Human Rights of Migrants in the 21st Century

Author: Elspeth Guild,Stefanie Grant,C. A. Groenendijk

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351382799

Category: Political Science

Page: 96

View: 9115

This book offers an accessible examination of the human rights of migrants in the context of the UN’s negotiations in 2018. This volume has two main contributions. Firstly, it is designed to inform the negotiations on the UN’s Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration announced by the New York Declaration of the UN General Assembly on 19 September 2016. Second, it intends to assist officials, lawyers and academics to ensure that the human rights of migrants are fully respected by state authorities and international organisations and safeguarded by national and supranational courts across the globe. The overall objective of this book is to clarify problem areas which migrants encounter as non-citizens of the state where they are and how international human rights obligations of those states provide solutions. It defines the existing international human rights of migrants and provides the source of States’ obligations. In order to provide a clear and useful guide to the existing human rights of migrants, the volume examines these rights from the perspective of the migrant: what situations do people encounter as their status changes from citizen (in their own country) to migrant (in a foreign state), and how do human rights provide legal entitlements regarding their treatment by a foreign state? This book will be of much interest to students of migration, human rights, international law and international relations.
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Migration in the 21st Century

Political Economy and Ethnography

Author: Pauline Gardiner Barber,Winnie Lem

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415892228

Category: Social Science

Page: 251

View: 8737

This edited collection focuses on global migration in its inter-regional, international and transnational variants, and argues that contemporary migration scholarship is significantly advanced both within anthropology and beyond it when ethnography is theoretically engaged to grapple with the social consequences and asymmetries of twenty-first century capitalism's global modalities. Drawn from settings across the globe, case studies explore the nuanced formations of class and power within particular migration flows while addressing the complex analytics of a contemporary critical political economy of migration. Subjects include global migrants as capitalists, entrepreneurs and "cosmopolitans," as well as workers and immigrants who are subject to varying degrees of precariousness under intensified competition for profits within contemporary global economies. By re-addressing the question of the relationship between changes in global capitalism and migration, the book aims for a timely intervention into the debates on migration which have come to be one of the most contentious emotionally fraught issues in North America and Europe.
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Security and Migration in the 21st Century

Author: Elspeth Guild

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745658776

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 7094

The 21st century has brought new and challenging dimensions to our understanding of security and migration. The old Cold War framework of security as related to war and peace, international relations and foreign affairs has given way to a multiplicity of competing notions, including internal security, human security and even social security. At the same time, migration has become a hotly contested issue, characterised by an enormous difference of views and objectives. So what do we mean by security and migration in the contemporary world? How do these two important fields intersect? And what does this collision of policy concerns and public interests mean for states and individuals alike? In this cutting-edge book, Elspeth Guild seeks to answer these pressing questions, drawing on a wide range of recent examples from the impact of asylum seekers on state border security to identity security in citizenship rules to illustrate her arguments. By approaching the topic from the perspective of the individual - citizen of one state, migrant in another - the book examines key aspects of the security-migration nexus, such as the relationship with refugees; torture; extraordinary rendition; privacy and the retention of personal data; and human rights' protection. The first volume in Polity's new ‘Dimensions of Security' series, this book is a must-read for all students of international politics, development studies and related fields.
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International Migration in the 21st Century

Problems and Solutions

Author: Gökçe Bayindir Goularas,Işil Zeynep Turkan-İpek

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1527514986

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 8061

This collection tackles the problems surrounding international migration, raising the question of the reasons for, and consequences of, being a migrant in the 21st century. Some of the issues it focuses on include migrant identities, integration, voting behavior, citizenship, and child health encountered in Europe and Turkey. The book also provides psychological, economic and micro-level analysis, together with social and judicial perspectives. In a global world, where in some places frontiers are constructed and in others efforts are made to deconstruct them, the book will appeal to sociologists, historians, political scientists and academics working on regional migration studies. It contributes to the endeavor to understand the global parameters on migration and potential solutions for a boundless global community.
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Racial Criminalization of Migrants in the 21st Century

Author: Salvatore Palidda

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317072162

Category: Social Science

Page: 326

View: 7259

Over the last two decades in the West, there has been a significant increase in the arrest, imprisonment and detention of migrants. The racial criminalization and victimization of migrants and Roma people has led judicial authorities, local governments, the police, mass media and the general population to perceive migrants and 'gypsies' as responsible for a wide range of offences. Taking into consideration the political and cultural conditions that affect and interconnect societies of emigration and immigration, the contributors examine and compare a range of cases in Europe and the United States. The contributions demonstrate how the persecution of the 'current enemy' is the 'total political fact' of the 21st century in that it ensures consensus and business, or what might be termed the 'crime deal' of today. This provocative book has international appeal and will be a valuable resource for academics, researchers and policymakers with an interest in migration and social and ethnic control.
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Migration in the 21st Century

Rights, Outcomes, and Policy

Author: Kim Korinek,Thomas N. Maloney

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136924973

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 272

View: 9263

In this volume, we examine the challenges and opportunities created by global migration at the start of the 21st century. Our focus extends beyond economic impact to questions of international law, human rights, and social and political incorporation. We examine immigrant outcomes and policy questions at the global, national, and local levels. Our primary purpose is to connect ethical, legal, and social science scholarship from a variety of disciplines in order to raise questions and generate new insights regarding patterns of migration and the design of useful policy. While the book incorporates studies of the evolution of immigration law globally and over the very long term, as well as considerations of the magnitude and determinants of immigrant flows at the global level, it places particular emphasis on the growth of immigration to the United States in the 1990s and early 2000s and provides new insights on the complex relationships between federal and state politics and regulation, popular misconceptions about the economic and social impacts of immigration, and the status of 'undocumented' immigrants.
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Global Migration

Challenges in the Twenty-First Century

Author: Kavita R. Khory

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 1137007117

Category: Political Science

Page: 257

View: 5345

Migration is one of the most contentious issues in politics today. Both celebrated and vilified, human mobility raises ethical and legal questions about the rights and responsibilities of individuals and societies wrestling with rising economic inequality and a profound sense of insecurity. Even as capital, goods, and services flow easily over national boundaries, human beings are subjected to intense scrutiny and resistance when crossing borders. In this collection of essays, distinguished scholars probe the challenges and opportunities that global migration presents for contemporary states and societies and its implications for sovereignty, national identity, and citizenship. Multidisciplinary in scope, the book demonstrates how forced and voluntary migrations intersect with global politics, from economic and environmental crises to human rights and security.
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Migration in the 21St Century

How Will Globalization and Climate Change Affect Migration and Settlement?

Author: Paul Challen

Publisher: Crabtree Publishing Company

ISBN: 0778791335

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 51

View: 8532

With fossil fuels and water running out, and temperatures and sea levels rising due to climate change, whole communities will need to move and resettle. How will human migrations on this scale be managed in our modern world? This foreward-looking book explores these important issues as well as the solutions being put forward by politicians, experts, NGOs, and private citizens.
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Gender and Migration in 21st Century Europe

Author: Samantha Currie

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317130596

Category: Law

Page: 264

View: 7054

Providing interdisciplinary and empirically grounded insights into the issues surrounding gender and migration into and within Europe, this work presents a comprehensive and critical overview of the historical, legal, policy and cultural framework underpinning different types of European migration. Analysing the impact of migration on women's careers, the impact of migration on family life and gender perspectives on forced migration, the authors also examine the consequences of EU enlargement for women's migration opportunities and practices, as well as the impact of new regulatory mechanisms at EU level in addressing issues of forced migration and cross-national family breakdown. Recent interdisciplinary research also offers a new insight into the issue of skilled migration and the gendering of previously male-dominated sectors of the labour market.
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Exodus

How Migration Is Changing Our World

Author: Paul Collier

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190231483

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 5196

In Exodus, Paul Collier, the world-renowned economist and bestselling author of The Bottom Billion, clearly and concisely lays out the effects of encouraging or restricting migration. Drawing on original research and case studies, he explores this volatile issue from three perspectives: that of the migrants themselves, that of the people they leave behind, and that of the host societies where they relocate.
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Exodus

Immigration and Multiculturalism in the 21st Century

Author: Paul Collier

Publisher: Penguin Classics

ISBN: 9780141042169

Category: Social Science

Page: 309

View: 4964

Mass international migration is a response to extreme global inequality, and immigration has a profound impact on the way we live. Here, world-renowned economist Paul Collier seeks to defuse this explosive subject.Exoduslooks at how people from the world's poorest societies struggle to migrate to the rich West- the effects on those left behind and on the host societies, and explores the impulses and thinking that inform Western immigration policy. Migration, he concludes, is a fact, and we urgently need to think clearly about its possibilities and challenges- it is not a question of whether migration is good or bad, but how much is best? 'Paul Collier is one of the world's most thoughtful economists. His books consistently illuminate and provoke. Exodus is no exception.' Economist'For everyone on all sides of this contentious issue, Exodus is a 'must-read'.' Robert D. Putnam'A lively exploration of perhaps the most contentious issue of our age . . . the former World Bank economist thinks people are focusing on the wrong question. The key issue is not whether immigration is good or bad. He argues, instead, that we should focus on how much migration there should be and, more interestingly, who it really helps.'Ian Birrell, Observer'My political book of the year . . . Exodushas opened up the issue.' Melanie McDonagh, Spectator'Brave, fascinating . . . a frank dissection of the costs and benefits of immigration.' Rupert Edis, Sunday Telegraph'Exodus is not an effort to tell us what to think about immigration but an attempt to create a new framework for how we think about it . . . a voice to which it is worth paying attention.' Ravi Mattu, Financial Times
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Managing Labor Migration in the Twenty-First Century

Author: Philip Martin,Manolo Abella,Christiane Kuptsch

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300129960

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 240

View: 4099

Why have ninety million workers around the globe left their homes for employment in other countries? What can be done to ensure that international labor migration is a force for global betterment? This groundbreaking book presents the most comprehensive analysis of the causes and effects of labor migration available, and it recommends sensible, sustainable migration policies that are fair to migrants and to the countries that open their doors to them. The authors survey recent trends in international migration for employment and demonstrate that the flow of authorized and illegal workers over borders presents a formidable challenge in countries and regions throughout the world. They note that not all migration is from undeveloped to developed countries and discuss the murky relations between immigration policies and politics. The book concludes with specific recommendations for justly managing the world’s growing migrant workforce.
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Return Migration of the Next Generations

21st Century Transnational Mobility

Author: Dennis Conway

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351903462

Category: Science

Page: 264

View: 980

There is renewed interest in return migration among researchers of global movement patterns. Until recently, it was overlooked, regarded as the result of failure by emigrants, or related to the return of retired, elderly migrants. This important study looks at the one-and-a-half and second generation migrants, the youthful contract workers and the 'prolonged sojourners' and the consequences of their return to source communities.
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Ireland and Migration in the Twenty-first Century

Author: Mary Gilmartin

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 178499264X

Category: Immigrants

Page: 196

View: 6844

Migration is one of the key issues in Ireland today. The economic crisis has led to a dramatic increase in levels of emigration from the country, and this follows a period of mass immigration during the Celtic Tiger era. This book provides a new and original approach to understanding contemporary Irish migration. It shows that immigration and emigration are processes that need to be understood together rather than separately, and uses a wide range of data - from statistical reports to in-depth qualitative studies - to show these connections. The book makes the links between different forms of migration explicit through a focus on four key themes - work, social connections, culture and belonging - that are common to the experiences of immigrants, emigrants and internal migrants. This includes a wide selection of case studies, such as the global GAA, the campaign for emigrant voting, medical migration and how families are changed by migration. Ireland and migration in the twenty first century is an invaluable resource for students and scholars of Irish migration. It also has broader relevance, as it suggests a new approach to the study of migration that addresses the concerns of leading scholars of migration.
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Rejecting Refugees

Political Asylum in the 21st Century

Author: Carol Bohmer,Amy Shuman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135977356

Category: Political Science

Page: 304

View: 5763

Many nations recognize the moral and legal obligation to accept people fleeing from persecution, but political asylum applicants in the twenty-first century face restrictive policies and cumbersome procedures. So, what counts as persecution? How do applicants translate their stories of suffering and trauma into a narrative acceptable to the immigration officials? How can asylum officials weed out the fake from the genuine without resorting to inappropriate cultural definitions of behaviour? Using both in depth accounts by asylum applicants and interviews with lawyers and others involved, this book takes the reader on a journey through the process of applying for asylum in both the United States and Great Britain. It describes how the systems address the conflicting needs of the state to protect their citizens from terrorists and the influx of hordes of unwelcome economic migrants, while at the same time adhering to their legal, moral and treaty obligations to provide safe haven for those fleeing persecution. Rejecting Refugees is an insightful and fresh evaluation of the obstacles asylum applicants face and the cultural, procedural, and political discrepancies in the political asylum process. This makes it ideal reading to students and scholars of political science, international relations, sociology, law and anthropology.
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Survival Migration

Failed Governance and the Crisis of Displacement

Author: Alexander Betts

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801468957

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 2942

International treaties, conventions, and organizations to protect refugees were established in the aftermath of World War II to protect people escaping targeted persecution by their own governments. However, the nature of cross-border displacement has transformed dramatically since then. Such threats as environmental change, food insecurity, and generalized violence force massive numbers of people to flee states that are unable or unwilling to ensure their basic rights, as do conditions in failed and fragile states that make possible human rights deprivations. Because these reasons do not meet the legal understanding of persecution, the victims of these circumstances are not usually recognized as “refugees,” preventing current institutions from ensuring their protection. In this book, Alexander Betts develops the concept of “survival migration” to highlight the crisis in which these people find themselves. Examining flight from three of the most fragile states in Africa—Zimbabwe, the Democratic Republic of Congo, and Somalia—Betts explains variation in institutional responses across the neighboring host states. There is massive inconsistency. Some survival migrants are offered asylum as refugees; others are rounded up, detained, and deported, often in brutal conditions. The inadequacies of the current refugee regime are a disaster for human rights and gravely threaten international security. In Survival Migration, Betts outlines these failings, illustrates the enormous human suffering that results, and argues strongly for an expansion of protected categories.
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International Political Economy in the 21st Century

Contemporary Issues and Analyses

Author: Roy Smith,Imad El-Anis,Christopher Farrands

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317612736

Category: Political Science

Page: 360

View: 3603

Understanding of the theories that underpin international political economy (IPE), and their practical applications, is crucial to the study of international relations, politics, development and economics. This is a comprehensive and accessible introduction to the field, with an engaging and coherent foundation to the subject. It considers traditional and alternative approaches to IPE, and in doing so elucidates key concepts, assumptions and the intellectual and historical context in which they arose and developed. At all times, it makes clear their relevance to issues from trade, finance and government, to environment, technology, health, labour, security, migration, development and culture. The book encourages independent reflection and critical thinking through a range of in-text guiding features. In addition, each chapter presents theoretical analysis alongside contemporary issues, helping the reader to relate to the real world of IPE and to better understand how theory helps inform interpretation of it. New to this edition: comprehensively updated to include key coverage of the post-2015 framework of the Sustainable Development Goals, the financial crisis and international government responses - successful or otherwise - to recent challenges; fully updated data, reflective questions, recommended readings, concept and example boxes, and illustrations; new chapters on health, migration and labour; additional coverage of trade theories and key contemporary issues, such as national versus human security, economic versus human development and illegal networks in global trade.
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Muslims in 21st Century Europe

Structural and Cultural Perspectives

Author: Anna Triandafyllidou,

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134004443

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 1869

Muslims in 21st Century Europe explores the interaction between native majorities and Muslim minorities in various European countries with a view to highlighting different paths of integration of immigrant and native Muslims. Starting with a critical overview of the institutionalisation of Islam in Europe and a discussion on the nature of Muslimophobia as a social phenomenon, this book shows how socio-economic, institutional and political parameters set the frame for Muslim integration in Europe. Britain, France, Germany, the Netherlands, and Sweden are selected as case studies among the 'old' migration hosts. Italy, Spain and Greece are included to highlight the issues arising and the policies adopted in southern Europe to accommodate Muslim claims and needs. The book highlights the internal diversity of both minority and majority populations, and analyses critically the political and institutional responses to the presence of Muslims.
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The New Odyssey

The Story of Europe's Refugee Crisis

Author: Patrick Kingsley

Publisher: Guardian Faber Publishing

ISBN: 9781783351060

Category: Europe

Page: 384

View: 5152

Europe is facing a wave of migration unmatched since the end of World War II - and no one has reported on this crisis in more depth or breadth than the Guardian's migration correspondent, Patrick Kingsley. Throughout 2015, Kingsley travelled to 17 countries along the migrant trail, meeting hundreds of refugees making epic odysseys across deserts, seas and mountains to reach the holy grail of Europe. This is Kingsley's unparalleled account of who these voyagers are. It's about why they keep coming, and how they do it. It's about the smugglers who help them on their way, and the coastguards who rescue them at the other end. The volunteers that feed them, the hoteliers that house them, and the border guards trying to keep them out. And the politicians looking the other way.
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