Modernity and Ambivalence

Author: Zygmunt Bauman

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745638112

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 4995

Modern civilization, Bauman argues, promised to make our lives understandable and open to our control. This has not happened and today we no longer believe it ever will. In this book, now available in paperback, Bauman argues that our postmodern age is the time for reconciliation with ambivalence, we must learn how to live in an incurably ambiguous world.
Release

Modernity and Ambivalence

Author: Zygmunt Bauman

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 074567321X

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 5889

Modern civilization, Bauman argues, promised to make our lives understandable and open to our control. This has not happened and today we no longer believe it ever will. In this book, now available in paperback, Bauman argues that our postmodern age is the time for reconciliation with ambivalence, we must learn how to live in an incurably ambiguous world.
Release

Maturity and Modernity

Nietzsche, Weber, Foucault and the Ambivalence of Reason

Author: David Owen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135083002

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 2206

Maturity and Modernity is the first book to analyze Nietzsche, Weber and Foucault as a tradition of theorising and to chart the development of genealogy as a mode of critique. It provides clear accounts of the main ideas of Nietzsche, Weber and Foucault (as well as a useful Glossary) and illustrates the relations between these thinkers at methodological, substantive and politcal levels.
Release

Modernity and ambivalence in Jewish national ideology

Analysis of the jewish nation-building process on basis of Zygmunt Bauman's theory of ambivalence and the 'Stranger' in modern nation states

Author: Alexandra Samoleit

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3638002292

Category: Religion

Page: 32

View: 2526

Seminar paper from the year 2007 in the subject Jewish Studies, grade: 1,0, University of Erfurt, 21 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: Zygmunt Bauman's theory explains how modern nation states categorise and define their population, as well as "friends" and "enemies" based on ethnical, cultural and historical homogeneity. In this process ambivalent elements, especially minority groups. are eliminated from the nation. For Bauman this structural inheritent development is the main reason for the failed assimilatory aspirations of the German Jews in the late 19th and early 20th century. Zionism as reaction to denied national identity in the host countries shows in itself the same structural elements which caused the exclusion of the Jews from the German society. Jewish nationalists applied similar strategies and methods of stigmatisation and displacement during the Jewish nation-building process on the native population of Palestine and the oriental Jews to construct national order and identity.
Release

Modernity and the Holocaust

Author: Zygmunt Bauman

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745638090

Category: Social Science

Page: 280

View: 4165

Sociology is concerned with modern society, but has never come toterms with one of the most distinctive and horrific aspects ofmodernity - the Holocaust. The book examines what sociology can teach us about the Holocaust,but more particularly concentrates upon the lessons which theHolocaust has for sociology. Bauman's work demonstrates that theHolocaust has to be understood as deeply involved with the natureof modernity. There is nothing comparable to this work available inthe sociological literature.
Release

On Ambivalence

The Problems and Pleasures of Having it Both Ways

Author: Kenneth Weisbrode

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262301075

Category: Philosophy

Page: 88

View: 3067

Why is it so hard to make up our minds? Adam and Eve set the template: Do we or don't we eat the apple? They chose, half-heartedly, and nothing was ever the same again. With this book, Kenneth Weisbrode offers a crisp, literate, and provocative introduction to the age-old struggle with ambivalence. Ambivalence results from a basic desire to have it both ways. This is only natural -- although insisting upon it against all reason often results not in "both" but in the disappointing "neither." Ambivalence has insinuated itself into our culture as a kind of obligatory reflex, or default position, before practically every choice we make. It affects not only individuals; organizations, societies, and cultures can also be ambivalent. How often have we asked the scornful question, "Are we the Hamlet of nations"? How often have we demanded that our leaders appear decisive, judicious, and stalwart? And how eager have we been to censure them when they hesitate or waver?Weisbrode traces the concept of ambivalence, from the Garden of Eden to Freud and beyond. The Obama era, he says, may be America's own era of ambivalence: neither red nor blue but a multicolored kaleidoscope. Ambivalence, he argues, need not be destructive. We must learn to distinguish it from its symptoms -- selfishness, ambiguity, and indecision -- and accept that frustration, guilt, and paralysis felt by individuals need not lead automatically to a collective pathology. Drawing upon examples from philosophy, history, literature, and the social sciences, On Ambivalence is a pocket-sized portrait of a complex human condition. It should be read by anyone who has ever grappled with making the right choice.
Release

Facing Modernity

Ambivalence, Reflexivity and Morality

Author: Professor Barry Smart

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781446227930

Category:

Page: 224

View: 3222

Barry Smart offers a wide-ranging and critical discussion of how issues of reflexivity, ethics and moral responsibility inform social and political thought. Through a critical discussion of the ambivalent fruits' of social analysis, exemplified in particular by the work of Foucault, Derrida, Lyotard, Baudrillard, Vattimo, Beck, Bourdieu, Goffman, Giddens, Levinas and Bauman, this book submits that an important responsibility of social enquiry today is to engage critically with the moral difficulties and ethical dilemmas which have arisen in relation to modernity.
Release

Surpassing Modernity

Ambivalence in Art, Politics and Society

Author: Andrew McNamara

Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic

ISBN: 9781350008335

Category: Philosophy

Page: 224

View: 6939

For the past thirty to forty years, cultural analysis has focused on developing terms to explain the surpassing of modernity. Discussion is stranded in an impasse between those who view the term modernity with automatic disdain-as deterministic, Eurocentric or imperialistic-and a booming interest that is renewing the study of modernism. Another dilemma is that the urge to move away from, or beyond, modernity arises because it is viewed as difficult, even unsavoury. Yet, there has always been a view of modernity as somehow difficult to live with, and that has been said by figures we regard today as typical modernists. McNamara argues in this book that it is time to forget the quest to surpass modernity. Instead, we should re-examine a legacy that continues to inform our artistic conceptions, our political debates, our critical justifications, even if that legacy is baffling and contradictory. We may find it difficult to live with, but without recourse to this legacy, our critical-cultural ambitions would remain seriously diminished. How do we explain the culture we live in today? And how do we, as citizens, make sense of it? This book suggests these questions have become increasingly difficult to answer.
Release

Legislators and Interpreters

On Modernity, Post-Modernity and Intellectuals

Author: Zygmunt Bauman

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745673198

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 5420

The book discusses the role of intellectuals in the modern world. Bauman connects this with current analyses of modernity and post-modernity. The theme of the book is that the tasks of intellectuals change from being 'legislators' to 'interpreters' with the transition from modernity to post-modernity. The book discusses the role of intellectuals in the modern world. Bauman connects this with current analyses of modernity and post-modernity. The theme of the book is that the tasks of intellectuals change from being 'legislators' to 'interpreters' with the transition from modernity to post-modernity.
Release

Spaces of Modernity

London's Geographies, 1680-1780

Author: Miles Ogborn

Publisher: Guilford Press

ISBN: 9781572303652

Category: History

Page: 340

View: 4799

From the civility of Westminster's newly paved streets to the dangerous pleasures of Vauxhall Gardens and the grand designs of the Universal Register Office, this book examines the identities, practices, and power relations of the modern city as they emerged within and transformed the geographies of eighteenth-century London. Ogborn draws upon a wide variety of textual and visual sources to illuminate processes of commodification, individualization, state formation, and the transformation of the public sphere within the new spaces of the metropolis.
Release

Mortality, Immortality and Other Life Strategies

Author: Zygmunt Bauman

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745656668

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 8638

Zygmunt Bauman's new book is a brilliant exploration, from a sociological point of view, of the 'taboo' subject in modern societies: death and dying. The book develops a new theory of the ways in which human mortality is reacted to, and dealt with, in social institutions and culture. The hypothesis explored in the book is that the necessity of human beings to live with the constant awareness of death accounts for crucial aspects of the social organization of all known societies. Two different 'life strategies' are distinguished in respect of reactions to mortality. One, 'the modern strategy', deconstructs mortality by translating the insoluble issue of death into many specific problems of health and disease which are 'soluble in principle'. The 'post-modern strategy' is one of deconstructing immortality: life is transformed into a constant rehearsal of 'reversible death', a substitution of 'temporary disappearance' for the irrevocable termination of life. This profound and provocative book will appeal to a wide audience. It will also be of particular interest to students and professionals in the areas of sociology, anthropology, theology and philosophy.
Release

Global Culture

Nationalism, Globalization and Modernity

Author: Mike Featherstone

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1848608977

Category: Social Science

Page: 416

View: 7969

In this book leading social scientists from many countries analyze the extent to which we are seeing a globalization of culture. Is a unified world culture emerging? And if so, how does this relate to existing cultural divisions and to the autonomy of the nation state? Differing explanations are offered for trends towards global unification and their relation to an economic world-system. Will the intensification of global contact produce increasing tolerance of other cultures? Or will an integrating culture produce sharper reactions in the form of fundamentalist and nationalist movements? The contributors explore the emergence of `third cultures', such as international law, the financial markets and media conglomerates, as elements which transcend the boundaries of the nation state. As well as examining the extent, causation and consequences of global homogenization, the authors consider its implication for the social sciences. Global Culture was published simultaneously as Volume 7, issues 2-3 of Theory, Culture & Society.
Release

Ambivalent Desires

Representations of Modernity and Private Life in Colombia (1890s-1950s)

Author: María Mercedes Andrade

Publisher: Bucknell University Press

ISBN: 1611480019

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 202

View: 1684

Ambivalent Desires is a literary and cultural study of the reception of modernity in Colombia. Unlike previous studies of Latin American modernization, which have usually focused on the public aspect of the process, this book discusses the intersection between modernity and the private sphere.
Release

Global Culture

Nationalism, Globalization and Modernity

Author: Mike Featherstone

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780803983229

Category: Social Science

Page: 411

View: 5092

In this book leading social scientists from many countries analyze the extent to which we are seeing a globalization of culture. Is a unified world culture emerging? And if so, how does this relate to existing cultural divisions and to the autonomy of the nation state? Differing explanations are offered for trends towards global unification and their relation to an economic world-system. Will the intensification of global contact produce increasing tolerance of other cultures? Or will an integrating culture produce sharper reactions in the form of fundamentalist and nationalist movements? The contributors explore the emergence of `third cultures', such as international law, the financial markets and media conglomerates, as
Release

Ambivalence, Modernity, Power

Women and Writing in Mexico Since 1980

Author: Nuala Finnegan

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 9783039105076

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 342

View: 8471

By incorporating a variety of critical approaches within a feminist framework, the author here argues that Mexican women writers participate in a crucial project of unsettling dominant discourses as they strive for new ways of capturing the ambivalent position of the Mexican women in their texts.
Release

Overcome by Modernity

History, Culture, and Community in Interwar Japan

Author: Harry D. Harootunian

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691095485

Category: History

Page: 480

View: 2583

In the decades between the two World Wars, Japan made a dramatic entry into the modern age, expanding its capital industries and urbanizing so quickly as to rival many long-standing Western industrial societies. How the Japanese made sense of the sudden transformation and the subsequent rise of mass culture is the focus of Harry Harootunian's fascinating inquiry into the problems of modernity. Here he examines the work of a generation of Japanese intellectuals who, like their European counterparts, saw modernity as a spectacle of ceaseless change that uprooted the dominant historical culture from its fixed values and substituted a culture based on fantasy and desire. Harootunian not only explains why the Japanese valued philosophical understandings of these events, often over sociological or empirical explanations, but also locates Japan's experience of modernity within a larger global process marked by both modernism and fascism. What caught the attention of Japanese thinkers was how the production of desire actually threatened historical culture. These intellectuals sought to "overcome" the materialism and consumerism associated with the West, particularly the United States. They proposed versions of a modernity rooted in cultural authenticity and aimed at infusing meaning into everyday life, whether through art, memory, or community. Harootunian traces these ideas in the works of Yanagita Kunio, Tosaka Jun, Gonda Yasunosuke, and Kon Wajiro, among others, and relates their arguments to those of such European writers as George Simmel, Siegfried Kracauer, Walter Benjamin, and Georges Bataille. Harootunian shows that Japanese and European intellectuals shared many of the same concerns, and also stresses that neither Japan's involvement with fascism nor its late entry into the capitalist, industrial scene should cause historians to view its experience of modernity as an oddity. The author argues that strains of fascism ran throughout most every country in Europe and in many ways resulted from modernizing trends in general. This book, written by a leading scholar of modern Japan, amounts to a major reinterpretation of the nature of Japan's modernity.
Release

Ambivalent Europeans

Ritual, Memory and the Public Sphere in Malta

Author: Jon P. Mitchell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135138931

Category: Social Science

Page: 292

View: 4785

Ambivalent Europeans examines the implications of living on the fringes of Europe. In Malta, public debate is dominated by the question of Europe, both at a policy level - whether or not to join the EU - and at the level of national identity - whether or not the Maltese are 'European'. Jon Mitchell identifies a profound ambivalence towards Europe, and also more broadly to the key processes of 'modernisation'. He traces this tendency through a number of key areas of social life - gender, the family, community, politics, religion and ritual.
Release

Intimations of Postmodernity

Author: Zygmunt Bauman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134917597

Category: Social Science

Page: 264

View: 2937

This thoughtful and illuminating book provides a major statement on the meaning and importance of postmodernity.
Release

Conscripts of Modernity

The Tragedy of Colonial Enlightenment

Author: David Scott

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 0822386186

Category: Political Science

Page: 290

View: 756

At this stalled and disillusioned juncture in postcolonial history—when many anticolonial utopias have withered into a morass of exhaustion, corruption, and authoritarianism—David Scott argues the need to reconceptualize the past in order to reimagine a more usable future. He describes how, prior to independence, anticolonialists narrated the transition from colonialism to postcolonialism as romance—as a story of overcoming and vindication, of salvation and redemption. Scott contends that postcolonial scholarship assumes the same trajectory, and that this imposes conceptual limitations. He suggests that tragedy may be a more useful narrative frame than romance. In tragedy, the future does not appear as an uninterrupted movement forward, but instead as a slow and sometimes reversible series of ups and downs. Scott explores the political and epistemological implications of how the past is conceived in relation to the present and future through a reconsideration of C. L. R. James’s masterpiece of anticolonial history, The Black Jacobins, first published in 1938. In that book, James told the story of Toussaint L’Ouverture and the making of the Haitian Revolution as one of romantic vindication. In the second edition, published in the United States in 1963, James inserted new material suggesting that that story might usefully be told as tragedy. Scott uses James’s recasting of The Black Jacobins to compare the relative yields of romance and tragedy. In an epilogue, he juxtaposes James’s thinking about tragedy, history, and revolution with Hannah Arendt’s in On Revolution. He contrasts their uses of tragedy as a means of situating the past in relation to the present in order to derive a politics for a possible future.
Release