Methodology: Who Needs It?

Author: Martyn Hammersley

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 144621012X

Category: Reference

Page: 224

View: 4027

The literature on social science methods and the issues surrounding them has grown massively and continues to increase. Yet many social scientists are ambivalent about methodology. For some, it plays a central, perhaps even an all-encompassing, role; while, for others, it is desirable only in small amounts, or indeed is regarded as an irrelevance, as a distraction from actually doing research. In this book, Hammersley argues that, in large part, this reflects and is part of a wider problem: the gradual decline of a previously influential academic model of inquiry. This has occurred as a result of ideological challenges and the erosion of the institutional conditions that support academic work. He defends this model, spelling out the demands it places upon social scientists, and examining such issues as the proper role of methodology, the nature of objectivity, the false idea that social scientists should be intellectuals or social critics, the dialectic of academic discussion, the ethics of belief, and the limits of academic freedom. More broadly, he also questions the role of the social research within society and what it means to be a social scientist in the 21st century. Hammersley's book is engagingly written and controversial. It tackles the major issues of contemporary social research methodology head on and is an essential read for anyone with an interest in this field.
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What is Qualitative Research?

Author: Martyn Hammersley

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1849666067

Category: Reference

Page: 144

View: 8414

This book illuminates the problems and perspectives of qualitative research and offers researchers a comprehensive overview of the various types of .
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Ethics in Qualitative Research

Controversies and Contexts

Author: Martyn Hammersley,Anna Traianou

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 0857021419

Category: Social Science

Page: 175

View: 6624

Ethics in Qualitative Research explores this field and presents a distinctive perspective; one that is at odds with the assumptions underpinning ethical regulation, but also with the views of many qualitative researchers today. Martyn Hammersley and Anna Traianou emphasize the difficult and controversial character of ethical issues, and examine the philosophical assumptions involved, the social contexts in which key ethical principles arise, and their implications for research practice. The authors argue that the starting point for any discussion of research ethics must be the values intrinsic to research, above all the commitment to knowledge-production.
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Educational Research

Volume One: Current Issues

Author: Martyn Hammersley

Publisher: SAGE Publications Limited

ISBN: N.A

Category: Education

Page: 242

View: 5613

The chapters in this book outline the history and scope of educational research. They also discuss many of the major issues at stake in current debates, and exemplify the contrasting perspectives to be found in the literature. This is the companion volume to Educational Research in Action (edited by Roger Gomm and Peter Woods). It is one of two course readers for The Open University course E824 Educational Research Methods.
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Social Research

Philosophy, Politics and Practice

Author: Martyn Hammersley

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780803988057

Category: Social Science

Page: 242

View: 6797

This critical introduction to the principles of social and educational research draws together a key set of readings which offers a comprehensive approach to the wide range of values and practice in social research. Issues explored include: the relationship between quantitative and qualitative methods; positivism and the role of the natural sciences as a model for social research; the purposes of research - knowledge or the transformation of the social world; issues of race, gender and power in social research; the politics and ethics of data collection; and the validity and relevance of social research. Social Research is a set book for The Open University course DEH313 Principles of Social and Educational Resear
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Case Study Method

Key Issues, Key Texts

Author: Roger Gomm,Martyn Hammersley,Peter Foster

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446275698

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 963

This is the most comprehensive guide to the current uses and importance of case study methods in social research. The editors bring together key contributions from the field which reflect different interpretations of the purpose and capacity of case study research. The address issues such as: the problem of generalizing from study of a small number of cases; and the role of case study in developing and testing theories. The editors offer in-depth assessments of the main arguments. An annotated bibliography of the literature dealing with case study research makes this an exhaustive and indispensable guide. `This is a worthwhile book which will be useful to readers. It collects together key sources on a topic which is a "hardy perennial", guaranteeing its relevance for academics, researchers, and students on higher level methods programmes. The editorial contributions are by well-known authorities in the field, are carefully-constructed, and take a clear position. I would certainly want this book on my shelf' - Nigel Fielding, University of Surrey
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The Politics of Social Research

Author: Martyn Hammersley

Publisher: SAGE Publications Limited

ISBN: 9780803977198

Category: Social Science

Page: 200

View: 6010

Is social research political? Should it be political? What are the implications of the politicization of social research? Recent years have seen a growing range of challenges to the idea that research should be governed by the principle of value neutrality. Critical, feminist, antiracist and postmodernist analyses have argued that social research is intrinsically political. In this stimulating and often controversial book, Martyn Hammersley weighs the arguments offered in support of these positions. He considers the fundamental issues that the debate raises about the nature of social research, its political dimensions and its contemporary relevance. At the same time he provides a robust defence of value neutrality as a con
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Questioning Qualitative Inquiry

Critical Essays

Author: Martyn Hammersley

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 0857026771

Category: Social Science

Page: 216

View: 898

Is qualitative research in crisis? In Questioning Qualitative Inquiry Martyn Hammersley raises fundamental questions about the current state of qualitative social research. He examines some of the changes that have taken place within it over the past fifty years, suggesting that the move away from natural science as a model, and towards an appeal to literature and art, involves rejection of key principles that are essential to research of any kind. Hammersley argues that, in important respects, qualitative inquiry has not lived up to the claims originally made on its behalf, and that more recent developments have worsened the situation. Insufficient attention has been given to the problems surrounding leading ideas like thick description, analytic induction, and constructionism. The argument is pursued through discussion of the work of influential writers - such as Clifford, Geertz, Denzin and Lincoln - and by detailed examination of concrete issues, like the value of interview data, the rationales for discourse and conversation analysis, the role of rhetoric in research reports, and the nature of assessment criteria. At a time when qualitative inquiry is coming under renewed challenge in some quarters, the task of addressing the methodological problems it faces has become urgent. These essays on current developments and debates are essential reading for anyone interested in the future of qualitative research.
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Ethics in Qualitative Research

Author: Tina Miller,Maxine Birch,Melanie Mauthner,Julie Jessop

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446290913

Category: Reference

Page: 208

View: 4408

This fresh, confident second edition expands its focus on the theoretical and practical aspects of doing qualitative research in light of new ethical dilemmas facing researchers today. In a climate of significant social and technological change, researchers must respond to increased ethical regulation and scrutiny of research. New sources, types of data and modes of accessing participants are all challenging and reconfiguring traditional ideas of the research relationship. This engaging textbook explores key ethical dilemmas - including research boundaries, informed consent, participation, rapport and analysis - within the context of a rapidly changing research environment. The book effectively covers the ethical issues related to the data collection process, helping readers to address the ethical considerations relevant to their research. This fully updated new edition: - Maps the changing and increasingly technology-reliant aspects of research relationships and practices - Provides researchers with guidance through practical examples, enabling those engaged in qualitative research to question and navigate in ethical ways This book is essential reading for all those engaged in qualitative research across the social sciences.
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The Myth of Research-Based Policy and Practice

Author: Martyn Hammersley

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446291715

Category: Social Science

Page: 192

View: 2398

Martyn Hammersley's provocative new text interrogates the complex relationship between research, policymaking and practice, against the background of the evidence-based practice movement. Addressing a series of probing questions, this book reflects on the challenge posed by the idea that social research can directly serve policymaking and practice. Key questions explored include: - Is scientific research evidence-based? - What counts as evidence for evidence-based practice? - Is social measurement possible, and is it necessary? - What are the criteria by which qualitative research should be judged? The book also discusses the case for action research, the nature of systematic reviews, proposals for interpretive reviews, and the process of qualitative synthesis. Highly readable and undeniably relevant, this book is a valuable resource for both academics and professionals involved with research.
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Research Methodology

A Step-by-Step Guide for Beginners

Author: Ranjit Kumar

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446297829

Category: Social Science

Page: 432

View: 7222

Lecturers - request an e-inspection copy of this text or contact your local SAGE representative to discuss your course needs. Research Methodology: A Step by Step Guide for Beginners has been written specifically for those with no previous experience of research or research methodology. Written in a logical and accessible style and providing helpful techniques and examples, it breaks the process of designing and doing a research project into eight manageable operational steps. The book guides you through your project from beginning to end by offering practical advice on: formulating a research question ethical considerations carrying out a literature review choosing a research design selecting a sample collecting and analysing qualitative and quantitative data writing a research report. The book is essential reading for undergraduate and postgraduate students in the social sciences embarking on quantitative or qualitative research projects. Available with Perusall—an eBook that makes it easier to prepare for class Perusall is an award-winning eBook platform featuring social annotation tools that allow students and instructors to collaboratively mark up and discuss their SAGE textbook. Backed by research and supported by technological innovations developed at Harvard University, this process of learning through collaborative annotation keeps your students engaged and makes teaching easier and more effective. Learn more.
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Educational Research, Policymaking and Practice

Author: Martyn Hammersley

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1847876455

Category: Education

Page: 180

View: 6172

`This valuable book addresses an important current issues for education research in developed countries - the relationship between research on the one hand and policy-making and education practice on the other' - Stephen Gorard, Cardiff University, British Journal of Education Studies `Martyn Hammersley has produced a remarkably complete analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of educational research. I believe the analysis to be fair to all parties' - Lewis Elton, British Journal of Educational Technology Educational research and its relationship with policy making and practice has been a perennial concern. This book deals with some basic and controversial questions about that issue, including: - Can there be harmony in the relationship between researchers and educational policymakers or practitioners? - Do increases in knowledge always lead to practical improvement, and never to undesirable consequences? - Would educational research flourish if it were subjected to more central, and external, control? - What is the role of research reviews in making the results of research publicly available? Educational Research maps the demands now being made on educational research against the background complexities of the relationship between research and practice. This book is for students on methodology courses, taught courses and research degrees in education, social science disciplines, social policy and health studies both at masters and doctoral level.
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Understanding Research with Children and Young People

Author: Alison Clark,Rosie Flewitt,Martyn Hammersley,Martin Robb

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1473903963

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 328

View: 4607

How do views about children shape research concerned with their lives? What different forms can research with children take? What ethical issues does it involve? How does it impact on policy and practice, and on the lives of children themselves? This book helps you to understand how research is designed and carried out to explore questions about the lives of children and young people. It tackles the methodological, practical and ethical challenges involved, and features examples of actual research that illustrate: Different strategies for carrying out research Common challenges that arise in the research process Varying modes of engagement that researchers can adopt with participants and audiences; and The impact that research can have on future studies, policy and practice.
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Challenging the Qualitative-Quantitative Divide

Explorations in Case-focused Causal Analysis

Author: Barry Cooper,Judith Glaesser,Roger Gomm,Martyn Hammersley

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1441142207

Category: Education

Page: 288

View: 1335

An exploration of case-focused methods as a means of bridging the quantitative-qualitative divide and the key methodological issues.
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The Limits of Social Science

Causal Explanation and Value Relevance

Author: Martyn Hammersley

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1473906326

Category: Social Science

Page: 192

View: 8532

What forms of knowledge can social science claim to produce? Does it employ causal analysis, and if so what does this entail? What role should values play in the work of social scientists? These are the questions addressed in this book. They are closely interrelated, and the answers offered here challenge many currently prevailing assumptions. They carry implications both for research practice, quantitative or qualitative, and for the public claims that social scientists make about the value of their work. The arguments underpinning this challenge to conventional wisdom are laid out in detail in the first half of the book. In later chapters their implications are explored for two substantive areas of intrinsic importance: the study of social mobility and educational inequalities; and explanations for urban riots, notably those that took place in London and other English cities in the summer of 2011.
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Social Network Analysis

History, Theory and Methodology

Author: Christina Prell

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446290131

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 8824

We live in a world that is paradoxically both small and vast; each of us is embedded in local communities and yet we are only a few 'links' away from anyone else in the world. This engaging book represents these interdependencies' positive and negative consequences, their multiple effects and the ways in which a local occurrence in one part of the world can directly affect the rest. Then it demonstrates precisely how these interactions and relationships form. This is a book for the social network novice learning how to study, think about and analyse social networks; the intermediate user, not yet familiar with some of the newer developments in the field; and the teacher looking for a range of exercises, as well as an up-to-date historical account of the field. It is divided into three clear sections: 1. historical & Background Concepts 2. Levels of Analysis 3. Advances, Extensions and Conclusions The book provides a full overview of the field - historical origins, common theoretical perspectives and frameworks; traditional and current analytical procedures and fundamental mathematical equations needed to get a foothold in the field.
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Methodology (Methodologie, engl.) Foundations of inference and research in the behavioral sciences

Author: Adriaan Dingenman de Groot,J. A. A. Spiekerman

Publisher: ICON Group International

ISBN: N.A

Category: Reference

Page: 400

View: 758

The empirical cycle in science; Designing theories and hypotheses; Formulation of thheories and hypotheses: a the deductive process; Formulation of theories and hypotheses; From formulation to testing and evaluation; Objectivity: a through the empirical cycle; Objectivity: bb data collection and analysis; Criteria for empirical variables and instruments.
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The SAGE Handbook of Case-Based Methods

Author: David Byrne,Charles C Ragin

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1412930510

Category: Social Science

Page: 542

View: 9601

This handbook provides a clear examination of case-oriented research. It defines case-based social research as a subfield of methodology.
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Methodology of the Oppressed

Author: Chela Sandoval

Publisher: U of Minnesota Press

ISBN: 1452904065

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 264

View: 8668

In a work with far-reaching implications, Chela Sandoval does no less than revise the genealogy of theory over the past thirty years, inserting what she terms "U.S. Third World feminism" into the narrative in a way that thoroughly alters our perspective on contemporary culture and subjectivity. What Sandoval has identified is a language, a rhetoric of resistance to postmodern cultural conditions. U.S. liberation movements of the post-World War II era generated specific modes of oppositional consciousness. Out of these emerged a new activity of consciousness and language Sandoval calls the "methodology of the oppressed." This methodology—born of the strains of the cultural and identity struggles that currently mark global exchange—holds out the possibility of a new historical moment, a new citizen-subject, and a new form of alliance consciousness and politics. Utilizing semiotics and U.S. Third World feminist criticism, Sandoval demonstrates how this methodology mobilizes love as a category of critical analysis. Rendering this approach in all its specifics, Methodology of the Oppressed gives rise to an alternative mode of criticism opening new perspectives on any theoretical, literary, aesthetic, social movement, or psychic expression.
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Eye Tracking Methodology

Theory and Practice

Author: Andrew T. Duchowski

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319578839

Category: Computers

Page: 366

View: 2908

This book focuses on video-based, corneal-reflection eye trackers – the most widely available and affordable type of system, and takes a look at a number of interesting and challenging applications in human factors, collaborative systems, virtual reality, marketing and advertising. The third edition has been extensively revised and extended, and includes new chapters on calibration accuracy, precision and correction; advanced eye movement analysis; binocular eye movement analysis; practical gaze analytics; design; GIS. Opening with useful background information, including an introduction to the human visual system and key issues in visual perception and eye movement, the author then surveys eye-tracking devices and provides a detailed introduction to the technical requirements necessary for installing a system and developing an application program.
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