Minerals of Britain and Ireland

Author: A. G. Tindle

Publisher: Dunedin Academic PressLtd

ISBN: 9781903544228

Category: Nature

Page: 616

View: 721

Minerals of Britain and Ireland is a treatment of the minerals found in Britain, Ireland and the surrounding islands. Beautifully illustrated throughout with over 550 colour and black & white images, the book provides exhaustive coverage of the remarkably wide range of minerals found in this part of the world. By far the largest part of the book is the alphabetical listing of all the minerals described from Britain and Ireland. This includes species, varieties, synonyms, discredited minerals and fraudulent descriptions. The status of each mineral is clearly represented by distinctive formatting. All type localities are also described. The treatment is enriched with biographical information on all those individuals who have had minerals named after them; it describes all the major mineral collections in national and local museums and university departments; and it summarizes the geological conditions in the major orefields that produced so many of the minerals. Minerals of Britain and Ireland is replete with bibliographical references and it describes many additional discoveries never previously published. Coverage includes all relevant articles from national mineralogical organizations such as the Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland {from 1876) and the Russell Society {from 1982). Journals such as the UK Journal of Mines and Minerals, Mineralogical Record and Mineral Realm are referred to extensively, as are many geological journals with mineralogical content.

Geology and Environment In Britain and Ireland

Author: Nigel Woodcock

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203498909

Category: Science

Page: 174

View: 5595

A complete introductory text on an increasingly popular subject, "Geology and Environment in Britain and Ireland" aims to provide suitably broad coverage for students requiring a treatment clearly foucused on familiar examples but retaining a global perspective. The book summarizes for Earth and environmental scientists the ways in which geology relates to the natural environmentand to the humand activites that it supports. The natural environment is more than the oceans, the atmosphere and the diversity of the land surface. It extends below the ground and stretches back in time through the Earth's history. These environmental dimensions are the concern of geology. First, the book summarizes the geological influences on society through control of landscape and human geography, and through the threats posed by hazards such as landslides, subsidence and earhquakes. Next, the many Earth resources that support human activity are described: land, water, construction materials minerals, coal, oil, and gas. How are they formed or replenished? Which resources are are sustainable for use over more than the immediate geological future? Thirdly, the impacts of human activity an the Earth are examined - the results of extracting geological resources, of intentionally engineering the environment, and of carelessly polluting land and underground water supplies. Perhaps most serious of all is atmospheric pollution caused by burning geological fuels, threatening global change on scales only familiar from the geological record. This book is published at a pivotal point in the history of geology. Scientists who, for a century and a half, have been preoccupied with finding Earth resources are increasingly being asked where on Earth to dispose of the effluents from using them. "Geology and Environment in Britain and Ireland" provides a comapct, abundantly illustrated summary of both sides of this dilemma. Its final chapter breaks new ground in opening a debate on the ethical basis of applied geology - a debate which is needed to steer the subject into the 21st century. The book should be of use to undergraduates in geology or environmental sciences, to accompany a taught course on applied geology or as supplementary reading to their first year of geology. A-level students in geology, geography or environmental science should find it a useful reference. Professional geologists and environmental scientists should value the book as a broad but concise survey of the subject, as a helpful compilation of data, and as a guide to primary date sources. Readers outside the British Isles should find it an invaluable overview of the application of geology in the region. Nigel Woodcock teaches geology in both the Department of Earth Sciences and Clare College in the University of Cambridge. He has published over 80 scientific papers, mainly in the fields of structural geology, sedimentology and environmental geology, and is a prolific reviewer of geological books. He has extensive field experience in Turkey, Cyprus, Greece, and particularly in Britain and Irelansd. This book is intended for first-year undergraduate students in departments of geology, Earth sciences, environmental sciences, environmental studies, civil engineering, taking an introductory course on environmental geology or geology and the environment.

Minerals at the Nanoscale

Author: F. Nieto,K.J.T. Livi

Publisher: The Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland

ISBN: 0903056348

Category: Science

Page: 500

View: 988

The editors have gathered in this book, reviews of past and current studies of mineral groups that have played important roles in geology, environmental science and health science. The various chapters cover the application of TEM and related techniques to: mineral groups in which TEM investigations have been extensive and crucial to the understanding of their mineralogy, namely pyriboles, serpentines, clays, micas and other metamorphic phyllosilicates, oxides and oxyhydroxides, sulfides and carbonates. Some research fields for which TEM is particularly suitable and which have produced significant advances, in particular, are inclusions and traces, extraterrestrial material, deformation processes, non-stoichiometry and superstructures, and biominerals. Nowadays, we are witnessing the push for the improvement of detectors for imaging (direct detection of electrons) and X-rays (silicon drift detectors and annular high solid-angle of collection detectors), the development of new support materials (e.g. graphene) and liquid cells for TEMs. Most of these new technologies have not yet been applied to mineralogical problems but we hope they will be in the near future.

Advances in the Characterization of Industrial Minerals

Author: G.E. Christidis

Publisher: The Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland

ISBN: 0903056283

Category: Science

Page: 485

View: 2450

The advancement of human civilization has been intimately associated with the exploitation of raw materials. In fact the distinction of the main historical eras is based on the type of raw materials used. Hence, passage from the Paleolithic and Neolithic Age to the Bronze Age is characterized by the introduction of basic metals mainly copper, zinc and tin in human activities; the Iron Age is marked by the use of iron as the predominant metal. The use of metals has increased and culminated with the industrial revolution in the mid-eighteenth century, which marked the onset of the industrial age in the western world. Since then the importance of metals has gradually been surpassed by industrial minerals in the industrialized countries. Industrial minerals are raw materials used by industry for their physical and/or chemical properties. Characterization of industrial minerals is important for their assessment and can be demanding and often complicated. This new volume, co-published by the European Mineralogical Union and the Mineralogical Society of Great Britain & Ireland, is based on papers presented at an EMU-Erasmus IP School which was held in the Technical University of Crete, Chania, Greece. The aim of the School was to describe advances in some of the analytical methods used to characterize industrial minerals and to propose additional methods which are currently not used for this purpose.

An Introduction to the Rock-forming Minerals

Author: William Alexander Deer,Robert Andrew Howie,Jack Zussman

Publisher: Mineralogical Society

ISBN: 9780903056274

Category: Science

Page: 498

View: 3688

In this edition, most of the commonly occurring minerals of igneous, metamorphic and sedimentary rocks are discussed in terms of structure, chemistry, optical and other physical properties, distinguishing features and paragenesis. Important correlations between these aspects of mineralogy are emphasized wherever possible. The content of each section has been updated where needed in the light of published research over the 21 years between editions. Tables of over 200 chemical analyses and formulae are included and a number of older entries have been replaced by more recent examples. Major new features: Entirely new views of crystal structures in perspective using CrystalMaker colour images; Over 60 colour photographs of minerals in thin sections of rocks under the petrological microscope; Considerably expanded treatment of feldspar and zeolite minerals; Mineral identification table based on birefringence and listing other properties; Colour strip with appropriate interference colours and birefringences for the main rock-forming minerals. This book will be useful to undergraduate students of mineralogy, petrology and geochemistry, especially those at third or fourth year, engaged in more advanced courses or specialized projects, and also as a reference work for students for 'Masters' degrees by taught courses or research. For doctorate students, and research workers in the Earth Sciences as well as those in Materials Science and other related disciplines, this work can be useful as a condensed version of the very extensive treatment presented in the volumes of the DHZ Series 'Rock-Forming Minerals', second edition. Buyers through online retailers should contact the Mineralogical Society in order to receive the free CD which goes with the book ([email protected]).

The True Interest of Great Britain, Ireland and Our Plantations: Or, A Proposal for Making Such an Union Between Great Britain and Ireland, and All Our Plantations, as that Already Made Betwixt Scotland and England ...

And a New Method of Husbandry by Greater and Lesser Canals .. with Proposals for Removing the Hurtful Parts of the Heretable Courts and Jurisdictions, and of the Present Holdings and Tenures of Lands in Scotland, and Other Such Obstructions to All Good Law, Power, Government, Union, Industry and Improvements Whatsoever

Author: Sir Alexander Murray

Publisher: N.A


Category: Ireland

Page: 80

View: 3476


Rare Earth Minerals

Chemistry, Origin and Ore Deposits

Author: A.P. Jones,F. Wall,C.T. Williams

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780412610301

Category: Science

Page: 372

View: 5094

30% discount for members of The Mineralogical Society of Britain and Ireland Rare Earth Minerals presents a current overview of this geologically and industrially important group of minerals. It presents a wide variety of formats, crystal structures, petrographic descriptions, analytical data and numerous illustrations from outcrop photos to SEM pictures and crystallographic models.


An Introduction

Author: Peter Toghill

Publisher: Crowood

ISBN: 1847973612

Category: Science

Page: 224

View: 3540

This book is a geological history of Britain from over 2,000 million years ago to the present day and describes the enormous variety of rocks, minerals and fossils that form this fascinating island. An introductory chapter covers the fundamental principles of geology. Further chapters describe the rocks, minerals and fossils of the recognised periods of geological time, and the areas where they are found today. This book is written for the lay person interested in the great variety of Britain's rocks and landscapes but also includes a wealth of information for students at all levels.

Rock-forming minerals

Layered silicates excluding micas and clay minerals

Author: William Alexander Deer,Robert Andrew Howie,J. Zussman

Publisher: Geological Society Pub House

ISBN: 9781862392595

Category: Nature

Page: 314

View: 2641

This extensive revision deals with the minerals talc, pyrophyllite, chlorite, serpentine, stilpnomelane, zussmanite, prehnite and apophyllite. The text has been completely rewritten and very much expanded to take account of the many advances that have been made in all aspects of the Earth sciences, not least mineralogy. Each chapter is headed by a brief tabulation of mineral data and ends with full references. Crystal structures are described and illustrated, followed by discussion of structural information gained from spectroscopic as well as X-ray and electron-optic methods. Chemical sections include many analyses and structural formulae, phase relations, igneous, metamorphic and sedimentary geochemistry, alteration and weathering. Examples are given of a range of mineral parageneses. Correlation between the various aspects of mineralogy are emphasized in order to provide a scientific understanding of minerals as well as their description and identification.So great has been the expansion of research on layered silicates that a separate volume (3A, 2003) was devoted entirely to micas and another (3C), entirely for clay minerals will also be published.Rock-Forming Minerals is an essential reference work for professionals, researchers and postgraduate students in Earth science and related fields in chemistry, physics, engineering, environmental and soil sciences.

Environmental Mineralogy II

Author: D.J. Vaughan ,R.A. Wogelius

Publisher: The Mineralogical Society of Great Britain and Ireland

ISBN: 0903056321

Category: Science

Page: 489

View: 1692

In a sense, all mineralogy is environmental mineralogy. However, the term environmental has come to be employed (particularly in combination with terms such as science, issue or problem) to refer to those systems at or near the surface of the Earth where the geosphere comes into contact with the hydrosphere, atmosphere and biosphere. This is, of course, the environment upon which the human race depends for survival and, hence, is now sometimes referred to as the critical zone. Those systems containing minerals that constitute the most important or key environments are considered here: soils, modern sediments, atmospheric aerosols, and the interior or exterior parts of certain micro- and macro-organisms. Particularly important are the roles that minerals play in processes that act over time to control or influence the environment at various scales of observation. Both pure systems and those contaminated as a result of human activity are considered. The objectives for this volume are to help to define the subject of environmental mineralogy, and to provide an initial source of information both for mineralogists and other scientists who wish to understand or work in this field. It was hoped that it might also provide a text for use by those teaching courses in the subject at advanced undergraduate or graduate student level.

Bronze Age Copper Mining in Britain and Ireland

Author: William O'Brien

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780747803218

Category: Social Science

Page: 64

View: 7409

The knowledge of metallurgy, first developed in the Near East, spread to most parts of Europe by 2000 BC. The birth of this new technology coincided with a pivotal moment in the human story, a time of great social and economic change which we call the bronze age. Flourishing metal industries emerged in Britain and Ireland, the success of which owed much to the ability to secure reliable supplies of copper and tin. Recent research has uncovered several locations where bronze age copper mines have survived the destructive reworking of recent centuries. This book examines the distribution of these sites and their geological background. All aspects of early mining technology are covered, from the initial discovery of copper minerals to their extraction and concentration using primitive techniques. This mining was a considerable technological achievement, as was the ability to convert the mineral ores to metal by smelting at high temperatures. The daily life of these miners, the dangers they faced, their settlement background and ritual beliefs are also considered. Many of these miners made an important contribution to trade during the bronze age. This book contains recent research on the most important sites, some of which can be visited by the public today, and provides a useful introduction to a fascinating aspect of bronze age life.

Great Britain and Ireland

Author: A. Wilmore

Publisher: Brownell Press

ISBN: 1443704954

Category: Travel

Page: 308

View: 1367

GREAT BRITAIN AND IRELAND - By A. WILMORE - PREFACE - THIS book has been written in the first place for boys and girls of about thirteen to fifteen years of age, and secondly for those older readers and students who may not have read such a regional presentation of the geography of the Home Land. When I commenced to write the book, I had in my mind mainly the middle forms of secondary schools, where prepara- tion for the school certificate and matriculation examinations is being actively carried on but I now hope that it may be read by the growing number of boys and girls in the central schools. If the book is to be of the greatest use, the students should, in my judgment, be left increasingly to work themselves, and to regard their teacher as a guide and helper. That is the reason for the large and varied selection of exercises provided at the end of the book. Each pupil should work from his own copy, using his atlas when necessary. In the selection of matter, I have been guided by my own experience as a teacher of geography in school, college, and university, and as a frequent lecturer to teachers who are engaged in elementary and secondary schools and also by the advice of many colleagues who are actively engaged in the teaching of geography. The conception of geography is that laid down in my Groundwovk of Modern Geography, and the book attempts to gather together and arrange the results of work done by those who study rocks, plants, and animals, those who work at the physics of air and water, those who carry on chemical research, and apply these results in so far as they affect our own activities and intercourse. Geography correlates, arranges, and presents these results and then hands them on to be used in the study of history, sociology, economics, and other subjects. It is hoped that studied in this way the book may help young students to understand better their countrys problems, and so fit them to be worthy citizens of a great country. I have to thank many friends for much advice and friendly criticism. Mr A. N. Wilrnore, sometime Exhibitioner St. Johns College, Cambridge, has again helped in the revision of the proof-sheets and the compilation of the index. Nov. 1922. - CONTENTS - 11. THE STRUCTURE OF THE BRITISH NATURAL KEGIOKS- Scotland . ISLES- 111. THE STRUCTURE OF THE BRITISH ISLES- NATURAL REGIONS contnued- Uplands of England and Wales IV. THE STRUCTURE OF THE BRITISH ISI.ES-- NATURAL REGIONS coztinued- England and Wales. The English Lowlands . Ireland VI. THE RIVERS AND LAICES OF BRITAIN . YII. THE RIVERS AND LAKES OF BRITAIN con- VIII. THE COASTS AND ISLASDS OF BRITAIN . IX. THE COASTS AXD ISLAKDS OF BRITAIN tinued . con- X. THE WEATHER AND CLIMATE OF BRITAIN XI. TIIE PRODVCE OF THE LAND AND SEA . XII. MINERALS AND ROCKS . XTII. THE CI-PEMICAL TKAIIES OF THE BRITISH XTV. ENGINEERING AND ALLIED TRADES . vii PAGE . I .a. VI 11 CONTENTS CHAP. PAGE XV. THE TEXTILE INDUSTRIES . . 180 MANU- XVI. THE DISTRIBUTION OF CLOTHING FACTURE . 188 XVII. TRAFFIC AND TRANSPORT . 192 XVIII. TRAFFIC AND TRANSPORT continued . zoo XIX. LONDON . . 214 XX. THE INDUSTRIAI, AREAS OF BRITAIN. - . 223 LIST OF PLATES OX THE BURE. HOITNG BROAD . CAMBRIDGE. AS SEEN FROM AN AEROPLANE . ACI-IIL HEAD, CO. MAYO . PLEASKIN HEAD T l r RIVER NESS AT INVERNESS . STIRLING AND THE LINKS OF FORTH . THE THAMES FROM STREATLEY HILL GORING GAP . THE VYND CLIFF, RIVER WYE THE CPPER LAKE, KILLARNEY . CORRIE LAKE ON BKAERIACH CAIIXGORM ROUNTAIM CRUMMOCK WATER, LAKE DISTRICT . FACING PAGE CLIFFS OF GNEISS, CAPE CYRATII CLIFS ABOVE FILEY BRIG LOOKING TOWARDS SCAR- BOROUGH . THE SOUTII STACK, HOLYF-TEAL THE NEEDLES, ISLE OF IGHT CHALK CLIFFS . SAND DUNES, WINTERTON, NOKOLK SEA CAVES ON RAISED BEACH ix . . W. OF SCOTLAND ...

Clay Minerals

A Guide to Their X-ray Identification

Author: Dorothy Carroll

Publisher: Geological Society of America

ISBN: 0813721261

Category: Clay minerals

Page: 80

View: 8952