Natural Law and Natural Rights

Author: John Finnis

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191021547

Category: Law

Page: 512

View: 2582

First published in 1980, Natural Law and Natural Rights is widely heralded as a seminal contribution to the philosophy of law, and an authoritative restatement of natural law doctrine. It has offered generations of students and other readers a thorough grounding in the central issues of legal, moral, and political philosophy from Finnis's distinctive perspective. This new edition includes a substantial postscript by the author, in which he responds to thirty years of discussion, criticism and further work in the field to develop and refine the original theory. The book closely integrates the philosophy of law with ethics, social theory and political philosophy. The author develops a sustained and substantive argument; it is not a review of other people's arguments but makes frequent illustrative and critical reference to classical, modern, and contemporary writers in ethics, social and political theory, and jurisprudence. The preliminary First Part reviews a century of analytical jurisprudence to illustrate the dependence of every descriptive social science upon evaluations by the theorist. A fully critical basis for such evaluations is a theory of natural law. Standard contemporary objections to natural law theory are reviewed and shown to rest on serious misunderstandings. The Second Part develops in ten carefully structured chapters an account of: basic human goods and basic requirements of practical reasonableness, community and 'the common good'; justice; the logical structure of rights-talk; the bases of human rights, their specification and their limits; authority, and the formation of authoritative rules by non-authoritative persons and procedures; law, the Rule of Law, and the derivation of laws from the principles of practical reasonableness; the complex relation between legal and moral obligation; and the practical and theoretical problems created by unjust laws. A final Part develops a vigorous argument about the relation between 'natural law', 'natural theology' and 'revelation' - between moral concern and other ultimate questions.

The Disintegration of Natural Law Theory

Aquinas to Finnis

Author: Westerman

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004247386

Category: History

Page: 327

View: 1895

This book focusses on conceptual shifts in the successive formulations of natural law theory by Aquinas, Suárez, Grotius, Pufendorf, and Finnis, and reveals the accumulation of problems, inherent in natural law and theory, which ultimately led to its demise.

Naturrecht in der Gegenwart

Anstöße zur Erneuerung naturrechtlichen Denkens im Anschluss an Robert Spaemann

Author: Andrzej Kucinski

Publisher: Verlag Ferdinand Schöningh

ISBN: 3657787100

Category: Religion

Page: 626

View: 4052

In der Bundestagsrede 2011 hat Benedikt XVI. das Schlagwort "Ökologie des Menschen" in Verbindung mit dem Naturrecht gebracht. Letzteres steht für die Integration des Menschlichen und wird aktuell, wo der Mensch über sich selbst verfügen will. Die Zeit des Naturrechts als System ist vorbei, unabweisbar aber bleibt die Frage nach Leben und Sein des Menschen "im Recht". So wird z. B. bei biomedizinischen Eingriffen in das menschliche Genom die Frage nach der künftigen Identität der Menschennatur gestellt. Kein anderer Philosoph hat den konstitutiven Zielbezug des Naturrechts auf die Person des Menschen als allem Denken vorausliegendes Sein so deutlich herausgearbeitet wie Robert Spaemann. Die Erschließung der Entsprechung von Sein und Sollen, wie sie in jeder Person schon präsent ist, und die Umsetzung in eine grenzbewusste Ethik sind entscheidende Anstöße zur Erneuerung naturrechtlichen Denkens.

Retrieving the Natural Law

A Return to Moral First Things

Author: J. Daryl Charles

Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing

ISBN: 080282594X

Category: Law

Page: 346

View: 8693

"In this volume J. Daryl Charles offers a trenchant response to the dearth of Protestant thinking on common-ground moral discourse. Retrieving the Natural Law restates "moral first things" and uniquely applies natural-law thinking to crucial current bioethical issues."--BOOK JACKET.

William of Ockham's Early Theory of Property Rights in Context

Author: Jonathan Robinson

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004243461

Category: Philosophy

Page: 396

View: 2936

This book analyzes William of Ockham's early theory of property rights alongside those of his fellow dissident Franciscans, paying careful attention to each friar's use of Roman and civil law, which provided the conceptual building blocks of the poverty controversy.

Beneficence and Health Care

Author: E.E. Shelp

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400977697

Category: Medical

Page: 266

View: 8242

The meaning and application of the principle of beneficence to issues in health care is rarely clear or certain. Although the principle is frequently employed to justify a variety of actions and inactions, very little has been done from a conceptual point of view to test its relevance to these behaviors or to explore its relationship to other moral principles that also might be called upon to guide or justify conduct. Perhaps more than any other, the principle of benef icence seems particularly appropriate to contexts of health care in which two or more parties interact from positions of relative strength and weakness, advantage and need, to pursue some perceived goal. It is among those moral principles that Tom L. Beauchamp and James F. Childress selected in their textbook on bioethics as applicable to biomedicine in general and relevant to a range of specific issues ([1], pp. 135-167). More narrowly, The National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behav ioral Research identified beneficence as among those moral principles that have particular relevance to the conduct of research involving humans (2). Thus, the principle of beneficence is seen as pertinent to the routine delivery of health care, the discovery of new therapies, and the rationale of public policies related to health care.

The Future of Love

Essays in Political Theology

Author: John Milbank

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 1630874477

Category: Religion

Page: 404

View: 2897

With a newly written preface relating his theology to the current global situation, The Future of Love contains revised versions of eighteen of John Milbank's essays on theology, politics, religion, and culture--ranging from the onset of neoliberalism to its current crisis, and from the British to the global context. Many of the essays first appeared in obscure places and are thus not widely known. Also included are Milbank's most important responses to critiques of his seminal work, Theology and Social Theory. Taken together, the collection amounts to a political theology arrived at from diverse angles. This work is essential reading for all concerned with the current situation of religion in the era of globalization and with the future development of Radical Orthodoxy.

Natural Law Theory

Contemporary Essays

Author: Robert P. George

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198235521

Category: Philosophy

Page: 371

View: 708

This volume presents twelve original essays by contemporary natural law theorists and their critics. Natural law theory is enjoying a revival of interest today in a variety of disciplines, including law, philosophy, political science, and theology and religious studies. These essays offer readers a sense of the lively contemporary debate among natural law theorists of different schools, as well as between natual law theorists and their critics.

Natural Law Ethics

Author: Philip E. Devine

Publisher: Praeger Pub Text


Category: Philosophy

Page: 202

View: 1037

Presents a contemporary version of the natural law tradition as a valid approach to ethical problems.

Law and morality

the twenty-sixth annual national Federalist Society student symposium on law and public policy, 2007

Author: G. Marcus Cole,Federalist Society for Law & Public Policy Studies (U.S.),Harvard Society for Law and Public Policy

Publisher: N.A


Category: Law

Page: 435

View: 7702


Legal Theory in the Crucible of Constitutional Justice

A Study of Judges and Political Morality in Canada, Ireland, and Italy

Author: Rory O'Connell

Publisher: Dartmouth Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780754620976

Category: Law

Page: 338

View: 1277

Constitutional adjudication straddles law and politics, legal and political theory. Referring to legal controversies in Canada (free expression), Ireland (sexual morality) and Italy (religion), this book examines how constitutional judgements rely upon unarticulated political commitments. This interaction between "law" and "morality" allows us to escape the dichotomy of natural law versus positivism in a time when judges increasingly act as moral guardians.

Der Begriff des Rechts

Author: Herbert L. A. Hart

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518296097

Category: Jurisprudence

Page: 395

View: 7587


Archiv für katholisches Kirchenrecht

Author: Kraft Karl Ernst Moy de Sons (Freiherr von),Friedrich Heinrich Theodor Hubert Vering,Franz Xavier Heiner,Nikolaus Hilling

Publisher: N.A


Category: Canon law

Page: N.A

View: 6764