Medical Anthropology in Europe

Shaping the Field

Author: Elisabeth Hsu,Caroline Potter

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317613066

Category: Social Science

Page: 144

View: 601

This collection brings together three generations of medical anthropologists working at European universities to reflect on past, current and future directions of the field. Medical anthropology emerged on an international playing ground, and while other recently compiled anthologies emphasize North American developments, this volume highlights substantial ethnographic and theoretical studies undertaken in Europe. The first four chapters trace the beginnings of medical anthropology back into the two formative decades between the 1950s-1970s in Italy, German-speaking Europe, the Netherlands, France and the UK, supported by four brief vignettes on current developments. Three core themes that emerged within this field in Europe – the practice of care, the body politic and psycho-sensorial dimensions of healing – are first presented in synopsis and then separately discussed by three leading medical anthropologists Susan Whyte, Giovanni Pizza and René Devisch, complemented by the work of three early career researchers. The chapters aim to highlight how very diverse (and sometimes overlooked) European developments within this rapidly growing field have been, and continue to be. This book will spur reflection on medical anthropology’s potential for future scholarship and practice, by students and established scholars alike. This book was originally published as a special issue of Anthropology and Medicine.
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World Politics in Translation

Power, Relationality and Difference in Global Cooperation

Author: Tobias Berger,Alejandro Esguerra

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351806335

Category: Political Science

Page: 236

View: 968

Virtually all pertinent issues that the world faces today – such as nuclear proliferation, climate change, the spread of infectious disease and economic globalization – imply objects that move. However, surprisingly little is known about how the actual objects of world politics are constituted, how they move and how they change while moving. This book addresses these questions through the concept of 'translation' – the simultaneous processes of object constitution, transportation and transformation. Translations occur when specific forms of knowledge about the environment, international human rights norms or water policies consolidate, travel and change. World Politics in Translation conceptualizes 'translation' for International Relations by drawing on theoretical insights from Literary Studies, Postcolonial Scholarship and Science and Technology Studies. The individual chapters explore how the concept of translation opens new perspectives on development cooperation, the diffusion of norms and organizational templates, the performance in and of international organizations or the politics of international security governance. This book constitutes an excellent resource for students and scholars in the fields of Politics, International Relations, Social Anthropology, Development Studies and Sociology. Combining empirically grounded case studies with methodological reflection and theoretical innovation, the book provides a powerful and productive introduction to world politics in translation.
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Reflecting on Reflexivity

The Human Condition as an Ontological Surprise

Author: T. M. S. (Terry) Evens,Don Handelman,Christopher Roberts

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 1782387536

Category: Social Science

Page: 324

View: 8094

Humanness supposes innate and profound reflexivity. This volume approaches the concept of reflexivity on two different yet related analytical planes. Whether implicitly or explicitly, both planes of thought bear critically on reflexivity in relation to the nature of selfhood and the very idea of the autonomous individual, ethics, and humanness, science as such and social science, ontological dualism and fundamental ambiguity. On the one plane, a collection of original and innovative ethnographically based essays is offered, each of which is devoted to ways in which reflexivity plays a fundamental role in human social life and the study of it; on the other—anthropo-philosophical and developed in the volume’s Preface, Introduction, and Postscript—it is argued that reflexivity distinguishes—definitively, albeit relatively—the being and becoming of the human.
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International Encyclopedia of Public Health

Author: N.A

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128037083

Category: Medical

Page: 4470

View: 6153

International Encyclopedia of Public Health, Second Edition is an authoritative and comprehensive guide to the major issues, challenges, methods, and approaches of global public health. Taking a multidisciplinary approach, this new edition combines complementary scientific fields of inquiry, linking biomedical research with the social and life sciences to address the three major themes of public health research, disease, health processes, and disciplines. This book helps readers solve real-world problems in global and local health through a multidisciplinary and comprehensive approach. Covering all dimensions of the field, from the details of specific diseases, to the organization of social insurance agencies, the articles included cover the fundamental research areas of health promotion, economics, and epidemiology, as well as specific diseases, such as cancer, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, and reproductive health. Additional articles on the history of public health, global issues, research priorities, and health and human rights make this work an indispensable resource for students, health researchers, and practitioners alike. Provides the most comprehensive, high-level, internationally focused reference work available on public health Presents an invaluable resource for both researchers familiar with the field and non-experts requiring easy-to-find, relevant, global information and a greater understanding of the wider issues Contains interdisciplinary coverage across all aspects of public health Incorporates biomedical and health social science issues and perspectives Includes an international focus with contributions from global domain experts, providing a complete picture of public health issues
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Cultural Anthropology: The Human Challenge

Author: William Haviland,Harald Prins,Bunny McBride,Dana Walrath

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 0495810827

Category: Social Science

Page: 480

View: 9754

Offering compelling photos, engaging examples, and select studies by anthropologists in a variety of locations around the globe, this streamlined, market-leading text presents cultural anthropology in vivid, accessible terms showing students how the field is relevant to understanding the complex world around them. The authors present the fundamental concepts from a holistic perspective using three unifying themes to frame the text: 1) the varied ways humans face the challenges of existence, 2) the connections between culture and biology in shaping human beliefs and behavior, and 3) the impact of globalization on peoples and cultures around the world. They also integrate coverage of race, class, gender, and ethnicity throughout the text, and in this edition, they have expanded the popular Globalscape feature to get students thinking about the consequences of globalization and (sometimes) their own behavior. Furthermore, the text’s strong supplements program provides instructors and students with a wealth of resources designed to enhance the teaching and learning experience. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
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Ordering Africa

anthropology, European imperialism and the politics of knowledge

Author: Helen Tilley,Robert J. Gordon

Publisher: Manchester Univ Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 390

View: 1122

A major collection of essays that will be welcomed by scholars interested in imperial history and the history of Africa.
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Cultural Anthropology

The Human Challenge

Author: William A. Haviland,Harald E. L. Prins,Bunny McBride,Dana Walrath

Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing Company

ISBN: 9781133955979

Category: Social Science

Page: 480

View: 2869

Explore the most fascinating, creative, dangerous, and complex species alive today: you and your neighbors in the global village. With compelling photos, engaging examples, and select studies by anthropologists in far-flung places, the authors of CULTURAL ANTHROPOLOGY: THE HUMAN CHALLENGE provide a holistic view of anthropology to help you make sense of today's world. With this text you will discover the different ways humans face the challenge of existence, the connection between biology and culture in the shaping of human beliefs and behavior, and the impact of globalization on peoples and cultures around the world. Available with InfoTrac Student Collections http://gocengage.com/infotrac.
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Science, Technology, and Society

An Encyclopedia

Author: Sal P. Restivo

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0195141938

Category: Social Science

Page: 701

View: 8894

'Science, Technology, and Society' offers approximately 150 articles written by major scholars and experts from academic and scientific institutions worldwide. The theme is the functions and effects of science and technology in society and culture.
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Anthropology: The Human Challenge

Author: William A. Haviland,Harald E. L. Prins,Walrath,Bunny McBride

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1305583698

Category: Social Science

Page: 784

View: 8556

With compelling photos, engaging examples, conceptual tools, and select studies by anthropologists in far-flung places, the authors of ANTHROPOLOGY: THE HUMAN CHALLENGE, 15th Edition, provide a holistic view of anthropology to help you gain a deeper and more comprehensive understanding of our complex world. You'll discover the different ways humans face the challenge of existence, the connection between biology and culture in the shaping of human behavior, and the impact of globalization on peoples and cultures around the world. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
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The Bioarchaeology of Artificial Cranial Modifications

New Approaches to Head Shaping and its Meanings in Pre-Columbian Mesoamerica and Beyond

Author: Vera Tiesler

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461487609

Category: Social Science

Page: 269

View: 4202

The artificial shaping of the skull vault of infants expresses fundamental aspects of crafted beauty, of identity, status and gender in a way no other body practice does. Combining different sources of information, this volume contributes new interpretations on Mesoamerican head shaping traditions. Here, the head with its outer insignia was commonly used as a metaphor for designating the “self” and personhood and, as part of the body, served as a model for the indigenous universe. Analogously, the outer “looks” of the head and its anatomical constituents epitomized deeply embedded worldviews and longstanding traditions. It is in this sense that this book explores both the quotidian roles and long-standing ideological connotations of cultural head modifications in Mesoamerica and beyond, setting new standards in the discussion of the scope, caveats, and future directions involved in this study. The systematic examination of Mesoamerican skeletal series fosters an explained review of indigenous cultural history through the lens of emblematic head models with their nuanced undercurrents of religious identity and ethnicity, social organization and dynamic cultural shift. The embodied expressions of change are explored in different geocultural settings and epochs, being most visible in the centuries surrounding the Maya collapse and following the cultural clash implied by the European conquest. These glimpses on the Mesoamerican past through head practices are novel, as is the general treatment of methodology and theoretical frames. Although it is anchored in physical anthropology and archaeology (specifically bioarchaeology), this volume also integrates knowledge derived from anatomy and human physiology, historical and iconographic sources, linguistics (polisemia) and ethnography. The scope of this work is rounded up by the transcription and interpretation of the many colonial eye witness accounts on indigenous head treatments in Mesoamerica and beyond.
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Evolution and Prehistory: The Human Challenge

Author: William Haviland,Dana Walrath,Harald Prins,Bunny McBride

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 049538190X

Category: Social Science

Page: 384

View: 4259

Explore evolution and prehistory through photos, examples, and anthropologists' studies with Haviland et al's EVOLUTION AND PREHISTORY. The authors' goal in writing this book is to provide you with a vivid, accessible text that shows how the field is relevant to understanding the complex world around you. With Haviland et al, you will have the opportunity to explore the different ways humans face the challenge of existence, learn about the connection between biology and culture in shaping human beliefs and behavior, and see the impact of globalization on peoples and cultures around the world. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
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Understanding childhood

A Cross Disciplinary Approach

Author: Mary Jane Kehily

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 1447305809

Category: Social Science

Page: 336

View: 3250

Understanding childhood is a fresh look at how childhood has changed in recent years and reveals how children's needs and experiences have achieved a new visibility
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Bioethics Around the Globe

Author: Catherine Myser

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199749829

Category: Medical

Page: 336

View: 9945

Contemporary bioethics, now roughly 40 years old as a discipline, originated in the United States with a primarily Anglo-American cultural ethos. It continues to be professionalized and institutionalized as a maturing discipline at the intersections of philosophy, medicine, law, social sciences, and humanities. Increasingly bioethics - along with its foundational values, concepts and principals - has been exported to other countries, not only in the developed West, but also in developing and/or Eastern countries. Bioethics thus continues to undergo intriguing transformations as it is globalized and adapted to local cultures. These processes have occurred rapidly in the last two decades, with relatively little reflection and examination. This volume brings together contributors from a wide variety of disciplines to take a critical, empirical look at bioethics around the globe, examining how it is being transformed - at both local and global levels - in this process of cross-cultural exporting and importing. One concern is to identify sociocultural forces and consequences which may positively or negatively affect ethics and social justice goals. This book thereby offers the first comparative anthropology and sociology of globalizing bioethics in the field, exploring the global dissemination, local adaptations, cultural meanings and social functions of bioethics theories, practices and institutions and comparing developed and developing countries. The volume considers a full range of countries on every inhabited continent, including: Africa, Asia, Australia, Central and South America, Europe, the Middle East, and North America. Topics include government agendas such as nationalism and nation building; agendas of powerful, associated professions (e.g., medicine, law); theological and political agendas such as 'culture wars'; agendas of entrepreneurial economies of profit; and other cultural and ideological agendas consciously or unconsciously advanced or contested by bioethics work in particular countries based on their unique history, politics and culture. This cross-cultural exploration of globalizing bioethics will be of great interest to a field that is increasingly introspective about its underlying sociocultural assumptions and biases. "At last-an unabashedly sociological and anthropological look at the globalization of bioethics, a really fresh approach to a maturing discipline. The chapters speak from the perspective of sophisticated Western-developed exporters of the bioethical paradigm [and equally sophisticated] Eastern-developing and third-world and interdisciplinary critics suspicious of the canonical view. Trained in the dominant school of American, mainstream philosophy, Myser draws on her long-standing commitment to a social and cultural approach to bioethics to take a fresh look at bioethics globally. She grasps the globalization of bioethics and the skepticism about analytical philosophy's Americanized consensus. The book sets the stage for a new era in bioethics theory and practice {debating] whether a universal common morality underlies the rich variation in national and cultural bioethics traditions." - Robert Veatch, Georgetown University "This path-breaking volume is the first to explore the global export of Western bioethics to a variety of non-Western settings. Explicitly critical, the book also points to the liberating potential of bioethics to achieve social justice and improve the lives of patients around the world. The book is a must-read for all medical anthropologists interested in bioethics." - Marcia Inhorn, Yale University "Bioethics Around the Globe should change the way bioethics is conceived and practiced in the U.S. and elsewhere. Its rich and wide-ranging comparative examination opens new possibilities for bioethical reflection. I enthusiastically recommend this wonderful book." - James F. Childress, University of Virginia "The past 40 years have seen a remarkable spread of bioethics to every part of the world. Dr. Myser's collection is a wonderful and rich exploration of its international impact, revealing important similarities and differences from country to country. It will have an important impact." - Daniel Callahan, The Hastings Center
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Medizinische Diskurse zu Irresein in China (1600-1930)

Author: Angelika C. Messner

Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag

ISBN: 9783515075480

Category: History

Page: 294

View: 4927

Die Er�ffnung des ersten Irrenhauses in Kanton (1898) durch einen amerikanischen Missionsarzt markiert den Beginn der �westlichen� Psychiatrie in China. W�hrend der Republikzeit (1911-1949) wurde sie - insbesondere die Idee der Institution �Irrenhaus� - von reformorientierten Intellektuellen im Rahmen ihres �modernistischen Diskurses� als zentrale Notwendigkeit fuer Chinas Rettung und Erneuerung propagiert. Die vorliegende Monographie fragt nicht nur nach den Hintergruenden und nach den Bemuehungen, das spezifisch westliche medizinische Vokabular in die chinesische Sprache einzugliedern, sondern wesentlich auch nach den medizinischen Sicht- und Handhabungsweisen im indigenen Kontext. Wie haben chinesische �rzte Irresein wahrgenommen und behandelt? Warum ergab sich im chinesischen Kontext niemals die Notwendigkeit, spezielle H�user zur Behandlung von �Wahnsinnigen� einzurichten? "�innovative, well-structured and immensely useful�" Medical History.
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Krankheit und Heilung

Author: Ulrike Caspari

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 3638259692

Category: Social Science

Page: 16

View: 5356

Der Gebrauch von Medizinalpflanzen spielte im Leben der alten Maya eine wichtige Rolle. Bis heute hat sich vor allem in den ländlichen Gemeinschaften ein traditionelles Medizinwesen erhalten. Traditionelle Gesellschaften, vergangene und heutige, haben ihre Methoden auf einer anderen Ebene, als die moderne westliche Medizin, in der Krankheiten lange als ein rein biologisches Problem angesehen wurden. Bei traditionellen Gesellschaften hat die Medizin einen einheitlichen Charakter und unterscheidet nicht zwischen mentaler und körperlicher Krankheit. Es wird geglaubt, dass einige Krankheiten auf natürliche Ursachen zurückgehen, während andere von übernatürlichen Kräften verursacht werden. Ist die Behandlung einer Krankheit nicht wirkungsvoll, so wird die Situation von der metaphysischen Ebene betrachtet. Schon die Spanier waren von der Fähigkeit der Indios zu heilen beeindruckt, da es keine Krankheit gab wofür sie nicht eine medizinische Pflanze hatten. Bereits 1508 haben die Spanier ein Extrakt einer Pflanze in die alte Welt gebracht, welches später zur Heilung von Syphilis verwendet wurde. Es gab Spezialisten, die für die Heilung von Krankheiten zuständig waren und die mit Zauberern gleichgestellt wurden. Die Spanier sagten ihnen eine Verbindung mit dem Teufel nach und verfolgten sie lange Zeit, so dass viele ihre Aktivitäten geheim halten mussten. Von den Heilern wurde angenommen, dass sie Krankheiten heilen aber auch verursachen konnten und auch noch heute wird die Fähigkeit für das Gute und Böse mit ihnen verbunden.
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Anthropology News

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Anthropological linguistics

Page: N.A

View: 3934

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Choice

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Academic libraries

Page: N.A

View: 3062

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Comparative Dental Morphology

Selected Papers of the 14th International Symposium on Dental Morphology, August 27-30, 2008, Greifswald, Germany

Author: Thomas Koppe,Georg Meyer,Kurt W. Alt

Publisher: Karger Medical and Scientific Publishers

ISBN: 3805592299

Category: Medical

Page: 202

View: 3305

Teeth and their surrounding structures are exceptional sources for addressing significant questions in numerous disciplines. In this publication, an international, multidisciplinary team of researchers addresses important issues on current aspects of dental morphology research from evolutionary, anatomical, clinical and archaeological perspectives. In combining leading-edge methods of data acquisition and analyses, such as molecular analyses and highly advanced non-destructive imaging technologies, the book demonstrates how information about various aspects of dental morphology can be used to explore the evolution of vertebrate life histories, a subject most relevant to our own species. The chapters provide profound discussions on dental evolution, dental morphology, dental tissues, dental growth and development, as well as on clinical aspects of dental morphology. As a special feature, the publication provides new information about the role of teeth as tools in reconstructing the nature and behaviour of past populations. This book will serve as an important reference for researchers of dental sciences, anatomy, evolutionary biology, paleoanthropology, paleontology, archaeology, prehistoric anthropology, comparative anatomy, genetics, embryology, and forensic medicine.
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