Nationalism and International Society

Author: James Mayall

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521389617

Category: Political Science

Page: 175

View: 3898

What is meant by international society? On what principles is the notion of international society based? How has the notion of nationalism influenced its evolution? In this book James Mayall addresses these questions and sheds important new light upon the issues of nation and international society by bringing together subjects which have hitherto been examined separately. Mayall locates his study within a theoretical discussion of the relationship between the ideas of nationalism and international society, maintaining that it is one of challenge and accommodation. He then explores three central issues. First, the manner in which nationalism has created new states and pushed the boundaries of international society outwards. Second, how the confrontation between nationalist and liberal ideas about international economic relations has impelled state activity downward into the lives of ordinary people and outward into the international political economy. And third, the way Third World nationalism has reacted against the postwar international economic order but has been unable to alter it in its favour. Nationalism and international society will be of interest to specialists and students of international relations with special reference to nationalism and sovereignty, and to modern historians of world order, decolonisation and economic nationalism.
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Religion and Nationalism in Global Perspective

Author: J. Christopher Soper,Joel S. Fetzer

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107189438

Category: Political Science

Page: 304

View: 8128

Offers a new framework for understanding how religion and nationalism interact across diverse countries and religious traditions.
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National Identity and Foreign Policy

Nationalism and Leadership in Poland, Russia and Ukraine

Author: Ilya Prizel

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521576970

Category: Political Science

Page: 443

View: 1519

This book is based on the premise that the foreign policy of any country is heavily influenced by a society's evolving notions of itself. Applying his analysis to Russia, Poland, and Ukraine, the author argues that national identity is an ever-changing concept, influenced by internal and external events, and by the manipulation of a polity's collective memory. The interaction of the narrative of a society and its foreign policy is therefore paramount. This is especially the case in East-Central Europe, where political institutions are weak, and social coherence remains subject to the vagaries of the concept of nationhood. Ilya Prizel's study will be of interest to students of nationalism, as well as of foreign policy and politics in East-Central Europe.
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The Global Transformation

Author: Barry Buzan,George Lawson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107035570

Category: History

Page: 426

View: 7291

This book shows how the political, economic, military and cultural revolutions of the nineteenth century shaped modern international relations.
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Nationalism and Violence

Author: Christopher Dandeker

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9781412829359

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 469

With contributions from leading scholars from the humanities and social sciences, this book provides an interdisciplinary analysis of the roots of violent national conflicts within and between states. It considers some of the key mechanisms of conflict resolution, including economic interdependence and revised notions of sovereignty and the nation-state.
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Nationalism and Communism in Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union

A Basic Contradiction

Author: W. Kemp

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230375251

Category: Political Science

Page: 292

View: 1399

Nationalism and Communism in Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union looks at communism's attempts to come to terms with nationalism between Marx and Yeltsin, how the inability of communist theorists and practitioners to achieve an effective synthesis between nationalism and communism contributed to communism's collapse, and what lessons that holds for contemporary Europe.
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The Social Construction of the Ocean

Author: Philip E. Steinberg

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521010573

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 239

View: 4520

This 2001 book discusses the changing uses, regulations and representation of the sea from 1450 to now.
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An Introduction to International Relations

Author: Richard Devetak,Anthony Burke,Jim George

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139505602

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 8027

Invaluable to students and those approaching the subject for the first time, An Introduction to International Relations, Second Edition provides a comprehensive and stimulating introduction to international relations, its traditions and its changing nature in an era of globalisation. Thoroughly revised and updated, it features chapters written by a range of experts from around the world. It presents a global perspective on the theories, history, developments and debates that shape this dynamic discipline and contemporary world politics. Now in full-colour and accompanied by a password-protected companion website featuring additional chapters and case studies, this is the indispensable guide to the study of international relations.
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How Solidarity Works for Welfare

Subnationalism and Social Development in India

Author: Prerna Singh

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316299457

Category: Political Science

Page: 304

View: 5284

Why are some places in the world characterized by better social service provision and welfare outcomes than others? In a world in which millions of people, particularly in developing countries, continue to lead lives plagued by illiteracy and ill-health, understanding the conditions that promote social welfare is of critical importance to political scientists and policy makers alike. Drawing on a multi-method study, from the late-nineteenth century to the present, of the stark variations in educational and health outcomes within a large, federal, multiethnic developing country - India - this book develops an argument for the power of collective identity as an impetus for state prioritization of social welfare. Such an argument not only marks an important break from the dominant negative perceptions of identity politics but also presents a novel theoretical framework to understand welfare provision.
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Constructivism in International Relations

The Politics of Reality

Author: Maja Zehfuss

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521894661

Category: Political Science

Page: 289

View: 408

Maja Zehfuss' book offers a fundamental critique of constructivism, focusing on the work of Wendt, Onuf and Kratochwil. Using Germany's shift towards participation in international military operations as an illustration, she demonstrates why each version of constructivism fails in its own project and comes apart on the basis of its own assumptions. Inspired by Derridean thought, this book highlights the political consequences of constructivist representations of reality. Each critique concludes that constructivist notions of key concepts are impossible, and that this is not merely a question of theoretical inconsistency, but of politics. The book is premised on the notion that the 'empirical' and the 'theoretical' are less separate than is acknowledged in international relations, and must be read as intertwined. Zehfuss examines the scholars' role in international relations, worrying that, by looking to constructivism as the future, they will be severely curtailing their ability to act responsibly in this area.
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Social Theory of International Politics

Author: Alexander Wendt

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107268435

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 4493

Drawing upon philosophy and social theory, Social Theory of International Politics develops a theory of the international system as a social construction. Alexander Wendt clarifies the central claims of the constructivist approach, presenting a structural and idealist worldview which contrasts with the individualism and materialism which underpins much mainstream international relations theory. He builds a cultural theory of international politics, which takes whether states view each other as enemies, rivals or friends as a fundamental determinant. Wendt characterises these roles as 'cultures of anarchy', described as Hobbesian, Lockean and Kantian respectively. These cultures are shared ideas which help shape state interests and capabilities, and generate tendencies in the international system. The book describes four factors which can drive structural change from one culture to another - interdependence, common fate, homogenization, and self-restraint - and examines the effects of capitalism and democracy in the emergence of a Kantian culture in the West.
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Islam and Democracy in Indonesia

Tolerance without Liberalism

Author: Jeremy Menchik

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316462668

Category: Political Science

Page: 207

View: 8300

Indonesia's Islamic organizations sustain the country's thriving civil society, democracy, and reputation for tolerance amid diversity. Yet scholars poorly understand how these organizations envision the accommodation of religious difference. What does tolerance mean to the world's largest Islamic organizations? What are the implications for democracy in Indonesia and the broader Muslim world? Jeremy Menchik argues that answering these questions requires decoupling tolerance from liberalism and investigating the historical and political conditions that engender democratic values. Drawing on archival documents, ethnographic observation, comparative political theory, and an original survey, Islam and Democracy in Indonesia demonstrates that Indonesia's Muslim leaders favor a democracy in which individual rights and group-differentiated rights converge within a system of legal pluralism, a vision at odds with American-style secular government but common in Africa, Asia and Eastern Europe.
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Minority Rights

Between Diversity and Community

Author: Jennifer Jackson Preece

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 9780745623955

Category: Political Science

Page: 213

View: 9441

The question of minority rights is one of the great dilemmas of contemporary politics. Increases in the flow of immigrants, migrants and refugees have raised public concerns that greater cultural and ethnic diversity creates instability within nation–states. But does stability really require homogeneity? Or can it be maintained in the presence of different minority groups? In this path–breaking book, Jackson Preece analyses whether traditional minority rights theory is sufficiently dynamic to inform effective responses to modern challenges. The central premise behind minority rights is that groups recognized and supported by the political community are far less likely to challenge its authority or threaten its territorial integrity. However, as Jackson Preece shows, the potential for collisions of values and interests still exists, and the possibility of a permanent solution to the problem of diversity remains illusive. Minority Rights will be an indispensable resource for students and scholars of political science, international relations, law, and sociology.
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Psychonationalism

Global Thought, Iranian Imaginations

Author: Arshin Adib-Moghaddam

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108502342

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 6780

States routinely and readily exploit the grey zone between sentiments of national affinity and hegemonic emotions geared to nationalist aggression. In this book, Arshin Adib-Moghaddam focuses on the use of Iranian identity to offer a timely exploration into the psychological and political roots of national identity and how these are often utilised by governments from East to West. Examining this trend, both under the Shah as well as by the governments since the 1979 Iranian revolution, Adib-Moghaddam's analysis is driven by what he terms 'psycho-nationalism', a new concept derived from psychological dynamics in the making of nations. Through this, he demonstrates how nationalist ideas evolved in global history and their impact on questions of identity, statecraft and culture. Psycho-nationalism describes how a nation is made, sustained and 'sold' to its citizenry and will interest students and scholars of Iranian culture and politics, world political history, nationalism studies and political philosophy.
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Nationalist Exclusion and Ethnic Conflict

Shadows of Modernity

Author: Andreas Wimmer

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521011853

Category: Philosophy

Page: 319

View: 5819

Argues that nationalist exclusion and ethnic conflict are characteristic of a modern society that is fragmented into nation states.
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The Refugee in International Society

Between Sovereigns

Author: Emma Haddad

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139470000

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 6612

With the unrelenting unrest in places such as Iraq, Afghanistan and the Sudan, the plight of refugees has become an increasingly discussed topic in international relations. Why do we have refugees? When did the refugee 'problem' emerge? How can the refugee ever be reconciled with an international system that rests on sovereignty? Looking at three key periods - the inter-war period, the Cold War and the present day - Emma Haddad demonstrates how a specific image has defined the refugee since the international states system arose in its modern form and that refugees have thus been qualitatively the same over the course of history. This historical and normative approach suggests new ways to understand refugees and to formulate responses to them. By examining the issue from an international society perspective, this book highlights how refugees are an inevitable, if unanticipated, result of erecting political borders.
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The Marketing of Rebellion

Insurgents, Media, and International Activism

Author: Clifford Bob

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521607865

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 237

View: 4618

This book rejects dominant views that needy political movements readily gain help from nongovernmental organizations.
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Palaces of Hope

The Anthropology of Global Organizations

Author: Ronald Niezen,Maria Sapignoli

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108107788

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 9520

This volume assembles in one place the work of scholars who are making key contributions to a new approach to the United Nations, and to global organizations and international law more generally. Anthropology has in recent years taken on global organizations as a legitimate source of its subject matter. The research that is being done in this field gives a human face to these world-reforming institutions. Palaces of Hope demonstrates that these institutions are not monolithic or uniform, even though loosely connected by a common organizational network. They vary above all in their powers and forms of public engagement. Yet there are common threads that run through the studies included here: the actions of global institutions in practice, everyday forms of hope and their frustration, and the will to improve confronted with the realities of nationalism, neoliberalism, and the structures of international power.
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Alliance Formation in Civil Wars

Author: Fotini Christia

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139851756

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 1399

Some of the most brutal and long-lasting civil wars of our time involve the rapid formation and disintegration of alliances among warring groups, as well as fractionalization within them. It would be natural to suppose that warring groups form alliances based on shared identity considerations - such as Christian groups allying with Christian groups - but this is not what we see. Two groups that identify themselves as bitter foes one day, on the basis of some identity narrative, might be allies the next day and vice versa. Nor is any group, however homogeneous, safe from internal fractionalization. Rather, looking closely at the civil wars in Afghanistan and Bosnia and testing against the broader universe of fifty-three cases of multiparty civil wars, Fotini Christia finds that the relative power distribution between and within various warring groups is the primary driving force behind alliance formation, alliance changes, group splits and internal group takeovers.
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