Misunderstanding the Internet

Author: James Curran,Natalie Fenton,Des Freedman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317443519

Category: Computers

Page: 224

View: 5007

The growth of the internet has been spectacular. There are now more than 3 billion internet users across the globe, some 40 per cent of the world’s population. The internet’s meteoric rise is a phenomenon of enormous significance for the economic, political and social life of contemporary societies. However, much popular and academic writing about the internet continues to take a celebratory view, assuming that the internet’s potential will be realised in essentially positive and transformative ways. This was especially true in the euphoric moment of the mid-1990s, when many commentators wrote about the internet with awe and wonderment. While this moment may be over, its underlying technocentrism – the belief that technology determines outcomes – lingers on and, with it, a failure to understand the internet in its social, economic and political contexts. Misunderstanding the Internet is a short introduction, encompassing the history, sociology, politics and economics of the internet and its impact on society. This expanded and updated second edition is a polemical, sociologically and historically informed guide to the key claims that have been made about the online world. It aims to challenge both popular myths and existing academic orthodoxies that surround the internet.
Release

Die Internet-Galaxie

Internet, Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft

Author: Manuel Castells

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 9783810035936

Category: Social Science

Page: 296

View: 1093

Manuel Castells gibt detailliert und faszinierend Aufschluss über das "Woher" und - soweit aus der aktuellen Situation erkennbar - "Wohin" des Internet und, damit verbunden, der neuen Netzwerkgesellschaft, deren zentrales Kommunikationsmedium das Internet ist. Das www gibt es seit weniger als zehn Jahren. Die allgemeine und kommerzielle Akzeptanz des Internet ist außergewöhnlich - ermöglicht und initiiert Veränderungen in allen individuellen und gesellschaftlichen Bereichen. Es gibt neue Kommunikationssysteme, neue Branchen, Neue Medien und Informationskanäle, neue politische und kulturelle Ausdrucksformen, neue Formen des Lehrens und Lernens und neue Gemeinschaften. Was aber wissen wir schon über das Internet, seine Geschichte, seine Technologie, seine Kultur und seine Applikationen? Welche Folgen ergeben sich für Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft? Die Verbreitung des Internet ging so schnell vonstatten, schneller als die Möglichkeiten sorgfältiger empirisch begründeter Analyse. Manuel Castells wird von vielen als der führende Analytiker des Informationszeitalters und der Netzwerkgesellschaft gesehen. Über seine akademische Arbeit hinaus arbeitet er als Berater auf höchstem internationalen Niveau. In diesem kleinen Buch bringt er seine Erfahrung und sein Wissen zur Internet-Galaxie zusammen: Wie hat alles angefangen? Aus welchen zusammen arbeitenden oder konkurrierenden Kulturen besteht das Internet? Wie werden neue Unternehmen dadurch organisiert, wie werden alte Unternehmen davon beeinflusst? Gibt es die "digitale Wasserscheide"? Welchen Einfluss hat das Internet auf soziale und kulturelle Organisationsformen? Wie werden politische Teilhabe, politische Kommunikation, das städtische Leben beeinflusst? Dies sind nur einige Fragen, die in diesem Buch aufgegriffen werden. Castells gibt aber weder Prognosen ab, noch liefert er Patentrezepte - er gibt eine erhellende, auf empirischen Daten beruhende Analyse der aktuellen Situation und hilft uns zu verstehen, wie das
Release

Worm

Der erste digitale Weltkrieg

Author: Mark Bowden

Publisher: ebook Berlin Verlag

ISBN: 3827075203

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 8479

Dass Cyberverbrechen und Cyberwar keine bloß virtuellen Gefahren mehr sind, sickert erst allmählich ins öffentliche und politische Bewusstsein. Als der Computerwurm »Conficker« im November 2008 auf die Welt losgelassen wurde, infizierte er binnen weniger Wochen Millionen von Computern weltweit. War er in ein System eingedrungen, konnte er dieses mit anderen verbinden und so ein Netzwerk bilden, das sich von außen kontrollieren ließ. Ein solch großes Botnetz ist theoretisch in der Lage, sämtliche Computernetzwerke zu überwältigen, ohne die heute unsere Banken, Telefone, Kraftwerke oder Flughäfen, ja sogar das Internet selbst kollabieren würden - mit unabsehbaren Folgen. War »Conficker« nur das Werkzeug von Cyberkriminellen oder gar eine reale militärische Waffe mit so nie dagewesenem Zerstörungspotenzial? Mark Bowden erzählt, wie in einem dramatischen Wettlauf Computerexperten alles daransetzen, den brandgefährlichen Wurm auszuschalten. Packend beschreibt er einen nach wie vor völlig unterschätzten Krieg, der buchstäblich unter unseren Fingerspitzen auf der Tastatur ausgefochten wird.
Release

Politics and the Internet in Comparative Context

Views from the cloud

Author: Paul Nixon,Rajash Rawal,Dan Mercea

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135104093

Category: Political Science

Page: 280

View: 4564

For many years now we have witnessed the developing use of the internet and associated technologies by political actors and organisations. Claims and counter claims have been made as its suitability as a tool to help in the struggle to re-invigorate political participation in democracies across the globe has been contested. This book charts the shifting sands of political activity in the digital age. It interrogates the hybrid nature of modern politics as online and offline actions blur the boundaries of traditional politics between ‘real-life’ co-presence and the booming virtual domain of politics. By so doing, it critically reflects on the latest scholarship on the subject while concurrently advancing stimulating new insights into it. Encapsulating both the range and the diverse velocities of change in different political arenas and geographical locations, this volumes seeks to map out a path if not towards the politics of tomorrow then towards a better comprehension of the politics of today. Featuring a range of international and comparative case studies presenting research on the UK, US, Italy, France, Spain, Romania, Africa and China, this book will be of interest to students and scholars of Politics and Media, Political Communication, New Media studies, Public Administration, Sociology, Communication Studies, Computing and Information and Communications Technologies.
Release

The Supply Chain Manager's Problem-Solver

Maximizing the Value of Collaboration and Technology

Author: Charles C. Poirier

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420000357

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 256

View: 9328

The true promise and benefits of Supply Chain Management elude many organizations. Cultural limitations, a narrow view of the opportunities offered by and the need to access external resources juxtaposed with a lack of understanding of how technology can enhance business processes create resistance. The Supply Chain Manager's Problem-Solver: Maximizing the Value of Collaboration and Technology explores the benefits of a full network approach and illustrates specific actions that lead to success. The author uses case studies to validate the concepts and solutions, provides an easy to understand and apply methodology for getting to higher levels of progress, and explores areas of potential technology application that often get overlooked.
Release

Das egoistische Gen

Mit einem Vorwort von Wolfgang Wickler

Author: Richard Dawkins

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642553915

Category: Science

Page: 489

View: 833

p”Ein auch heute noch bedeutsamer Klassiker“ Daily Express Sind wir Marionetten unserer Gene? Nach Richard Dawkins ́ vor über 30 Jahren entworfener und heute noch immer provozierender These steuern und dirigieren unsere von Generation zu Generation weitergegebenen Gene uns, um sich selbst zu erhalten. Alle biologischen Organismen dienen somit vor allem dem Überleben und der Unsterblichkeit der Erbanlagen und sind letztlich nur die "Einweg-Behälter" der "egoistischen" Gene. Sind wir Menschen also unserem Gen-Schicksal hilflos ausgeliefert? Dawkins bestreitet dies und macht uns Hoffnung: Seiner Meinung nach sind wir nämlich die einzige Spezies mit der Chance, gegen ihr genetisches Schicksal anzukämpfen.
Release

Connected Viewing

Selling, Streaming, & Sharing Media in the Digital Age

Author: Jennifer Holt,Kevin Sanson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113508128X

Category: Social Science

Page: 276

View: 1382

As patterns of media use become more integrated with mobile technologies and multiple screens, a new mode of viewer engagement has emerged in the form of connected viewing, which allows for an array of new relationships between audiences and media texts in the digital space. This exciting new collection brings together twelve original essays that critically engage with the socially-networked, multi-platform, and cloud-based world of today, examining the connected viewing phenomenon across television, film, video games, and social media. The result is a wide-ranging analysis of shifting business models, policy matters, technological infrastructure, new forms of user engagement, and other key trends affecting screen media in the digital era. Connected Viewing contextualizes the dramatic transformations taking place across both media industries and national contexts, and offers students and scholars alike a diverse set of methods and perspectives for studying this critical moment in media culture.
Release

Hacktivism and Cyberwars

Rebels with a Cause?

Author: Tim Jordan,Paul Taylor

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134510756

Category: Social Science

Page: 192

View: 7268

As global society becomes more and more dependent, politically and economically, on the flow of information, the power of those who can disrupt and manipulate that flow also increases. In Hacktivism and Cyberwars Tim Jordan and Paul Taylor provide a detailed history of hacktivism's evolution from early hacking culture to its present day status as the radical face of online politics. They describe the ways in which hacktivism has re-appropriated hacking techniques to create an innovative new form of political protest. A full explanation is given of the different strands of hacktivism and the 'cyberwars' it has created, ranging from such avant garde groups as the Electronic Disturbance Theatre to more virtually focused groups labelled 'The Digitally Correct'. The full social and historical context of hacktivism is portrayed to take into account its position in terms of new social movements, direct action and its contribution to the globalization debate. This book provides an important corrective flip-side to mainstream accounts of E-commerce and broadens the conceptualization of the internet to take into full account the other side of the digital divide.
Release

Digital Mosaic

Media, Power, and Identity in Canada

Author: David Taras

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442608897

Category: Social Science

Page: 352

View: 8214

Digital Media has transformed the way Canadians socialize and interact, conduct business, experience culture, fight political battles, and acquire knowledge. Traditional media, including newspapers and conventional TV networks, remain the primary link to Canada's political sphere but are under concerted attack. YouTube, blogs, online broadcasting, Facebook, and Twitter have opened new and exciting avenues of expression but offer little of the same "nation-building glue" as traditional media. Consequently, Canada is experiencing a number of overlapping crises simultaneously: a crisis in news and journalism, threats to the survival of the media system as a whole, and a decline in citizen engagement. In Digital Mosaic, David Taras both embraces and challenges new media by arguing that these coinciding crises bring exciting opportunities as well as considerable dangers to democratic life and citizen engagement in Canada.
Release

Journalism and Political Exclusion

Social Conditions of News Production and Reception

Author: Debra M. Clarke

Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP

ISBN: 0773590129

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 392

View: 684

The constraints of news production and the consequent limitations of news result directly in dissatisfaction throughout news audiences. News stories are frequently found to be inadequately informative to the extent that journalism is more inclined to generate political disenchantment, rather than prompt its audiences to pursue a fully engaged level of political participation in their societies. Journalism and Political Exclusion provides a multi-method, integrated analysis of news production and news audiences, including a long-term study of community activists in a central Canadian city. During the seven-year fieldwork period, different groups of research participants completed questionnaires, wrote news diaries, and were interviewed in their homes while viewing network television newscasts. Clarke shows that frustrations with the informational limitations of television and other news media are accelerated among women and the working-class often lack opportunities to access alternative information sources. The critical contribution of journalism to the production and reproduction of ideas about social reality is frequently acknowledged and assumed yet rarely investigated and demonstrated. Through an examination of the everyday realities of both news production and news reception, Journalism and Political Exclusion also shows how the current "crises" of professional journalism heighten the level of political exclusion experienced by various social groups.
Release

Das Haus am Ende der Welt

Roman

Author: Paul Tremblay

Publisher: Heyne Verlag

ISBN: 3641239753

Category: Fiction

Page: 368

View: 9234

Eine abgelegene Ferienhütte am See in den Wäldern New Hampshires: Hier wollen Eric und Andrew gemeinsam mit ihrer siebenjährigen Adoptivtochter Wen eine Woche Urlaub machen. Kein Smartphone, kein Internet – nur Ausspannen und Zeit mit der Familie verbringen. Mit der Idylle ist es dann aber schnell vorbei, als eines Tages vier merkwürdige, bis an die Zähne bewaffnete Gestalten auftauchen. Sie versprechen, die junge Familie nicht zu verletzen. Sie sagen, dass sie Hilfe brauchen. Doch die vier verbergen ein dunkles Geheimnis und für Eric, Andrew und Wen beginnt der schlimmste Albtraum ihres Lebens ...
Release

Affective Publics

Sentiment, Technology, and Politics

Author: Zizi Papacharissi

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190243031

Category: Political Science

Page: 176

View: 1355

Over the past few decades, we have witnessed the growth of movements using digital means to connect with broader interest groups and express their points of view. These movements emerge out of distinct contexts and yield different outcomes, but tend to share one thing in common: online and offline solidarity shaped around the public display of emotion. Social media facilitate feelings of engagement, in ways that frequently make people feel re-energized about politics. In doing so, media do not make or break revolutions but they do lend emerging, storytelling publics their own means for feeling their way into events, frequently by making those involved a part of the developing story. Technologies network us but it is our stories that connect us to each other, making us feel close to some and distancing us from others. Affective Publics explores how storytelling practices facilitate engagement among movements tuning into a current issue or event by employing three case studies: Arab Spring movements, various iterations of Occupy, and everyday casual political expressions as traced through the archives of trending topics on Twitter. It traces how affective publics materialize and disband around connective conduits of sentiment every day and find their voice through the soft structures of feeling sustained by societies. Using original quantitative and qualitative data, Affective Publics demonstrates, in this groundbreaking analysis, that it is through these soft structures that affective publics connect, disrupt, and feel their way into everyday politics.
Release

Media and Terrorism

Global Perspectives

Author: Des Freedman,Daya Kishan Thussu

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446201570

Category: Social Science

Page: 322

View: 8123

This international analysis explains how terrorism and the war on terror is communicated through a variety of global media outlets.
Release

12 Rules For Life

Ordnung und Struktur in einer chaotischen Welt - Dieses Buch verändert Ihr Leben!

Author: Jordan B. Peterson

Publisher: Goldmann Verlag

ISBN: 3641239842

Category: Social Science

Page: 576

View: 9543

Der Nr.1-Bestseller aus den USA: Wie man in einer von Chaos und Irrsinn regierten Welt bei Verstand bleibt! Wie können wir in der modernen Welt überleben? Jordan B. Peterson beantwortet diese Frage humorvoll, überraschend und informativ. Er erklärt, warum wir Kinder beim Skateboarden alleine lassen sollten, welches grausame Schicksal diejenigen ereilt, die alles allzu schnell kritisieren und warum wir Katzen, die wir auf der Straße antreffen, immer streicheln sollten. Doch was bitte erklärt uns das Nervensystem eines Hummers über unsere Erfolgschancen im Leben? Und warum beteten die alten Ägypter die Fähigkeit zu genauer Beobachtung als höchste Gottheit an? Dr. Peterson diskutiert Begriffe wie Disziplin, Freiheit, Abenteuer und Verantwortung und kondensiert Wahrheit und Weisheit der Welt in 12 praktischen Lebensregeln. »12 Rules For Life« erschüttert die Grundannahmen von moderner Wissenschaft, Glauben und menschlicher Natur. Dieses Buch verändert Ihr Leben garantiert!
Release

Media and Democracy

Author: James Curran

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 113437223X

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 5923

Media and Democracy addresses key topics and themes in relation to democratic theory, media and technology, comparative media studies, media and history, and the evolution of media research. For example: How does TV entertainment contribute to the democratic life of society? Why are Americans less informed about politics and international affairs than Europeans? How should new communications technology and globalisation change our understanding of the democratic role of the media? What does the rise of international ezines reveal about the limits of the internet? What is the future of journalism? Does advertising influence the media? Is American media independence from government a myth? How have the media influenced the development of modern society? Professor Curran’s response to these questions provides both a clear introduction to media research, written for university undergraduates studying in different countries, and an innovative analysis written by one of the field’s leading scholars.
Release

Arminius on the Assurance of Salvation

The Context, Roots, and Shape of the Leiden Debate, 1603-1609

Author: Keith D. Stanglin

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004156089

Category: Religion

Page: 285

View: 9391

With special attention to the academic context and sources of the Leiden debate, this book examines Jacobus Arminius's doctrines of salvation and the assurance of salvation, demonstrating the decisive role that assurance played in his dissent from Reformed theology.
Release

My First Recession

Author: Geert Lovink

Publisher: V2_ publishing

ISBN: 9056623532

Category: Social Science

Page: 296

View: 5963

My First Recession starts after the party is over. This study maps the transition of critical Internet culture from the mid to late 1990s Internet craze to the dotcom crash, the subsequent meltdown of global financial markets and 9/11. In his discussion of the dotcom boom-and-bust cycle, Geert Lovink lays out the challenges faced by critical Internet culture today. In a series of case studies, Lovink meticulously describes the ambivalent attitude that artists and activists take as they veer back and forth between euphoria and skepticism. As a part of this process, Lovink examines the internal dynamics of virtual communities through an analysis of the use of moderation and "collaborative filtering" on mailing lists and weblogs. He also confronts the practical and theoretical problems that appear as artists join the growing number of new-media education programs. Delving into the unexplored gold mines of list archives and weblogs, Lovink reveals a world that is largely unknown to both the general public and the Internet visionaries. Book jacket.
Release

Misunderstanding News Audiences

Seven Myths of the Social Media Era

Author: Eiri Elvestad,Angela Phillips

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315444348

Category: Social Science

Page: 180

View: 8135

Misunderstanding News Audiences interrogates the prevailing myths around the impact of the Internet and social media on news consumption and democracy. The book draws on a broad range of comparative research into audience engagement with news, across different geographic regions, to provide insight into the experience of news audiences in the twenty-first century. From its inception, it was imagined that the Internet would benignly transform the nature of news media and its consumers. There were predictions that it would, for example, break up news oligarchies, improve plurality and diversity through news personalisation, create genuine social solidarity online, and increase political awareness and participation among citizens. However, this book finds that, while mainstream news media is still the major source of news, the new media environment appears to lead to greater polarisation between news junkies and news avoiders, and to greater political polarisation. The authors also argue that the dominant role of the USA in the field of news audience research has created myths about a global news audience, which obscures the importance of national context as a major explanation for news exposure differences. Misunderstanding News Audiences presents an important analysis of findings from recent audience studies and, in doing so, encourages readers to re-evaluate popular beliefs about the influence of the Internet on news consumption and democracy in the West.
Release

Quality-Based Content Delivery over the Internet

Author: Xiang Li,Jianhua Li

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642191460

Category: Computers

Page: 142

View: 3504

"Quality-Based Content Delivery over the Internet" mainly discusses the methodology of doing quality-based content delivery in an Internet environment. Because the network is becoming intelligent and active, more and more researchers are talking about achieving personalization and customization in Internet content delivery. As researchers are aware, by introducing intelligence into a web intermediary server, they can make the content delivery more efficient and of higher quality. Still, the detailed methodology of doing so is never illustrated fully. The most critical part will be the active content transformation model. This book gives a detailed description of the active content transformation model, and provides experiments and data to show its feasibility. Some examples of how to do efficient content transformation in active web intermediary to achieve high quality are also presented to help understand the whole process. The book is an introduction and excellent reference for researchers in the Internet content delivery area. Dr. Xiang Li is an associate professor at Shanghai Jiao Tong University and the vice director of “National Research Lab of Content Analysis”, China; Dr. Jianhua Li is a professor at the same university and the director of the same lab.
Release