Natural Law and Natural Rights

Author: John Finnis

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191021547

Category: Law

Page: 512

View: 8174

First published in 1980, Natural Law and Natural Rights is widely heralded as a seminal contribution to the philosophy of law, and an authoritative restatement of natural law doctrine. It has offered generations of students and other readers a thorough grounding in the central issues of legal, moral, and political philosophy from Finnis's distinctive perspective. This new edition includes a substantial postscript by the author, in which he responds to thirty years of discussion, criticism and further work in the field to develop and refine the original theory. The book closely integrates the philosophy of law with ethics, social theory and political philosophy. The author develops a sustained and substantive argument; it is not a review of other people's arguments but makes frequent illustrative and critical reference to classical, modern, and contemporary writers in ethics, social and political theory, and jurisprudence. The preliminary First Part reviews a century of analytical jurisprudence to illustrate the dependence of every descriptive social science upon evaluations by the theorist. A fully critical basis for such evaluations is a theory of natural law. Standard contemporary objections to natural law theory are reviewed and shown to rest on serious misunderstandings. The Second Part develops in ten carefully structured chapters an account of: basic human goods and basic requirements of practical reasonableness, community and 'the common good'; justice; the logical structure of rights-talk; the bases of human rights, their specification and their limits; authority, and the formation of authoritative rules by non-authoritative persons and procedures; law, the Rule of Law, and the derivation of laws from the principles of practical reasonableness; the complex relation between legal and moral obligation; and the practical and theoretical problems created by unjust laws. A final Part develops a vigorous argument about the relation between 'natural law', 'natural theology' and 'revelation' - between moral concern and other ultimate questions.
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Der Begriff des Rechts

Author: Herbert L. A. Hart

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518296097

Category: Jurisprudence

Page: 395

View: 5310

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The Disintegration of Natural Law Theory

Aquinas to Finnis

Author: Westerman

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004247386

Category: History

Page: 327

View: 3228

This book focusses on conceptual shifts in the successive formulations of natural law theory by Aquinas, Suárez, Grotius, Pufendorf, and Finnis, and reveals the accumulation of problems, inherent in natural law and theory, which ultimately led to its demise.
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Naturrecht in der Gegenwart

Anstöße zur Erneuerung naturrechtlichen Denkens im Anschluss an Robert Spaemann

Author: Andrzej Kucinski

Publisher: Verlag Ferdinand Schöningh

ISBN: 3657787100

Category: Religion

Page: 626

View: 6012

In der Bundestagsrede 2011 hat Benedikt XVI. das Schlagwort "Ökologie des Menschen" in Verbindung mit dem Naturrecht gebracht. Letzteres steht für die Integration des Menschlichen und wird aktuell, wo der Mensch über sich selbst verfügen will. Die Zeit des Naturrechts als System ist vorbei, unabweisbar aber bleibt die Frage nach Leben und Sein des Menschen "im Recht". So wird z. B. bei biomedizinischen Eingriffen in das menschliche Genom die Frage nach der künftigen Identität der Menschennatur gestellt. Kein anderer Philosoph hat den konstitutiven Zielbezug des Naturrechts auf die Person des Menschen als allem Denken vorausliegendes Sein so deutlich herausgearbeitet wie Robert Spaemann. Die Erschließung der Entsprechung von Sein und Sollen, wie sie in jeder Person schon präsent ist, und die Umsetzung in eine grenzbewusste Ethik sind entscheidende Anstöße zur Erneuerung naturrechtlichen Denkens.
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Retrieving the Natural Law

A Return to Moral First Things

Author: J. Daryl Charles

Publisher: Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing

ISBN: 080282594X

Category: Law

Page: 346

View: 673

"In this volume J. Daryl Charles offers a trenchant response to the dearth of Protestant thinking on common-ground moral discourse. Retrieving the Natural Law restates "moral first things" and uniquely applies natural-law thinking to crucial current bioethical issues."--BOOK JACKET.
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William of Ockham's Early Theory of Property Rights in Context

Author: Jonathan Robinson

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004243461

Category: Philosophy

Page: 396

View: 876

This book analyzes William of Ockham's early theory of property rights alongside those of his fellow dissident Franciscans, paying careful attention to each friar's use of Roman and civil law, which provided the conceptual building blocks of the poverty controversy.
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Beneficence and Health Care

Author: E.E. Shelp

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400977697

Category: Medical

Page: 266

View: 2302

The meaning and application of the principle of beneficence to issues in health care is rarely clear or certain. Although the principle is frequently employed to justify a variety of actions and inactions, very little has been done from a conceptual point of view to test its relevance to these behaviors or to explore its relationship to other moral principles that also might be called upon to guide or justify conduct. Perhaps more than any other, the principle of benef icence seems particularly appropriate to contexts of health care in which two or more parties interact from positions of relative strength and weakness, advantage and need, to pursue some perceived goal. It is among those moral principles that Tom L. Beauchamp and James F. Childress selected in their textbook on bioethics as applicable to biomedicine in general and relevant to a range of specific issues ([1], pp. 135-167). More narrowly, The National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behav ioral Research identified beneficence as among those moral principles that have particular relevance to the conduct of research involving humans (2). Thus, the principle of beneficence is seen as pertinent to the routine delivery of health care, the discovery of new therapies, and the rationale of public policies related to health care.
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Natural Law Theory

Contemporary Essays

Author: Robert P. George

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198235521

Category: Philosophy

Page: 371

View: 4162

This volume presents twelve original essays by contemporary natural law theorists and their critics. Natural law theory is enjoying a revival of interest today in a variety of disciplines, including law, philosophy, political science, and theology and religious studies. These essays offer readers a sense of the lively contemporary debate among natural law theorists of different schools, as well as between natual law theorists and their critics.
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Natural Law Ethics

Author: Philip E. Devine

Publisher: Praeger Pub Text

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy

Page: 202

View: 6017

Presents a contemporary version of the natural law tradition as a valid approach to ethical problems.
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Philosophy of Law

A Very Short Introduction

Author: Raymond Wacks

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199687005

Category: Law

Page: 150

View: 5705

The concept of law lies at the heart of our social and political life, shaping the character of our community and underlying issues from racism and abortion to human rights and international war. The revised edition of this Very Short Introduction examines the central questions about law's relation to justice, morality, and democracy.
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Monographic Series

Author: Library of Congress,Library of Congress. Catalog Publication Division

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Children's literature in series Catalogs

Page: N.A

View: 370

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The New Scholasticism

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy

Page: N.A

View: 9376

Includes section "Book Reviews."
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Die Reformation der Rechte

Recht, Religion und Menschenrechte im frühen Calvinismus

Author: John Witte Jr.

Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht

ISBN: 3788728345

Category: Religion

Page: 422

View: 7129

Johannes Calvin entwickelte ein neues Verständnis von Rechten und Freiheiten, von Kirche und Staat, das das Rechtssystem der frühen protestantischen Staaten formte. Seine Lehren, die sich schnell in Westeuropa ausbreiteten, wurden immer wieder durch große Krisen herausgefordert: die französischen Religionskriege, die niederländische Revolte, die englische Revolution, die amerikanische Kolonisation und Revolution. In solchen Krisen waren es Anhänger Calvins, die sein Denken aktualisierten und der neuen Situation anpassten. Eine Reihe grundlegender westlicher Auffassungen von Religion und politischen Rechten, sozialem und konfessionellem Pluralismus, Föderalismus und Gesellschaftsvertrag haben im frühmodernen Calvinismus ihren Ursprung.
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