Military Innovation in the Interwar Period

Author: Williamson R. Murray,Allan R. Millett

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521637602

Category: History

Page: 428

View: 5140

A study of major military innovations in the 1920s and 1930s.
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Military Effectiveness: Volume 2, The Interwar Period

Author: Allan R. Millett,Williamson Murray

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139502115

Category: History

Page: 281

View: 4111

This three-volume study examines the questions raised by the performance of the military institutions of France, Germany, Russia, the United States, Great Britain, Japan and Italy in the period from 1914 to 1945. Leading military historians deal with the different national approaches to war and military power at the tactical, operational, strategic, and political levels. They form the basis for a fundamental re-examination of how military organizations have performed in the first half of the twentieth century. Volume 2 covers the interwar period. Volumes 1 and 3 address World War I and World War II, respectively. Now in a new edition, with a new introduction by the editors, these classic volumes will remain invaluable for military historians and social scientists in their examination of national security and military issues. They will also be essential reading for future military leaders at Staff and War Colleges.
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Wendepunkte

Schlüsselentscheidungen im Zweiten Weltkrieg

Author: Ian Kershaw

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 3641128110

Category: History

Page: 736

View: 2275

Entscheidungen, die Geschichte machten Der Beginn des Zweiten Weltkriegs stellte die Regierungschefs der Welt vor lebenswichtige Entscheidungen. In London, Berlin, Washington, Rom, Moskau und Tokio mussten Politiker und Generäle weitreichende Beschlüsse fassen. Ian Kershaw nimmt zehn Entscheidungen, die für den Verlauf des Zweiten Weltkriegs von zentraler Bedeutung waren, in den Blick und macht deutlich, dass in diesem Kampf nichts vorherbestimmt war. Die Ereignisse, die den Beginn des Zweiten Weltkriegs markierten, versetzten weite Teile der Welt in eine Art Schockzustand. Plötzlich schien es keine Regeln mehr zu geben. Die Aggressoren kannten für ihr Tun keine Grenzen, für ihre Opfer aber zogen dunkle Zeiten herauf. Im Strudel dieser Ereignisse sah sich eine kleine Gruppe von Politikern mit zentralen Entscheidungen konfrontiert, die in dieser Auseinandersetzung Triumph oder Untergang bedeuten konnten. In seinem glänzend geschriebenen Buch »Wendepunkte« vermittelt der Historiker Ian Kershaw dem Leser einen einzigartigen Eindruck davon, wie groß der Entscheidungsspielraum der einzelnen Politiker tatsächlich war und welche Rolle ihre ganz individuelle Persönlichkeit spielte: Warum entschloss sich Churchill, nach der französischen Kapitulation weiterzukämpfen? Warum vertraute Stalin darauf, dass Hitler die UdSSR nicht überfallen würde? Und warum griffen die Japaner Pearl Harbor an? Diese und weitere Entscheidungen veränderten den Lauf der Welt. Die zehn wichtigsten Entscheidungen des Zweiten Weltkriegs und die Männer, die sie trafen.
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Military Adaptation in War

With Fear of Change

Author: Williamson Murray

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107006597

Category: History

Page: 342

View: 6783

Addresses how military organizations confront the problem of adapting under the trying, terrifying conditions of war.
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Military Effectiveness: Volume 3, The Second World War

Author: Allan R. Millett,Williamson Murray

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139502122

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 2280

This three-volume study examines the questions raised by the performance of the military institutions of France, Germany, Russia, the United States, Great Britain, Japan, and Italy in the period from 1914 to 1945. Leading military historians deal with the different national approaches to war and military power at the tactical, operational, strategic, and political levels. They form the basis for a fundamental re-examination of how military organizations have performed in the first half of the twentieth century. Volume 3 covers World War II. Volumes 1 and 2 address address World War I and the interwar period, respectively. Now in a new edition, with a new introduction by the editors, these classic volumes will remain invaluable for military historians and social scientists in their examination of national security and military issues. They will also be essential reading for future military leaders at Staff and War Colleges.
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The Dynamics of Military Revolution, 1300-2050

Author: MacGregor Knox,Williamson Murray

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521800792

Category: History

Page: 203

View: 7086

Studies the changes that have marked war in the Western World since the thirteenth century.
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Defence Planning and Uncertainty

Preparing for the Next Asia-Pacific War

Author: Stephan Frühling

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317817842

Category: Social Science

Page: 252

View: 7966

How can countries decide what kind of military forces they need, if threats are uncertain and history is full of strategic surprises? This is a question that is more pertinent than ever, as countries across the Asia-Pacific are faced with the military and economic rise of China. Uncertainty is inherent in defence planning, but different types of uncertainty mean that countries need to approach decisions about military force structure in different ways. This book examines four different basic frameworks for defence planning, and demonstrates how states can make decisions coherently about the structure and posture of their defence forces despite strategic uncertainty. It draws on case studies from the United States, Australian and New Zealand, each of which developed key concepts for their particular circumstances and risk perception in Asia. Success as well as failure in developing coherent defence planning frameworks holds lessons for the United States and other countries as they consider how best to structure their military forces for the uncertain challenges of the future.
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The Culture of Military Innovation

The Impact of Cultural Factors on the Revolution in Military Affairs in Russia, the US, and Israel.

Author: Dima Adamsky

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 0804773807

Category: Political Science

Page: 248

View: 5526

This book studies the impact of cultural factors on the course of military innovations. One would expect that countries accustomed to similar technologies would undergo analogous changes in their perception of and approach to warfare. However, the intellectual history of the Revolution in Military Affairs (RMA) in Russia, the US, and Israel indicates the opposite. The US developed technology and weaponry for about a decade without reconceptualizing the existing paradigm about the nature of warfare. Soviet 'new theory of victory' represented a conceptualization which chronologically preceded technological procurement. Israel was the first to utilize the weaponry on the battlefield, but was the last to develop a conceptual framework that acknowledged its revolutionary implications. Utilizing primary sources that had previously been completely inaccessible, and borrowing methods of analysis from political science, history, anthropology, and cognitive psychology, this book suggests a cultural explanation for this puzzling transformation in warfare. The Culture of Military Innovation offers a systematic, thorough, and unique analytical approach that may well be applicable in other perplexing strategic situations. Though framed in the context of specific historical experience, the insights of this book reveal important implications related to conventional, subconventional, and nonconventional security issues. It is therefore an ideal reference work for practitioners, scholars, teachers, and students of security studies.
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US Military Innovation since the Cold War

Creation Without Destruction

Author: Harvey Sapolsky,Benjamin Friedman,Brendan Green

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135968675

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 1454

This book explains how the US military reacted to the 'Revolution in Military Affairs' (RMA), and failed to innovate its organization or doctrine to match the technological breakthroughs it brought about. Many called for the transformation of the US military in the years after the end of the Cold War, seeking the changes in organization and doctrine that would complete the RMA innovation and a commitment to counter-insurgency, peace keeping and nation building missions. This volume describes the origins, uses, and limits of the RMA technologies, examines how each of the five US armed services (categorising the Special Operations as a separate service) made their adjustments both to the technologies and the use of force, and how the role of the civilian officials and the defense industry altered in this process of change and avoidance of change. The book examines the internal politics of the services as well as civil/military relations to identify the external pressures on the services for significant change in their doctrine and weapons. Many have noted the failure of the services to innovate in what can be called the 'Second Inter-war Period' (the years after the Cold War). This book offers explanations for this failure and arguments about the possible range and desirability of military innovation in the post-Cold war era. This book will be of great interest to students of strategic studies, US defence politics, military studies, and US politics. Harvey M. Sapolsky is Professor of Public Policy and Organization in the Department of Political Science at MIT and former Director of the Security Studies Program. Benjamin H. Friedman is a Research Fellow in Defense and Homeland Security Studies at the Cato Institute and a Ph.D. Candidate in Political Science at MIT. Brendan Green is a Ph.D. Candidate in Political Science at MIT and an affiliate of the Security Studies Program.
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Agents of Innovation

The General Board and the Design of the Fleet that Defeated the Japanese Navy

Author: John T. Kuehn

Publisher: Naval Institute Press

ISBN: 1612514057

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 6275

The author examines the influence of the General Board of the U.S. Navy as an agent of innovation in the years between the world wars. A formal body established by the secretary of the Navy, the General Board served as the organizational nexus for the interaction between fleet design and the naval limitations imposed on the Navy by treaty. Particularly important, Kuehn argues, was the Board's role in implementing the Washington Naval Treaty, which limited naval armaments after 1922. Kuehn explains that the leadership of the Navy at large and the General Board in particular felt themselves especially constrained by Article XIX of the Washington Naval Treaty, which implemented a status quo on naval fortifications in the western Pacific.
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War, Strategy, and Military Effectiveness

Author: Williamson Murray

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139499041

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 2649

This collection of articles represents Professor Williamson Murray's efforts to elucidate the role that history should play in thinking about both the present and the future. They reflect three disparate themes in Professor Murray's work: his deep fascination with history and those who have acted in the past; his fascination with the similarities in human behavior between the past and the present; and his belief that the study of military and strategic history can be of real use to those who will confront the daunting problems of war and peace in the twenty-first century. The first group of essays addresses the relevance of history to an understanding of the present and to an understanding of the possibilities of the future. The second addresses the possible direct uses of history to think through the problems involved in the creation of effective military institutions. The final group represents historical case studies that serve to illuminate the present.
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Small Powers in the Age of Total War, 1900-1940

Author: Herman Amersfoort,Wim Klinkert

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004203214

Category: History

Page: 372

View: 6985

In the period 1900-1940 the Netherlands, Belgium, Denmark, Norway and Switzerland reacted in divergent ways to the same foreign military threats. This volume argues that their internal politics and politico-military strategic culture are vital keys to understanding those differences.
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Der Genius des Krieges

das deutsche Heer und der Generalstab 1807 - 1945

Author: Trevor Nevitt Dupuy

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783902475510

Category:

Page: 440

View: 5744

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Warfighting and Disruptive Technologies

Disguising Innovation

Author: Terry Pierce

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135769311

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 2534

Occasionally, during times of peace, military forces achieve major warfighting innovations. Terry Pierce terms these developments 'disruptive innovations' and shows how senior leaders have often disguised them in order to ensure their innovations survived. He shows how more common innovations however, have been those of integrating new technologies to help perform existing missions better and not change them radically. The author calls these 'sustaining innovations'. The recent innovation history suggests two interesting questions. First, how can senior military leaders achieve a disruptive innovation when they are heavily engaged around the world and they are managing sustaining innovations? Second, what have been the external sources of disruptive (and sustaining) innovations? This book is essential reading for professionals and students interested in national security, military history and strategic issues.
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Der Weg nach Wigan Pier

Author: George Orwell

Publisher: Diogenes Verlag AG

ISBN: 3257602510

Category: Fiction

Page: 240

View: 6847

Im Jahr 1936 geht George Orwell in die Industriestädte Nordenglands, um an Ort und Stelle zu beobachten, wie Bergleute im Alltag arbeiten und wohnen. Er steigt mit in die Gruben hinunter und berichtet aufmerksam, sachlich, genau, mit Einfühlung und Gespür für die vielfachen Zusammenhänge. Diese Erfahrung führt zu Reflexionen über den Sozialismus als umsichtigen, schwierigen Weg zu Gerechtigkeit und Freiheit.
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Blitzkrieg-Legende

Der Westfeldzug 1940

Author: Karl-Heinz Frieser

Publisher: de Gruyter Oldenbourg

ISBN: 9783486715446

Category: Westfeldzug 1940 - Blitzkrieg

Page: 473

View: 1913

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Uncovering Ways of War

U.S. Intelligence and Foreign Military Innovation, 1918-1941

Author: Thomas G. Mahnken

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801439865

Category: History

Page: 190

View: 3495

Using formerly classified sources - in particular, the reports of military attaches and other diplomat-officers - Thomas G. Mahnken sheds light on the shadowy world of U.S. intelligence gathering, tracing how America learned of military developments in Japan, Germany, and Great Britain in the period between the two world wars. The interwar period witnessed both a considerable shift in the balance of power in Europe and Asia and the emergence of new ways of war, such as carrier aviation, amphibious operations, and combined-arms armored warfare. American attempts to follow these developments, Mahnken says, illustrate the problems that intelligence organizations face in their efforts to bridge the gulf between prewar expectations and wartime reality. He finds three reasons for intelligence's relative lack of success: intelligence agencies are more inclined to monitor established weapons systems than to search for new ones; their attention is more likely to focus on technology and doctrine already demonstrated in combat; and they have more success identifying innovation in areas their own country is testing.
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GER-FUNF JAHRE TURKEI

Author: Otto Viktor Karl 185 Liman Von Sanders

Publisher: Wentworth Press

ISBN: 9781362406174

Category: History

Page: 414

View: 1846

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