubtedly will have practical value for subsequent intervention efforts.

Multisystemische Therapie bei dissozialem Verhalten von Kindern und Jugendlichen

Author: Scott W Henggeler,Sonja K. Schoenwald,Charles M. Borduin,Melisa D. Rowland,Phillippe B. Cunningham

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642201474

Category: Medical

Page: 262

View: 2291

Die multisystemische Therapie (MST) ist ein empirisch abgesichertes Verfahren, das als Alternative zu stationären Behandlungskonzepten auch ambulant angewendet werden kann. In über 30 Ländern wird MST inzwischen erfolgreich mit Kindern und Jugendlichen in über 400 Programmen praktiziert. In diesem Buch werden die Prinzipien der multisystemischen Therapie erläutert. Außerdem bekommen Leser klare Leitlinien an die Hand: für die Indikation und um individuelle Interventionen bei delinquenten Jugendlichen und Kindern zu planen und durchzuführen.

Elternschaft zwischen Projekt und Projektion

Aktuelle Perspektiven der Elternforschung

Author: Kerstin Jergus,Jens Oliver Krüger,Anna Roch

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 365815005X

Category: Education

Page: 319

View: 402

Dieser Band versammelt aktuelle sozialwissenschaftliche Perspektiven der Elternforschung, mit denen Elternschaft zwischen „Projekt und Projektion“ als eigenständiges Forschungsfeld konturiert wird. Gegenwärtig rücken Eltern auf vielfältige Weise in den Mittelpunkt bildungs- und sozialpolitischer, gesellschaftlicher und medialer Aufmerksamkeit. Verbunden mit dem Wandel von Familienverständnissen und Kindheitsbildern und verflochten mit veränderten Geschlechter- und Lohnerwerbsverhältnissen wird Elternschaft zunehmend zu einer zwischen Anforderung und Überforderung changierenden Gestaltungsaufgabe. Die komplexen Anforderungen an Elternschaft wie auch die heterogenen Lebenslagen und Praktiken von Eltern werden in den Einzelbeiträgen dieses Bandes zum Gegenstand theoretischer Reflexionen und empirischer Analysen gemacht.

Evaluation von Studium und Lehre

Grundlagen, methodische Herausforderungen und Lösungsansätze

Author: Daniel Großmann,Tobias Wolbring

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 365810886X

Category: Social Science

Page: 429

View: 1968

In diesem Sammelband werden Probleme in der Evaluation von Studium und Lehre aufgezeigt und ein möglicher Umgang mit ihnen erörtert. Obgleich Evaluationen in Form von Befragungen Studierender zur Lehr- und Studiensituation flächendeckend verbreitet sind, weisen die genutzten Instrumente und Verfahren methodische Probleme auf und besteht daher Kritik an deren Genauigkeit und Verlässlichkeit sowie dem Umgang mit den gewonnenen Ergebnissen. In den Beiträgen werden historische und methodische Grundlagen besprochen, Potentiale und Grenzen spezifischer Evaluationsverfahren aufgezeigt und mögliche externe Einflüsse auf Evaluationsergebnisse betrachtet.

Parenting and Family Processes in Child Maltreatment and Intervention

Author: Douglas M. Teti

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319409204

Category: Social Science

Page: 202

View: 3773

This clear-sighted reference offers a transformative new lens for understanding the role of family processes in creating — and stopping — child abuse and neglect. Its integrative perspective emphasizes the interconnectedness of forms of abuse, the diverse mechanisms of family violence, and a child/family-centered, strengths-based approach to working with families. Chapters review evidence-based interventions and also model collaboration between family professionals for effective coordination of treatment and other services. This powerful ecological framework has major implications for improving assessment, treatment, and prevention as well as future research on child maltreatment. Included among the topics:• Creating a safe haven following child maltreatment: the benefits and limits of social support.• “Why didn’t you tell?” Helping families and children weather the process following a sexual abuse disclosure.• Environments recreated: the unique struggles of children born to abused mothers.• Evidence-based intervention: trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy for children and families.• Preventing the intergenerational transmission of child maltreatment through relational interventions.• Reducing the risk of child maltreatment: challenges and opportunities. Professionals and practitioners particularly interested in family processes, child maltreatment, and developmental psychology will find Parenting and Family Processes in Child Maltreatment and Intervention a major step forward in breaking entrenched abuse cycles and keeping families safe.

International Handbook of Multigenerational Legacies of Trauma

Author: Yael Danieli

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780306457388

Category: Medical

Page: 710

View: 8394

In this text, international scholars explore the enduring legacy of such social shocks as war, genocide, slavery, tyranny, crime, and disease. Cases considered include genocide in many countries; the plight of the families of Holocaust survivors, atomic bomb survivors in Japan, and even the children of Nazis; the long-term effects associated with the Vietnam War and the war in Yugoslavia; and the psychology arising from the legacy of slavery in America.

Laudato si

Die Umwelt-Enzyklika des Papstes

Author: Franziskus (Papst),

Publisher: Verlag Herder GmbH

ISBN: 345180736X

Category: Religion

Page: 288

View: 3798

Mit großer Spannung wurde sie erwartet, auch von Nicht-Katholiken: Die Umwelt-Enzyklika von Papst Franziskus nimmt die heute entscheidenden Themen in den Blick; es geht um die geht um soziale, ökologische und politische Zusammenhänge. Wohl selten war ein päpstliches Schreiben so aktuell und brisant und vor allem relevant für alle Gesellschaftsschichten und Menschen weltweit. Mit "Laudato si" beweist Franziskus, dass die Kirche nach wie vor eine unverzichtbare Stimme im Diskurs zur Gestaltung der modernen Welt ist. Wer verstehen will, wie Papst und Kirche die großen Herausforderungen unserer Zeit bestehen wollen, kommt an diesem Werk nicht vorbei. Ein Muss für jeden, der an den drängenden Fragen unserer Zeit interessiert ist.