Minority Rights in the Middle East

Author: Joshua Castellino,Kathleen A. Cavanaugh

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0199679495

Category: Law

Page: 456

View: 1836

Minority rights in the Middle East are subject to different legal regimes: national law and international law, as well as Islamic law. This book investigates the treatment of ethnic and religious minorities in the region both from a historical and contemporary perspective, before addressing three case studies: Iraq, Syria, and Lebanon.

Religious Minorities in the Middle East

Domination, Self-Empowerment, Accommodation

Author: Anh Nga Longva,Anne Sofie Roald

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004207422

Category: Social Science

Page: 369

View: 5963

Focusing on the situation of both Muslim and non-Muslim religious minorities in the Middle East, this volume offers an analysis of various strategies of resilience and accommodation from a historical as well a contemporary perspective.

Multiculturalism and Minority Rights in the Arab World

Author: Will Kymlicka,Eva Pföstl

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199675139

Category: Law

Page: 320

View: 9410

Since the Arab Spring, Arab states have become the new front line in the struggle for democratization and for open societies. The experience of other regions has shown that one of the most significant challenges facing democratization concerns the rights of ethnic minorities, yet this issue has largely been ignored, even suppressed, in the Arab world. This volume explores the obstacles to multiculturalism and minority rights in the region, including the history ofEuropean manipulation of minority politics. But it also explores the prospects for new forms of multicultural citizenship to emerge. The essays include both broad theoretical and historical discussions as well as focused case studies.

Nationalism, minorities and diasporas

identities and rights in the Middle East

Author: Kirsten E. Schulze,Martin Stokes,Colm Campbell

Publisher: I. B. Tauris


Category: Political Science

Page: 254

View: 6346

This compilation focuses on the way in which the rise of hegemonic nationalisms in the Middle East has affected communities as diverse as the Druze, the Kurds, the Jews of Lebanon and the Koreans of Kazakhstan.

State Formation and Identity in the Middle East and North Africa

Author: K. Christie,M. Masad

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137369604

Category: Social Science

Page: 212

View: 4771

For states in the Middle East, North Africa, and South Asia, the "Arab Spring" has had different implications and consequences, stemming from the politics of identity and the historical and political processes that have shaped development. This book focuses on how these factors interact with globalization and affect state formation.

Human Rights in the Middle East

Frameworks, Goals, and Strategies

Author: M. Monshipouri

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137001984

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 510

The authors provide a systematic analysis of looking beyond the abuses of human rights in the Middle East with a view toward problematizing traditional doctrinal thinking and concepts in the region, ascertaining comparative and historical roots of human rights abuses in the Middle East.

Emergence of Minorities in the Middle East

Author: Benjamin Thomas White

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748688935

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 4504

This book uses a study of Syria under the French mandate to show what historical developments led people to start describing themselves and others as 'minorities'.

Minority Politics in the Middle East and North Africa

The Prospects for Transformative Change

Author: Will Kymlicka,Eva Pföstl

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317205502

Category: Social Science

Page: 138

View: 5828

Projects of democratic reform in the Middle East and North Africa have said little about the place of minorities and minority rights in their vision of reform, implying that these issues are best deferred to some indefinite future. While many people describe the Arab Spring as a ‘battle for pluralism’, there is a reluctance to discuss what this pluralism might actually mean for the political claims of minorities, for fear of triggering divisive conflicts and undemocratic tendencies. Is there an alternative to this fearful deferral of minority politics? Can we imagine ‘transformative minority politics’ – that is, a form of minority politics that strengthens democratic reform in the region, and that helps deepen a culture of human rights and democratic citizenship? This volume explores whether this is indeed a realistic prospect in the Middle East and North Africa, examining cases that include the Amazigh in North Africa, the Copts in Egypt, the Kurds in Iraq, the Palestinians in Israel, the ‘minoritarian’ regimes in Syria and Bahrain, and various ethnic minorities in Iran. This book was originally published as a special issue of Ethnic and Racial Studies.

Israel Year Book on Human Rights

Author: Yoram Dinstein,Mala Tabory

Publisher: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

ISBN: 9780792317944

Category: Political Science

Page: 376

View: 3682

The "Israel Yearbook on Human Rights- an annual published under the auspices of the Faculty of Law of Tel Aviv University since 1971- is devoted to publishing studies by distinguished scholars in Israel and other countries on human rights in peace and war, with particular emphasis on problems relevant to the State of Israel and the Jewish people. The" Yearbook also incorporates documentary materials relating to Israel and the Administered Areas which are not otherwise available in English (including summaries of judicial decisions, compilations of legislative enactments and military proclamations). The Articles section of Volume 33 contains articles on Legal Aspects of Emergency Regimes.

Minorities in the Middle East

A History of Struggle and Self-Expression, 2d ed.

Author: Mordechai Nisan

Publisher: McFarland

ISBN: 9780786451333

Category: Social Science

Page: 351

View: 6739

The struggle for independence by minorities in the Middle East (those people who are non–Arab or non–Muslim) is affecting the political climate around the world. War and terrorism are threatening the safety of many minority communities and repression of minorities still remains standard state policy in some countries. This updated and revised edition of the 1991 original provides a wealth of historical and political detail for all the indigenous peoples of the Middle East. Pressed to persist in a threatening environment, these minorities (Kurds, Berbers, Baluchi, Druzes, ‘Alawites, Armenians, Assyrians, Maronites, Sudanese Christians, Jews, Egyptian Copts, and others) share similar experiences and have been known to cooperate for shared goals. Important events and new trends regarding the welfare of these groups are covered, and numerous oral histories add to the new edition. Instructors considering this book for use in a course may request an examination copy here.

Ein säkulares Zeitalter

Author: Charles Taylor

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518740407

Category: Philosophy

Page: 1299

View: 392

Was heißt es, daß wir heute in einem säkularen Zeitalter leben? Was ist geschehen zwischen 1500 – als Gott noch seinen festen Platz im naturwissenschaftlichen Kosmos, im gesellschaftlichen Gefüge und im Alltag der Menschen hatte – und heute, da der Glaube an Gott, jedenfalls in der westlichen Welt, nur noch eine Option unter vielen ist? Um diesen Wandel zu bestimmen und in seinen Folgen für die gegenwärtige Gesellschaft auszuloten, muß die große Geschichte der Säkularisierung in der nordatlantischen Welt von der frühen Neuzeit bis in die Gegenwart erzählt werden – ein herkulisches Unterfangen, dem sich der kanadische Philosoph Charles Taylor in seinem mit Spannung erwarteten neuen Buch stellt. Mit einem Fokus auf dem »lateinischen Christentum«, dem vorherrschenden Glauben in Europa, rekonstruiert er in geradezu verschwenderischem Detail die entscheidenden Entwicklungslinien in den Naturwissenschaften, der Philosophie, der Staats- und Rechtstheorie und in den Künsten. Dem berühmten Diktum von der wissenschaftlich-technischen »Entzauberung der Welt« und anderen eingeschliffenen Säkularisierungstheorien setzt er die These entgegen, daß es die Religion selbst war, die das Säkulare hervorgebracht hat, und entfaltet eine komplexe Mentalitätsgeschichte des modernen Subjekts, das heute im Niemandsland zwischen Glauben und Atheismus gefangen ist.

Eastern Christianity in the Modern Middle East

Author: Anthony O'Mahony,Emma Loosley

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135193711

Category: Religion

Page: 208

View: 8226

The Middle East is the birthplace of Christianity and the home to a number of Eastern Churches with millions of followers. This book provides a comprehensive survey of the various denominations in the modern Middle East and will be of interest to a wide variety of scholars and students studying theology, history and politics.

Non-Muslims in Muslim Majority Societies

With Focus on the Middle East and Pakistan

Author: Kajsa Ahlstrand,G_ran Gunner

Publisher: The Lutterworth Press

ISBN: 0718843010

Category: Religion

Page: 174

View: 9974

In a world where almost all societies are multi-religious and multi-ethnic, we need to study how social cohesion can be achieved in different contexts. In some geographical areas, as in the Middle East and the Indian subcontinent, people of different religious belonging have, through the ages, lived side by side, sometimes in harmony and sometimes in dissonance. In other geographical regions, as in Scandinavia, societies have been quite religiously homogeneous but only recently challenged by immigration. The implication in both locations is that the relationship between religious minority and majority is on the agenda. In order to discuss the situation for Non-Muslims in Muslim majority societies, a consultation was convened with both Muslim and Christian participants from Pakistan, Palestine, Lebanon, and Sweden. Some of the participants work in academic settings, others in faith-based organizations, some in jurisprudence and others with theological issues. This book presents articles that discuss issues such as freedom of religion, minority rights, secular and religious legislation, and inter-religious dialogue in Muslim majority societies.

Nationalism and Human Rights

In Theory and Practice in the Middle East, Central Europe, and the Asia-Pacific

Author: G. Cheng

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137012021

Category: Political Science

Page: 193

View: 1596

By critically addressing the tension between nationalism and human rights that is presumed in much of the existing literature, the essays in this volume confront the question of how we should construe human rights: as a normative challenge to the excesses of modernity, particularly those associated with the modern nation-state, or as an adjunct of globalization, with its attendant goal of constructing a universal civilization based on neoliberal economic principles and individual liberty.

In-between Spaces

Christian and Muslim Minorities in Transition in Europe and the Middle East

Author: Christiane Timmerman

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 9789052015651

Category: Religion

Page: 284

View: 4776

The relationship between Europe and the Middle East has been important, yet tumultuous, for more than a thousand years. In both regions, immigrants from religious minorities found their place and yet often stayed connected through historical and/or religious ties to the other region. Several large Christian communities remained in the Middle East after the Islamization of the region. More recently, immigration from Mediterranean countries has brought Islam back into Europe. Muslim communities with diverging regional and ideological backgrounds are increasingly becoming part of the European landscape. The influence of globalization has given way to a shift in the position of minorities in their relationship to the majority culture, in which religion is played out as a key element. We are also currently witnessing a reinterpretation of the minority issue in itself and a repositioning of minority communities within the dominant strand of society. The interaction between global and local contexts has created new dynamics in the minority issue and therefore requires renewed academic analysis. This publication comprises the contributions of scholars and researchers who participated in a conference on the topic organized by the University Centre Saint-Ignatius Antwerp in December 2007 and covers different aspects of the subject matter including the politics of religious diversity, religion and ethnic identity, migration, conversion, virtual communication, European Islam and feminine minority discourse.

Hitler's Empire

Nazi Rule in Occupied Europe

Author: Mark Mazower

Publisher: Penguin UK

ISBN: 0141917504

Category: Political Science

Page: 768

View: 1840

The powerful, disturbing history of Nazi Europe by Mark Mazower, one of Britain's leading historians and bestselling author of Dark Continent and Governing the World Hitler's Empire charts the landscape of the Nazi imperial imagination - from those economists who dreamed of turning Europe into a huge market for German business, to Hitler's own plans for new transcontinental motorways passing over the ethnically cleansed Russian steppe, and earnest internal SS discussions of political theory, dictatorship and the rule of law. Above all, this chilling account shows what happened as these ideas met reality. After their early battlefield triumphs, the bankruptcy of the Nazis' political vision for Europe became all too clear: their allies bailed out, their New Order collapsed in military failure, and they left behind a continent corrupted by collaboration, impoverished by looting and exploitation, and grieving the victims of war and genocide. About the author: Mark Mazower is Ira D.Wallach Professor of World Order Studies and Professor of History Professor of History at Columbia University. He is the author of Hitler's Greece: The Experience of Occupation, 1941-44, Dark Continent: Europe's Twentieth Century, The Balkans: A Short History (which won the Wolfson Prize for History), Salonica: City of Ghosts (which won both the Duff Cooper Prize and the Runciman Award) and Governing the World: The History of an Idea. He has also taught at Birkbeck College, University of London, Sussex University and Princeton. He lives in New York.

Religious Difference in a Secular Age

A Minority Report

Author: Saba Mahmood

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400873533

Category: Social Science

Page: 248

View: 8599

The plight of religious minorities in the Middle East is often attributed to the failure of secularism to take root in the region. Religious Difference in a Secular Age challenges this assessment by examining four cornerstones of secularism—political and civil equality, minority rights, religious freedom, and the legal separation of private and public domains. Drawing on her extensive fieldwork in Egypt with Coptic Orthodox Christians and Bahais—religious minorities in a predominantly Muslim country—Saba Mahmood shows how modern secular governance has exacerbated religious tensions and inequalities rather than reduced them. Tracing the historical career of secular legal concepts in the colonial and postcolonial Middle East, she explores how contradictions at the very heart of political secularism have aggravated and amplified existing forms of Islamic hierarchy, bringing minority relations in Egypt to a new historical impasse. Through a close examination of Egyptian court cases and constitutional debates about minority rights, conflicts around family law, and controversies over freedom of expression, Mahmood invites us to reflect on the entwined histories of secularism in the Middle East and Europe. A provocative work of scholarship, Religious Difference in a Secular Age challenges us to rethink the promise and limits of the secular ideal of religious equality.

Arab Media Moguls

Community, Legitimacy and Public Life

Author: Naomi Sakr

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 0857737473

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 224

View: 4653

People are on the move across the Arab world, organizing politically in new ways. The Arab media have also undergone a transformation and are still in a state of flux. It is therefore crucial to be able to discuss political initiatives in the region in the light of media developments. This authoritative book answers key questions about the connections between media and political change in the Arab world. Using research into, for example, practices of Internet users, journalists, demonstrators and producers of reality TV, it explores the interface between public interaction over the airwaves, at the polls and on the streets. A lively group of contributors explores such issues as whether young people are served well by new media, whether blogging is an influential political tool, whether satellite news helps or hinders diasporic communities politically, and much more. Engaging with debates at the heart of public affairs and popular culture in Arab countries, this book addresses everyone who seeks to grasp the media politics of this central, often misunderstood region.

Die 21

Eine Reise ins Land der koptischen Martyrer

Author: Martin Mosebach

Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 364490412X

Category: Travel

Page: 272

View: 9716

Im Frühjahr 2017 reiste Martin Mosebach nach Ägypten. Er besuchte im Dorf El-Or die Familien der 21 koptischen Männer, die zwei Jahre zuvor von IS-Terroristen an einem Strand in Libyen ermordet worden waren. Er saß in Empfangszimmern, durch die die Schwalben flogen, und machte sich ein Bild: von den Madonnenbildern und Jesus-Porträts an den Wänden, den grob geschreinerten Reliquienschränken, von einer Lebenswelt, in der alles die Spiegelung oder Erfüllung biblischer Vorgänge ist. Immer wieder wurde ihm, umgeben von Kindern, Ziegen, Kälbern, auf einem iPad das grausame Propagandavideo des IS vorgeführt; er staunte über den unbefangenen Umgang damit. Von Rache war nie die Rede, sondern vom Stolz, einen Martyrer in der Familie zu haben, einen Heiligen, der im Himmel ist. So erscheinen die 21 auf den neuen Ikonen gekrönt wie Könige. Martin Mosebach hat ein Reisebuch geschrieben über seine Begegnung mit einer fremden Gesellschaft und einer Kirche, die den Glauben und die Liturgie der frühen Christenheit bewahrt hat – der «Kirche der Martyrer», in der das irdische Leben von der himmlischen Sphäre nur wie durch ein Eihäutchen geschieden ist. Er traf den Bischof und die koptischen Geistlichen der 21 Wanderarbeiter, besuchte ihre Kirchen und Klöster. In den Zeiten des Kampfes der Kulturen sind die Kopten als Minderheit im muslimischen Ägypten zu einem politischen Faktor geworden – und zu einer Art religiösen Gegengesellschaft. Damit ist dieses Buch auch ein Bericht aus dem Innenleben eines arabischen Landes zwischen biblischer Vergangenheit und den Einkaufszentren von Neu-Kairo.