Rock, Resistance, and the Struggle for the Soul of Islam
Author: Mark LeVine
Category: Social Science
View: 3318“We play heavy metal because our lives are heavy metal.” —Reda Zine, one of the founders of the Moroccan heavy-metal scene “Music is the weapon of the future.” —Fela Kuti An eighteen-year-old Moroccan who loves Black Sabbath. A twenty-two-year-old rapper from the Gaza Strip. A young Lebanese singer who quotes Bob Marley’s “Redemption Song.” They are as representative of the world of Islam today as the conservatives and extremists we see every night on the news. Heavy metal, punk, hip-hop, and reggae are each the music of protest, and in many cases considered immoral in the Muslim world. This music may also turn out to be the soundtrack of a revolution unfolding across that world. Why, despite governmental attempts to control and censor them, do these musicians and fans keep playing and listening? Partly, of course, for the joy of self-expression, but also because, in this region, everything is political. In Heavy Metal Islam, Mark LeVine explores the influence of Western music on the Middle East through interviews with musicians and fans, introducing us young Muslims struggling to reconcile their religion with a passion for music and a desire for change. The result is a revealing tour of contemporary Islamic culture through the evolving music scene in the Middle East and Northern Africa. Heavy Metal Islam is a surprising, wildly entertaining foray into a historically authoritarian region where music just might be the true democratizing force. From the Trade Paperback edition.
Author: Fadlou Shehadi
View: 7061This surveys the philosophies of music of the most important thinkers in Islam between the 9th and the 15th centuries A.D. It covers topics ranging from the physics and aesthetics of sound, the nature of music, its place in the total scheme of things and in human life, the relation between music, astronomy, astrology and meteorology, the relation between music and human feelings, character and behavour, to the question of whether a good Muslim should be allowed to listen to music at all, and if so, to which sorts. The book traces the influence of Greek, in particular Pythagorean and Aristoxenian, thinking in Islam on this subject, and aims to provide a philosophically coherent statement of thinking of the Islamic writers concerned, a clarification of their central arguments, as well as a critical evaluation of their line of thought. The author introduces a wide range of material from manuscript sources, including much that has not been published before. This work will be of interest to Islamicists, but also to medievalists, musicologists, historians of the philosophy of music and classicists.
Nach der lateinischen Übersetzung Gerhards von Cremona. Lateinisch-deutsch
Publisher: Meiner, F
View: 4144Al-Farabi (870–950) war einer der bedeutendsten arabischen Philosophen, der sich um die Vermittlung der islamischen Philosophie mit dem Denken der griechischen Antike besondere Verdienste erwarb. Seine Schrift "Über die Wissenschaften" erlangte durch die Übersetzung von Gerhard von Cremona eine nachhaltige Rezeption in der Philosophie des lateinischen Mittelalters. Denn in dieser Schrift beschreibt und bewertet Al-Farabi alle zu seiner Zeit bekannten Wissenschaften, erörtert sie in ihren Funktionen und Untergliederungen und setzt sie zueinander in Beziehung. Die eigentliche Bedeutung dieser Schrift liegt jedoch darin, den Erkenntnissen der beschriebenen Wissenschaften ihr eigenes Recht gegenüber den überlieferten Lehren der Religion zuzuschreiben und das Verhältnis zwischen Glauben und Wissen neu zu bestimmen.
Music and Islam in Indonesia
Author: David Harnish,Anne Rasmussen
Publisher: Oxford University Press
View: 7359Divine Inspirations: Music and Islam in Indonesia brings together the work of 11 international scholars into an unprecedented volume focused on religion and performance in a nation celebrated for its extraordinary arts, religious diversity, and natural beauty. The resulting collection provides a panoramic view of Indonesia's Islamic arts in a variety of settings and communities. Together the authors address how history, politics, spirituality, and gender are expressed through performance and how Indonesian Islamic culture intersects with the ideology and practice of nationalism. Unique and engaging, Divine Inspirations will fascinate readers interested in Southeast Asia, the Middle East, Islam, world religions, global discourse, and music, arts and ritual.
A Story of ‘Old is Gold’ and Flying Spirits
Author: Janet Topp Fargion
View: 5105The musical genre of taarab is played for entertainment at weddings and other festive occasions all along the Swahili Coast in East Africa. Taarab contains all the features of a typical 'Indian Ocean' music, combining influences from Egypt, the Arabian Peninsula, India and the West with local musical practices. In Taarab, Music in Zanzibar, Janet Topp Fargion traces the development of the genre in Zanzibar, from the late nineteenth century to the end of the twentieth. Of special interest is the role of women. Although men play the main role in the composition and performance of the genre, Topp Fargion argues that the modernization of the genre owes a debt to the participation of women - as audiences and primary consumers, but also as poets and innovators of musical concepts. The book weaves together the historical, social, economic, religious and political dynamics involved in the development of the genre, and investigates how these are played out in the performance of taarab music on Zanzibar.
Author: Keith E. Swartley
Publisher: InterVarsity Press
View: 7179This comprehensive, evangelistic resource collects articles from eighty authors who have lived throughout the Muslim world. You will gain a positive, biblical perspective on the history of Islam, the current political landscape and much more.
Author: Amyn B. Sajoo
View: 6734Culture shapes every aspect of the relationship between God and the believer in Islam - as well as among believers, and with those beyond the fold. Fasts, prayers and pilgrimages are attuned to social rhythms old and new, no less than the designs of mosques and public gardens, the making of ‘religious’ music, and ways of thinking about technology and wellbeing. Ancient deserts and modern urban landscapes may echo with the same call for transcendence, but in voices that emerge from very different everyday realities. Scripture itself, as the Prophet Muhammad knew, is ever seen through a cultural lens; both language and what it communicates are intimately tied to context. And the cosmopolitanism that runs through Muslim history from the outset recalls T.S. Eliot’s remark that culture is ‘that which makes life worth living’. It frames how the deepest religious values are understood and practiced, from modesty in adornment and solidarity with the underprivileged, to integrity and accountability in political life. Muslims have never been content with a passive separation of faith from their daily lives, whether public or private. What are the implications of this holistic view in a diverse world of Muslims and non-Muslims? How do core ethical values interface with the particulars of local cultures in all their complexity, especially when it comes to matters like the status of women and the scope of individual religious freedom? The answers - at a time when secular and Muslim identities appear to be locked in conflict- are explored in this Companion by some of today’s finest scholars.
A Research and Information Guide
Author: Jennifer Post
View: 9114Ethnomusicology: A Research and Information Guide is an annotated bibliography to books, recordings, videos, and websites in the field of ethnomusicology. The book is divided into two parts. Part One is organized by resource type in categories of greatest concern to students and scholars. It includes handbooks and guides; encyclopedias and dictionaries; indexes and bibliographies; journals; media sources; and archives. It also offers annotated entries on the basic literature of ethnomusicological history and research. Part Two provides a list of current publications in the field that are widely used by ethnomusicologists. Multiply indexed, this book serves as an excellent tool for librarians, researchers, and scholars in sorting through the massive amount of new material that has appeared in the field over the last decades.
Author: Reinhard Strohm,Bonnie J. Blackburn
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
View: 6843'The chapter by Howard Mayer Brown and Keith Polk on instrumental music is a fine survey of a tricky topic' -Early Music Review'Groundbreaking chapter by Andrew Hughes on chant composition' -BBC Music MagazineThis entirely new volume of NOHM reflects scholarship and performative experiences of late-medieval music in the second half of the 20th century. . It addresses important subject areas that were omitted or undervalued in the previous series: Muslim and Jewish Music, (c.1000-c.1500), liturgical office chant (c.1300-c.1500), dance music (c.1300-c.1530), instrumental music (c.1300-c.1520), Polyphonic music in Central Europe (c. 1300-c.1520), music theory of the 14th and 15th centuries, humanism and the 'rebirth' of the arts. The book offers solid foundational knowledge in these fields as well as new interpretations and many new documents.
Author: Anne Rasmussen
Publisher: Univ of California Press
View: 1765"Rasmussen has written a classic study of the world of Islamic soundscapes, performances and forms of musical piety in that most complex of societies, Indonesia. With great sensitivity, an alert musical response to players, reciters and audiences, a keen practitioner's ear and eye for subtlety as well as for the complexities of 'noise', she changes common assumptions about Muslim music and, not least, gender in changing Islamic ritual cultures. Her own political awareness and her professional as well as personal relations with women Qu'ran reciters contribute to an exciting an original volume that I recommend to any one exploring the riches of Islamic performances and debates in the contemporary world."—Michael Gilsenan, author of Lords of the Lebanese Marches: Violence and Narrative in an Arab Society
Author: Delia Cortese
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
View: 7161This first full-length study of women and the Fatimids is a groundbreaking work investigating an unexplored area in the field of Islamic and medieval studies. The authors have unearthed a wealth of references to women, thus re-inscribing their role in the history of one of the most fascinating Islamic dynasties, the only one to be named after a woman. At last some light is thrown on the erstwhile silent and shadowy figures of women under the Fatimids which gives them a presence in the history of women in medieval and pre-modern dynasties. Basing their research on a variety of sources from historical works to chronicles, official correspondence, documentary sources and archaeological findings, the authors have provided a richly informative analysis of the status and influence of women in this period. Their contribution is explored first within the context of Isma'ili and Fatimid genealogical history, and then within the courts in their roles as mothers, courtesans, wives and daughters, and as workers and servants. Throughout the book comparison is drawn with the status and roles of women in earlier, contemporary and subsequent Islamic as well as non-Islamic courts.
Geschichte, Gegenwart, Zukunft
Author: Hans Küng
View: 4366Seit über zwei Jahrzehnten sind die Weltreligionen zentrales Thema von Hans Küng. Mit seinen weltweit einflußreichen Büchern hat er Pionierarbeit für einen Dialog der Kulturen geleistet. In seinem neuen großen Werk bietet er eine profunde Gesamtdarstellung des Islam. Er entfaltet eine fundierte Religionsgeschichte, die über Ursprung, Vergangenheit und Gegenwart des islamischen Glaubens bis in seine mögliche Zukunft reicht. Er beschreibt die Paradigmenwechsel im Lauf der 1400jährigen Geschichte des Islams, zeichnet die unterschiedlichen Strömungen nach und sichtet die Positionen des Islam zu den drängenden Fragen der Gegenwart. Detailliert analysiert der Autor zunächst das Feind-, das Ideal- und ein Realbild des Islam und stellt diese in den Kontext der Geschichte Arabiens an der Peripherie der Großreiche. Dabei liegt sein besonderes Augenmerk auf dem Verhältnis zu den beiden anderen abrahamitischen Religionen. Sehr ausführlich werden Inhalt und Bedeutung des Korans dargestellt. Dabei erweist sich vor allem die Analyse der von ihm sehr anschaulich herausgearbeiteten zentralen Paradigmen als hilfreich, denen er die entsprechenden jüdischen und christlichen Glaubensprinzipien gegenüberstellt. Das Buch bietet eine umfassende Analyse der politischen, kulturellen und religiösen Bedeutung der zahlenmäßig größten Weltreligion neben dem Christentum und zeigt: Ohne einen Dialog mit dem Islam wird es weder einen dauerhaften Weltfrieden noch ein konfliktfreies Miteinander mit den Muslimen in Europa geben. Küng versteht sein Weltethos-Projekt als Gegenentwurf zu dem Paradigma eines Clash of Civilizations, dem er unterstellt ideologische Schützenhilfe dabei geleistet zu haben, "nach dem Ende des Kalten Krieges das Feindbild Kommunismus durch das Feindbild Islam zu ersetzen, weiterhin eine amerikanische Hochrüstung zu rechtfertigen und, gewollt oder ungewollt, eine günstige Atmosphäre für weitere Kriege zu schaffen"
New Expressions of Sacred and Secular Identity
Author: Thomas Bossius,Keith Kahn-Harris
View: 5419Music and religion have, throughout history, walked hand in hand. In the rites and rituals of small tribal religions, great world religions, and more recent New-Age and neo-heathen movements, different kinds of music have been used to celebrate the gods, express belief, and help believers get in contact with the divine. This innovative book focuses on how mainstream and counter-cultural groups use religion and music to negotiate the challenges of modernization and globalization in the European context: a region under-explored by existing literature on the subject. With its internal ethnic diversity, ever-expanding borders and increasing differentiation, Europe has undergone massive dislocation in recent years. The authors show that, in the midst of such change, rock, pop, and dance music may in their various forms be used by their practitioners as resources for new kinds of spiritual and religious identification, even as these forms are used as symbols of the deficiencies of secular society. Focusing on Christianity, Judaism, Islam and New Religious Movements, the book explores such topics as Norwegian Black Metal and Neo-paganism, contemporary Jewish Music in the UK, the French hip hop scene, the musical thinking of Muslim convert Cat Stevens/Yusuf Islam and European dance music culture. It offers an ideal introduction to leading-edge thinking at the exciting interface of "music and religion."
Eine neue Geschichte der Welt
Author: Peter Frankopan
Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH
View: 3018«‹Eine neue Geschichte der Welt› – dieses Buch verdient den Titel voll und ganz.» Peter Frankopan lehrt uns, die Geschichte neu zu sehen – indem er nicht Europa, sondern den Nahen und Mittleren Osten zum Ausgangspunkt macht. Hier entstanden die ersten Hochkulturen und alle drei monotheistischen Weltreligionen; ein Reichtum an Gütern, Kultur und Wissen, der das Alte Europa seit jeher sehnsüchtig nach Osten blicken ließ. Frankopan erzählt von Alexander dem Großen, der Babylon zur Hauptstadt seines neuen Weltreichs machen wollte; von Seide, Porzellan und Techniken wie der Papierherstellung, die über die Handelswege der Region Verbreitung fanden; vom Sklavenhandel mit der islamischen Welt, der Venedig im Mittelalter zum Aufstieg verhalf; von islamischen Gelehrten, die das antike Kulturerbe pflegten, lange bevor Europa die Renaissance erlebte; von der Erschließung der Rohstoffe im 19. Jahrhundert bis hin zum Nahostkonflikt. Schließlich erklärt Frankopan, warum sich die Weltpolitik noch heute in Staaten wie Syrien, Afghanistan und Irak entscheidet. Peter Frankopan schlägt einen weiten Bogen, und das nicht nur zeitlich: Er rückt zwei Welten zusammen, Orient und Okzident, die historisch viel enger miteinander verbunden sind, als wir glauben. Ein so fundiertes wie packend erzähltes Geschichtswerk, das wahrhaft die Augen öffnet.
Author: Michael Aaron Frishkopf
Publisher: American Univ in Cairo Press
Category: Social Science
View: 2716Since the turn of the twentieth century the dramatic rise of mass media has profoundly transformed music practices in the Arab world. Music has adapted to successive forms of media disseminationfrom phonograph cylinders to MP3seach subjected to the political and economic forces of its particular era and region. Carried by mass media, the broader culture of Arab music has been thoroughly transformed as well. Simultaneously, mass mediated music has become a powerful social force. While parallel processes have unfolded worldwide, their implications in the Arabic-speaking world have thus far received little scholarly attention. This provocative volume features sixteen new essays examining these issues, especially televised music and the controversial new genre of the music video. Perceptive voicesboth emerging and establishedrepresent a wide variety of academic disciplines. Incisive essays by Egyptian critics display the textures of public Arabic discourse to an English readership. Authors address the key issues of contemporary Arab societygender and sexuality, Islam, class, economy, power, and nationas refracted through the culture of mediated music. Interconnected by a web of recurrent concepts, this collection transcends music to become an important resource for the study of contemporary Arab society and culture. Contributors: Wael Abdel Fattah, Yasser Abdel-Latif, Moataz Abdel Aziz, Tamim Al-Barghouti, Mounir Al Wassimi, Walter Armbrust, Elisabeth Cestor, Hani Darwish, Walid El Khachab, Abdel-Wahab Elmessiri, James Grippo, Patricia Kubala, Katherine Meizel, Zein Nassar, Ibrahim Saleh, Laith Ulaby.
Author: Susan Fast,Kip Pegley
Publisher: Wesleyan University Press
View: 2637Music and violence have been linked since antiquity in ritual, myth, and art. Considered together they raise fundamental questions about creativity, discourse, and music’s role in society. The essays in this collection investigate a wealth of issues surrounding music and violence—issues that cross political boundaries, time periods, and media—and provide cross-cultural case studies of musical practices ranging from large-scale events to regionally specific histories. Following the editors’ substantive introduction, which lays the groundwork for conceptualizing new ways of thinking about music as it relates to violence, three broad themes are followed: the first set of essays examines how music participates in both overt and covert forms of violence; the second section explores violence and reconciliation; and the third addresses healing, post-memorials, and memory. Music, Politics, and Violence affords space to look at music as an active agent rather than as a passive art, and to explore how music and violence are closely—and often uncomfortably—entwined. CONTRIBUTORS include Nicholas Attfield, Catherine Baker, Christina Baade, J. Martin Daughtry, James Deaville, David A. McDonald, Kevin C. Miller, Jonathan Ritter, Victor A. Vicente, and Amy Lynn Wlodarski.