Media Bias in Reporting Social Research?

The Case of Reviewing Ethnic Inequalities in Education

Author: Martyn Hammersley

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134192673

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 689

In recent years, the importance of disseminating the findings of social research has been given increased emphasis. The most effective way in which this can be done is via the mass media. However, there are frequent complaints that media coverage of social and educational research is very limited and often distorted. Through a detailed analysis of a particular case about ethnic inequalities in educational achievement, this book examines some of the processes involved in the reporting of research findings, and their implications for judgements about media distortion and bias. This volume is relevant to many fields, including education, media studies, cultural studies, sociology and social policy.
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The Neighborhood in the Internet

Design Research Projects in Community Informatics

Author: John M. Carroll

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317571525

Category: Computers

Page: 240

View: 6448

Today, "community" seems to be everywhere. At home, at work, and online, the vague but comforting idea of the community pervades every area of life. But have we lost the ability truly to understand what it means? The Neighborhood in the Internet investigates social and civic effects of community networks on local community, and how community network designs are appropriated and extended by community members. Carroll uses his conceptual model of "community" to re-examine the Blacksburg Electronic Village – the first Web-based community network – applying it to attempts to sustain and enrich contemporary communities through information technology. The book provides an analysis of the role of community in contemporary paradigms for work and other activity mediated by the Internet. It brings to the fore a series of design experiments investigating new approaches to community networking and addresses the future trajectory and importance of community networks. This book will be of interest to students of sociology, community psychology, human-computer interaction, information science, and computer-supported collaborative work.
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Heritage in the Digital Era

Cinematic Tourism and the Activist Cause

Author: Rodanthi Tzanelli

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415643805

Category: Social Science

Page: 247

View: 8914

What happens to traditional conceptions of heritage in the era of fluid media spaces? 'Heritage' usually involves intergenerational transmission of ideas, customs, ancestral lands, and artefacts, and so serves to reproduce national communities over time. However, media industries have the power to transform national lands and histories into generic landscapes and ideas through digital reproductions or modifications, prompting renegotiations of belonging in new ways. Contemporary media allow digital environments to function as transnational classrooms, creating virtual spaces of debate for people with access to televised, cinematic and Internet ideas and networks. This book examines a range of popular cinematic interventions that are reshaping national and global heritage, across Europe, Asia, the Americas and Australasia. It examines collaborative or adversarial articulations of such enterprise (by artists, directors, producers but also local, national and transnational communities) that blend activism with commodification, presenting new cultural industries as fluid but significant agents in the production of new public spheres. Heritage in the Digital Era will appeal to students and scholars of sociology, film studies, tourist studies, globalization theory, social theory, social movements, human/cultural geography, and cultural studies.
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Education and Training Policy No More Failures Ten Steps to Equity in Education

Ten Steps to Equity in Education

Author: Field Simon,Kuczera Malgorzata,Pont Beatriz

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9264032606

Category:

Page: 159

View: 3407

No More Failures challenges the assumption that there will always be failures and dropouts, those who can’t or won’t make it in school. It provides ten concrete policy measures for reducing school failure and dropout rates.
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Racism and the Press

Author: Teun A. van Dijk

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317403851

Category: Social Science

Page: 290

View: 1405

Originally published in 1991. This book presents the results of an interdisciplinary study of the press coverage of ethnic affairs. Examples are drawn mainly from British and Dutch newspapers, but data from other countries are also reviewed. Besides providing the reader with a thorough content analysis of the material, the book is the first to introduce a detailed discourse analytical approach to the study of the ways in which ethnic minorities are portrayed in the press. The approach focuses on the topics, overall news report schemata, local meanings, style and rhetoric of news reports. Highly original, accomplished and penetrating, the book is the fruit of a decade of research into the question of racism and the press, important for ethnic studies, mass communication and media studies, sociology and linguistics.
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Equity and Quality in Education Supporting Disadvantaged Students and Schools

Supporting Disadvantaged Students and Schools

Author: OECD

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9264130853

Category:

Page: 168

View: 3860

Across OECD countries, almost one in every five students does not reach a basic minimum level of skills. This book presents a series of policy recommendations for education systems to help all children succeed.
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Critical Perspectives on Racial and Ethnic Differences in Health in Late Life

Author: Panel on Race, Ethnicity, and Health in Later Life,Committee on Population,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309092116

Category: Social Science

Page: 752

View: 5792

In their later years, Americans of different racial and ethnic backgrounds are not in equally good--or equally poor--health. There is wide variation, but on average older Whites are healthier than older Blacks and tend to outlive them. But Whites tend to be in poorer health than Hispanics and Asian Americans. This volume documents the differentials and considers possible explanations. Selection processes play a role: selective migration, for instance, or selective survival to advanced ages. Health differentials originate early in life, possibly even before birth, and are affected by events and experiences throughout the life course. Differences in socioeconomic status, risk behavior, social relations, and health care all play a role. Separate chapters consider the contribution of such factors and the biopsychosocial mechanisms that link them to health. This volume provides the empirical evidence for the research agenda provided in the separate report of the Panel on Race, Ethnicity, and Health in Later Life.
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Ethnic Minorities and the Media

Author: Cottle

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)

ISBN: 0335231233

Category: Social Science

Page: 251

View: 4915

There are few media issues more pressing, or potentially more consequential, than the representation of ethnic minorities. Presented in an accessible style, this authoritative text therefore brings together leading international researchers who have examined some of the latest processes of change (and continuity) informing the field of ethnic minorities and the media.
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Race, Ethnicity and Gender in Education

Cross-Cultural Understandings

Author: Joseph Zajda,Kassie Freeman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402097395

Category: Education

Page: 230

View: 6370

Race, Ethnicity and Gender in Education: Cross-cultural, which is the sixth volume in the 12-volume book series Globalisation, Comparative Education and Policy Research, presents scholarly research on major discourses of race, ethnicity and gender in education. It provides an easily accessible, practical yet scholarly source of information about the international concern in the field of globalisation and comparative education. Above all, the book offers the latest findings to the critical issues concerning major discourses on race, ethnicity and gender in the global culture. It is a sourcebook of ideas for researchers, practitioners and policymakers in education, globalisation, social justice, equity and access in schooling around the world. It offers a timely overview of current issues affecting research in comparative education of race, ethnicity and gender. It provides directions in education and policy research relevant to progressive pedagogy, social change and transformational educational reforms in the twen- first century. The book critically examines the overall interplay between the state, ideology and current discourses of race, ethnicity and gender in the global culture. It draws upon recent studies in the areas of globalisation, equity, social justice and the role of the State (Zajda et al. , 2006, 2008). It explores conceptual frameworks and methodological approaches applicable in the research covering the State, globa- sation, race, ethnicity and gender.
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Migration and Social Mobility

The Life Chances of Britain's Minority Ethnic Communities

Author: Lucinda Platt

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 1861348002

Category: Social Science

Page: 44

View: 1286

The creation of a more open society and improving race equality are core current policy concerns. Understanding the roles of class and ethnicity in determining life chances is critical to policies tackling inequality and promoting opportunity. This report aids such understanding by investigating the impact of class background and ethnicity on class position. Drawing on data from the ONS Longitudinal Study, the report traces patterns of intergenerational social mobility for children from different ethnic groups growing up in England and Wales. The study focuses on children born between the late 1950s and mid 1970s.
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Education for Life and Work

Developing Transferable Knowledge and Skills in the 21st Century

Author: Committee on Defining Deeper Learning and 21st Century Skills,Center for Education,Board on Testing and Assessment,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 030925650X

Category: Education

Page: 229

View: 5060

Americans have long recognized that investments in public education contribute to the common good, enhancing national prosperity and supporting stable families, neighborhoods, and communities. Education is even more critical today, in the face of economic, environmental, and social challenges. Today's children can meet future challenges if their schooling and informal learning activities prepare them for adult roles as citizens, employees, managers, parents, volunteers, and entrepreneurs. To achieve their full potential as adults, young people need to develop a range of skills and knowledge that facilitate mastery and application of English, mathematics, and other school subjects. At the same time, business and political leaders are increasingly asking schools to develop skills such as problem solving, critical thinking, communication, collaboration, and self-management - often referred to as "21st century skills." Education for Life and Work: Developing Transferable Knowledge and Skills in the 21st Century describes this important set of key skills that increase deeper learning, college and career readiness, student-centered learning, and higher order thinking. These labels include both cognitive and non-cognitive skills- such as critical thinking, problem solving, collaboration, effective communication, motivation, persistence, and learning to learn. 21st century skills also include creativity, innovation, and ethics that are important to later success and may be developed in formal or informal learning environments. This report also describes how these skills relate to each other and to more traditional academic skills and content in the key disciplines of reading, mathematics, and science. Education for Life and Work: Developing Transferable Knowledge and Skills in the 21st Century summarizes the findings of the research that investigates the importance of such skills to success in education, work, and other areas of adult responsibility and that demonstrates the importance of developing these skills in K-16 education. In this report, features related to learning these skills are identified, which include teacher professional development, curriculum, assessment, after-school and out-of-school programs, and informal learning centers such as exhibits and museums.
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Unequal Treatment:

Confronting Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health Care (with CD)

Author: Committee on Understanding and Eliminating Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Health Care,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Institute of Medicine

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 030908265X

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 432

View: 1558

Racial and ethnic disparities in health care are known to reflect access to care and other issues that arise from differing socioeconomic conditions. There is, however, increasing evidence that even after such differences are accounted for, race and ethnicity remain significant predictors of the quality of health care received. In Unequal Treatment, a panel of experts documents this evidence and explores how persons of color experience the health care environment. The book examines how disparities in treatment may arise in health care systems and looks at aspects of the clinical encounter that may contribute to such disparities. Patients' and providers' attitudes, expectations, and behavior are analyzed. How to intervene? Unequal Treatment offers recommendations for improvements in medical care financing, allocation of care, availability of language translation, community-based care, and other arenas. The committee highlights the potential of cross-cultural education to improve provider-patient communication and offers a detailed look at how to integrate cross-cultural learning within the health professions. The book concludes with recommendations for data collection and research initiatives. Unequal Treatment will be vitally important to health care policymakers, administrators, providers, educators, and students as well as advocates for people of color.
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Taking Sides in Social Research

Essays on Partisanship and Bias

Author: Martyn Hammersley

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113463143X

Category: Social Science

Page: 208

View: 7148

In the past it was generally taken for granted that the goal of social research was the production of objective knowledge; and that this required a commitment to value neutrality. In more recent times, however, both these ideals have come to be challenged, and it is often argued that all research is inevitably political in its assumptions and effects. In this major contribution to the debate, Martyn Hammersley assesses the arguments from the classic and still influential contributions of C. Wright Mills, Howard Becker and Alvin Gouldner to the present day. He concludes that the case for partisanship is not convincing, and that an intelligent and sceptical commitment to the principles of objectivity and value neutrality must remain an essential feature of research.
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The SAGE Handbook of Political Communication

Author: Holli A Semetko,Margaret Scammell

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1473971209

Category: Political Science

Page: 544

View: 6043

This authoritative and comprehensive survey of political communication draws together a team of the world's leading scholars to provide a state-of-the-art review that sets the agenda for future study. It is divided into five sections: Part One: explores the macro-level influences on political communication such as the media industry, new media, technology, and political systems Part Two: takes a grassroots perspective of the influences of social networks - real and online - on political communication Part Three: discusses methodological advances in political communication research Part Four: focuses on power and how it is conceptualized in political communication Part Five: provides an international, regional, and comparative understanding of political communication in its various contexts The SAGE Handbook of Political Communication is an essential benchmark publication for advanced students, researchers and practitioners in the fields of politics, media and communication, sociology and research methods.
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Strata Title Property Rights

Private governance of multi-owned properties

Author: Cathy Sherry

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317427513

Category: Law

Page: 284

View: 4226

Multi-owned properties make up an ever-increasing proportion of commercial, tourist and residential development, in both urban and rural landscapes around the world. This book critically analyses the legal, social and economic complexities of strata or community title schemes. At a time when countries such as Australia and the United States turn ever larger areas into strata title/condominiums and community title/homeowner associations, this book shows how governments, the judiciary and citizens need to better understand the ramifications of these private communities. Whilst most strata title analysis has been technical, focusing on specific sections of legislation, this book provides higher level analysis, discussing the wider economic, social and political implications of Australia’s strata and community title law. In particular, the book argues that private by-laws, however desirable to initial parties, are often economically inefficient and socially regressive when enforced against an ever-changing group of owners. The book will be of particular interest to scholars and legal practitioners of property law in Australia, but as the Australian strata title model has formed the basis for legislation in many countries, the book draws out lessons and analysis that will be of use to those studying privately-owned communities across the world.
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Social System

Author: Talcott Parsons

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134927754

Category: Political Science

Page: 636

View: 3434

First Published in 1991. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
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Folk Devils and Moral Panics

Author: Stanley Cohen

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1136807047

Category: Social Science

Page: 328

View: 8133

'Richly documented and convincingly presented' -- New Society Mods and Rockers, skinheads, video nasties, designer drugs, bogus asylum seeks and hoodies. Every era has its own moral panics. It was Stanley Cohen’s classic account, first published in the early 1970s and regularly revised, that brought the term ‘moral panic’ into widespread discussion. It is an outstanding investigation of the way in which the media and often those in a position of political power define a condition, or group, as a threat to societal values and interests. Fanned by screaming media headlines, Cohen brilliantly demonstrates how this leads to such groups being marginalised and vilified in the popular imagination, inhibiting rational debate about solutions to the social problems such groups represent. Furthermore, he argues that moral panics go even further by identifying the very fault lines of power in society. Full of sharp insight and analysis, Folk Devils and Moral Panics is essential reading for anyone wanting to understand this powerful and enduring phenomenon. Professor Stanley Cohen is Emeritus Professor of Sociology at the London School of Economics. He received the Sellin-Glueck Award of the American Society of Criminology (1985) and is on the Board of the International Council on Human Rights. He is a member of the British Academy.
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Teaching in Alternative and Flexible Education Settings

Author: Aspa Baroutsis,Glenda McGregor,Kitty Te Riele,Martin Mills

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781138498662

Category:

Page: 126

View: 4809

Alternative and flexible education settings may come in different forms, but they generally have in common a focus on young people who have been disengaged from conventional schooling. One challenge of these settings, therefore, is to change the way education is offered in order to better engage these students. Much of the onus for this changed approach is on the staff: teachers, youth workers and other support staff. Therefore, the purpose of this book is to examine different aspects of the work of staff in these settings. Several common threads run through the chapters in this book, highlighting core aspects of the work of staff in these settings: A strong sense of commitment to working with and for young people from marginalised backgrounds. Validation of the relational and emotional nature of education, as a fundamentally people-centred enterprise. The importance of explicit attention to critical reflection on staff members' own positionality, assumptions and identity. Collegiality as a crucially affirming part of school culture for staff. These elements are pertinent to educational settings everywhere. The chapters in this book serve as a reminder of what really 'counts' for our young people and their schooling. This book was originally published as a special issue as Teaching Education.
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MOOCs and Open Education Around the World

Author: Curtis J. Bonk,Mimi M. Lee,Thomas C. Reeves,Thomas H. Reynolds

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317614151

Category: Education

Page: 358

View: 592

As new digital forms of formal and informal learning proliferate, there is an increasing need to better understand how people in different regions of the world are implementing massive open online courses (MOOCs) and other forms of open educational resources (OERs). Educators, researchers, politicians, and numerous other stakeholders want to grasp what the outcomes of these initiatives are and how they can be improved. Ongoing e-learning developments related to both technology and pedagogy have pushed institutions and organizations to grapple with issues of accreditation, credentialing, quality standards, innovative assessment, and learner motivation and attrition, among other areas of concern. In response, MOOCs and Open Education Around the World explores and illuminates unique implementations of MOOCs and open education across regions and nations. The book also focuses on the various opportunities as well as the dilemmas presented in this rapidly evolving age of technology-enabled learning. What are the different delivery formats, interaction possibilities, assessment schemes, and business models? What are the key controversies or issues that must be discussed and addressed? This edited collection explains MOOCs and open education trends and issues in a variety of contexts, shares key research findings, and provides practical suggestions and recommendations for the near future.
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