Metternich and Austria

An Evaluation

Author: Alan Sked

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137262257

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 8466

This is the first serious appraisal of Metternich's role in the Austrian Empire and beyond. Covering both domestic and international affairs, Sked presents a fresh and convincing description of Metternich's era and argues that despite his battered historical reputation, Metternich was the leading diplomat in Europe over four decades.
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Metternich

Staatsmann zwischen Restauration und Moderne

Author: Wolfram Siemann

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 9783406587849

Category: Austria

Page: 128

View: 9469

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Das Osmanische Reich und Metternichs Politik

Übersetzt von Mehmet Tahir Öncü

Author: Hüner Tuncer

Publisher: Frank & Timme GmbH

ISBN: 3732900479

Category: Austria

Page: 168

View: 1044

Mit der Diplomatie des frühen 19. Jahrhunderts in Europa ist vor allem ein Name verbunden: Klemens von Metternich. Ein Verfechter der Monarchie, widersetzte sich der österreichische Kanzler erbittert der aufkommenden National- und Demokratiebewegung, die er als Bedrohung für die weltpolitische Ordnung ansah. Anhand der Unabhängigkeitskriege Griechenlands (1821–1829) und Ägyptens (1831–1841) gegen das Osmanische Reich schildert Hüner Tuncer die politischen Schachzüge Metternichs und der europäischen Großmächte; darin kommt deren Dilemma zwischen Konservatismus, Expansionsstreben und Nationalismus in besonderer Weise zum Ausdruck. Zugleich eröffnet die Autorin dem Leser eine neue Perspektive auf vermeintliche Nebenschauplätze, die die Außenpolitik dieser Ära jedoch entscheidend geprägt haben.
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Napoleon

The End of Glory

Author: Munro Price

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199380694

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 344

View: 9241

On April 20, 1814, after a dizzying series of battles, campaigns, and diplomatic intrigues, a defeated Napoleon Bonaparte made his farewell speech to the Old Guard in the courtyard of the Chateau de Fontainebleau and set off for exile on the island of Elba. Napoleonic legend asserts that the Emperor was brought down by foreign powers determined to destroy him and discredit his achievements, with the aid of highly placed domestic traitors. Others argue that once Napoleon's military defeats began in 1812, his fall became inevitable. But in fact, as Munro Price shows in this brilliant new book, Napoleon's fall could have been avoided altogether. Exploring a critical and often neglected period of Napoleonic history between 1812 and 1814, Napoleon: The End of Glory offers a more complete picture of the Emperor's decline and fall than any previous work. Price analyzes the political, military, and diplomatic events of the period, from Napoleon's disastrous invasion of Russia in 1812 to the multiple failed attempts by Austria to broker peace. He illuminates the dynamic relationships between Napoleon and the wily Austrian foreign minister Metternich-whose desire for equilibrium within the European states system clashed with Napoleon's unshakeable belief in hegemony and subjection-and the charming and enigmatic Alexander I of Russia. And he explores the lasting impact of the bloody Terror of the French Revolution on Napoleon's decisions once he came to power. Rejecting the assumption that defeat was unavoidable, Price considers instead why Napoleon failed to explore a compromise peace that could have allowed him to keep his crown, arguing that the answer to this question has powerful implications for our understanding of the Napoleonic wars. Ultimately, Price provides a convincing portrait of the Emperor's decline, exposing his blindness, intransigence and miscalculations; his preference for war and his declining ability to wage it; and his nearly pathological fear of a dishonorable peace. A deeply researched study of the moment of a great man's fall, Napoleon: The End of Glory forces us to reconsider Napoleon's character, motives, and the reasons for his spectacular failure.
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Germany

A Modern History

Author: Marshall Dill,Michigan. University

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 9780472071012

Category: History

Page: 490

View: 7725

Studies modern Germany, from its formation to the 1960s
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The Origins of the Italian Wars of Independence

Author: Frank J. Coppa

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317900448

Category: History

Page: 188

View: 3850

This title focuses on the "Risorgimento", the movement that led to the unification of Italy as a single kingdom. The Italian Wars of Independence were a sequence of three separate conflicts, taking place in 1848-49, 1859 and 1866. This volume examines the role of the major powers outside Italy in these conflicts, particularly France, Austria, Great Britain and Prussia, and in Italy the Italian states, the Catholic Church and the revolutionaries. It also examines the role of: Cavour's Piedmont, Mazzini's Young Italy and the Party of Action, Garibaldi's Red Shirts and Daniele Manin's National Society. It is based on original research, particularly in the Vatican archives and it should to be an invaluable text for all students of Italian and European History from 6th form to undergraduate level.
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Love and Capital

Karl and Jenny Marx and the Birth of a Revolution

Author: Mary Gabriel

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 031619137X

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 300

View: 6291

Brilliantly researched and wonderfully written, LOVE AND CAPITAL reveals the rarely glimpsed and heartbreakingly human side of the man whose works would redefine the world after his death. Drawing upon previously unpublished material, acclaimed biographer Mary Gabriel tells the story of Karl and Jenny Marx's marriage. Through it, we see Karl as never before: a devoted father and husband, a prankster who loved a party, a dreadful procrastinator, freeloader, and man of wild enthusiasms-one of which would almost destroy his marriage. Through years of desperate struggle, Jenny's love for Karl would be tested again and again as she waited for him to finish his masterpiece, Capital. An epic narrative that stretches over decades to recount Karl and Jenny's story against the backdrop of Europe's Nineteenth Century, LOVE AND CAPITAL is a surprising and magisterial account of romance and revolution-and of one of the great love stories of all time.
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Metternich’s Projects for Reform in Austria

Author: E. Radvany

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401029741

Category: History

Page: 154

View: 7630

I would like to express my gratitude to the Graduate Center of the City University of New York for having received a summer grant for research in Austria. I want to thank Dr. Franz Graf Meran for permitting me to use Archduke Johann's diaries and letters in the Steiermarkisches Landesarchiv, Graz, as well as Dr. Walter Puschnigg and the other gentlemen of that archive for their kind assistance. I am also extremely grateful for the patient, friendly and unsparing helpfulness and advice from the ladies and gentlemen of the Haus-, Hof-und Staatsarchiv in Vienna. In particular I would like to thank w. Amtsrat Anton Nemeth for his aid in deciphering and transcribing numerous documents. Finally, I am most grateful for the counsel, help and encouragement by Prof. Andrew Whiteside of Queens College and City University of New York, and for the many valuable suggestions made by Profs. Robert A. Kann of Rutgers University, Paula S. Fichtner and Bela K. Kiraly, both of Brooklyn College.
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The 33 Strategies of War

Author: Robert Greene,Joost Elffers

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 9781101147344

Category: Psychology

Page: 496

View: 8622

Strategies of war—and the subtle social game of everyday life—by the bestselling author of The 48 Laws of Power Robert Greene’s groundbreaking guides, The 48 Laws of Power, The Art of Seduction, and Mastery espouse profound, timeless lessons from the events of history to help readers vanquish an enemy, ensnare an unsuspecting victim, or become the greatest in your field. In The 33 Strategies of War, Greene has crafted an important addition to this ruthless and unique series. Spanning world civilizations, synthesizing dozens of political, philosophical, and religious texts and thousands of years of violent conflict, The 33 Strategies of War is a comprehensive guide to the subtle social game of everyday life informed by the most ingenious and effective military principles in war. Structured in Greene’s trademark style, The 33 Strategies of War is the I-Ching of conflict, the contemporary companion to Sun Tzu’s The Art of War. Abundantly illustrated with examples from history, including the folly and genius of everyone from Napoleon to Margaret Thatcher, Shaka the Zulu to Lord Nelson, Hannibal to Ulysses S. Grant, as well as movie moguls, Samurai swordsmen, and diplomats, each of the thirty-three chapters outlines a strategy that will help you win life’s wars. Learn the offensive strategies that require you to maintain the initiative and negotiate from a position of strength, or the defensive strategies designed to help you respond to dangerous situations and avoid unwinnable wars. The great warriors of battlefields and drawing rooms alike demonstrate prudence, agility, balance, and calm, and a keen understanding that the rational, resourceful, and intuitive always defeat the panicked, the uncreative, and the stupid. An indispensable book, The 33 Strategies of War provides all the psychological ammunition you need to overcome patterns of failure and forever gain the upper hand. From the Hardcover edition.
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Life of Prince Metternich

Author: Col. G. B. Malleson

Publisher: Pickle Partners Publishing

ISBN: 178720300X

Category: History

Page: 153

View: 7730

Originally published in 1888, this is a short biography of the life of Prince Klemens Wenzel von Metternich (15 May 1773 - 11 June 1859), a politician and statesman of Rhenish extraction and one of the most important diplomats of his era, serving as the Austrian Empire’s first Foreign Minister from 1809 and then Chancellor from 1821. He was a great diplomat: crafty, manipulative, and single-minded in his determination to overthrow Napoleon and his revolutionary ideals and to re-establish the European monarchical system. Here, British Colonel G. B. Malleson describes how the charming, aristocratic Metternich devoted countless hours to winning Napoleon’s trust and to buying time for his country, until a re-armed Austria, at the head of the Sixth Coalition, was able to defeat the still-formidable Corsican. From 1815 until his downfall amid the revolutions of 1848, notes Malleson, Metternich devoted “all his power, all his influence, all his untiring energy, to the forging of new fetters for the human race.” This compact but succinct title makes an important addition to your history collection.
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Castlereagh

A Life

Author: John Bew

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199977240

Category: History

Page: 752

View: 1693

Hardly is a figure more maligned in British history than Robert Stewart, Viscount Castlereagh. One of the central figures of the Napoleonic Era and the man primarily responsible for fashioning Britain's strategy at the Congress of Vienna, Castlereagh was widely respected by the great powers of Europe and America, yet despised by his countrymen and those he sought to serve. A shrewd diplomat, he is credited with being one of the first great practitioners of Realpolitik and its cold-eyed and calculating view of the relations between nations. Over the course of his career, he crushed an Irish rebellion and abolished the Irish parliament, imprisoned his former friends, created the largest British army in history, and redrew the map of Europe. Today, Castlereagh is largely forgotten except as a tyrant who denied the freedoms won by the French and American revolutions. John Bew's fascinating biography restores the statesman to his place in history, offering a nuanced picture of a shy, often inarticulate figure whose mind captured the complexity of the European Enlightenment unlike any other. Bew tells a gripping story, beginning with the Year of the French, when Napoleon sent troops in support of a revolution in Ireland, and traces Castlereagh's evolution across the Napoleonic Wars, the diplomatic power struggles of 1814-15, and eventually the mental breakdown that ended his life. Skillfully balancing the dimensions of Castlereagh's intellectual life with his Irish heritage, Bew's definitive work brings Castleragh alive in all his complexity, variety, and depth.
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Napoleon and the Revolution

Author: D. Jordan

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137035269

Category: History

Page: 327

View: 3517

This new study of Napoleon emphasizes his ties to the French Revolution, his embodiment of its militancy, and his rescue of its legacies. Jordan's work illuminates all aspects of his fabulous career, his views of the Revolution and history, the artists who created and embellished his image, and much of his talk about himself and his achievements.
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Eastern Europe 1740-1985

Feudalism to Communism

Author: Robin Okey,Senior Lecturer in History Robin Okey

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113488687X

Category: History

Page: 288

View: 8335

`A fascinating book, readable and illuminating.' Times Literary Supplement
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Metternich

Councillor of Europe

Author: Alan Palmer

Publisher: Faber & Faber

ISBN: 0571305849

Category: History

Page: 432

View: 6263

A glib assessment of Metternich might not be a favourable one, he was not without his ridiculous qualities, and yet he survived, more than survived, in fact, with the 'Age of Metternich' lasting for more than a generation, and giving Europe a measure of peace, albeit repressive, that was much needed after the Napoleonic convulsions. Alan Palmer describes well Metternich's extraordinary longevity. 'Clement von Metternich held continuous office at the head of Europe's affairs for a longer period of time than any other statesman in modern history: he became foreign minister of the Austrian Empire in the autumn of 1809 and he did not resign until the spring of 1848. For thirty-three of these thirty-nine years his statecraft and philosophy of government determined the political pattern of the continent. The 'Age of Metternich' , though often impatiently dismissed by historians as a mere interlude, lasted for twice as long as the 'Age of Napoleon' which preceded it and for half as long again as the 'Age of Bismarck' which followed in the closing decades of the century.' Metternich was a statesman to his fingertips, practising 'the skills of diplomacy with greater fluency than any contemporary Talleyrand, from whom he had learnt many of the refinement of the game.' How would he fare today? Probably quite well as he was, again in Alan Palmer's words, 'an early champion of federalism and a good European ...' 'As a work of history (it) cannot be faulted.' A. J. P. Taylor, Observer 'Well-written, well-researched, lucid and witty.' Philip Ziegler, The Times
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Post-revolutionary Europe

1815-1856

Author: Martyn Lyons

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137019808

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 5627

Martyn Lyons offers a fresh interpretation of European history in the half-century following the fall of Napoleon. Instead of seeing the period in traditional terms of Restoration and Reaction, this new account emphasizes the problems of remembering and forgetting the recent revolutionary and Napoleonic past, and of either incorporating or rejecting its legacy. Post-Revolutionary Europe: - makes interesting comparisons and contrasts between the fall of the French Empire in 1815 and the collapse of the Soviet Empire in 1989-91 - examines the new forms of popular participation in political life which developed between the 1830 and 1848 Revolutions, as a broad public sphere of action was created - offers a series of thematic chapters which discuss key topics such as peasants and artisans, the bourgeois family, nationalism, the growth of cities, and European Jewry - covers a wide geographical context, from Britain to the Balkans and from Portugal to Russia. Illustrated throughout, this clear and engaging text is essential reading for all those with an interest in this important period of European history.
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1815

The Roads to Waterloo

Author: Gregor Dallas

Publisher: Random House

ISBN: 1448103290

Category: History

Page: 560

View: 4349

The seventeen months from April 1814 to August 1815 were an extraordinary period in European history; a period which saw two sieges of Paris, a complete revision of Europe's political frontiers, an international Congress set up in Vienna, civil war in Italy and international war in Belgium.Gregor Dallas tells the story of these days through the perspectives of three very different European cities: the great metropolis of London, post-revolutionary Paris and baroque Vienna. The writing is almost cinematic in its power to evoke and bring to life the Europe of Tolstoy: the ebb and flow of power, of armies and of peoples across Europe's northern plains. Working essentially from primary sources, Dallas is as interested in the weather conditions before battle as in the way cartoonists reacted to court intrigues and fashions.It is also Europe seen through the eyes of its central players: Talleyrand, who has served nearly every French regime since the Revolution of 1789; Metternich, who devises new plans for a 'Germany' that does not yet exist and for a 'Europe' that remains devided; Wellington, who reveals himself a diplomat as well as a soldier; Tsar Alexander, an idealist seeking to impose a uniform plan for all Europe; and 'Boney' himself, who has his own ideal of Europe and, though banished to Elba, does not abandon his dream to realise it.
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Aristocrats and the Crowd in the Revolutionary Year 1848

A Contribution to the History of Revolution and Counter-Revolution

Author: Josef V. Polisensky

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 1438416261

Category: History

Page: 245

View: 9101

The Prague Uprising of 1848 was part of the powerful series of revolutions that shook practically the entire European Continent as the middle classes and urban and rural workers pressed against the rule of aristocrats and monarchs. Czech Marxist historian Josef Polisensky analyzes the general turmoil of revolutionary thought and action in Europe and then focuses on the specific case of the Prague Uprising. By using previously untouched sources—the records of hundreds of noble houses that came under the control of the Czech Archival Administration after World War II—Polisensky is able to show how those of the old social establishment fought the participants in the Uprising and temporarily restored the rule of the aristocracy. With an excellent sense for the dramatic and a thorough knowledge of place, Polisensky tells us who fought and died on the streets of Prague. With the conceptual framework of class conflict and a broad perspective on European events, he proposes reasons for the failure of the Prague Uprising in contrast to other successful revolutions. Aristocrats and the Crowd is the last of Polisensky's trilogy of studies on Czech society and revolution. In The Thirty Years' War and the European Crisis of the Seventeenth Century and Napoleon and the Heart of Europe, Polisensky explored the effects of other European conflicts on Czech society. Aristocrats and the Crowd describes, in his words, “the revolutionary springtime which eventually arrived, full of twists, in Bohemia itself.”
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Captain Wentworth's Persuasion

Jane Austen's Classic Retold Through His Eyes

Author: Regina Jeffers

Publisher: Ulysses Press

ISBN: 1569758263

Category: Fiction

Page: 236

View: 1835

Insightful and dramatic, this novel recreates the original style, themes, and sardonic humor of Jane Austen's novel while turning the entire tale on its head in a most engaging fashion. Readers hear Captain Wentworth's side of this tangled story in the revelation of his thoughts and emotions. Wentworth initially suffers rejection and frustration because the titled Elliots do not consider him good enough for their daughter Anne. Despite her feelings for Wentworth, Anne allows others to persuade her to break off their engagement. Eight years later, when Wentworth returns from fighting against Napoleon's army, the difficult years of war have reversed fortunes. Now it is he who is rich, having won many prizes in battle, while the Elliots are deeply in debt and in danger of losing their good name. Will Wentworth seek revenge by choosing another woman over his former love? Can he walk away from Anne, or will the memory of her lips and her touch capture his love once again?
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