Mobilizing Bolivia's Displaced

Indigenous Politics and the Struggle over Land

Author: Nicole Fabricant

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 0807837512

Category: Social Science

Page: 280

View: 6121

The election of Evo Morales as Bolivia's president in 2005 made him his nation's first indigenous head of state, a watershed victory for social activists and Native peoples. El Movimiento Sin Tierra (MST), or the Landless Peasant Movement, played a significant role in bringing Morales to power. Following in the tradition of the well-known Brazilian Landless movement, Bolivia's MST activists seized unproductive land and built farming collectives as a means of resistance to large-scale export-oriented agriculture. In Mobilizing Bolivia's Displaced, Nicole Fabricant illustrates how landless peasants politicized indigeneity to shape grassroots land politics, reform the state, and secure human and cultural rights for Native peoples. Fabricant takes readers into the personal spaces of home and work, on long bus rides, and into meetings and newly built MST settlements to show how, in response to displacement, Indigenous identity is becoming ever more dynamic and adaptive. In addition to advancing this rich definition of indigeneity, she explores the ways in which Morales has found himself at odds with Indigenous activists and, in so doing, shows that Indigenous people have a far more complex relationship to Morales than is generally understood.
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State Theory and Andean Politics

New Approaches to the Study of Rule

Author: Christopher Krupa,David Nugent

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 0812246942

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 1415

In the last few decades, Andean states have seen major restructuring of the organization, leadership, and reach of their governments. With these political tremors come major aftershocks, regarding both definitions and expectations: What is a state? Who or what makes it up, and where does it reside? In what capacity can the state be expected to right wrongs, raise people up, protect them from harm, maintain order, or provide public services? What are its powers and responsibilities? State Theory and Andean Politics attempts to answer these questions and more through an examination of the ongoing process of state-creation in Andean nations. Focusing on the everyday, extra-official, and frequently invisible or partially concealed permutations of rule in the lives of Andean people, the essays explore the material and cultural processes by which states come to appear as real and tangible parts of everyday life. In particular, they focus on the critical role of emotion, imagination, and fantasy in generating belief in the state, among the governed and the governing alike. This approach pushes beyond the limits of the state as conventionally understood to consider how "non-state" acts of governance intersect with official institutions of government, while never being entirely determined by them or bound to their authorizing agendas. State Theory and Andean Politics asserts that the state is not simply an institutional-bureaucratic apparatus but one of many forces vying for a claim to legitimate political dominion. Featuring an impressive array of Andeanist scholars as well as eminent state theorists Akhil Gupta and Gyanendra Pandey, State Theory and Andean Politics makes a bold and novel claim about the nature of states and state-making that deepens understanding not only of the Andes and Global South but of the world at large. Contributors: Kim Clark, Nicole Fabricant, Lesley Gill, Akhil Gupta, Christopher Krupa, David Nugent, Gyanendra Pandey, Mercedes Prieto, Maria Clemencia Ramírez, Irene Silverblatt, Karen Spalding, Winifred Tate.
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Along the Bolivian Highway

Social Mobility and Political Culture in a New Middle Class

Author: Miriam Shakow

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 0812209826

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 9394

Along the Bolivian Highway traces the emergence of a new middle class in Bolivia, a society commonly portrayed as the site of struggle between a superwealthy white minority and a destitute indigenous majority. Miriam Shakow shows how Bolivian middle classes have deeply shaped politics and social life. While national political leaders like Evo Morales have proclaimed a new era of indigenous power and state-led capitalism in place of racial exclusion and neoliberal free trade, Bolivians of indigenous descent who aspire to upward mobility have debated whether to try to rise within their country's longstanding hierarchies of race and class or to break down those hierarchies. The ascent of indigenous politics, and a boom in coca and cocaine production beginning in the 1970s, have created dilemmas for "middling" Bolivians who do not fit the prevailing social binaries of white elite and indigenous poor. In their family relationships, political activism, and community life, the new middle class confronted competing moral imperatives. Focusing on social and political struggles that hinged on class and racial status in a provincial boomtown in central Bolivia, Shakow recounts the experiences of first-generation teachers, agronomists, lawyers, and prosperous merchants. They puzzled over whom to marry, how to claim public interest in the face of accusations of selfishness, and whether to seek political patronage jobs amid high unemployment. By linking the intimate politics within families to regional and national power struggles, Along the Bolivian Highway sheds light on what it means to be middle class in the global south.
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Evo's Bolivia

Continuity and Change

Author: Linda C. Farthing,Benjamin H. Kohl

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 0292757743

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 1674

In this compelling and comprehensive look at the rise of Evo Morales and Bolivia's Movimiento al Socialismo (MAS), Linda Farthing and Benjamin Kohl offer a thoughtful evaluation of the transformations ushered in by the western hemisphere's first contemporary indigenous president. Accessible to all readers, Evo's Bolivia not only charts Evo's rise to power but also offers a history of and context for the MAS revolution's place in the rising "pink tide" of the political left. Farthing and Kohl examine the many social movements whose agendas have set the political climate in Bolivia and describe the difficult conditions the administration inherited. They evaluate the results of Evo's policies by examining a variety of measures, including poverty; health care and education reform; natural resources and development; and women's, indigenous, and minority rights. Weighing the positive with the negative, the authors offer a balanced assessment of the results and shortcomings of the first six years of the Morales administration. At the heart of this book are the voices of Bolivians themselves. Farthing and Kohl interviewed women and men in government, in social movements, and on the streets throughout the country, and their diverse backgrounds and experiences offer a multidimensional view of the administration and its progress so far. Ultimately the "process of change" Evo promised is exactly that: an ongoing and complicated process, yet an important example of development in a globalized world.
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The Crisis of Multiculturalism in Latin America

Author: David Lehmann

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137509589

Category: Political Science

Page: 230

View: 3569

This book presents a challenging view of the adoption and co-option of multiculturalism in Latin America from six scholars with extensive experience of grassroots movements and intellectual debates. It raises serious questions of theory, method, and interpretation for both social scientists and policymakers on the basis of cases in Mexico, Brazil, Argentina, Bolivia, and Ecuador. Multicultural policies have enabled people to recover the land of their ancestors, administer justice in accordance with their traditions, provide recognition as full citizens of the nation, and promote affirmative action to enable them to take the place in society which is theirs by right. The message of this book is that while the multicultural response has done much to raise the symbolic recognition of indigenous and Afro-descendant peoples nationally and internationally, its application calls for a profound reappraisal in spheres such as land, gender, institutional design, and equal opportunities. Written by scholars with long-term and in-depth engagement in Latin America, the chapters show that multicultural theories and policies, which assume racial and cultural boundaries to be clear-cut, overlook the pervasive reality of racial and cultural mixture and place excessive confidence in identity politics.
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Das Ende der Armut

ein ökonomisches Programm für eine gerechtere Welt

Author: Jeffrey Sachs

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783570550120

Category: Armut - Bekämpfung

Page: 476

View: 8931

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Räume der Neoliberalisierung

zur Theorie der ungleichen Entwicklung

Author: David Harvey

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783899652307

Category:

Page: 157

View: 3734

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Bildung auf einen Blick 2014: OECD-Indikatoren

Author: OECD

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9264222839

Category:

Page: 722

View: 2409

Bildung auf einen Blick 2014 – OECD-Indikatoren ist die maßgebliche Quelle für präzise und relevante Informationen zum Stand der Bildung weltweit. Bildung auf einen Blick bietet Daten zu den Strukturen, der Finanzierung und der Leistungsfähigkeit ...
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Forces of Labor

Arbeiterbewegungen und Globalisierung seit 1870

Author: Beverly J. Silver

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783935936323

Category:

Page: 284

View: 4179

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Impasse in Bolivia

neoliberal hegemony and popular resistance

Author: Benjamin H. Kohl,Linda C. Farthing

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781842777589

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 236

View: 1726

This book explores the tensions between markets, democracy, neoliberalism, state restructuring and citizenship. In this regard, the balance of citizen rights has been shifted away from providing citizens with social rights to privileging the property rights of private, mostly transnational, firms. Bolivian Stalematethrows light on the reasons and processes behind the rising opposition in country after country in Latin America to the currently fashionable, internationally prescribed economic development strategy of neoliberalism.
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Amnesty International Report 2017/18

Author: Amnesty International Sektion der Bundesrepublik

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3104906580

Category: Reference

Page: 512

View: 8431

In vielen Staaten gehören Unterdrückungsmaßnahmen schon fast zur Routine: Regierungen unterbinden freie Meinungsäußerungen in der Presse und im Internet unter Hinweis auf die nationale Sicherheit. Sie gehen gegen Kritiker vor, verhaften Journalisten und andere, bedrohen sie mit Folter und manchmal mit Tod. Diese Politik, die das Menschenrecht der Meinungsfreiheit massiv verletzt, gab es in dem weiterhin von Kriegen und Flüchtlingsnot gekennzeichneten Jahr 2017 auf allen Kontinenten. Der neue Report von Amnesty International gibt Auskunft über die Situation der Menschenrechte in ca. 160 Staaten und ist eine wichtige Grundlage für alle, die sich für die Menschenrechte interessieren und sie durch politische Entscheidungen oder freiwilliges Engagement verändern wollen. Zugleich fordert der Report dazu auf, die Menschenrechte zu respektieren und für sie einzustehen. Eine Bestandsaufnahme zur weltweiten Lage der Menschenrechte
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Das Jahr der gefährlichen Träume

Author: Slavoj Žižek

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3104025657

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 224

View: 3536

Über den Arabischen Frühling, Occupy Wall Street – und den Massenmord von Breivik 2011 – das Jahr des Arabischen Frühlings, der Occupy Wall Street-Bewegung, der Revolte in den Vorstädten Londons. 2011 – das Jahr von Breiviks ideologischer Wahnsinnstat, des aufkommenden Antisemitismus in Ungarn, des zunehmenden Rassismus. Gefährliche Träume in zweierlei Richtung stehen dahinter: emanzipatorische und destruktive. Was bedeuten diese Ereignisse im Kontext des globalen Kapitalismus? Mit Dialektik, analytischer Schärfe und gewohnt pointensicher legt Slavoj Žižek die Widersprüche der gegenwärtigen politischen Lage frei und fragt, wie wir das System bekämpfen können, ohne zu seinem Funktionieren beizutragen. »Theorie muss auch immer sexy sein, sie muss unterhalten, provozieren, bruchstückhaft und leicht zitierbar sein, physisch spürbar wie Rockmusik. All das liefert Žižek.« Der Spiegel
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Economic Development Strategies and the Evolution of Violence in Latin America

Author: W. Ascher,N. Mirovitskaya

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137272694

Category: Social Science

Page: 280

View: 7667

Economic Development Strategies and the Evolution of Violence in Latin America explores the links between Latin American governments' economic policies and the nature and dynamics of inter-group violence. Based on the patterns of ten countries, the contributions to this volume trace the remarkable transformation from open ideological conflict to the explosion of social (seemingly apolitical) violence, the upsurge of urban crime, and the confrontations over natural resources and drugs across the region spanning from Mexico to Argentina. The variations in economic success and in conflict prevention and transformation can guide policymakers, development professionals, and activists committed to conflict-sensitive development.
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Race in Translation

Kulturkämpfe rings um den postkolonialen Atlantik

Author: Robert Stam,Ella Shohat

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783897715622

Category:

Page: 450

View: 4349

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Die globale Überwachung

Der Fall Snowden, die amerikanischen Geheimdienste und die Folgen

Author: Glenn Greenwald

Publisher: Droemer eBook

ISBN: 3426425165

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 9807

Bereits in seinen ersten Artikeln über die NSA-Affäre brachte Glenn Greenwald das ganze Ausmaß der Massenüberwachung im digitalen Zeitalter ans Licht. Seine Berichterstattung, für die er mit dem Pulitzer-Preis ausgezeichnet wurde, löste international ein politisches Erdbeben aus. In seinem Buch deckt Greenwald anhand einer Fülle von brisanten Geheimdokumenten aus dem Archiv des Whistleblowers Edward Snowden die illegalen Praktiken der amerikanischen Geheimdienste auf. Alles und jeder wird ausgespäht, die Bevölkerung steht unter Kollektivverdacht. Meinungsfreiheit wird im Namen der Sicherheit unterdrückt, und es gibt keine Privatsphäre mehr – nirgends.
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Latin America's Multicultural Movements

The Struggle Between Communitarianism, Autonomy, and Human Rights

Author: Todd A. Eisenstadt,Michael S. Danielson,Moises Jaime Bailon Corres,Carlos Sorroza Polo

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199324131

Category: Political Science

Page: 306

View: 8502

Bringing together the expertise of dozens of Latin American scholars, Latin America's Multicultural Movements examines multicultural rights recognition in theory and in practice. The authors move beyond abstract debates common in the literature on multiculturalism to examine indigenous rights recognition in different real-world settings, comparing cases in unitary states (Bolivia, Ecuador) with subnational autonomy regimes in Mexico's federal states (Chiapas, Oaxaca, and Yucat?n).
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Blue Gold

The Fight to Stop the Corporate Theft of the World's Water

Author: Maude Barlow,Tony Clarke

Publisher: The New Press

ISBN: 1595586237

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 304

View: 9000

In this “chilling, in-depth examination of a rapidly emerging global crisis” (In These Times), Maude Barlow and Tony Clarke, two of the most active opponents to the privatization of water show how, contrary to received wisdom, water mainly flows uphill to the wealthy. Our most basic resource may one day be limited: our consumption doubles every twenty years—twice the rate of population increase. At the same time, increasingly transnational corporations are plotting to control the world’s dwindling water supply. In England and France, where water has already been privatized, rates have soared, and water shortages have been severe. The major bottled-water producers—Perrier, Evian, Naya, and now Coca-Cola and PepsiCo—are part of one of the fastest-growing and least-regulated industries, buying up freshwater rights and drying up crucial supplies. A truly shocking exposé that is a call to arms to people around the world, Blue Gold shows in frightening detail why, as the vice president of the World Bank has pronounced, “The wars of the next century will be about water.”
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Latin American Peasants

Author: Tom Brass

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135761892

Category: History

Page: 432

View: 7327

The essays in this collection examine agrarian transformation in Latin America and the role in this of peasants, with particular reference to Bolivia, Peru, Chile, Brazil and Central America. Among the issues covered are the impact of globalization and neo-liberal economic policies.
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Latin American Peasants

Author: Tom Brass

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780714653846

Category: Political Science

Page: 421

View: 9972

A collection of essays examine the current agrarian transformation in Latin America and the role peasants play in the changes.
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