Author: Clemens Wenzel Lothar Metternich,Richard Clemens Lo Metternich-Winneburg,Alfons Klinkowstrom
Publisher: Sagwan Press
Category: Biography & Autobiography
View: 1667This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work. As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.
Author: Alfons Klinkowstrom,Richard Metternich
Publisher: Arkose Press
View: 4243This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work.This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work.As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.
Author: Clemens Wenzel Lothar Metternich
View: 6267Ce livre historique peut contenir de nombreuses coquilles et du texte manquant. Les acheteurs peuvent generalement telecharger une copie gratuite scannee du livre original (sans les coquilles) aupres de l'editeur. Non reference. Non illustre. 1881 edition. Extrait: ...his august person, or an attempt of the same kind being made against the members of his family. 3. That of a formal act of the Spanish Government infringing the rights of the legitimate succession of the Royal family. Article II. Considering that independently of the cases above specified and defined, there may arise at one or other of the Courts what might be regarded as of the same value and producing the same effects as those designated in Article I., it is decided that should such non-specified case or any other analogous case be realized, the ministers of the allied Courts accredited to his Most Christian Majesty should unite with the Cabinet of France to examine and determine if the case in question should be considered as belonging to the class of the rami faderis foreseen and defined, and as such demanding the direct application of the engagements taken by the Powers. Metternich, Lebzeltern, Montmorency, Caraman, Count De La Feshonnayr, Chateaubriand, Bernbtorff, Hatzfeld, Nesselrode, Lieyen, Tatistscheff, Pozzo Di Borqo. Conference Protocol 630. The ministers of the Cabinets of Austria, France, Prussia, and Russia are met to-day with the Duke of Wellington to confer with his Excellency on the proctx-verbal signed yesterday (So. 629), and on the instructions that each of these Courts proposes to address to its minister at Madrid. The Duke of Wellington has explained the different points of view from which, as plenipotentiary of the British Government, he regards both these steps; and in consequence of the discussion produced by these explanations, the Duke has undertaken to communicate to the ministers of the four Cabinets the substance of his observations in writing, in the form...
Southern Italy and the European Revolutions, 1780-1860
Author: John A. Davis
Publisher: Oxford University Press
View: 4220Naples and Napoleon rewrites the history of Italy in the age of the European revolutions from the perspective of the South. In contrast to later images of southern backwardness and immobility, Davis portrays the South as a precocious theatre for political and economic upheavals that sooner or later would challenge the survival of all the pre-Unification states. Focusing on the years of French rule from 1806 to 1815, when southern Italy became the arena for one of the most ambitious reform projects in Napoleonic Europe, Davis argues that this owed less to Napoleon than to the forces unleashed by the crisis of the Ancien Regime. However, an examination of the earlier Republic and the popular counter-revolutions of 1799, along with the later revolutions in Naples and Sicily in 1820-1, reveals that the impact of these changes was deeply contradictory. This major reinterpretation of the history of the South before Unification significantly reshapes our understanding of how the Italian states came to be unified, while Davis also shows why long after Unification not just the South but Italy as a whole would remain vulnerable to the continuing challenges of the new age
War and Great Power Diplomacy After Napoleon
Author: Mark Jarrett
View: 937Two centuries ago, Europe emerged from one of the greatest crises in its history. In September 1814, the rulers of Europe and their ministers descended upon Vienna to reconstruct Europe after two decades of revolution and war, with the major decisions made by the statesmen of the great powers - Castlereagh, Metternich, Talleyrand, Hardenberg and Emperor Alexander of Russia. The territorial reconstruction of Europe, however, is only a part of this story. It was followed, in the years 1815 to 1822, by a bold experiment in international cooperation and counter-revolution, known as the 'Congress System'. The Congress of Vienna and subsequent Congresses constituted a major turning point - the first genuine attempt to forge an 'international order', to bring long-term peace to a troubled Europe, and to control the pace of political change through international supervision and intervention. In this book, Mark Jarrett argues that the decade of the European Congresses in fact marked the beginning of our modern era, with a profound impact upon the course of subsequent developments. Based upon extensive research, this book provides a fresh look at a pivotal but often neglected period.
Author: Francis A. Burkle-Young
Publisher: Lexington Books
View: 8644The startling changes that have taken place within the Catholic Church since World War II were the direct accomplishments of Pius XII and his successors. These modern popes, however, formed their policies and wrought these changes based on the work of four transitional popes who preceded them: Leo XIII (1878-1903), who re-established a direct link between the papacy and the lay communicant; Pius X (1903-1914), who was a conservative reactionary; and Benedict XV (1914-1922) and Pius XI (1922-1939), who revived and extended Leo's efforts to modernize the Church and its policies. Based largely on unpublished or ephemeral materials, Papal Elections in the Age of Transition recounts the stories of how these four men rose to the papal throne, including previously unpublished details of the conclaves. This fascinating narrative sheds new light on the rise to power of the popes who prepared the way for the Catholic Church at the dawn of the twenty-first century.
Lexikon österreichischer Frauen
Author: Ilse Korotin
Publisher: Böhlau Verlag Wien
View: 1034Das vierbändige Lexikon beinhaltet rund 6.500 Biografien österreichischer Frauen bzw. Hinweise auf frauenbiografische Spuren von der RömerInnenzeit bis zur Gegenwart - einschließlich Geburtsjahr 1938 - und ist auf einen Wirkungsbereich in den geografischen Grenzen des heutigen Österreich bezogen. Es zeigt eindrucksvoll das Wirken von Frauen in Politik, Gesellschaft, Kultur und Geschichte, betritt dadurch in vielen Bereichen biografisches Neuland und eröffnet neue Forschungsperspektiven. Die Konzeption des Lexikons orientiert sich an den theoretischen Überlegungen einer feministischen Biografieforschung, welche es erlaubt, weibliche Lebensläufe in deren genderspezifischer Bedeutung zu reflektieren und zu würdigen. Das Lexikon ist Teil des multimodularen Dokumentations-, Forschungs- und Vernetzungsprojekts „biografiA. Biografische Datenbank und Lexikon österreichischer Frauen" am Wiener Institut für Wissenschaft und Kunst.
Staatsmann des Friedens
Author: Franz Herre
Publisher: Kiepenheuer & Witsch
Category: Biography & Autobiography
View: 783Franz Herre, Autor erfolgreicher Biographien, beschreibt brillant Leben und Zeit des Rheinländers am Wiener Hof: Klemens Fürst Metternich, geboren 1773 in Koblenz, gestorben 1859 in Wien.
Medizin und Wissenschaft in Wien 1848–1955
Author: Daniela Angetter,Birgit Nemec,Herbert Posch,Christiane Druml,Paul Weindling
Publisher: V&R unipress GmbH
View: 1262Die Geschichte der medizinischen Forschung und Praxis in Wien wird erst im Kontext ihrer Strukturen und Netzwerke verständlich. Die Analyse der lokalen und internationalen Beziehungen der »Wiener Medizin« im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert und ihrer Netzwerkstrukturen stellt seit langem ein Forschungsdesiderat dar. Dieser Band erforscht diese Beziehungen mit dem Ziel, die Geschichte medizinischer Forschung und Praxis zu re-kontextualisieren. Die Beiträge beleuchten Mobilität, Wissenstransfers, Standards und Richtlinien, soziale und berufliche Netzwerke, Transformationen politischer und kultureller Konzepte zwischen Zentren der Medizin, wie auch Formen des Austauschs zwischen künstlerischen und medizinischen Sphären und Memorialformen – als transnationale Phänomene sowie in ihrer Prägekraft für medizinische Forschung und Praxis in Wien.