The Murder of Nikolai Vavilov

The Story of Stalin's Persecution of One of the Great Scientists of the Twentieth Century

Author: Peter Pringle

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 9781416566021

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 416

View: 7510

In The Murder of Nikolai Vavilov, acclaimed journalist and author Peter Pringle recreates the extraordinary life and tragic end of one of the great scientists of the twentieth century. In a drama of love, revolution, and war that rivals Pasternak's Dr. Zhivago, Pringle tells the story of a young Russian scientist, Nikolai Vavilov, who had a dream of ending hunger and famine in the world. Vavilov's plan would use the emerging science of genetics to breed super plants that could grow anywhere, in any climate, in sandy deserts and freezing tundra, in drought and flood. He would launch botanical expeditions to find these vanishing genes, overlooked by early farmers ignorant of Mendel's laws of heredity. He called it a "mission for all humanity." To the leaders of the young Soviet state, Vavilov's dream fitted perfectly into their larger scheme for a socialist utopia. Lenin supported the adventurous Vavilov, a handsome and seductive young professor, as he became an Indiana Jones, hunting lost botanical treasures on five continents. In a former tsarist palace in what is now St. Petersburg, Vavilov built the world's first seed bank, a quarter of a million specimens, a magnificent living museum of plant diversity that was the envy of scientists everywhere and remains so today. But when Lenin died in 1924 and Stalin took over, Vavilov's dream turned into a nightmare. This son of science was from a bourgeois background, the class of society most despised and distrusted by the Bolsheviks. The new cadres of comrade scientists taunted and insulted him, and Stalin's dreaded secret police built up false charges of sabotage and espionage. Stalin's collectivization of farmland caused chaos in Soviet food production, and millions died in widespread famine. Vavilov's master plan for improving Soviet crops was designed to work over decades, not a few years, and he could not meet Stalin's impossible demands for immediate results. In Stalin's Terror of the 1930s, Russian geneticists were systematically repressed in favor of the peasant horticulturalist Trofim Lysenko, with his fraudulent claims and speculative theories. Vavilov was the most famous victim of this purge, which set back Russian biology by a generation and caused the country untold harm. He was sentenced to death, but unlike Galileo, he refused to recant his beliefs and, in the most cruel twist, this humanitarian pioneer scientist was starved to death in the gulag. Pringle uses newly opened Soviet archives, including Vavilov's secret police file, official correspondence, vivid expedition reports, previously unpublished family letters and diaries, and the reminiscences of eyewitnesses to bring us this intensely human story of a brilliant life cut short by anti-science demagogues, ideology, censorship, and political expedience.
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Triumph und Tragödie

Stalin und die Wissenschaftler

Author: Simon Ings

Publisher: Hoffmann und Campe

ISBN: 3455003028

Category: Social Science

Page: 544

View: 2902

»Sozialismus ist Wissenschaft«, proklamierte Joseph Stalin, der sich selbst zum ersten Wissenschaftler des Landes stilisierte. Unter seiner Herrschaft entstand der weltweit am besten finanzierte Forschungsapparat, gleichzeitig mussten Wissenschaftler um ihr Leben fürchten. Gestützt auf zahlreiche Dokumente zeichnet Simon Ings die Vereinnahmung der Wissenschaft durch den Sowjetstaat nach. Er erzählt von brillanten Forschern und ruchlosen Scharlatanen, von Visionären und Karrieristen, von großem Mut und ebenso großer Feigheit.
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Sowjetistan

Eine Reise durch Turkmenistan, Kasachstan, Tadschikistan, Kirgisistan und Usbekistan

Author: Erika Fatland

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518751247

Category: Political Science

Page: 527

View: 9768

Eine Reise durch die ehemaligen Sowjetrepubliken Zentralasiens: Turkmenistan, Kasachstan, Tadschikistan, Kirgisistan und Usbekistan. Voller Fragen, Neugierde und Abenteuerlust machte sich die norwegische Journalistin Erika Fatland auf in diesen so fernab gelegenen Teil der Welt. Sowjetistan ist das Ergebnis dieser Reise: eine beeindruckende Reportage voller erstaunlicher, ergreifender und skurriler Geschichten, Begebenheiten und Begegnungen, die einem immer wieder aufs Neue die Augen öffnen. Mit dem Ende der Sowjetunion feierten diese fünf Staaten ihre Unabhängigkeit. Sie erstrecken sich von der Wüste bis ins Hochgebirge, gelangten, wie Kasachstan, dank großer Öl- und Gasreserven zu beachtlichem Reichtum, oder zählen, wie Usbekistan, zu den ärmsten Ländern der Welt. Was sie eint, ist eine große Zerrissenheit – zwischen jahrzehntelanger Sowjetherrschaft und autonomer Selbstverwaltung; zwischen hypermoderner Großmachtinszenierung und ärmlichen Lebensbedingungen; zwischen diktatorischem Herrscherkult und höchst lebendigen Traditionen und Kulturen. Erika Fatland erzählt von Samarkand und Dschingis Khan, von Brautraub und der Kunst der Adlerjagd, von erstaunlichen Machtdemonstrationen korrupter Despoten, von marmornen Städten und riesigen Goldstatuen, die sich mit der Sonne drehen. Sowjetistan ist ein fulminant erzähltes, ebenso bereicherndes wie lehrreiches Buch über einen im wahrsten Sinne des Wortes unfassbaren Teil der Welt.
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Stalin and the Scientists

A History of Triumph and Tragedy, 1905–1953

Author: Simon Ings

Publisher: Open Road + Grove/Atlantic

ISBN: 0802189865

Category: Science

Page: 528

View: 9488

Scientists throughout history, from Galileo to today’s experts on climate change, have often had to contend with politics in their pursuit of knowledge. But in the Soviet Union, where the ruling elites embraced, patronized, and even fetishized science like never before, scientists lived their lives on a knife edge. The Soviet Union had the best-funded scientific establishment in history. Scientists were elevated as popular heroes and lavished with awards and privileges. But if their ideas or their field of study lost favor with the elites, they could be exiled, imprisoned, or murdered. And yet they persisted, making major contributions to 20th century science. Stalin and the Scientists tells the story of the many gifted scientists who worked in Russia from the years leading up to the Revolution through the death of the “Great Scientist” himself, Joseph Stalin. It weaves together the stories of scientists, politicians, and ideologues into an intimate and sometimes horrifying portrait of a state determined to remake the world. They often wreaked great harm. Stalin was himself an amateur botanist, and by falling under the sway of dangerous charlatans like Trofim Lysenko (who denied the existence of genes), and by relying on antiquated ideas of biology, he not only destroyed the lives of hundreds of brilliant scientists, he caused the death of millions through famine. But from atomic physics to management theory, and from radiation biology to neuroscience and psychology, these Soviet experts also made breakthroughs that forever changed agriculture, education, and medicine. A masterful book that deepens our understanding of Russian history, Stalin and the Scientists is a great achievement of research and storytelling, and a gripping look at what happens when science falls prey to politics.
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Read On-- Biography

Reading Lists for Every Taste

Author: Rick Roche

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1598847015

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 163

View: 6767

Categorizing hundreds of popular biographies according to their primary appeal—character, story, setting, language, and mood—and organizing them into thematic lists, this guide will help readers' advisors more effectively recommend titles. * A chronology of the history of the biography genre * Brief reviews of over 450 high interest biographies
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Iron Curtain

The Crushing of Eastern Europe 1944-56

Author: Anne Applebaum

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 1846147344

Category: History

Page: 656

View: 8022

At the end of the Second World War, the Soviet Union unexpectedly found itself in control of a huge swathe of territory in Eastern Europe. Stalin and his secret police set out to convert a dozen radically different countries to a completely new political and moral system: communism. In Iron Curtain, Pulitzer Prize-winning historian Anne Applebaum describes how the Communist regimes of Eastern Europe were created and what daily life was like once they were complete. Applebaum describes in devastating detail how political parties, the church, the media, young people's organizations - the institutions of civil society on every level - were quickly eviscerated. She explains how the secret police services were organized, how the media came to be dominated by communists, and how all forms of opposition were undermined and destroyed. Ranging widely across new archival material and many sources unknown in English, she follows the communists' tactics as they bullied, threatened and murdered their way to power. She also chronicles individual lives to show the choices people had to make - to fight, to flee, or to collaborate. Within a remarkably short period after the end of the war, Eastern Europe had been ruthlessly Stalinized. Iron Curtain is a brilliant history of a brutal period and a haunting reminder of how fragile free societies can be. Today the Soviet Bloc is a lost civilization, one whose cruelty, paranoia, bizarre morality, and strange aesthetics Anne Applebaum captures in the pages of this exceptional work of historical and moral reckoning.
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The Vavilov affair

Author: Mark Aleksandrovich Popovskiĭ

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 216

View: 785

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Die sonderbare letzte Reise des Donald Crowhurst

Author: Ron Hall,Nicholas Tomalin

Publisher: Piper ebooks

ISBN: 3492953239

Category: Travel

Page: 400

View: 8484

Ein Klassiker über ein zeitlos spannendes Abenteurerschicksal Im Juli 1969 wird mitten im Atlantik eine Jacht entdeckt – die Segel sind gesetzt, aber der Trimaran ist leer. Nur die Log- und Tagebücher befinden sich noch an Bord und offenbaren ein dunkles Geheimnis. Ihr Verfasser Donald Crowhurst war acht Monate zuvor aufgebrochen, um im Wettstreit mit namhaften Seglern wie Robin Knox-Johnston und Bernard Moitessier als schnellster Solosegler nonstop die Welt zu umrunden. Was damals kaum jemand wusste: Crowhurst verfügte weder über Hochseeerfahrung noch über ein seetaugliches Boot. Doch warum war der Unternehmer und Familienvater dennoch bei dem Rennen, das die Sunday Times mit einem Preisgeld von 5000 Pfund ausgelost hatte, angetreten? Und was ist an Bord geschehen, dass er für immer verschollen blieb? Einfühlsam arbeiten die Autoren anhand der letzten Aufzeichnungen die Vorgeschichte und sonderbaren Abläufe auf See auf. Sie berichten von menschlichem Streben und Versagen. Erzählen eine Geschichte über Heldentum, in der kein Held vorkommt. Und zeichnen das Porträt eines bemerkenswerten Mannes, der am Ende keinen Ausweg mehr sah. »Crowhursts Geschichte ist dramatischer als alle anderen, geheimnisvoller und dunkler als ›All is lost‹.« Frankfurter Allgemeine Magazin »Eine der außergewöhnlichsten Seefahrtgeschichten, die je veröffnetlicht wurde.« The Washington Post »Ein Meisterstück.« The New Yorker »Eines der packendsten Lesestücke über das Segeln überhaupt.« FAZ
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The Potato Treasure of the Andes

From Agriculture to Culture

Author: Christine Graves

Publisher: International Potato Center

ISBN: 9789290602057

Category: Indians of South America

Page: 208

View: 3993

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Nikolai Vavilov, the great sower

pages from the life of the scientist

Author: G. Golubev

Publisher: Imported Pubn

ISBN: N.A

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 148

View: 9154

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Cook

die Entdeckung eines Entdeckers

Author: Tony Horwitz

Publisher: mareverlag

ISBN: 9783936384895

Category:

Page: 703

View: 3580

Als James Cook 1769 zur ersten seiner drei großen Reisen aufbrach, war die Erde gerade einmal zu zwei Dritteln kartiert. Zehn Jahre später hatte Cook nicht nur auf dem Wasserweg die Welt entschleiert, sondern auch umfangreiche kulturelle und wissenschaftliche Studien vorgenommen, die das neuzeitliche Bild der Erde entscheidend prägten. Zwar ist viel über Cooks Leistungen bekannt, doch verstellten die Fakten bisher den ungeschönten Blick auf diese außergewöhnliche Figur. Tony Horwitz lenkt die Aufmerksamkeit des Betrachters nicht nur auf die dunklen Seiten des großen Forschers, sondern auch auf die zum Teil entsetzlichen Konsequenzen, die dessen Entdeckungen für einfache Kulturen nach sich zogen.
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Book Review Index 2009

Cumulation

Author: Dana Ferguson

Publisher: Gale Cengage

ISBN: 9781414419121

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 1262

View: 5402

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Der Ursprung Der Culturpflanzen

Author: Alphonse De Candolle

Publisher: Wentworth Press

ISBN: 9780270049893

Category: History

Page: 600

View: 9498

This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work. As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.
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The Bison

A Novel About the Scientist Who Defied Stalin

Author: Даниил Александрович Гранин

Publisher: Doubleday

ISBN: N.A

Category: Fiction

Page: 262

View: 2386

A fictional portrait of Nikolai Timofeyev-Resovsky, one of the founders of modern genetics, chronicles his scientific achievements, his work against Stalin
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Tödliche Wissenschaft

die Aussonderung von Juden, Zigeunern und Geisteskranken 1933-1945

Author: Benno Müller-Hill

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: World War, 1939-1945

Page: 187

View: 6729

Untersuchung über die Rolle deutscher Wissenschaftler, Mediziner, Anthropologen und Psychiater im nationalsozialistischen Vernichtungsfeldzug gegen Juden, Zigeuner, Geisteskranke. Wiedergabe von Gesprächen mit Medizinern über ihre Mittäterschaft.
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Stalin and His Hangmen

The Tyrant and Those Who Killed for Him

Author: Donald Rayfield

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 0307431835

Category: History

Page: 592

View: 7027

Stalin did not act alone. The mass executions, the mock trials, the betrayals and purges, the jailings and secret torture that ravaged the Soviet Union during the three decades of Stalin’s dictatorship, were the result of a tight network of trusted henchmen (and women), spies, psychopaths, and thugs. At the top of this pyramid of terror sat five indispensable hangmen who presided over the various incarnations of Stalin’s secret police. Now, in his harrowing new book, Donald Rayfield probes the lives, the minds, the twisted careers, and the unpunished crimes of Stalin’s loyal assassins. Founded by Feliks Dzierzynski, the Cheka–the Extraordinary Commission–came to life in the first years of the Russian Revolution. Spreading fear in a time of chaos, the Cheka proved a perfect instrument for Stalin’s ruthless consolidation of power. But brutal as it was, the Cheka under Dzierzynski was amateurish compared to the well-oiled killing machines that succeeded it. Genrikh Iagoda’s OGPU specialized in political assassination, propaganda, and the manipulation of foreign intellectuals. Later, the NKVD recruited a new generation of torturers. Starting in 1938, terror mastermind Lavrenti Beria brought violent repression to a new height of ingenuity and sadism. As Rayfield shows, Stalin and his henchmen worked relentlessly to coerce and suborn leading Soviet intellectuals, artists, writers, lawyers, and scientists. Maxim Gorky, Aleksandr Fadeev, Alexei Tolstoi, Isaak Babel, and Osip Mandelstam were all caught in Stalin’s web–courted, toyed with, betrayed, and then ruthlessly destroyed. In bringing to light the careers, personalities, relationships, and “accomplishments” of Stalin’s key henchmen and their most prominent victims, Rayfield creates a chilling drama of the intersection of political fanaticism, personal vulnerability, and blind lust for power spanning half a century. Though Beria lost his power–and his life–after Stalin’s death in 1953, the fundamental methods of the hangmen maintained their grip into the second half of the twentieth century. Indeed, Rayfield argues, the tradition of terror, far from disappearing, has emerged with renewed vitality under Vladimir Putin. Written with grace, passion, and a dazzling command of the intricacies of Soviet politics and society, Stalin and the Hangmen is a devastating indictment of the individuals and ideology that kept Stalin in power. From the Hardcover edition.
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