New Directions in Child Abuse and Neglect Research

Author: National Research Council,Institute of Medicine,Committee on Law and Justice,Board on Children, Youth, and Families,Committee on Child Maltreatment Research, Policy, and Practice for the Next Decade: Phase II

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309285127

Category: Social Science

Page: 442

View: 2602

Each year, child protective services receive reports of child abuse and neglect involving six million children, and many more go unreported. The long-term human and fiscal consequences of child abuse and neglect are not relegated to the victims themselves -- they also impact their families, future relationships, and society. In 1993, the National Research Council (NRC) issued the report, Under-standing Child Abuse and Neglect, which provided an overview of the research on child abuse and neglect. New Directions in Child Abuse and Neglect Research updates the 1993 report and provides new recommendations to respond to this public health challenge. According to this report, while there has been great progress in child abuse and neglect research, a coordinated, national research infrastructure with high-level federal support needs to be established and implemented immediately. New Directions in Child Abuse and Neglect Research recommends an actionable framework to guide and support future child abuse and neglect research. This report calls for a comprehensive, multidisciplinary approach to child abuse and neglect research that examines factors related to both children and adults across physical, mental, and behavioral health domains--including those in child welfare, economic support, criminal justice, education, and health care systems--and assesses the needs of a variety of subpopulations. It should also clarify the causal pathways related to child abuse and neglect and, more importantly, assess efforts to interrupt these pathways. New Directions in Child Abuse and Neglect Research identifies four areas to look to in developing a coordinated research enterprise: a national strategic plan, a national surveillance system, a new generation of researchers, and changes in the federal and state programmatic and policy response.

Challenging Child Protection

New Directions in Safeguarding Children

Author: Lorraine Waterhouse,Janice McGhee

Publisher: Jessica Kingsley Publishers

ISBN: 0857007602

Category: Social Science

Page: 184

View: 9670

Challenging Child Protection offers a ground-breaking new perspective which will illuminate and improve the professional understanding and practice of social workers and child protection workers. Taking a fresh look at the principles underlying child protection, this book provides a thought-provoking analysis of the evidence base which underpins professional understanding and intervention. It outlines the ways in which agencies have worked to prevent child abuse and neglect and traces key changes in UK policy, as well as situating these amid wider trends in Europe. With contributions from a wide variety of disciplines, including philosophy and anthropology, this is a uniquely diverse collection of academic perspectives. This book challenges our conceptions of child protection and encourages readers to think critically about why children are harmed by adults, how society views child abuse and how this informs practice.

Das mißhandelte Kind

Author: Mary Edna Helfer

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518583586


Page: 1025

View: 8926


Intergenerational Transmission of Child Maltreatment

Author: Lisa Schelbe,Jennifer M. Geiger

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319438247

Category: Social Science

Page: 89

View: 6455

This accessible resource coordinates what we know about the intergenerational transmission of child maltreatment (ITCM), with a specific focus on prevention in context. Cutting through facile cause-and-effect constructs, the authors review and critique the recent literature on the complicated nature of the phenomenon and weigh different approaches to its conceptualization. The book identifies child and parental risk factors linked to ITCM as well as protective factors involved in its reduction, while examining complex relationships between family, parenting, and social contexts that can provide keys to understanding and healing traumatized families. This close attention to crucial yet often overlooked details will aid professionals in creating the next wave of salient research projects and effective interventions, and enhance current efforts to break longstanding patterns of abuse and neglect. Among the topics covered: • Theoretical frameworks conceptualizing intergenerational transmission of child maltreatment.• Empirical studies on intergenerational transmission of child maltreatment.• Risk factors associated with ITCM.• Protective factors associated with breaking the cycle of maltreatment.• Methodological challenges in studying ITCM.• Recommendations for evaluation of intervention and prevention strategies. Geared toward novices and veterans alike, Intergenerational Transmission of Child Maltreatment is a solution-focused reference of singular importance to practitioners and research professionals involved in improving children’s well-being.

Sex Without Consent

Young People in Developing Countries

Author: Shireen J. Jejeebhoy,Iqbal Shah,Shyam Thapa

Publisher: Zed Books

ISBN: 9781842776810

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 370

View: 7205

The pressing need to analyse what is known about non-consensual sex among young people in developing countries is self-evident. Available evidence has been scattered and unrepresentative and has often given the misguided impression that non-consensual sex among young people is rare. This important volume presents a disturbing picture of non-consensual sex among girls as well as boys, and among married as well as unmarried young women in a variety of settings. This volume documents, moreover, the expanse of non-consensual experiences that young people face - from unwanted touch to forced penetrative sex and gang rape. Although focusing on young females, it also sheds light on the experience of young males as both victims and perpetrators.Taking a longer view, this volume highlights key factors placing young people at risk, whilst outlining the significant distinctive health and social implications they face. The editors, based at the Population Council (New Delhi), the World Health Organisation (Geneva), and Family Health International (Arlington) argue compellingly for a radical review and reform of existing programmes designed to prevent this kind of abuse and to support the survivors of sexual trauma in the developing world.

Children of Neglect

When No One Cares

Author: Margaret Smith,Rowena Fong

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135940118

Category: Psychology

Page: 324

View: 6119

This book contains a comprehensive review of the current state of child neglect. Included are statistics regarding incidence and lethality, definitional issues, etiological theory, history of and current policy, and current interventions. As child neglect is often linked with structural issues, the book also examines the relationship of child neglect to poverty, substance abuse and culture.

New Directions in Interpersonal Communication Research

Author: Sandi W. Smith,Steven R. Wilson

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412959403

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 339

View: 2230

Following in the same tradition as two other edited collections that revolutionized interpersonal communication research (G.R. Miller′s Explorations in Interpersonal Communication and M.E. Roloff & G.R. Miller′s Interpersonal Processes) New Directions in Interpersonal Communication presents the latest research being done today and reflects the changes that have occurred in interpersonal communication research during the past 18 years. A combination of established and newer scholars, as well as ′boundary spanners′ (those who are applying interpersonal theories and concepts to areas such as family, health, intercultural, organizational, and mediated communication) illustrate the wealth and breadth of this area of study and research.

Der Körper vergißt nicht

Gehirn, Geist & Körper bei der Heilung von Traumata

Author: Bessel van der Kolk

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783944476131


Page: 480

View: 1068


Capturing Social and Behavioral Domains in Electronic Health Records

Phase 1

Author: Institute of Medicine,Board on Population Health and Public Health Practice,Committee on the Recommended Social and Behavioral Domains and Measures for Electronic Health Records

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309301130

Category: Medical

Page: 136

View: 8004

Substantial empirical evidence of the contribution of social and behavioral factors to functional status and the onset and progression of disease has accumulated over the past few decades. Electronic health records (EHRs) provide crucial information to providers treating individual patients, to health systems, including public health officials, about the health of populations, and to researchers about the determinants of health and the effectiveness of treatment. Inclusion of social and behavioral health domains in EHRs is vital to all three uses. The Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health Act and the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act place new importance on the widespread adoption and meaningful use of EHRs. "Meaningful use" in a health information technology context refers to the use of EHRs and related technology within a health care organization to achieve specified objectives. Achieving meaningful use also helps determine whether an organization can receive payments from the Medicare EHR Incentive Program or the Medicaid EHR Incentive Program. Capturing Social and Behavioral Domains in Electronic Health Records is the first phase of a two-phase study to identify domains and measures that capture the social determinants of health to inform the development of recommendations for meaningful use of EHRs. This report identifies specific domains to be considered by the Office of the National Coordinator, specifies criteria that should be used in deciding which domains should be included, identifies core social and behavioral domains to be included in all EHRs, and identifies any domains that should be included for specific populations or settings defined by age, socioeconomic status, race/ethnicity, disease, or other characteristics.

Elternschaft zwischen Projekt und Projektion

Aktuelle Perspektiven der Elternforschung

Author: Kerstin Jergus,Jens Oliver Krüger,Anna Roch

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 365815005X

Category: Education

Page: 319

View: 8568

Dieser Band versammelt aktuelle sozialwissenschaftliche Perspektiven der Elternforschung, mit denen Elternschaft zwischen „Projekt und Projektion“ als eigenständiges Forschungsfeld konturiert wird. Gegenwärtig rücken Eltern auf vielfältige Weise in den Mittelpunkt bildungs- und sozialpolitischer, gesellschaftlicher und medialer Aufmerksamkeit. Verbunden mit dem Wandel von Familienverständnissen und Kindheitsbildern und verflochten mit veränderten Geschlechter- und Lohnerwerbsverhältnissen wird Elternschaft zunehmend zu einer zwischen Anforderung und Überforderung changierenden Gestaltungsaufgabe. Die komplexen Anforderungen an Elternschaft wie auch die heterogenen Lebenslagen und Praktiken von Eltern werden in den Einzelbeiträgen dieses Bandes zum Gegenstand theoretischer Reflexionen und empirischer Analysen gemacht.

Die Narben der Gewalt

Traumatische Erfahrungen verstehen und überwinden

Author: Judith Herman

Publisher: Junfermann Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 3955717631

Category: Psychology

Page: 352

View: 5701

Dieses Buch ist das Ergebnis jahrzehntelanger Forschung und praktischer Arbeit mit Opfern sexueller und häuslicher Gewalt. Es spiegelt zudem die vielfältigen Erfahrungen der Autorin mit zahlreichen anderen traumatisierten Patienten wider, vor allem mit Kriegsveteranen und Terroropfern. 2015 fasste Judith Herman die neuesten Forschungen und Entwicklungen zusammen und ergänzte somit ihren Klassiker, der nie an Aktualität verloren hat. "Das Buch von Judith Herman ist eines der wichtigsten und gleichzeitig lesbarsten Bücher der modernen Traumaforschung. Es sollte in allen universitären Seminaren zum Thema psychische Traumatisierungen zur Pflichtlektüre gehören." - Dr. Arne Hofmann

Evaluation von Studium und Lehre

Grundlagen, methodische Herausforderungen und Lösungsansätze

Author: Daniel Großmann,Tobias Wolbring

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 365810886X

Category: Social Science

Page: 429

View: 8006

In diesem Sammelband werden Probleme in der Evaluation von Studium und Lehre aufgezeigt und ein möglicher Umgang mit ihnen erörtert. Obgleich Evaluationen in Form von Befragungen Studierender zur Lehr- und Studiensituation flächendeckend verbreitet sind, weisen die genutzten Instrumente und Verfahren methodische Probleme auf und besteht daher Kritik an deren Genauigkeit und Verlässlichkeit sowie dem Umgang mit den gewonnenen Ergebnissen. In den Beiträgen werden historische und methodische Grundlagen besprochen, Potentiale und Grenzen spezifischer Evaluationsverfahren aufgezeigt und mögliche externe Einflüsse auf Evaluationsergebnisse betrachtet.

Handbook of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Advances and New Directions

Author: Paul L. Adams,Efrain Bleiberg

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 9780471193326

Category: Psychology

Page: 581

View: 5620

This volume contains an overview of the history of the field of child psychiatry and examines contemporary issues facing child and adolescent psychiatrists, including the roles that changing family dynamics, multi-culturalism, new technologies, play in children's development, specialized applications such as forensic psychiatry; and insurance-related, ethical and administrative issues that affect child psychiatrists' practices.

Verlust, Trauma und Resilienz

die therapeutische Arbeit mit dem "uneindeutigen Verlust"

Author: Pauline Boss

Publisher: Klett-Cotta

ISBN: 9783608944754

Category: Adaptation, psychological

Page: 315

View: 7469


Traumafokussierte kognitive Verhaltenstherapie bei Kindern und Jugendlichen

Author: Judith A. Cohen,Anthony P. Mannarino,Esther Deblinger

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783540885702

Category: Psychology

Page: 196

View: 1048

Die in den USA entwickelte „Trauma Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy" ist ein verhaltenstherapeutischer Ansatz zur Bearbeitung von Traumata und Trauer bei Kindern und Jugendlichen. Der Therapieansatz wird sehr anschaulich anhand konkreter Beispiele und direkt auf die Therapiesituation bezogen dargestellt. Arbeitsblätter, Beispieldialoge und spezifische Problem-Lösung-Gegenüberstellungen ermöglichen eine schnelle Umsetzung in die Praxis. Die 19 Module des Programms können schnell erfasst und gezielt vertieft werden.

Kindheit und Trauma

Trennung, Mißbrauch, Krieg

Author: Werner Hilweg

Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht

ISBN: 9783525457986

Category: History

Page: 251

View: 2004


Child Welfare

Connecting Research, Policy and Practice

Author: Kathleen Kufeldt

Publisher: Wilfrid Laurier Univ. Press

ISBN: 0889207399

Category: Political Science

Page: 492

View: 3872

In 1994 a group of researchers and decision makers met to discuss the state of child welfare. Also present were a few practitioners and two youth in care. Six years later, when they met again, the number of practitioners and youth had grown considerably and were joined by a strong contingent of foster parents. Thus the findings and insights presented were affirmed or challenged by those most affected -- those on the front line. It was an exciting event, worth capturing in book form. Kathleen Kufeldt and Brad McKenzie have gathered the papers presented at the 2000 Symposium and have organised them under four themes: incidence and characteristics of child maltreatment; the continuum of care; policy and practice; and future directions. An analysis and synthesis of the work informs each of these themes, while an eight-point research agenda developed in an earlier symposium is used to assess developments to date and provide guidance for the future.