Nationalism in Germany, 1848-1866

Revolutionary Nation

Author: Mark Hewitson

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 0230313523

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 6808

How, why and when did unification occur in Germany? In the first full-length study of its kind, Mark Hewitson reassesses the relationship between politics and the nation in the critical decades between the revolutions of 1848-9 and unification after 1866. This comprehensive, original and insightful text: • revises traditional accounts of Bismarck's role and concentrates instead on the emergence of political parties and a German public sphere • questions the existence of a broad shift from liberal to conservative nationalism • challenges the notion that cultural and ethnic forms of nationalism were particularly pronounced in Germany as a result of late unification • qualifies the idea of a 'revolution from above'. Ideal for students and scholars alike, Mark Hewitson offers a fresh interpretation of a formative period in modern German history.
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Der Deutsche Bund

1815-1866

Author: Wolf D. Gruner

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 340663611X

Category: History

Page: 128

View: 7746

Der Deutsche Bund steht historisch zwischen dem Heiligen Römischen Reich deutscher Nation und dem deutschen Kaiserreich von 1870/71. Zwischen 1815 und 1866 sicherte er Frieden und Entwicklung in Europa. Dennoch spielt er im historischen Bewusstsein der Deutschen kaum eine Rolle. Trotz seiner Schwächen und Defizite ist es an der Zeit, ihn gerechter zu beurteilen. Wolf D. Gruner bettet die Geschichte des Deutschen Bundes in die europäischen Zusammenhänge ein, zeigt, dass er mit seiner föderativen Organisation ein geeignetes Band für die deutsche Nation darstellte und verdeutlicht, dass die deutsche Geschichte keineswegs zwangsläufig auf die Gründung eines Nationalstaates hinauslief.
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Histories of Nationalism in Ireland and Germany

A Comparative Study from 1800 to 1932

Author: Shane Nagle

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1474263763

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 988

Focusing on the era in which the modern idea of nationalism emerged as a way of establishing the preferred political, cultural, and social order for society, this book demonstrates that across different European societies the most important constituent of nationalism has been a specific understanding of the nation's historical past. Analysing Ireland and Germany, two largely unconnected societies in which the past was peculiarly contemporary in politics and where the meaning of the nation was highly contested, this volume examines how narratives of origins, religion, territory and race produced by historians who were central figures in the cultural and intellectual histories of both countries interacted; it also explores the similarities and differences between the interactions in these societies. Histories of Nationalism in Ireland and Germany investigates whether we can speak of a particular common form of nationalism in Europe. The book draws attention to cultural and intellectual links between the Irish and the Germans during this period, and what this meant for how people in either society understood their national identity in a pivotal time for the development of the historical discipline in Europe. Contributing to a growing body of research on the 'transnationality' of nationalism, this new study of a hitherto-unexplored area will be of interest to historians of modern Germany and Ireland, comparative and transnational historians, and students and scholars of nationalism, as well as those interested in the relationship between biography and writing history.
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Germany Since 1789

A Nation Forged and Renewed

Author: David G. Williamson

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137350067

Category: History

Page: 536

View: 6144

This essential text provides a clear and engaging introduction to the history of modern Germany. The updated and expanded new edition now takes the story back to 1789 and brings it right up to the present day, adopting a controversy-led approach throughout. Visual evidence, maps, documents and key event boxes support the text and aid learning.
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The Oxford Handbook of the History of Nationalism

Author: John Breuilly

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191644269

Category: Political Science

Page: 818

View: 1298

The Oxford Handbook of the History of Nationalism comprises thirty six essays by an international team of leading scholars, providing a global coverage of the history of nationalism in its different aspects - ideas, sentiments, and politics. Every chapter takes the form of an interpretative essay which, by a combination of thematic focus, comparison, and regional perspective, enables the reader to understand nationalism as a distinct and global historical subject. The book covers the emergence of nationalist ideas, sentiments, and cultural movements before the formation of a world of nation-states as well as nationalist politics before and after the era of the nation-state, with chapters covering Europe, the Middle East, North-East Asia, South Asia, Southeast Asia, sub-Saharan Africa, and the Americas. Essays on everday national sentiment and race ideas in fascism are accompanied by chapters on nationalist movements opposed to existing nation-states, nationalism and international relations, and the role of external intervention into nationalist disputes within states. In addition, the book looks at the major challenges to nationalism: international socialism, religion, pan-nationalism, and globalization, before a final section considering how historians have approached the subject of nationalism. Taken separately, the chapters in this Handbook will deepen understanding of nationalism in particular times and places; taken together they will enable the reader to see nationalism as a distinct subject in modern world history.
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Populäre Geschichtsschreibung

Historiker, Verleger und die deutsche Öffentlichkeit (1848-1900)

Author: Martin Nissen

Publisher: Böhlau Verlag Köln Weimar

ISBN: 9783412202835

Category: Books and reading

Page: 375

View: 8826

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Wissenschaftspopularisierung im 19. Jahrhundert

Bürgerliche Kultur, naturwissenschaftliche Bildung und die deutsche Öffentlichkeit 1848-1914

Author: Andreas Daum

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3486832506

Category: History

Page: 632

View: 6446

Mit diesem Buch werden die vielfältigen Formen, in denen noch heute Wissenschaft popularisiert wird, erstmals auf ihre Ursprünge im 19. Jahrhundert zurückgeführt und zentral in die bürgerliche Kultur dieser Zeit eingelagert. Entgegen langlebigen Vorurteilen kann nachgewiesen werden, dass es eine breite, farbige und kulturell tief verwurzelte Tradition der Populärwissenschaft in Deutschland gibt. Im Mittelpunkt steht die Frage, welche Bedeutung die naturwissenschaftliche Bildung in der bürgerlichen Gesellschaft entfaltete. Die Entwicklung des naturkundlichen Vereinswesens und Schulunterrichts und die Ausbreitung einer von Naturwissenschaftlern organisierten Festkultur werden ebenso als Teile der Geschichte bürgerlicher Öffentlichkeit beschrieben wie die rasante Zunahme von populärwissenschaftlichen Zeitschriften und Büchern. Dabei wird zum einen deutlich, wie sich publikumsorientierte Sprach- und Darstellungsformen sowie eigene Gruppen von Wissensvermittlern etablierten. Zum anderen werden die Inhalte und ideologischen Deutungspotentiale, die über populäre Medien vermittelt wurden und zum bürgerlichen Verständnis von Natur beitrugen, besonders betont. Die Geschichte von Öffentlichkeit und Bürgerlichkeit in Deutschland gewinnt auf diese Weise neue Konturen, zumal zahlreiche Interpretationen vorgelegt werden, die über bisherige Forschungsmeinungen hinausweisen. So begreift dieses Buch die Wissenschaftspopularisierung als Teil des Nachwirkens revolutionärer Anliegen von 1848, der Darwinismus wird in seiner ideellen Prägekraft erheblich relativiert, und das Verhältnis von Naturwissenschaften und christlicher Religion findet eine neue Würdigung. Dieses Buch soll eine eklatante Forschungslücke schließen und zugleich die Geschichte der Populärwissenschaft im öffentlichen Bewusstsein der heutigen Mediengesellschaft verankern. Die Darstellung zielt darauf, eine Brücke zu schlagen zwischen der allgemeinen Geschichte, im besonderen der florierenden Bürgertumsforschung, und eher marginalisierten Bereichen wie der Geistes-, Religions- und Wissenschaftsgeschichte. Der Band hat einen fachwissenschaftlichen Charakter, ist aber in seinem leserfreundlichen Stil und der leicht zugänglichen Gliederung für einen weiten Leserkreis geschrieben. Er wendet sich zum einen an alle HistorikerInnen, die neue Erkenntnisse über die deutsche Kultur im 19. Jahrhundert und das Verhältnis von Wissenschaft, Gesellschaft und Öffentlichkeit gewinnen möchten. Zum anderen sind alle historisch interessierten Leser und die Vertreter von Nachbardisziplinen, darunter Literatur- und Kommunikationswissenschaften ebenso wie Theologie und Naturwissenschaften, angesprochen. Das Buch bietet darüber hinaus eine an keiner anderen Stelle greifbare Sammlung von Kurzbiographien, mehrere Tabellen, zahlreiche Abbildungen und erstmalig eine Bibliographie populärwissenschaftlicher Texte des 19. Jahrhunderts. Damit kann dieser Band auch hervorragend als Nachschlagewerk genutzt und über das umfangreiche Orts-, Personen- und Sachregister leicht erschlossen werden.
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Germany from Napoleon to Bismarck

1800-1866

Author: Thomas Nipperdey

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400864305

Category: History

Page: 770

View: 9670

Thomas Nipperdey offers readers insights into the history and the culture of German nationalism, bringing to light much-needed information on the immediate prenational period of transition. A subject of passionate debates, the beginnings of German nationalism here receive a thorough-going exploration, from the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire to Bismarck's division of the German-speaking world into three parts: an enlarged Prussian state north of the Main, an isolated Austria-Hungary in the south, and a group of Catholic states in between. This altering of power structures, Nipperdey maintains, was the crucial action on which the future of the German state hinged. He traces the failure of German liberalism amidst the rise of nationalism, turning it from a story of inevitable catastrophe toward a series of episodes filled with contingency and choice. The book opens with the seismic effect of Napoleon on the German ancien-régime. Napoleon's modernizing hegemony is shown to have led to the gradual emergence of a civil society based on the liberal bourgeoisie. Nipperdey examines the fate of this society from the revolutions of 1848-49 through the rise of Bismarck. Into this story he weaves insights concerning family life, working conditions, agriculture, industrialization, and demography as well as religion, learning, and the arts. Originally published in 1996. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.
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Bismarck

Der Reichsgründer

Author: Otto Pflanze

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 9783406548222

Category:

Page: 906

View: 1273

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Hitler 1889 – 1936

Author: Ian Kershaw

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 3641119820

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 976

View: 7232

Ein epochales Werk, ein Höhepunkt der Geschichtsschreibung Das auf zwei Bände angelegte Werk des britischen Historikers Ian Kershaw ist beides: eine Biographie Hitlers und eine Geschichte der NS-Zeit. Es untersucht eindrucksvoll die historischen Kräfte, die einen trägen österreichischen Träumer in einen Diktator mit immenser Macht verwandelten. Kershaw vertritt den Standpunkt, dass die Ursachen für Hitlers Macht nicht nur in den Taten des Diktators gesucht werden müssen, sondern auch (und ganz besonders) in den sozialen Verhältnissen eines Staates, der es ihm erlaubte, alle institutionellen und moralischen Grenzen zu überschreiten.
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Der Bismarck-Mythos

die Deutschen und der Eiserne Kanzler

Author: Robert Gerwarth

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783886808717

Category:

Page: 285

View: 1594

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The Course of German Nationalism

From Frederick the Great to Bismarck 1763-1867

Author: Hagen Schulze

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521377591

Category: History

Page: 174

View: 8386

The arduous path from the colorful diversity of the Holy Roman Empire to the Prussian-dominated German nation-state, Bismarck's German Empire of 1871, led through revolutions, wars and economic upheavals, but also through the cultural splendor of German Classicism and Romanticism. Hagen Schulze takes a fresh look at late eighteenth and nineteenth century German history, explaining it as the interaction of revolutionary forces from below and from above, of economics, politics, and culture. None of the results were predetermined, and yet their outcome was of momentous significance for all of Europe, if not the world.
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Post-revolutionary Europe

1815-1856

Author: Martyn Lyons

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137019808

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 5641

Martyn Lyons offers a fresh interpretation of European history in the half-century following the fall of Napoleon. Instead of seeing the period in traditional terms of Restoration and Reaction, this new account emphasizes the problems of remembering and forgetting the recent revolutionary and Napoleonic past, and of either incorporating or rejecting its legacy. Post-Revolutionary Europe: - makes interesting comparisons and contrasts between the fall of the French Empire in 1815 and the collapse of the Soviet Empire in 1989-91 - examines the new forms of popular participation in political life which developed between the 1830 and 1848 Revolutions, as a broad public sphere of action was created - offers a series of thematic chapters which discuss key topics such as peasants and artisans, the bourgeois family, nationalism, the growth of cities, and European Jewry - covers a wide geographical context, from Britain to the Balkans and from Portugal to Russia. Illustrated throughout, this clear and engaging text is essential reading for all those with an interest in this important period of European history.
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Absolute War

Violence and Mass Warfare in the German Lands, 1792-1820

Author: Mark Hewitson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0191091359

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 3908

Wars have played a fundamental part in modern German history. Although infrequent, conflicts involving German states have usually been extensive and often catastrophic, constituting turning-points for Europe as a whole. Absolute War is the first in a series of studies from Mark Hewitson that explore how such conflicts were experienced by soldiers and civilians during wartime, and how they were subsequently imagined and understood during peacetime, from Clausewitz and Kleist to Jünger and Adorno. Without such an understanding, it is difficult to make sense of the dramatic shifts characterising the politics of Germany and Europe over the past two centuries. The studies argue that the ease - or reluctance - with which Germans went to war, and the far-reaching consequences of such wars on domestic politics, were related to soldiers' and civilians' attitudes to violence and death, as well as to long-term transformations in contemporaries' conceptualisation of conflict. Absolute War reassesses the meaning of military conflict for the millions of German subjects who were directly implicated in the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars. Based on a re-reading of contemporary diaries, letters, memoirs, official correspondence, press reports, pamphlets, treatises, plays, and cartoons, this volume refocuses attention on combat and conscription as the central components of new forms of mass warfare. It concentrates, in particular, on the impact of violence, killing, and death on many soldiers' and some civilians' experiences and subsequent memories of conflict. War has often been conceived of as 'an act of violence pushed to its utmost bounds', as Clausewitz put it, but the relationship between military conflicts and violent acts remains a problematic one.
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Manifest der Kommunistischen Partei (illustriert)

Author: Karl Marx,Friedrich Engels

Publisher: Clap Publishing, LLC.

ISBN: 163537698X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 47

View: 3317

Das Manifest der Kommunistischen Partei, auch Das Kommunistische Manifest genannt, ist ein programmatischer text, in dem Karl Marx und Friedrich Engels große Teile der später als „Marxismus“ bezeichneten Weltanschauung entwickelten.Das Manifest entstand im Auftrag des Bundes der Kommunisten, der darin seine Anschauungen darlegen wollte. Es beginnt mit dem heute geflügelten Wort: „Ein Gespenst geht um in Europa – das Gespenst des Kommunismus“ und endet mit dem bekannten Aufruf: „Proletarier aller Länder, vereinigt euch!
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Silesia and Central European Nationalisms

The Emergence of National and Ethnic Groups in Prussian Silesia and Austrian Silesia, 1848-1918

Author: Tomasz Kamusella

Publisher: Purdue University Press

ISBN: 9781557533715

Category: History

Page: 370

View: 9742

This book analyzes the problems of nation building in the Central European region of Silesia in 1848 to 1918. The German ethnic model of nation building steeped in language and culture had been replicated in the case of Polish and Czech nationalisms. Silesia became a focal point as an area that was sought after by all three nations.
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The People's Wars

Histories of Violence in the German Lands, 1820-1888

Author: Mark Hewitson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0191056057

Category: History

Page: 512

View: 1100

How did ministers, journalists, academics, artists, and subjects in the German lands imagine war during the nineteenth century? The Napoleonic Wars had been the bloodiest in Europe's history, directly affecting millions of Germans, yet their long-term consequences on individuals and on 'politics' are still poorly understood. This study makes sense of contemporaries' memories and histories of the Revolutionary and Napoleonic campaigns within a much wider context of press reportage of wars elsewhere in Europe and overseas, debates about military service and the reform of Germany's armies, revolution and counter-revolution, and individuals' experiences of violence and death in their everyday lives. For the majority of the populations of the German states, wars during an era of conscription were not merely a matter of history and memory; rather, they concerned subjects' hopes, fears, and expectations of the future. This is the second volume of Mark Hewitson's study of the violence of war in the German lands during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. It investigates the complex relationship between military conflicts and the violent acts of individual soldiers. In particular, it considers the contradictory impact of 'pacification' in civilian life and exposure to increasingly destructive technologies of killing during war-time. This contradiction reached its nineteenth-century apogee during the 'wars of unification', leaving an ambiguous imprint on post-war discussions of military conflict.
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