Multi-Level Governance and European Integration

Author: Liesbet Hooghe

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 0585381666

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 6256

European politics has been reshaped in recent decades by a dual process of centralization and decentralization. At the same time that authority in many policy areas has shifted to the supranational level of the European Union, so national governments have given subnational regions within countries more say over the lives of their citizens. At the forefront of scholars who characterize this dual process as 'multi-level governance,' Liesbet Hooghe and Gary Marks argue that its emergence in the second half of the twentieth century is a watershed in the political development of Europe. Hooghe and Marks explain why multi-level governance has taken place and how it shapes conflict in national and European political arenas.
Release

Multi-level Governance and European Integration

Author: Liesbet Hooghe,Gary Marks

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742510203

Category: Political Science

Page: 251

View: 6649

European politics has been reshaped in recent decades by a dual process of centralization and decentralization. This dual process is known as "multi-level governance". This text argues that its emergence in the second half of the 20th century is a watershed in the political development of Europe.
Release

Cohesion Policy and European Integration

Building Multi-level Governance

Author: Liesbet Hooghe

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780198280644

Category: Political Science

Page: 458

View: 8631

How can one convince potent nation-states to put their sovereignty at risk in common European policies? EU cohesion policy, now one-third of the EU budget, provides such a puzzle. Until 1988 the European Commission shared out money to national governments with few strings attached. Since the reform of 1988, national governments are required to negotiate with the Commission and regional authorities on how to use the money. Has this European-wide policy eroded national sovereignty in favour of a stronger role for the Commission and more power for Europe's regions? The first part of the book probes into the policy dynamics at the European level. In the second part, eight country studies evaluate the impact of uniform EU policy on territorial relations by comparing policy making before and after the reform. The concluding section explains persistent variation in EU cohesion decision making and implementation.
Release

European Integration and Industrial Relations

Multi-Level Governance in the Making

Author: P. Marginson,K. Sisson

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 9781349428687

Category: Political Science

Page: 360

View: 5600

This book comprehensively analyzes the impact of continuing European integration on industrial relations institutions and outcomes. It organizes an immensely rich body of theoretical and empirical material to sustain its core argument that the governance of industrial relations is increasingly multi-level. Cross-national influences are shown to mix with national ones and involve the European sector and company, as well as Community, levels. Competing tendencies towards 'Europeanization', 'Americanization' and 'Re-nationalization' are identified. The approach is multi-disciplinary and truly cross-national. It deals with both the theory and practice of industrial relations in contemporary Europe.
Release

Governance in the European Union

Author: Gary Marks,Fritz W Scharpf,Philippe C Schmitter,Wolfgang Streeck

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1849207046

Category: Political Science

Page: 192

View: 3663

A fresh alternative to traditional state-centred analyses of the process of European integration is presented in this book. World-renowned scholars analyze the state in terms of its component parts and clearly show the interaction of subnational, national and supranational actors in the emerging European polity. This `multi-level politics' approach offers a powerful lens through which to view the future course of European integration. The contributors' empirical exploration of areas such as regional governance, social policy and social movements underpins their broad conceptual and theoretical framework providing significant new insight into European politics.
Release

The Oxford Handbook of Governance

Author: David Levi-Faur

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199560536

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 803

View: 1058

This Oxford Handbook will be the definitive study of governance for years to come. 'Governance' has become one of the most popular terms in contemporary political science; this Handbook explores the full range of meaning and application of the concept and its use in a number of research fields.
Release

Multi-Level Governance

The Missing Linkages

Author: Edoardo Ongaro

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1784418730

Category: Political Science

Page: 376

View: 4522

This volume argues that progress in both the study and the practice of Multi-Level Governance may derive from developing linkages with disciplines, perspectives and issues that have so far not been explored in connection to MLG.
Release

Democratic Governance and European Integration

Linking Societal and State Processes of Democracy

Author: Ronald Holzhacker,Erik Albæk

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9781782543527

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 278

View: 9357

As the power and scope of the European Union moves further, beyond traditional forms of international cooperation between sovereign states, it is important to analyse how these developments are impacting upon national institutions and processes of democratic representation and legitimacy in the member countries. The authors in this book identifyfour core processes of democratic governance present in any democratic political system that link societal and state processes of decision-making: opinion formation, interestintermediation, national executive decision-making and national parliamentary scrutiny. From a normative perspective they discuss what impacts this process of Europeanizationhas on democracy in the evolving system. They conclude that more changes are seen within the state-centric than in the societal-centred processes of democracy, thus thepublic seems to have been 'left behind? in the process of constructing Europe. The empirical research and normative discussion presented in this book are designed to further our knowledge concerning the Europeanization of social and state processes of democracy and to contribute to the continuing dialogue on democracy in the EuropeanUnion. This book will be of great interest to academics and researchers of political science, public policy and international relations, as well as those interested in European studies andcomparative politics.
Release

The European Union and South East Europe

The Dynamics of Europeanization and Multilevel Governance

Author: Andrew Geddes,Charles Lees,Andrew Taylor

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136281568

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 9939

This book explores the interaction of the EU in Greece, Slovenia, Croatia, and Macedonia in three key policy sectors – cohesion, border managements and the environment – and assesses the degree to which the European Union’s engagement with the democracies of South East Europe has promoted Europeanization and Multi-Level Governance. Although there is a tendency to view the Balkans as peripheral, this book argues that South East European states are central to what the EU is and aspires to become, and goes to the heart of many of the key issues confronting the EU. It compares changing modes of governance in the three policy areas selected because they are contentious issues in domestic politics and have trans-boundary policy consequences, in which there is significant EU involvement. The book draws on over 100 interviews conducted to explore actor motivation, preferences and perceptions in the face of pressure to adapt from the EU and uses Social Network Analysis. Timely and informative, this book considers broader dilemmas of integration and enlargement at a time when the EU’s effectiveness is under close scrutiny. The European Union and South East Europe will be of interest to students and scholars of European politics, public policy, and European Union governance and integration.
Release

Europeanization and Multilevel Governance

Cohesion Policy in the European Union and Britain

Author: Ian Bache

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742541337

Category: Political Science

Page: 193

View: 8842

Traces the relationship between Europeanization and multi-level governance. This study illustrates how the EU has affected the vertical and horizontal dimensions of domestic policymaking. It focuses especially on Britain, comparing its experiences to that of ten other member states.
Release

Multi-level Governance in the European Union

Taking Stock and Looking Ahead

Author: Thomas Conzelmann,Randall Smith

Publisher: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft Mbh & Company

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 269

View: 5195

In recent years, the debate on the future institutional shape of the European Union has centered on the Constitutional Treaty, and the Lisbon Treaty as its less ambitious, but possibly equally abortive, successor. This debate has two distinct features. On the one hand, the nation state still seems to serve as the foremost frame of reference. On the other hand, the debate looks almost exclusively at the EU's formal institutions. The present volume is divided into three parts. The first part offers reflections on the notion of network governance, multi-level governance, and the difficult issue of democratic accountability. The second part looks at the structural funds area, while the third part seeks to widen the debate by looking at a number of cases from environmental policy broadly conceived.ò
Release

Civil Society and Governance in Europe

From National to International Linkages

Author: William A. Maloney,Jan W. Van Deth

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1848442874

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 4998

The research presented in this book based on new primary data demonstrates that in terms of civil society actors adapting to the European political space the Europeanization process has an uneven development. This innovative book integrates top-down approaches for the study of relationships within the developing EU-multilevel system (i.e., the consequences of Europeanization for civil society at the local level) and bottom-up approaches (i.e., the consequences of civil society for the process of European integration and democracy in the EU). The contributors argue that exploration of these recursive linkages requires a rethinking of the relationships between (local, national, and trans-national) civil society on the one hand, and multi-level governance on the other. In analyzing the opportunities for civil society associations to contribute to European integration and decision-making from various perspectives, the following findings are presented, amongst others: engagement with and confidence in the EU (compared to national institutions) is relatively weak among associational members party elites play a key gatekeeper role in the European space the EU and interest groups have had limited success in stimulating the development of citizen engagement, civil society and social capital in various countries. In the rapidly expanding field of research on democratic decision-making in Europe, this book will be welcomed by academics and scholars alike at postgraduate levels and above. Experts working in the field of European decision-making (such as lawyers and lobbyists) who are looking for conclusions based on high-quality empirical research will also find much in this book to engage them.
Release

The Politics of Europeanization

Author: Kevin Featherstone,Claudio M. Radaelli

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191530845

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 6540

'The Politics of Europeanization' looks at the political aspects of European integration from the point of view of domestic politics. In doing so, it goes beyond the classic analysis of 'how policies are made in Brussels' and raises instead the question 'what is the power of Europe in national contexts?'. The questions at the heart of this volume are crucial both for our understanding of European integration and for their policy implications. What does Europeanization really mean? How can it be measured? How is the European Union affecting domestic politics and policies in member states and candidate countries? Is Europeanization an irreversible process? Does it mean convergence across Europe? How and why do differences remain? The contributors explain and question the 'power of Europe' by providing theoretical and empirical perspectives on domestic politics and institutions, government and administration, public policies, political actors and business groups. The volume contains a new research agenda for the nascent literature on Europeanization.
Release

The Oxford Handbook of the European Union

Author: Erik Jones,Anand Menon,Stephen Weatherill

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199546282

Category: Political Science

Page: 893

View: 2687

The Oxford Handbook of the European Union brings together numerous acknowledged specialists in their field to provide a comprehensive and clear assessment of the nature, evolution, workings, and impact of European integration.
Release

The Oxford Handbook of Transformations of the State

Author: Stephan Leibfried,Evelyne Huber,Matthew Lange,Jonah D. Levy,Frank Nullmeier,John D. Stephens

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191643254

Category: Political Science

Page: 800

View: 3440

This Handbook offers a comprehensive treatment of transformations of the state, from its origins in different parts of the world and different time periods to its transformations since World War II in the advanced industrial countries, the post-Communist world, and the Global South. Leading experts in their fields, from Europe and North America, discuss conceptualizations and theories of the state and the transformations of the state in its engagement with a changing international environment as well as with changing domestic economic, social, and political challenges. The Handbook covers different types of states in the Global South (from failed to predatory, rentier and developmental), in different kinds of advanced industrial political economies (corporatist, statist, liberal, import substitution industrialization), and in various post-Communist countries (Russia, China, successor states to the USSR, and Eastern Europe). It also addresses crucial challenges in different areas of state intervention, from security to financial regulation, migration, welfare states, democratization and quality of democracy, ethno-nationalism, and human development. The volume makes a compelling case that far from losing its relevance in the face of globalization, the state remains a key actor in all areas of social and economic life, changing its areas of intervention, its modes of operation, and its structures in adaption to new international and domestic challenges.
Release

Democratic Dilemmas of Multilevel Governance

Legitimacy, Representation and Accountability in the European Union

Author: J. DeBardeleben,A. Hurrelmann

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230591787

Category: Political Science

Page: 255

View: 3159

Focusing on the EU, this volume, with a combination of theoretical perspectives and empirical research, examines the problems multilevel governance causes for democratic legitimacy by placing it in a comparative and theoretical context, and explore how challenges faced by the EU compare with those faced by traditional federal systems worldwide.
Release

European Integration and Rural Development

Actors, Institutions and Power

Author: Dr Michael Kull

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409468569

Category: Political Science

Page: 202

View: 8692

To understand fully the process of European integration, it is necessary to consider developments at the sub-national and local level. EU integration scholars have been examining the local level using the concept of multi-level governance (MLG) since the 1990s. While MLG was the first concept to scrutinize the position of local levels of public administration and other actors within the EU polity, it overestimates the degree of influence it ascribes to local levels, particularly as far as the rural is concerned. Focusing on Germany and Finland, with country specific information from all EU member states, this book combines MLG with the concept of structural constructivism, in order to reveal some of the hidden aspects of EU integration. Bringing together these concepts and methodologies and replacing mainstream theories of integration with this new approach, offers a more accurate picture of multi-level interaction in rural policy and of the impacts of European integration at the local level. By examining the Community Initiative LEADER+ and setting this within a discussion of the state and structure of rural development policy, this book looks at the challenges, opportunities and policy options which are available and have been implemented in rural development. It shows that these are often context dependent and that the future of rural development policies, their shape and institutional configuration depend on reforms put in place at all levels of governance. Finally, it argues that the MLG of rural development policy must be built with people who have the know-how and the (local) knowledge to implement development projects and who have made LEADER a success in the past.
Release

Nordic States and European Integration

Awkward Partners in the North?

Author: Malin Stegmann McCallion,Alex Brianson

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319575627

Category: Political Science

Page: 143

View: 5129

This book provides the first lengthy study of awkward states/partners in regional integration. Is awkwardness a characteristic of states in many global regions, or is it reducible to the particular case of the United Kingdom in European integration? The authors assess how far the concept of ‘awkwardness’ can travel, and apply it to the cases of the Nordic States’ involvement in and with the European Union - Denmark, Finland, Sweden, Iceland and Norway. The renewed interest in the Nordic region is in part thanks to recent events in the on-going crisis of European integration, and particular its member states’ response to the refugee question, which appears to be undermining years of intra-regional solidarity even between the Nordic countries. The security dimension of the region further broadens the book’s readership beyond Nordic Politics specialists to IR scholars, as the Nordic countries share borders with Russia and are key players in the Baltic Sea Strategy seeking to involve Russia in looser forms of regional cooperation.
Release

Integration Processes and Policies in Europe

Contexts, Levels and Actors

Author: Blanca Garcés-Mascareñas,Rinus Penninx

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319216740

Category: Social Science

Page: 206

View: 812

In this open access book, experts on integration processes, integration policies, transnationalism, and the migration and development framework provide an academic assessment of the 2011 European Agenda for the Integration of Third-Country Nationals, which calls for integration policies in the EU to involve not only immigrants and their society of settlement, but also actors in their country of origin. Moreover, a heuristic model is developed for the non-normative, analytical study of integration processes and policies based on conceptual, demographic, and historical accounts. The volume addresses three interconnected issues: What does research have to say on (the study of) integration processes in general and on the relevance of actors in origin countries in particular? What is the state of the art of the study of integration policies in Europe and the use of the concept of integration in policy formulation and practice? Does the proposal to include actors in origin countries as important players in integration policies find legitimation in empirical research? A few general conclusions are drawn. First, integration policies have developed at many levels of government: nationally, locally, regionally, and at the supra-national level of the EU. Second, a multitude of stakeholders has become involved in integration as policy designers and implementers. Finally, a logic of policymaking—and not an evidence-based scientific argument—can be said to underlie the European Commission’s redefinition of integration as a three-way process. This book will appeal to academics and policymakers at international, European, national, regional, and local levels. It will also be of interest to graduate and master-level students of political science, sociology, social anthropology, international relations, criminology, geography, and history.
Release

Democratic Legitimacy in the European Union and Global Governance

Building a European Demos

Author: Beatriz Pérez de las Heras

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319413813

Category: Political Science

Page: 376

View: 7030

This book addresses one of the most relevant challenges to the sustainability of the European Union (EU) as a political project: the deficit of citizens’ support. It identifies missing elements of popular legitimacy and makes proposals for their formal inclusion in a future Treaty reform, while assessing the contribution that the EU may make to global governance by expanding a credible democratic model to other international actors. The contributors offer perspectives from law, political science, and sociology, and the 15 case studies of different aspects of the incipient European demos provide the reader with a comprehensive overview of these pertinent questions. The edited volume provides a truly interdisciplinary study of the citizens’ role in the European political landscape that can serve as a basis for further analyses of the EU’s democratic legitimacy. It will be of use to legal scholars and political scientists interested in the EU’s democratic system, institutional setup and external relations.
Release