Microwave-assisted Polymer Synthesis

Author: Richard Hoogenboom,Ulrich S. Schubert,Frank Wiesbrock

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319422413

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 351

View: 6262

The series Advances in Polymer Science presents critical reviews of the present and future trends in polymer and biopolymer science. It covers all areas of research in polymer and biopolymer science including chemistry, physical chemistry, physics, material science.The thematic volumes are addressed to scientists, whether at universities or in industry, who wish to keep abreast of the important advances in the covered topics.Advances in Polymer Science enjoys a longstanding tradition and good reputation in its community. Each volume is dedicated to a current topic, and each review critically surveys one aspect of that topic, to place it within the context of the volume. The volumes typically summarize the significant developments of the last 5 to 10 years and discuss them critically, presenting selected examples, explaining and illustrating the important principles, and bringing together many important references of primary literature. On that basis, future research directions in the area can be discussed. Advances in Polymer Science volumes thus are important references for every polymer scientist, as well as for other scientists interested in polymer science - as an introduction to a neighboring field, or as a compilation of detailed information for the specialist.Review articles for the individual volumes are invited by the volume editors. Single contributions can be specially commissioned.Readership: Polymer scientists, or scientists in related fields interested in polymer and biopolymer science, at universities or in industry, graduate students

Microwave-Assisted Polymerization

Author: Anuradha Mishra,Tanvi Vats,James H. Clark

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1782623175


Page: N.A

View: 7626


Aqueous Microwave Assisted Chemistry

Synthesis and Catalysis

Author: Vivek Polshettiwar,Rajender S. Varma

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1849730385

Category: Science

Page: 228

View: 4506

The demands for green and sustainable synthetic methods in the fields of healthcare and fine chemicals, combined with the pressure to produce these substances expeditiously and in an environmentally benign fashion, pose significant challenges to the synthetic chemical community. Green chemistry can avoid pollution by utilizing techniques that are environmentally friendly by design and one of the best green techniques is the use of microwave (MW) assisted aqueous synthetic protocols. Fusing MW technique with water (as a benign reaction medium) can offer an extraordinary synergistic effect with greater potential than these two individual components in isolation. Selective microwave heating can be exploited to develop a high yield protocol and the use of water expedites the MW-protocol with more energy efficiency. This book provides an overview of the various processes developed using aqueous microwave chemistry and is written for chemists, chemical engineers and researchers in the early stages who want to develop sustainable and green processes. Written by well known microwave experts, the book is a comprehensive examination of the field and is the first book that deals strictly with aqueous microwave chemistry and represents a significant effort towards green chemistry. It covers all the microwave-assisted aqueous reactions in depth, including heterocycle synthesis, metal catalysis, enzyme catalysis, polymer synthesis, nanomaterials synthesis and nano-catalysis. Each chapter contains representative experimental procedures, helping the reader quickly replicate some of the experiments to gain hands-on experience.

Microwave Heating as a Tool for Sustainable Chemistry

Author: Nicholas E. Leadbeater

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439812709

Category: Science

Page: 290

View: 9738

Shorter reaction times, higher product yields, and enhanced selectivity are some of the advantages microwave heating has over conventional methods, causing its use to transition from a curiosity to mainstream, both in industrial and academic settings. Microwave Heating as a Tool for Sustainable Chemistry showcases the application of microwave heating in a number of areas of preparative chemistry as well as in the biosciences. From organic chemistry to materials and biological applications The book begins with an introduction to microwave heating, the physical concepts behind it, its application in synthetic chemistry, and commercially available microwave equipment. It shows how microwave heating can be used to facilitate the clean and sustainable synthesis of organic compounds. The authors examine microwave heating as a tool for sustainable polymer chemistry, with discussions of the use of alternative solvents and feedstocks, the design of degradable polymeric materials, and recycling polymers. They then discuss the significant contribution made by microwave-promoted synthesis in the drug discovery process, with a focus on how the technology has been used to generate discovery chemistry libraries and as a tool for medicinal chemists. Other topics examined in this application-driven text include the use of microwave heating in the preparation of inorganic and organometallic compounds, in the production of inorganic materials, and in the area of biosciences. Academic and industrial settings The book examines the scale-up of microwave-promoted chemistry and describes the various approaches and the current commercially available microwave reactors available for scale-up. It also discusses microwave heating as a tool for teaching in the undergraduate organic chemistry laboratory. It explores curriculum, the broad range of reactions that can be performed, and the incorporation of green chemistry principles. The author maintains a website with supplemental information.

Microwave-Assisted Organic Synthesis

A Green Chemical Approach

Author: Suresh C. Ameta,Pinki B. Punjabi,Rakshit Ameta,Chetna Ameta

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482254247

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 412

View: 9231

The large-scale production of chemicals to meet various societal needs has created environmental pollution, including pollution from byproducts and improper disposal of waste. With the world facing adverse consequences due to this pollution, green chemistry is increasingly being viewed as a means to address this concern. Since most organic syntheses require toxic solvents, more reaction time, and drastic conditions of temperature, conventional methods of organic synthesis are less preferred. Microwave-assisted organic synthesis is considered to be a promising green chemical approach because it reduces reaction time from days or hours to minutes or even seconds, and has many other advantages. It helps reduce side reactions and increase yields, uses fewer solvents or is almost solvent-free, has solid supported reactions, and improves purity. This book’s main focus is microwave-assisted organic synthesis processes, particularly various reactions such as cycloaddition, rearrangement, elimination, substitution, oxidation, reduction, condensation, coupling, polymerization, nanomaterials, synthesis of heterocycles, and industrial applications under microwave irradiation. The time is not far off when this methodology will virtually replace existing and cumbersome methods of organic synthesis.

Microwave Assisted Organic Synthesis

Author: Jason Tierney,Pelle Lidström

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405168447

Category: Science

Page: 296

View: 471

The first reports on the application of microwaves in organicsynthesis date back to 1986, but it was not until the recentintroduction of specifically designed and constructed equipment,which countered the safety and reproducibility concerns, thatsynthetic application of microwaves has become established as alaboratory technique. Microwave assisted synthesis is now beingadopted in many industrial and academic laboratories to takeadvantage of the novel chemistry that can be carried out using avariety of organic reaction types. This book demonstrates the underlying principles of microwavedielectric heating and, by reference to a range of organic reactiontypes, it's effective use in synthetic organic chemistry. Toillustrate the impact microwave assisted organic synthesis can haveon chemical research, case studies drawn mainly from thepharmaceutical industry are presented.

Mycobacterium Infections: Advances in Research and Treatment: 2011 Edition

Author: N.A

Publisher: ScholarlyEditions

ISBN: 1464927480

Category: Medical

Page: 132

View: 6301

Mycobacterium Infections: Advances in Research and Treatment: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Mycobacterium Infections. The editors have built Mycobacterium Infections: Advances in Research and Treatment: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Mycobacterium Infections in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Mycobacterium Infections: Advances in Research and Treatment: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Microwaves in Organic Synthesis

Author: Antonio de la Hoz,André Loupy

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527651330

Category: Science

Page: 1303

View: 8397

The third edition of the bestselling two-volume reference covers everything you need to know about microwave technology for synthesis - from the best equipment to nonthermal effects, from solid-support reactions to catalysis. Completely revised and updated with half of the authors completely new to the project, this comprehensive work is clearly divided into two parts on the fundamentals of microwave irradiation, and application of microwaves and synergies with other enabling techniques. Also new to this edition are chapters on on-line monitoring, flow chemistry, combination with ultrasounds and natural products, including multicomponent reactions. An indispensable source for organic, catalytic, physical, and medicinal chemists.

Microwave Assisted Proteomics

Author: Jennie R. Lill

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 085404194X

Category: Science

Page: 125

View: 8040

An introduction to the rapidly evolving field of microwave-assisted bio-analytical methods with an emphasis on sample preparation for proteomic analyses.

Microwave-Enhanced Polymer Chemistry and Technology

Author: Dariusz Bogdal,Aleksander Prociak

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470390247

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 280

View: 7992

While polymer technology forms one of the largest areas of application of microwave technology, and the methods and procedures used therein are among the most developed, there is still a relative lack of published information on the subject. Microwave-Enhanced Polymer Chemistry and Technology describes novel approaches to polymer processing using microwave technologies. Coverage includes background and scientific data, analysis of processes and product properties in comparison with existing technology, applications that are being used in various approaches, and the status of current research. Features of microwave irradiation, i.e., solvent-free reactions, low waste, energy efficiency, high yield, short reaction time, and possible use of alternative solvents, can play an important role in the development of green chemistry methods.

Microwave-assisted Organic Synthesis

One Hundred Reaction Procedures

Author: D. Bogdal

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080518732

Category: Science

Page: 214

View: 7633

Microwave-assisted Organic Synthesis: One Hundred Reaction Procedures provides readers with a broad overview of microwave assisted Organic Synthesis, enabling students and researchers alike to produce more efficient and high yield syntheses while saving time and resources. The work addresses key problems faced by chemistry laboratories in academia and in industry, that of an ever increasing need for procedures which are low-waste, energy efficient, high yield, occur over a short reaction period, and use environmentally friendly solvents. All these factors play an important role in the development of Green Chemistry methods, and in this, Microwave-assisted Organic Synthesis: One Hundred Reaction Procedures is an excellent resource for any library. Provides a broad overview of microwave enhanced chemistry Extensive references to the source of each procedure, including equipment used, full operating procedure, and associated hazards Includes exercises and worked problems which can support more independent study

Handbook of Reagents for Organic Synthesis, Reagents for High-Throughput Solid-Phase and Solution-Phase Organic Synthesis

Author: Peter Wipf

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons


Category: Science

Page: 392

View: 7024

Since its discovery in 1963 by R. B. Merrifield, solid-phase synthesis, or polymer-supported synthesis, has become an essential technique with its wide use in the synthesis of peptides and other oligomers. Solid-Phase Reactions provides extensive and comprehensive information on this form of synthesis in a format ideal for those working in the laboratory. As part of the Handbook of Reagents in Organic Synthesis Series, this new addition extends the wealth of information available to the chemist at the bench. All content has been expertly collected and presented by an internationally recognised and respected editorial board led by Professor Peter Wipf.

Microwaves in Organic and Medicinal Chemistry

Author: C. Oliver Kappe,Alexander Stadler,Doris Dallinger

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527331859

Category: Science

Page: 668

View: 7446

Tailored to the needs of medicinal and natural products chemists, the second edition of this unique handbook brings the contents up to speed, almost doubling the amount of chemical information with an additional volume. As in the predecessor, a short introductory section covers the theoretical background and evaluates currently available instrumentation and equipment. The main part of the book then goes on to systematically survey the complete range of published microwave-assisted synthesis methods from their beginnings in the 1990s to mid-2011, drawing on data from more than 5,000 reports and publications. Throughout, the focus is on those reactions, reagents and reaction conditions that work, and that are the most relevant for medicinal and natural products chemistry. A much expanded section is devoted to combinatorial, highthroughput and flow chemistry methods.

Practical Microwave Synthesis for Organic Chemists

Strategies, Instruments, and Protocols

Author: C. Oliver Kappe,Doris Dallinger,Shaun S. Murphree

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527623914

Category: Science

Page: 310

View: 9161

With the novice user in mind, this beginner's guide explains thebasics behind microwave technology, evaluates available instrumentsand reaction modes, and provides practical hints for everyeventuality. Includes 27 detailed protocols for often-usedreactions. From the contents: 1 Microwave Synthesis - An Introduction 2 Microwave Theory 3 Equipment Review 4 Microwave Processing Techniques 5 Starting With Microwave Chemistry 6 Experimental Protocols 6.1 General Small-Scale Sealed-Vessel Microwave Processing 6.2 Reaction Optimization 6.3 Library Generation 6.4 Reaction Scale-Up 6.5 Special Processing Techniques