Montaigne

A Life

Author: Philippe Desan

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400883393

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 832

View: 1640

One of the most important writers and thinkers of the Renaissance, Michel de Montaigne (1533–92) helped invent a literary genre that seemed more modern than anything that had come before. But did he do it, as he suggests in his Essays, by retreating to his chateau, turning his back on the world, and stoically detaching himself from his violent times? In this definitive biography, Philippe Desan, one of the world's leading authorities on Montaigne, overturns this longstanding myth by showing that Montaigne was constantly concerned with realizing his political ambitions—and that the literary and philosophical character of the Essays largely depends on them. The most comprehensive and authoritative biography of Montaigne yet written, this sweeping narrative offers a fascinating new picture of his life and work. As Desan shows, Montaigne always considered himself a political figure and he conceived of each edition of the Essays as an indispensable prerequisite to the next stage of his public career. He lived through eight civil wars, successfully lobbied to be raised to the nobility, and served as mayor of Bordeaux, special ambassador, and negotiator between Henry III and Henry of Navarre. It was only toward the very end of Montaigne’s life, after his political failure, that he took refuge in literature. But, even then, it was his political experience that enabled him to find the right tone for his genre. In this essential biography, we discover a new Montaigne—caught up in the events of his time, making no separation between private and public life, and guided by strategy first in his words and silences. Neither candid nor transparent, but also not yielding to the cynicism of his age, this Montaigne lends a new depth to the Montaigne of literary legend.
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How to Live

A Life of Montaigne in one question and twenty attempts at an answer

Author: Sarah Bakewell

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 1446450902

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 400

View: 8096

How to get on well with people, how to deal with violence, how to adjust to losing someone you love? How to live? This question obsessed Renaissance nobleman Michel Eyquem de Montaigne (1533-92), who wrote free-roaming explorations of his thought and experience, unlike anything written before. Into these essays he put whatever was in his head: his tastes in wine and food, his childhood memories, the way his dog's ears twitched when it was dreaming, events in the appalling civil wars raging around him. The Essays was an instant bestseller, and over four hundred years later, readers still come to him in search of companionship, wisdom and entertainment - and in search of themselves. This first full biography of Montaigne in English for nearly fifty years relates the story of his life by way of the questions he posed and the answers he explored.
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Goethe

Kunstwerk des Lebens : Biographie

Author: Rüdiger Safranski

Publisher: Carl) Verla Hanser

ISBN: 9783446235816

Category: Authors, German

Page: 748

View: 4034

Das Goethe-Buch für unsere Zeit: Rüdiger Safranski nähert sich dem letzten Universalgenie aus den primären Quellen - Werke, Briefe, Tagebücher, Gespräche, Aufzeichnungen von Zeitgenossen. So wird Goethe ungewohnt lebendig: Ein junger Mann aus gutem Hause, dem Studentenleben zugetan und dauerverliebt, wird Bestsellerautor, bekommt eine gutdotierte Stellung, dilettiert in Naturforschungen, flüchtet nach Italien, lebt in wilder Ehe - und bei alledem schreibt er seine unvergesslichen Werke. Doch er wollte noch mehr: Das Leben selbst sollte zum Kunstwerk werden. Safranskis souverän geschriebenes Buch macht uns zu Zeitgenossen dieses Menschen und schildert eindringlich, wie Goethe sich zu Goethe gemacht hat.
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The Concept of Judgment in Montaigne

Author: Raymond C. La Charité

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9401509190

Category: Law

Page: 149

View: 7463

Many critics seem to consider it inappropriate or unnecessary to ask what Montaigne means by the faculty of judgment. Laumonier speaks of "Ie bon sens, qu'il oppose si souvent a la memoire et qu'il appelle encore 'jugement' et 'entendement', c'est-a-dire la faculte de penser et de reflechir juste." 1 Our appreciation of what is implied by judgment, that is by Montaigne's notion of judgment, has been delayed perhaps by a too facile acceptance of a so-called synonymity of meaning among the psychological terms used by Montaigne. In a discussion of key concepts in Montaigne, Donald M. Frame has accurately summarized the present situation with regard to our knowledge of Montaigne's notion of judgment and other key concepts: "We all have our hunches, but we need more than that." 2 For the expression of his interest and concern for the intellectual and moral activities and capabilities of the mind, Montaigne draws upon a broad and elementary semantic field. These primary psychological terms are jugement, entendement, sens, raison, discours, and conscience. Al though these words may be used synonymously, Montaigne does seem to maintain certain basic distinctions among them; frequent substi tutions of terms must be the result of semantic and ideational differ ences. Moreover, the association of several psychological words within a single sentence implies gradations, however slight they may be.
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Essaying Montaigne

A Study of the Renaissance Institution of Writing and Reading

Author: John O'Neill

Publisher: Liverpool University Press

ISBN: 9780853239963

Category: Philosophy

Page: 264

View: 1402

John O’Neill reads Montaigne’s Essays from their central principle of friendship as a communicative and pedagogical practice operative in society, literature and politics. The friendship between Montaigne and La Boétie was ruled neither by plenitude nor lack but by a capacity for recognition and transitivity. As an essayist Montaigne is an exemplary practitioner of a technique of difference and recognition that puts all certainties of history, philosophy and culture in the balance of weighted comparison. The essayist reveals how every absolute subjectivity or authority is shaken by its internal weakness once we move inside the contrastive structure of domination in politics, gender and race. O’Neill’s reading of the Essays strives to be faithful to the phenomenology of their embodied practices of reading-to-write-to re-read and re-write. From this standpoint he engages the principal critical readings of the Essays over the last century that have examined with great brilliance their history, structure and psychology. Whether the structure is evolutionary, structuralist, Marxist or psychoanalytical, O’Neill provides close readings of Montaigne’s literary critics. By bringing to bear the ethico-critical practice of ‘essaying’ to resist the subjection of the Essays to dominant criticism, O’Neill reminds readers that Montaigne’s appeal is in how he survived bloody cultural war with a balance of modesty and tolerance, invoking compromise where others practice violence.
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Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy

Author: D. C. Phillips

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483364755

Category: Education

Page: 952

View: 9715

Education is a field sometimes beset by theories-of-the-day and with easy panaceas that overpromise the degree to which they can alleviate pressing educational problems. The two-volume Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy introduces readers to theories that have stood the test of time and those that have provided the historical foundation for the best of contemporary educational theory and practice. Drawing together a team of international scholars, this invaluable reference examines the global landscape of all the key theories and the theorists behind them and presents them in the context needed to understand their strengths and weaknesses. In addition to interpretations of long-established theories, this work offers essays on cutting-edge research and concise, to-the-point definitions of key concepts, ideas, schools, and figures. Features: Over 300 signed entries by trusted experts in the field are organized into two volumes and overseen by a distinguished General Editor and an international Editorial Board. Entries are followed by cross references and further reading suggestions. A Chronology of Theory within the field of education highlights developments over the centuries; a Reader’s Guide groups entries thematically, and a master Bibliography facilitates further study. The Reader’s Guide, detailed index, and cross references combine for strong search-and-browse capabilities in the electronic version. Available in a choice of print or electronic formats, Encyclopedia of Educational Theory and Philosophy is an ideal reference for anyone interested in the roots of contemporary educational theory.
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The Oxford Handbook of Montaigne

Author: Philippe Desan

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019021533X

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 6876

"The creator of the 'essay,' Michel de Montaigne serves as a bridge between what we call the early modern and modernity. The Essays resemble a patchwork of personal reflections that tend toward a single goal: to live better in the present and to prepare for death. Montaigne constantly redefines the nature of his task in order to fashion himself anew and, in the end, offers an impressionistic model of descriptions based on momentary experiences. Over the centuries, the reception of Montaigne has been anything but simple. The institutionalization of an author depends on what one might call his or her 'ideological and historical trajectory.' An effect of 'globalization' has even reached Montaigne in recent years, bringing him sudden, worldwide visibility. His thought has become internationalized, and he is read, studied, and commented in most European countries as well as in North America, Latin America, and Asia"
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The Art of Life

Author: John Kekes

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801489792

Category: Philosophy

Page: 288

View: 8520

The art of life, according to John Kekes, consists in living a life of personal and moral excellence. This art requires continuous creative effort, drawing on one's character, circumstances, experiences, and ideals.
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Traversing the Democratic Borders of the Essay

Author: Cristina Kirklighter

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791454688

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 160

View: 7061

Extends the borders of essay scholarship by reading Latin American and Latino/a essayists alongside European and American ones.
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Sensual Philosophy

Toleration, Skepticism, and Montaigne's Politics of the Self

Author: Alan Levine

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9780739102473

Category: Philosophy

Page: 336

View: 7989

Almost since their publication, the writings of Michel de Montaigne (1533-1592) have provided rich fodder for the work of scholars in myriad disciplines. Philosophers have considered Montaigne's views on skepticism; historians have examined his views on the Indians; deconstructionists and literary scholars have examined Montaigne's view of the self; and, political scientists have touched on his arguments for toleration. However, because each of these projects has been done largely in isolation, most scholars have failed to see the relationships between the various aspects of Montaigne's thought. Alan Levine, in Sensual Philosophy, unites Montaigne's thought for the first time, ably and convincingly demonstrating the significant role Montaigne played in establishing the liberal ethos in the West. In exploring Montaigne's grounding for liberalism, Levine considers Montaigne's conceptualization of skepticism and its relationship to toleration. He argues that Montaigne's theories of self ground his idea of toleration without leaving it open to the corrosive charges of relativism and nihilism. Levine also articulates the importance of Montaigne's thought for contemporary conceptions of personal freedom, individuality, subjectivity, and self-creation by bringing him into dialogue with modern and postmodern political theorists such as Heidegger, Nietzsche, and Richard Rorty. This lively book persuades those who might be tempted by postmodernism that they should turn to Montaigne instead.
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Montaigne and the Life of Freedom

Author: Felicity Green

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107024390

Category: History

Page: 246

View: 5143

A new interpretation of the Essais, situating Montaigne's project of self-study in the context of a broader commitment to liberty.
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Ein Sommer mit Montaigne

Author: Antoine Compagnon

Publisher: Ullstein eBooks

ISBN: 3843708584

Category: Philosophy

Page: 176

View: 402

»Lebe den Moment! Sei gesellig! Arbeite nicht zu viel! Auf in die Natur!« Solche Aufforderungen hört man gerne. Vor allem, wenn sie von einem der klügsten Köpfe Frankreichs stammen: von Michel de Montaigne. Mit großer Klugheit und Leidenschaft erklärt Antoine Compagnon, was Montaigne uns auch heute, in einer Welt der Höchstleistung und Dauervernetzung, noch über große Lebensthemen wie Liebe, Freundschaft und Einsamkeit, Redlichkeit, den guten Schlaf und den Tod sagen kann.
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The Grand Paradox

The Messiness of Life, the Mystery of God and the Necessity of Faith

Author: Ken Wytsma

Publisher: Thomas Nelson

ISBN: 0718005910

Category: Religion

Page: 213

View: 5414

If we were made for relationship with God, why do we often feel lost and distant from Him? The life of Christian faith is and always has been a beautifully awkward reality. Following Jesus is done—can only be done—in the messiness of this world into which we were all born. Yet many Christians expect the walk of faith to be easier, neater, and relatively devoid of hassles. So perhaps it’s time for a frank conversation about the true nature of Christian faith. Maybe there are many desperately in need of a clear dialogue about how—despite living in a turbulent, chaotic world—our greatest joy is found in our pursuit of God. In The Grand Paradox, Ken Wytsma seeks to help readers understand that although God can be mysterious, He is in no way absent. God’s ways are contradictory and counter to the way the world tells us to pursue happiness. Doubt is okay, it will accompany in the life of faith. What looks like struggle can actually be the most important and meaningful season of our lives. This book is an exploration of the art of living by faith. It is a book for all those wrestling with the paradoxes that confront those who seek to walk with Christ. It’s an honest look at how faith works, here and now, in our culture, our time—and how to put down real roots and flourish in the midst of our messy lives.
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Being Interior

Autobiography and the Contradiction of Modernity in Seventeenth-Century France

Author: Nicholas D. Paige

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 9780812235777

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 297

View: 8765

Autobiography came into being when we began to see the self differently.
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The Arts of Rule

Essays in Honor of Harvey C. Mansfield

Author: Sharon R. Krause

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9780739119716

Category: Philosophy

Page: 448

View: 6914

The arts of rule cover the exercise of power by princes and popular sovereigns, but they range beyond the domain of government itself, extending to civil associations, political parties, and religious institutions. Making full use of political philosophy from a range of backgrounds, this festschrift for Harvey Mansfield recognizes that although the arts of rule are comprehensive, the best government is a limited one.
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Montaigne in Motion

Author: Jean Starobinski

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226771318

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 348

View: 9332

Educated in the humanities and trained in psychiatry, Jean Starobinski is a central figure in the Geneva School of criticism. His classic work, Montaigne in Motion, is a subtly conceived and elegantly written study of the Essais of Montaigne, whose deceptively plainspoken meditations have entranced readers and stimulated philosophers since their first publication in 1580 and 1595. Here Starobinski offers a decidedly postmodern reading of Montaigne. In chapters dealing with the themes of public and private life, friendship, death, the body, and love, Starobinski reveals much that will remind us that Montaigne’s thought is as apropos to our time as it was to his own. “The most important contribution to Montaigne studies since Friedrich’s work . . . . [It] will be the critical framework in which scholars will discuss Montaigne in the years to come.”—Choice “Starobinski brings Montaigne to life by treating him as our contemporary and asking him modern questions.”—Hudson Review
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The Classical Heritage in France

Author: Gerald N. Sandy

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004119161

Category: History

Page: 588

View: 4572

A study of the reception of Greek and Latin culture in France in the 16th and 17th centuries. There are surveys on topics as diverse as the role of French travellers to classical lands in transforming perceptible reality into narrative textuality, and the influence of ancient law in France.
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In the Light of Christ

Writings in the Western Tradition

Author: Lucy Beckett

Publisher: Ignatius Press

ISBN: 1586171070

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 560

View: 1054

The good, the true and the beautiful--it is for these that our souls long. Though they reside in unity and perfection in God alone, the written word is one place we can discover glimmers of divine light. The writings of great souls can turn our gaze toward God as he is revealed in Jesus Christ. Even authors who do not know Christ or who reject Christ can still point to him, for anyone who seeks the truth finds it; and any one who turns his back on the truth turns away from a someone whose presence can often be more keenly felt in his absence. In this volume, Lucy Beckett illuminates some of the finest writings in the Western tradition and trains our eye to discover in them the Christian vision of God. She masterfully guides us through Sophocles, Plato, Augustine, Dante, Shakespeare, Dostoyevsky and many others, deftly demonstrating each author's worth as a bearer of truth.
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Temporality in Life As Seen Through Literature

Contributions to Phenomenology of Life

Author: Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402053312

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 424

View: 4155

With a wealth of papers in its pages, this book examines that fundamental of human philosophy, the relationship between human beings and time. Having the human subject – the creator – at its center, literature is essentially engaged in temporality whether that of the mind or of the world of life through the creative process of writing, stage directing, or the reader’s and viewer’s reception. This text examines, among others, the work of Proust and Kafka.
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Die Helle Stunde

Ein Buch vom Leben und Sterben

Author: Nina Riggs

Publisher: btb Verlag

ISBN: 3641214165

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 352

View: 2049

Wie sehr das Leben leuchtet, auch in seinen dunkelsten Momenten. "Sterben ist nicht das Ende der Welt", hat ihre Mutter einmal gesagt. Doch erst jetzt beginnt Nina Riggs den Satz zu verstehen: Mit 38 Jahren hat sie unheilbar Krebs, die Ärzte geben ihr noch 18 bis 36 Monate. Wie lebt man ein Leben, dessen Ende feststeht, das aber dennoch gelebt werden will? Wie macht man Pläne für den Urlaub, wie spricht man mit den Kindern, und wie ist man weiterhin eine liebende Partnerin? Nina Riggs hat ein Buch geschrieben über ihre letzten Monate, das keine Krankengeschichte ist und keine heldenhafte Kampfansage an den Krebs. Es ist ein Buch über den Zweifel und die Angst, aber auch über die unendliche Schönheit des Augenblicks und den beharrlichen Blick nach vorn. Es ist ein Buch darüber, wie sehr das Leben leuchtet, auch in seinen dunkelsten Momenten.
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