Methodology: Who Needs It?

Author: Martyn Hammersley

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1849202044

Category: Reference

Page: 214

View: 1934

In this book, Martyn Hammersley argues that many social scientists are ambivalent about methodology because of a wider problem: the gradual decline of a previously influential academic model of inquiry. This has occurred as a result of ideological challenges and the erosion of the institutional conditions that support academic work. He defends this model, spelling out the demands it places upon social scientists, and examining such issues as the proper role of methodology, the nature of objectivity, the false idea that social scientists should be intellectuals or social critics, the dialectic of academic discussion, the ethics of belief, and the limits of academic freedom.
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Ethics in Qualitative Research

Controversies and Contexts

Author: Martyn Hammersley,Anna Traianou

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 0857021419

Category: Social Science

Page: 175

View: 3384

Ethics in Qualitative Research explores this field and presents a distinctive perspective; one that is at odds with the assumptions underpinning ethical regulation, but also with the views of many qualitative researchers today. Martyn Hammersley and Anna Traianou emphasize the difficult and controversial character of ethical issues, and examine the philosophical assumptions involved, the social contexts in which key ethical principles arise, and their implications for research practice. The authors argue that the starting point for any discussion of research ethics must be the values intrinsic to research, above all the commitment to knowledge-production.
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What is Qualitative Research?

Author: Martyn Hammersley

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1849666067

Category: Reference

Page: 144

View: 5216

This book illuminates the problems and perspectives of qualitative research and offers researchers a comprehensive overview of the various types of .
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Social Research

Philosophy, Politics and Practice

Author: Martyn Hammersley

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780803988057

Category: Social Science

Page: 242

View: 9215

This critical introduction to the principles of social and educational research draws together a key set of readings which offers a comprehensive approach to the wide range of values and practice in social research. Issues explored include: the relationship between quantitative and qualitative methods; positivism and the role of the natural sciences as a model for social research; the purposes of research - knowledge or the transformation of the social world; issues of race, gender and power in social research; the politics and ethics of data collection; and the validity and relevance of social research. Social Research is a set book for The Open University course DEH313 Principles of Social and Educational Resear
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Educational Research and Evidence-Based Practice

Author: Professor Martyn Hammersley

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 144622726X

Category:

Page: 320

View: 8419

Combining classic articles that have been key markers in recent debates with some new material, this book addresses the problems involved in educational research and the issues surrounding its contribution to policymaking and practice. The authors examine the diverse approaches within qualitative research and address some of the key areas which have attracted criticism. They consider what role research should play and examine the case for randomised controlled trials and for action research. The book is suitable for any undergraduate or postgraduate student concerned with educational research methodology, as well as those focusing on educational policy and practice, and students doing PhDs and EdDs.
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The Limits of Social Science

Causal Explanation and Value Relevance

Author: Martyn Hammersley

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1473906326

Category: Social Science

Page: 192

View: 9548

What forms of knowledge can social science claim to produce? Does it employ causal analysis, and if so what does this entail? What role should values play in the work of social scientists? These are the questions addressed in this book. They are closely interrelated, and the answers offered here challenge many currently prevailing assumptions. They carry implications both for research practice, quantitative or qualitative, and for the public claims that social scientists make about the value of their work. The arguments underpinning this challenge to conventional wisdom are laid out in detail in the first half of the book. In later chapters their implications are explored for two substantive areas of intrinsic importance: the study of social mobility and educational inequalities; and explanations for urban riots, notably those that took place in London and other English cities in the summer of 2011.
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The Myth of Research-Based Policy and Practice

Author: Martyn Hammersley

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446291715

Category: Social Science

Page: 192

View: 3413

Martyn Hammersley's provocative new text interrogates the complex relationship between research, policymaking and practice, against the background of the evidence-based practice movement. Addressing a series of probing questions, this book reflects on the challenge posed by the idea that social research can directly serve policymaking and practice. Key questions explored include: - Is scientific research evidence-based? - What counts as evidence for evidence-based practice? - Is social measurement possible, and is it necessary? - What are the criteria by which qualitative research should be judged? The book also discusses the case for action research, the nature of systematic reviews, proposals for interpretive reviews, and the process of qualitative synthesis. Highly readable and undeniably relevant, this book is a valuable resource for both academics and professionals involved with research.
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Doing Research in the Real World

Author: David E. Gray

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446296172

Category: Social Science

Page: 752

View: 2110

Available with free access to the interactive eBook* for 12 months when you buy the paperback version, this is the companion for any student undertaking a research project. Click on the icons in the margins of the eBook to access a wealth of resources including: Video Content Chapter introductions and top tips from the author along with tried and tested open access videos on YouTube introduce you to key chapter contents Datasets Play around with real data in SPSS and put your statistics knowledge into practice Weblinks Direct you to real world examples to broaden your knowledge Checklists Guide you through a specific research process such as running a focus group or conducting an interview Further Reading Link you to a range of resources to deepen your understanding of a topic However you access the content the Third Edition guides you smoothly through the research process from start to finish setting out the skills needed to design and conduct effective research and introduces the reader to the reality of conducting research in the real world. It gives practical advice on how best to select appropriate projects, design strategies, sources and methods and provides the tools needed to collect, analyze and present data. Applicable to any discipline and firmly rooted in the practicalities of research there are new and exciting chapters on: - Using SPSS for quantitative data analysis - Sampling strategies in quantitative and qualitative research - Approaches to secondary analysis - Using focus groups - Ethnography and participant observation (*interactivity only available through Vitalsource eBook)
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The Politics of Social Research

Author: Martyn Hammersley

Publisher: SAGE Publications Limited

ISBN: 9780803977198

Category: Social Science

Page: 200

View: 3984

Is social research political? Should it be political? What are the implications of the politicization of social research? Recent years have seen a growing range of challenges to the idea that research should be governed by the principle of value neutrality. Critical, feminist, antiracist and postmodernist analyses have argued that social research is intrinsically political. In this stimulating and often controversial book, Martyn Hammersley weighs the arguments offered in support of these positions. He considers the fundamental issues that the debate raises about the nature of social research, its political dimensions and its contemporary relevance. At the same time he provides a robust defence of value neutrality as a con
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Educational Research, Policymaking and Practice

Author: Martyn Hammersley

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1847876455

Category: Education

Page: 180

View: 6114

`This valuable book addresses an important current issues for education research in developed countries - the relationship between research on the one hand and policy-making and education practice on the other' - Stephen Gorard, Cardiff University, British Journal of Education Studies `Martyn Hammersley has produced a remarkably complete analysis of the strengths and weaknesses of educational research. I believe the analysis to be fair to all parties' - Lewis Elton, British Journal of Educational Technology Educational research and its relationship with policy making and practice has been a perennial concern. This book deals with some basic and controversial questions about that issue, including: - Can there be harmony in the relationship between researchers and educational policymakers or practitioners? - Do increases in knowledge always lead to practical improvement, and never to undesirable consequences? - Would educational research flourish if it were subjected to more central, and external, control? - What is the role of research reviews in making the results of research publicly available? Educational Research maps the demands now being made on educational research against the background complexities of the relationship between research and practice. This book is for students on methodology courses, taught courses and research degrees in education, social science disciplines, social policy and health studies both at masters and doctoral level.
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Case Study Method

Key Issues, Key Texts

Author: Roger Gomm,Martyn Hammersley,Peter Foster

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446275698

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 2197

This is the most comprehensive guide to the current uses and importance of case study methods in social research. The editors bring together key contributions from the field which reflect different interpretations of the purpose and capacity of case study research. The address issues such as: the problem of generalizing from study of a small number of cases; and the role of case study in developing and testing theories. The editors offer in-depth assessments of the main arguments. An annotated bibliography of the literature dealing with case study research makes this an exhaustive and indispensable guide. `This is a worthwhile book which will be useful to readers. It collects together key sources on a topic which is a "hardy perennial", guaranteeing its relevance for academics, researchers, and students on higher level methods programmes. The editorial contributions are by well-known authorities in the field, are carefully-constructed, and take a clear position. I would certainly want this book on my shelf' - Nigel Fielding, University of Surrey
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Counseling Individuals Through the Lifespan

Author: Daniel W. Wong,Kimberly R. Hall,Cheryl A. Justice,Lucy Wong Hernandez

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483322033

Category: Social Science

Page: 392

View: 1501

Organized around the latest CACREP Standards, Counseling Individuals Through the Lifespan by Daniel W. Wong, Kimberly R. Hall, Cheryl A. Justice, and Lucy Wong Hernández introduces readers to the fundamentals of the counseling process during each stage of human development. Topics such as the client-counselor relationship, counseling theory, research, and interventions are addressed with a focus on caring for the total person within his/her environment and culture. Emphasizing the importance of intentionality and self-reflection, the chapters include case illustrations and guided practice exercises to further the development of successful 21st century counselors. Counseling Individuals Through the Lifepan is part of the SAGE Counseling and Professional Identity Series, which targets specific competencies identified by CACREP (Council for Accreditation of Counseling and Related Programs).
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A Companion to Research in Education

Author: Alan D. Reid,E. Paul Hart,Michael A. Peters

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400768095

Category: Education

Page: 606

View: 7147

This volume offers a unique commentary on the diverse ways that educational inquiry is conceived, designed and critiqued. An international team of scholars examines cross-cutting themes of how research in education is conceptualised, characterised, contextualised, legitimated and represented. Contributions include specially commissioned essays, critical commentaries, vignettes, dialogues and cases. Each section discusses the significance of a complex terrain of ideas and critiques that can inform thinking and practice in educational research. The result is a thorough and accessible volume that offers fresh insights into the perspectives and challenges that shape diverse genres of research in education. ​
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Questioning Qualitative Inquiry

Critical Essays

Author: Martyn Hammersley

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 0857026771

Category: Social Science

Page: 216

View: 7120

Is qualitative research in crisis? In Questioning Qualitative Inquiry Martyn Hammersley raises fundamental questions about the current state of qualitative social research. He examines some of the changes that have taken place within it over the past fifty years, suggesting that the move away from natural science as a model, and towards an appeal to literature and art, involves rejection of key principles that are essential to research of any kind. Hammersley argues that, in important respects, qualitative inquiry has not lived up to the claims originally made on its behalf, and that more recent developments have worsened the situation. Insufficient attention has been given to the problems surrounding leading ideas like thick description, analytic induction, and constructionism. The argument is pursued through discussion of the work of influential writers - such as Clifford, Geertz, Denzin and Lincoln - and by detailed examination of concrete issues, like the value of interview data, the rationales for discourse and conversation analysis, the role of rhetoric in research reports, and the nature of assessment criteria. At a time when qualitative inquiry is coming under renewed challenge in some quarters, the task of addressing the methodological problems it faces has become urgent. These essays on current developments and debates are essential reading for anyone interested in the future of qualitative research.
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Methodology (Methodologie, engl.) Foundations of inference and research in the behavioral sciences

Author: Adriaan Dingenman de Groot,J. A. A. Spiekerman

Publisher: ICON Group International

ISBN: N.A

Category: Reference

Page: 400

View: 2563

The empirical cycle in science; Designing theories and hypotheses; Formulation of thheories and hypotheses: a the deductive process; Formulation of theories and hypotheses; From formulation to testing and evaluation; Objectivity: a through the empirical cycle; Objectivity: bb data collection and analysis; Criteria for empirical variables and instruments.
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Understanding Research with Children and Young People

Author: Alison Clark,Rosie Flewitt,Martyn Hammersley,Martin Robb

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1473903963

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 328

View: 9529

How do views about children shape research concerned with their lives? What different forms can research with children take? What ethical issues does it involve? How does it impact on policy and practice, and on the lives of children themselves? This book helps you to understand how research is designed and carried out to explore questions about the lives of children and young people. It tackles the methodological, practical and ethical challenges involved, and features examples of actual research that illustrate: Different strategies for carrying out research Common challenges that arise in the research process Varying modes of engagement that researchers can adopt with participants and audiences; and The impact that research can have on future studies, policy and practice.
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Biotech At Grassroots

Author: R.K. Mishra And Alok Ranjan Jha

Publisher: Concept Publishing Company

ISBN: 9788180696299

Category: Agroforestry

Page: 182

View: 4530

Study conducted at Nalgonda and Mahaboobnagar districts of Andhra Pradesh, India.
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Sprint

Wie man in nur fünf Tagen neue Ideen testet und Probleme löst

Author: Jake Knapp,Braden Kowitz,John Zeratsky

Publisher: Redline Wirtschaft

ISBN: 3864149061

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 256

View: 490

Unternehmer, Gründer und Teams stehen täglich vor der Herausforderung: Womit soll man zuerst anfangen, worauf sich am meisten fokussieren? Und wie viele Diskussionen und Meetings sind nötig, bevor man ganz sicher die garantiert richtige Lösung hat? Die Folge ist, dass allzu oft das Projekt auf der Stelle tritt und man überhaupt nicht vorwärtskommt. Dafür gibt es eine geniale Lösung: Sprint. Die ist ein einzigartiger, innovativer und narrensicherer Prozess, mit dem sich die härtesten Probleme in nur fünf Tagen lösen lassen – von Montag bis Freitag. Der Entwickler Jake Knapp entwarf diesen Prozess bei und für Google, wo er seither in allen Bereichen genutzt wird. Zusammen mit John Zeratsky und Braden Kowitz hat er darüber hinaus bereits mehr als 100 Sprints in Firmen aus unterschiedlichen Bereichen durchgeführt. Der Sprint-Prozess bietet praktische Hilfe für Unternehmen aller Größen, vom kleinen Start-up bis hin zum Fortune-100-Unternehmen. Die Methode ist auch für alle anderen bewährt, die vor einem großen Problem stehen, schnell eine Idee testen oder einfach eine Möglichkeit schnell ergreifen wollen.
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Challenging the Qualitative-Quantitative Divide

Explorations in Case-focused Causal Analysis

Author: Barry Cooper,Judith Glaesser,Roger Gomm,Martyn Hammersley

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1441142207

Category: Education

Page: 288

View: 3804

An exploration of case-focused methods as a means of bridging the quantitative-qualitative divide and the key methodological issues.
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Introduction to Logic

and to the Methodology of Deductive Sciences

Author: Alfred Tarski

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486318893

Category: Mathematics

Page: 272

View: 8310

This classic undergraduate treatment examines the deductive method in its first part and explores applications of logic and methodology in constructing mathematical theories in its second part. Exercises appear throughout.
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