Measuring and Monitoring Immigrant Integration in Europe

Integration Policies and Monitoring Efforts in 17 European Countries

Author: Rob Bijl,Arjen Verweij

Publisher: Sociaal En Cultureel Planbureau

ISBN: 9789037705690

Category: Social Science

Page: 366

View: 1978

Europe is trying to streamline its policy on the integration of immigrants and ethnic minorities. The information available on integration in the different countries is still very variable in its extent and quality. In this report, authors from sixteen European countries describe how integration is approached in their country, what the integration objectives of their government are, where the problems lie, and what the implications of this are for monitoring the process of integration over time in their country.

Integrating Immigrants in Europe

Research-Policy Dialogues

Author: Peter Scholten,Han Entzinger,Rinus Penninx,Stijn Verbeek

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331916256X

Category: Social Science

Page: 343

View: 940

This open access book explores how research and policymaking in the field of migrant integration have developed historically and how this interrelationship plays out in the strongly politicised climate of opinions on migration in Europe. It features interdisciplinary theoretical contributions as well as original empirical studies on research-policy dialogues at both the EU and country level. The chapters study not only how the dialogue between research and policy is structured (such as advisory bodies, research agencies, and ad-hoc committees), but also how these dialogues affect policymaking and the development of migrant integration research itself as well. The analysis reveals profound changes in the dialogue structures associated with the research-policy nexus in the domain of migrant integration. On the one hand, dialogue structures have become more ad-hoc, often established in response to distinct political events or to specific problems. On the other, politicisation has not thwarted all efforts to develop more institutionalised dialogue structures between producers and users of knowledge. In addition, research has contributed to policymaking in very different ways in various European countries. This edited volume is unique in this effort to reflect on the impact of research-policy dialogues both on the development of migrant integration policies as well as on migrant integration research. It will be of importance to scholars in this field as well as to policymakers and other stakeholders involved in migrant integration policymaking.

Migrant Integration between Homeland and Host Society Volume 2

How countries of origin impact migrant integration outcomes: an analysis

Author: Anna Di Bartolomeo,Sona Kalantaryan,Justyna Salamońska,Philippe Fargues

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331956370X

Category: Social Science

Page: 236

View: 4898

This book provides solid empirical evidence into the role that countries and communities of origin play in the migrant integration processes at destination. Coverage explores several important questions, including: To what extent do policies pursued by receiving countries in Europe and the US complement or contradict each other? What effective contribution do they make to the successful integration of migrants? What obstacles do they put in their way? This title is the second of two complementary volumes, each of which is designed to stand alone and provide a different approach to the topic. Here, renowned contributors present evidence from the studies of 55 origin countries on five continents and 28 countries of destination in Europe where both quantitative and qualitative research was conducted. In addition, the chapters detail results of a unique worldwide survey of 900 organisations working on migrant integration and diaspora engagement. The results draw on an innovative methodology and new approaches to the analysis of large-scale survey data. This examination into the tensions between integration policies and diaspora engagement policies will appeal to academics, policymakers, integration practitioners, civil society organisations, as well as students. Overall, the chapters provide empirical evidence that builds upon a theoretical framework developed in a complementary volume: Migrant integration between Homeland and Host society. Vol. 1. Where does the country of origin fit? by A. Unterreiner, A. Weinar. and P. Fargues.

The Integration and Protection of Immigrants

Canadian and Scandinavian Critiques

Author: Paul Van Aerschot,Patricia Daenzer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317027426

Category: Law

Page: 252

View: 7329

In Scandinavian countries immigration is a sensitive issue and legislators’ approach to the questions it has raised has varied over the years. Whatever immigrant and integration policies are adopted in a democratic society, it is clear that the legislation and the authorities have to ensure that the individual rights of the immigrants residing in its territory are respected. With Canada as a point of reference, this book draws attention to weaknesses in the regulation and implementation of integration provisions threatening the immigrants’ individual rights in the EU member states of Denmark, Finland and Sweden. The study challenges readers to critically review the meaning of rights and the notion of global caring. It takes a critical look at how vulnerable immigrants fare in a largely immigrant nation with a welfare capitalism legacy, when compared to three European nations which claim to embrace institutional welfare models. This book will be of great interest to scholars and decision-makers interested in Scandinavian or Canadian immigration and integration policies.

India Migration Report 2018

Migrants in Europe

Author: S. Irudaya Rajan

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 042978533X

Category: Social Science

Page: 338

View: 4779

India Migration Report 2018 looks at Indian migrants in Europe and their lived experiences. It looks at how over the last few decades, the European Union has emerged as the preferred destination for Indian migrants surpassing the United States of America – and is home to Indian students and high-skilled professionals ranging from engineers to medical graduates, contributing to the economy and society both at the countries of origin and destination. The chapters in the volume look at a host of themes and issues, including agreements India has signed with the EU, the Blue Card, the impact of Brexit and the plight of unskilled workers. The volume will be of great interest to scholars and researchers of development studies, economics, sociology and social anthropology and migration studies.

Indicators of Immigrant Integration 2015: Settling in

Author: Oecd

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9789264232303

Category: Political Science

Page: 348

View: 5677

This joint publication by the OECD and the European Commission presents the first broad international comparison across all EU and OECD countries of the outcomes for immigrants and their children, through 27 indicators organised around five areas: Employment, education and skills, social inclusion, civic engagement and social cohesion (Chapters 5 to 12). Three chapters present detailed contextual information (demographic and immigrant-specific) for immigrants and immigrant households (Chapters 2 to 4). Two special chapters are dedicated to specific groups. The first group is that of young people with an immigrant background, whose outcomes are often seen as the benchmark for the success or failure of integration. The second group are third-country nationals in the European Union, who are the target of EU integration policy.

Imagined Societies

A Critique of Immigrant Integration in Western Europe

Author: Willem Schinkel

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107129737

Category: Political Science

Page: 277

View: 3067

In many countries in Western Europe, the demand for immigrant integration has inevitably raised questions about the 'societies' into which immigrants are asked to integrate. Imagined Societies critically intervenes in debates on immigrant integration and multiculturalism in Western Europe. Schinkel argues that the term 'multiculturalism' is not used primarily to describe a type of policy or political philosophy in countries such as the Netherlands, France, Germany or Belgium, but rather as a rhetorical device that promotes demands for 'integration'. He analyses how such demands are ways of imagining the very idea of a 'host society' as 'modern', 'secular' and 'enlightened'. Starting from debates in social theory on social imaginaries, and drawing on public debates on citizenship, secularism and sexuality, and on the social science of measuring immigrant integration, this book presents a highly original study of immigrant integration that challenges our understanding of the concept of society.

Statistics and Reality

Concepts and Measurements of Migration in Europe

Author: Heinz Fassmann,Ursula Reeger,Wiebke Sievers

Publisher: Amsterdam University Press

ISBN: 9089640525

Category: Mathematics

Page: 314

View: 559

"Worldwide harmonisation of migration statistics is something international bodies dream of. And yet, attempts by organisations needing comparative data have not proven very successful thus far. More than just problematising the incomparability of migrati

Xenophobia and Islamophobia in Europe

Author: Raymond Taras

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 0748654895

Category: Social Science

Page: 192

View: 8427

This cross-national analysis of Islamophobia looks at these questions in an innovative, even-handed way, steering clear of politically-correct cliches and stereotypes. It cautions that Islamophobia is a serious threat to European values and norms, and mus

Measuring Immigrant Integration

Diversity in a European City

Author: Peter Reinsch

Publisher: Ashgate Pub Limited


Category: Social Science

Page: 308

View: 2918

"Peter Reinsch takes an essentially normative step by ranking residents according to their realization of three personal goals: self-reliance, contentment and sociability. These goals presumably reflect local objectives characteristic of the tolerant vision so often propagated in Dutch debates and policies. A broad selection of survey measures are then reviewed that represent divergent clarifications for immigrant integration. The book provides social observers with numerous guidelines to help systematize and ameliorate their analyses of the integration process, a process crucial for the future of European cities."--BOOK JACKET.

Migration and Health in the European Union

Author: Bernd Rechel

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)

ISBN: 0335245684

Category: Medical

Page: 257

View: 1746

This book, part of the European Observatory on Health Systems and Policy series, focuses on the different aspects of migration and health and how they can be addressed by health care systems. This is a key text for health policy makers and advisers.

First Report Indicators of Immigrant Integration Portugal

Author: Catarina Reis Oliveira,Edite Rosário,Tiago Santos

Publisher: Observatório da Imigração, ACIME



Page: 50

View: 8516

The European Commission aims at defining a shared outlook on immigration issues striving to ensure third country citizens rights and responsibilities similar to those of European Union citizens. However, each Member State enjoys the prerogative of defining its own integration policy. The resulting diversity of integration policies is, alongside the very plurality of inflows, one of the factors that most affects the actual quality of the integration of immigrants in the EU. But the situations in EU countries display similarities as well as differences. This conjunction of similarities and differences may be regarded as an added-value, since it makes way for understanding which policies work better in which settings. Thus, by exchanging information on policy measures and good practices we improve our chance of obtaining better future global results in the whole of the EU. In this light it can be plainly seen that finding comparable indicators between different countries is something that will not only contribute to a better monitoring of both the immigration and integration processes, but also help improving the policies developed in these domains. Since the current project does not belong to the scope of basic research, but is instead an application of social science methods to a social problem with the purpose of aiding public policy, it becomes particularly relevant to know which policy documents, on a European level, circumscribe the field of integration. In the end of 2004 the European Council formulated the Common Basic Principles for the immigrant integration policies in the EU.1 This document states that Integration is a dynamic, two-way process of mutual accommodation by all immigrants and residents of Member States (p. 17). This is the definition of integration that will be adopted at this stage of the current work. More recently, this statement was repeated in the Common Agenda for Integration - Framework for the Integration of Third-Country Nationals in the European Union. As to the notion of immigrant, the references abound. Some authors define immigrant as someone that enters a country where he or she does not reside with the intention of becoming a resident (Garson et al., 1999: 21). Others give this concept a more economic facet, defining immigrant as any foreigner that comes to Portugal looking for work or in order to fill a position that he has obtained before leaving his country of origin (Cruz Almeida, 2001: 6). These discrepancies, far from being individual idiosyncrasies, are condensed in the normative production, more or less official, of the institutions that congregate these interests. In Portugal, the National Statistical Institute (INE), for instance, acknowledges two types of immigrants: the permanent and the temporary. For statistical purposes, a permanent immigrant is an individual that has entered the country with the intention of residing here for over a year, having resided abroad for a uninterrupted period of over a year, while a temporary immigrant has entered the country with the intention of remaining here for a year or less, with the purpose of working on a paid position, having resided abroad for a uninterrupted period of over a year. The relatives and accompanying persons of such individuals are also to be considered temporary immigrants3 . However, the portrayal of the immigrant that arises from the Article 11 of the Convention no. 143 of the International Labour Organization is quite different; it is considered that for the purpose of this Part of this Convention, the term migrant worker means a person who migrates or who has migrated from one country to another with a view to being employed otherwise than on his own account4 , followed by a list of exceptions. The semantic field of the word “immigrant” is located at the intersection of the influence spheres of diverse knowledges and powers. This situation leads to the multiplication of the variables that are relevant for forming a concept of immigrant. These encompass, at least, nationality place of birth, economic purpose, residence, duration of stay, legal status and professional situation. A theoretical approach concerning the multiplicity that hides behind the concept would be appropriate for a structural analysis of the representations of immigrants, but not as a basis for a quantitative analysis of its contribution towards making integration indicators work. Due to the importance of standardizing concepts for measuring the integration of immigrants, we have chosen the pragmatic and minimalist solution (also in accordance with the subject of the funding line that feeds the current project) of identifying immigrants with third country nationals, although setting in context the legal framework that configures such “immigrants” in Portugal.

International Migration in Europe

New Trends and New Methods of Analysis

Author: Corrado Bonifazi

Publisher: Amsterdam University Press

ISBN: 9053568948

Category: Social Science

Page: 342

View: 1637


Integration Processes and Policies in Europe

Contexts, Levels and Actors

Author: Blanca Garcés-Mascareñas,Rinus Penninx

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319216740

Category: Social Science

Page: 206

View: 6470

In this open access book, experts on integration processes, integration policies, transnationalism, and the migration and development framework provide an academic assessment of the 2011 European Agenda for the Integration of Third-Country Nationals, which calls for integration policies in the EU to involve not only immigrants and their society of settlement, but also actors in their country of origin. Moreover, a heuristic model is developed for the non-normative, analytical study of integration processes and policies based on conceptual, demographic, and historical accounts. The volume addresses three interconnected issues: What does research have to say on (the study of) integration processes in general and on the relevance of actors in origin countries in particular? What is the state of the art of the study of integration policies in Europe and the use of the concept of integration in policy formulation and practice? Does the proposal to include actors in origin countries as important players in integration policies find legitimation in empirical research? A few general conclusions are drawn. First, integration policies have developed at many levels of government: nationally, locally, regionally, and at the supra-national level of the EU. Second, a multitude of stakeholders has become involved in integration as policy designers and implementers. Finally, a logic of policymaking—and not an evidence-based scientific argument—can be said to underlie the European Commission’s redefinition of integration as a three-way process. This book will appeal to academics and policymakers at international, European, national, regional, and local levels. It will also be of interest to graduate and master-level students of political science, sociology, social anthropology, international relations, criminology, geography, and history.

Europe and Its Immigrants in the 21st Century

A New Deal Or a Continuing Dialogue of the Deaf?

Author: Demetrios G. Papademetriou

Publisher: Migration Policy Inst

ISBN: 9780974281940

Category: History

Page: 276

View: 7608

European policymakers are attempting to develop immigration policies that meet economic needs and promote greater competitiveness and growth —without undermining the social models so valued by their electorates. To succeed, they must take into account aging populations, high and persistent levels of overall unemployment, even higher levels of unemployment among immigrants and ethnic minorities, and sector- and location-specific labor mismatches and shortfalls. Europe and Its Immigrants in the 21st Century examines many of the critical issues facing European economies and societies with regard to immigration. The authors juxtapose these issues with those facing the "traditional countries of immigration" (Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and the United States) and offers policy recommendations to address them. Among other topics, this book examines options for immigrant selection and managing all forms of migration better (including "irregular" migration), and offers recommendations for immigrant and minority integration policies at the EU, national, and local levels - where most integration work takes place. Contributors include Wolfgang Lutz (Vienna Institute for Demography), Klaus Zimmerman (Institute for the Study of Labor/DIW, Berlin), Louka Katseli (OECD), Grete Brochman (Institute for Social Research, University of Oslo), Heaven Crawley (AMRE Consulting), Demetrios G. Papademetriou (Migration Policy Institute), Sarah Spencer (COMPAS, University of Oxford), Brian Ray (University of Ottawa), Rinus Pennix (University of Amsterdam), Jorge Gaspar (University of Lisbon), Lucinda Fonseca (Centro de Estudos Geográficos), Kathleen Newland (Migration Policy Institute), Doris Meissner (Migration Policy Institute), T. Alexander Aleinikoff (Georgetown University Law Center), and Patrick Weil (CEPIC/ Centre d'histoire sociale du 20e siecle).

Benchmarking Muslim Well-being in Europe

Reducing Disparities and Polarizations

Author: Pamela Irving Jackson,Peter Doerschler

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 1847428878

Category: Social Science

Page: 204

View: 2535

Examining an urgent topic for many nations around the world, this book aims to reverse the commonly held belief that recent Muslim immigrants to Europe have failed to integrate satisfactorily into European culture. The authors look at Muslim communities in Germany, France, the Netherlands, and the United Kingdom—countries with a range of differing strategies for coordinating ethnic and state identities. Using the European Parliament's benchmarking guidelines, surveys, and other data, they find several locations where Muslims are in fact more integrated than popularly assumed. Additionally, they show that many Muslim communities, despite a desire for fuller integration, find their opportunities blocked.

The Housing and Economic Experiences of Immigrants in U.S. and Canadian Cities

Author: Carlos Teixeira,Wei Li

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442622903

Category: House & Home

Page: 408

View: 4859

Since the 1960s, new and more diverse waves of immigrants have changed the demographic composition and the landscapes of North American cities and their suburbs. The Housing and Economic Experiences of Immigrants in U.S. and Canadian Cities is a collection of essays examining how recent immigrants have fared in getting access to jobs and housing in urban centres across the continent. Using a variety of methodologies, contributors from both countries present original research on a range of issues connected to housing and economic experiences. They offer both a broad overview and a series of detailed case studies that highlight the experiences of particular communities. This volume demonstrates that, while the United States and Canada have much in common when it comes to urban development, there are important structural and historical differences between the immigrant experiences in these two countries.

Europe: No Migrant's Land?

Author: Maurizio Ambrosini (a cura di)

Publisher: Edizioni Epoké

ISBN: 8899647240

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 6706

The Mediterranean region has always been marked by intense migration flows. Over the last few years, political instability in Middle East and North African countries, coupled with longstanding demographic and economic trends, have caused a sudden upsurge of migrants reaching Europe’s shores. Despite scattered shows of solidarity, however, the European response has been slow and fragmented. This volume offers a complete and encompassing analysis of the current state of play in terms of migration flows across the Mediterranean and policy responses by European transit and receiving countries. Attention is specifically devoted to ongoing debates about the management of mixed migration, the particular profiles and needs of asylum seekers, migrants’ labour market access, and integration policies in Europe.

Cultural Integration of Immigrants in Europe

Author: Yann Algan

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199660093

Category: Political Science

Page: 344

View: 9492

This book seeks to address three issues: How do European countries differ in their cultural integration process and what are the different models of integration at work? How does cultural integration relate to economic integration? What are the implications for civic participation and public policies?

Paths of Integration

Migrants in Western Europe (1880-2004)

Author: Leo Lucassen,David Feldman,Jochen Oltmer

Publisher: Amsterdam University Press

ISBN: 9053568832

Category: History

Page: 343

View: 3047

Why do some migrants integrate quickly, while others become long-term minorities? What is the role of the state in the settlement process? To what extent are experiences in the past different from the present? Are the recent migrants really integrating in another way than those in the past? Is Islam indeed an obstacle to integration? These are some of the burning questions, which dominate the current politicized debate on immigration in Western Europe. In this book, leading historians and social scientists analyze and compare a variety of settlement processes in past and present migration to Western Europe. Identifying general factors in the process of adaptation of new immigrants, the contributors trace social changes effected by recent European immigration, and the parallels with the great American migration of the 1880s-1920s. The history of migration to Western Europe and the way these migrants found their place in the receiving societies, is not only essential to understand the way nations deal with newcomers in the present, but also constitutes a highly interesting laboratory for different paths of integration now and then. By analyzing and comparing a wealth of settlement processes both in the past and in the present this book is both a bold interdisciplinary endeavor, and at the same time the first attempt to identify general factors underlying the way migrants adapt to their new surroundings, as well as how societies change under the influence of immigration. The chapters in the book both look at specific groups in various periods, but also analyses the structure of the state, churches unions and other important organized actors in Western European nation states. Moreover, the results are embedded in the more theoretical American literature on the comparison of old and new migrants. All chapters have an explicit comparative perspective, either by comparing different groups or different periods, whereas the general conclusion ties together the various outcomes in a systematic way, highlighting the main answers to the central questions about the various outcomes of settlement processes. --Publisher.