Metaphysics

A Guide and Anthology

Author: Tim Crane,Katalin Farkas

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199261970

Category: Philosophy

Page: 770

View: 3895

A complete and self-contained introduction to metaphysics, this anthology provides an extensive and varied collection of fifty-four of the best classical and contemporary readings on the subject. The readings are organized into ten sections: God, idealism and realism, being, universals and particulars, necessity and contingency, causation, space and time, identity, mind and body, and freewill and determinism. It features a substantial general introduction and detailed section introductions that set the selections in context and guide readers through them. Discussion questions and detailed guides to further reading are also included.
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Metaphysics of Mind: Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide

Author: Oxford University Press

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199808984

Category: Philosophy

Page: 22

View: 5824

This ebook is a selective guide designed to help scholars and students of social work find reliable sources of information by directing them to the best available scholarly materials in whatever form or format they appear from books, chapters, and journal articles to online archives, electronic data sets, and blogs. Written by a leading international authority on the subject, the ebook provides bibliographic information supported by direct recommendations about which sources to consult and editorial commentary to make it clear how the cited sources are interrelated related. This ebook is a static version of an article from Oxford Bibliographies Online: Philosophy, a dynamic, continuously updated, online resource designed to provide authoritative guidance through scholarship and other materials relevant to the study Philosophy. Oxford Bibliographies Online covers most subject disciplines within the social science and humanities, for more information visit www.oxfordbibligraphies.com.
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The Objects of Thought

Author: Tim Crane

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199682747

Category: Philosophy

Page: 182

View: 3512

Tim Crane addresses the ancient question of how it is possible to think about what does not exist. He argues that the representation of the non-existent is a pervasive feature of our thought about the world, and that to understand thought's representational power ('intentionality') we need to understand the representation of the non-existent.
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Metaphysics

An Anthology

Author: Jaegwon Kim,Ernest Sosa

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 9780631202783

Category: Philosophy

Page: 688

View: 5796

This anthology, intended to accompany A Companion to Metaphysics (Blackwell, 1995), brings together over 60 selections which represent the best and most important works in metaphysics during this century. The selections are grouped under ten major metaphysical problems and each section is preceded by an introduction by the editors.
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Actual Consciousness

Author: Ted Honderich

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191023868

Category: Philosophy

Page: 400

View: 2581

What is it for you to be conscious? There is no agreement whatever in philosophy or science: it has remained a hard problem, a mystery. Is this partly or mainly owed to the existing theories not even having the same subject, not answering the same question? In Actual Consciousness, Ted Honderich sets out to supersede dualisms, objective physicalisms, abstract functionalism, externalisms, and other positions in the debate. He argues that the theory of Actualism, right or wrong, is unprecedented, in nine ways. (1) It begins from gathered data and proceeds to an adequate initial clarification of consciousness in the primary ordinary sense. This consciousness is summed up as something's being actual. (2) Like basic science, Actualism proceeds from this metaphorical or figurative beginning to what is wholly literal and explicit—constructed answers to the questions of what is actual and what it is for it to be actual. (3) In so doing, the theory respects the differences of consciousness within perception, consciousness that is thinking in a generic sense, and consciousness that is generic wanting. (4) What is actual with your perceptual consciousness is a subjective physical world out there, very likely a room, differently real from the objective physical world, that other division of the physical world. (5) What it is for the myriad subjective physical worlds to be actual is for them to be subjectively physical, which is exhaustively characterized. (6) What is actual with cognitive and affective consciousness is affirmed or valued representations. The representations being actual, which is essential to their nature, is their being differently subjectively physical from the subjective physical worlds. (7) Actualism, naturally enough when you think of it, but unlike any other existing general theory of consciousness, is thus externalist with perceptual consciousness but internalist with respect to cognitive and affective consciousness. (8) It satisfies rigorous criteria got from examination of the failures of the existing theories. In particular, it explains the role of subjectivity in thinking about consciousness, including a special subjectivity that is individuality. (9) Philosophers and scientists have regularly said that thinking about consciousness requires just giving up the old stuff and starting again. Actualism does this. Science is served by this main line philosophy, which is concentration on the logic of ordinary intelligence—clarity, consistency and validity, completeness, generality.
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Contemporary Metaphysics: Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide

Author: Allan Hazlett

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199810559

Category:

Page: 32

View: 2625

This ebook is a selective guide designed to help scholars and students of social work find reliable sources of information by directing them to the best available scholarly materials in whatever form or format they appear from books, chapters, and journal articles to online archives, electronic data sets, and blogs. Written by a leading international authority on the subject, the ebook provides bibliographic information supported by direct recommendations about which sources to consult and editorial commentary to make it clear how the cited sources are interrelated related. This ebook is a static version of an article from Oxford Bibliographies Online: Philosophy, a dynamic, continuously updated, online resource designed to provide authoritative guidance through scholarship and other materials relevant to the study Philosophy. Oxford Bibliographies Online covers most subject disciplines within the social science and humanities, for more information visit www.oxfordbibligraphies.com.
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Intentionalität

sechs Essays zur Philosophie des Geistes

Author: Tim Crane

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783596173457

Category:

Page: 238

View: 7590

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Three Theological Mistakes

How to Correct Enlightenment Assumptions about God, Miracles, and Free Will

Author: Ric Machuga

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 1630877778

Category: Religion

Page: 294

View: 6092

- Is the existence of God a matter of faith or knowledge? - Does God sometimes act miraculously or are there physical causes for everything? - Is morality absolute or relative? - Are humans truly free or does God's sovereignty determine everything? - When bad things happen, is God the cause or are they the fault of humans? Too frequently Christians answer these questions with a Yes to one side and a No to the other side. Thomas Aquinas and Karl Barth answer Yes to both. Following their model, Machuga defends a "third way" which transcends the Enlightenment dichotomies of fideism vs. rationalism, supernaturalism vs. naturalism, relativism vs. absolutism, free will vs. predestination, and God's justice vs. his mercy. Machuga begins by showing how these false dichotomies grew out of the Enlightenment assumptions of mechanism, universal quantification, and mono-causation. He then corrects these demonstrably dubious assumptions by articulating a theory of dual-causation. The result is a thoroughly biblical understanding of God, miracles, and free will that can withstand the contemporary criticisms of both science and philosophy.
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Iris Murdoch: Texts and Contexts

Author: A. Rowe

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137271361

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 246

View: 634

Using unpublished archive material, including correspondence and the many annotations Murdoch made to the books held in her Oxford library, this book offers fresh insights into Murdoch's work by placing it within a diversity of new contexts. It also reveals startling parallels between Murdoch's work and other literary and philosophical texts.
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Aristotle's 'Metaphysics'

A Reader's Guide

Author: Edward Halper

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1441117733

Category: Philosophy

Page: 160

View: 8954

Aristotle's Metaphysics is an extremely rich and important philosophical work that continues to inspire reflection and debate. Indeed, no philosophical work has been more influential.Yet, the Metaphysics is also notoriously complex.Because the work is an inquiry that seeks to discover solutions to problems rather than to defend doctrines, readers often struggle to follow the text and to understand its final solutions.This book focuses on the fascinating metaphysical issues that Aristotle is addressing. By working through the text, Halper explains how these issues arise, how the text engages them, and how it argues for solutions.Besides showing how to read the text, Halper aims to help readers reflect on the issues. Aristotle's Metaphysics: A Reader's Guide presents a concise and accessible introduction to the text, offering invaluable guidance on: - Philosophical context - Key themes - Reading the text - Reception and influence - Further reading
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Aquinas's Way to God

The Proof in De Ente et Essentia

Author: Gaven Kerr OP

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190266384

Category: Religion

Page: 232

View: 1694

Gaven Kerr provides the first book-length study of St. Thomas Aquinas's much neglected proof for the existence of God in De Ente et Essentia Chapter 4. He offers a contemporary presentation, interpretation, and defense of this proof, beginning with an account of the metaphysical principles used by Aquinas and then describing how they are employed within the proof to establish the existence of God. Along the way, Kerr engages contemporary authors who have addressed Aquinas's or similar reasoning. The proof developed in the De Ente is, on Kerr's reading, independent of many of the other proofs in Aquinas's corpus and resistant to the traditional classificatory schemes of proofs of God. By applying a historical and hermeneutical awareness of the philosophical issues presented by Aquinas's thought and evaluating such philosophical issues with analytical precision, Kerr is able to move through the proof and evaluate what Aquinas is saying, and whether what he is saying is true. By means of an analysis of one of Aquinas's earliest proofs, Kerr highlights a foundational argument that is present throughout the much more commonly studied Thomistic writings, and brings it to bear within the context of analytical philosophy, showing its relevance to the contemporary reader.
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A Companion to Metaphysics

Author: Jaegwon Kim,Ernest Sosa,Gary S. Rosenkrantz

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444308532

Category: Philosophy

Page: 680

View: 4167

Fully extended and revised, A Companion to Metaphysics 2ndEdition includes a section of detailed review essays fromrenowned metaphysicians, and the addition of more than 30 newencyclopedic entries, taking the number of entries to over 300. Includes revisions to existing encyclopedic entries Features more than 30 all-new "A to Z" entries Offers a section of in-depth, essays from renownedmetaphysicians Provides the most complete and up-to-date reference guide forstudents and professionals alike
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Donald Davidson

Author: Kirk Ludwig

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521793827

Category: Philosophy

Page: 240

View: 2148

This book, first published in 2003, is a comprehensive introduction to the full range of Donald Davidson's work.
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Space and Time: Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide

Author: Alasdair Richmond

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199810699

Category:

Page: 26

View: 1188

This ebook is a selective guide designed to help scholars and students of social work find reliable sources of information by directing them to the best available scholarly materials in whatever form or format they appear from books, chapters, and journal articles to online archives, electronic data sets, and blogs. Written by a leading international authority on the subject, the ebook provides bibliographic information supported by direct recommendations about which sources to consult and editorial commentary to make it clear how the cited sources are interrelated related. This ebook is a static version of an article from Oxford Bibliographies Online: Philosophy, a dynamic, continuously updated, online resource designed to provide authoritative guidance through scholarship and other materials relevant to the study Philosophy. Oxford Bibliographies Online covers most subject disciplines within the social science and humanities, for more information visit www.oxfordbibligraphies.com.
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Magic and Mysticism

An Introduction to Western Esotericism

Author: Arthur Versluis

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742558366

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 179

View: 5166

Provides overview, from antiquity onwards, on various Western religious esoteric movements. This book includes topics such as: alchemy, Gnosticism, Hermeticism, Rosicrucianism, Theosophy and more.
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Reader's Guide to Literature in English

Author: Mark Hawkins-Dady

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135314179

Category: Reference

Page: 1010

View: 6318

Reader's Guide Literature in English provides expert guidance to, and critical analysis of, the vast number of books available within the subject of English literature, from Anglo-Saxon times to the current American, British and Commonwealth scene. It is designed to help students, teachers and librarians choose the most appropriate books for research and study.
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Willensfreiheit und Wissenschaft

Ein Dialog

Author: Alfred R. Mele

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518754564

Category: Philosophy

Page: 162

View: 6527

Ist unser Denken und Handeln so frei, wie wir für gewöhnlich glauben? Diese alte Frage beschäftigt und verwirrt Philosophen wie Laien und seit einiger Zeit auch die Naturwissenschaft. Nun bringt uns der renommierte Philosoph Alfred R. Mele das Problem auf neue und unterhaltsame Art näher: in Form eines Gesprächs unter Studierenden. Nach und nach zeigt sich darin, was wir unter Willensfreiheit verstehen sollten und wie den Herausforderungen insbesondere von Hirnforschern und Psychologen wie Benjamin Libet oder Stanley Milgram begegnet werden kann. Eine perfekte Einführung in die Willensfreiheitsdebatte und die damit verbundenen Grundfragen der Philosophie.
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Feminism: Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide

Author: Oxford University Press

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199808793

Category: Philosophy

Page: 40

View: 7270

This ebook is a selective guide designed to help scholars and students of social work find reliable sources of information by directing them to the best available scholarly materials in whatever form or format they appear from books, chapters, and journal articles to online archives, electronic data sets, and blogs. Written by a leading international authority on the subject, the ebook provides bibliographic information supported by direct recommendations about which sources to consult and editorial commentary to make it clear how the cited sources are interrelated related. This ebook is a static version of an article from Oxford Bibliographies Online: Philosophy, a dynamic, continuously updated, online resource designed to provide authoritative guidance through scholarship and other materials relevant to the study Philosophy. Oxford Bibliographies Online covers most subject disciplines within the social science and humanities, for more information visit www.oxfordbibligraphies.com.
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Kabbalah: A Guide for the Perplexed

Author: Pinchas Giller

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 1441150420

Category: Religion

Page: 232

View: 3909

Kabbalah: A Guide for the Perplexed is a concise and accessible introduction to the major elements of the prevalent metaphysical system of Judaism, Kabbalah. The book covers the historical and theoretical essence of Kabbalah, offering a clear definition of the term and the limitations of what Kabbalah is and is not. Pinchas Giller provides an overview of the history of the movement, reflecting the sweep of Jewish history as a whole, and examines its metaphysical system, the advanced mythos of early and later Luria, doctrines of the soul, and the mysteries of Jewish religious practice and law. The book concludes with a summary of the contemporary kabbalistic phenomena, particularly in light of the notoriety of some modern purveyors of Kabbalah. As cogent and objective as possible, this is the ideal companion for those wishing to gain a sound understanding of this often perplexing mystical aspect of Judaism.
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Consciousness: Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide

Author: Oxford University Press

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199808724

Category: Philosophy

Page: 20

View: 9909

This ebook is a selective guide designed to help scholars and students of social work find reliable sources of information by directing them to the best available scholarly materials in whatever form or format they appear from books, chapters, and journal articles to online archives, electronic data sets, and blogs. Written by a leading international authority on the subject, the ebook provides bibliographic information supported by direct recommendations about which sources to consult and editorial commentary to make it clear how the cited sources are interrelated related. This ebook is a static version of an article from Oxford Bibliographies Online: Philosophy, a dynamic, continuously updated, online resource designed to provide authoritative guidance through scholarship and other materials relevant to the study Philosophy. Oxford Bibliographies Online covers most subject disciplines within the social science and humanities, for more information visit www.oxfordbibligraphies.com.
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