Mean Value Theorems and Functional Equations

Author: Prasanna Sahoo,Thomas Riedel

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789810235444

Category: Mathematics

Page: 245

View: 3457

This book takes a comprehensive look at mean value theorems and their connection with functional equations. Besides the traditional Lagrange and Cauchy mean value theorems, it covers the Pompeiu and the Flett mean value theorems as well as extension to higher dimensions and the complex plane. Furthermore the reader is introduced to the field of functional equations through equations that arise in connection with the many mean value theorems discussed.
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On Functions and Functional Equations

Author: Smital

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780852744185

Category: Mathematics

Page: 164

View: 3128

On Functions and Functional Equations introduces the main topics in iteration theory and the theory of functional equations with emphasis on applications in the fields of mathematics, physics, biology, chemistry, and electronics and mechanical engineering. The book contains many classical results as well as important, more recent results. It also includes numerous exercise and some problems that have yet to be resolved. The book is accessible to readers having a secondary level mathematical education.
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Functional Equations, Inequalities and Applications

Author: Themistocles M. Rassias

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402015786

Category: Mathematics

Page: 224

View: 9257

Functional Equations, Inequalities and Applications provides an extensive study of several important equations and inequalities, useful in a number of problems in mathematical analysis. Subjects dealt with include the generalized Cauchy functional equation, the Ulam stability theory in the geometry of partial differential equations, stability of a quadratic functional equation in Banach modules, functional equations and mean value theorems, isometric mappings, functional inequalities of iterative type, related to a Cauchy functional equation, the median principle for inequalities and applications, Hadamard and Dragomir-Agarwal inequalities, the Euler formulae and convex functions and approximate algebra homomorphisms. Also included are applications to some problems of pure and applied mathematics. This book will be of particular interest to mathematicians and graduate students whose work involves functional equations, inequalities and applications.
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Stability of Functional Equations in Random Normed Spaces

Author: Yeol Je Cho,Themistocles M. Rassias,Reza Saadati

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461484774

Category: Mathematics

Page: 246

View: 9008

This book discusses the rapidly developing subject of mathematical analysis that deals primarily with stability of functional equations in generalized spaces. The fundamental problem in this subject was proposed by Stan M. Ulam in 1940 for approximate homomorphisms. The seminal work of Donald H. Hyers in 1941 and that of Themistocles M. Rassias in 1978 have provided a great deal of inspiration and guidance for mathematicians worldwide to investigate this extensive domain of research. The book presents a self-contained survey of recent and new results on topics including basic theory of random normed spaces and related spaces; stability theory for new function equations in random normed spaces via fixed point method, under both special and arbitrary t-norms; stability theory of well-known new functional equations in non-Archimedean random normed spaces; and applications in the class of fuzzy normed spaces. It contains valuable results on stability in random normed spaces, and is geared toward both graduate students and research mathematicians and engineers in a broad area of interdisciplinary research.
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Introduction to Functional Equations

Author: Prasanna K. Sahoo,Palaniappan Kannappan

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439841160

Category: Mathematics

Page: 465

View: 2123

Introduction to Functional Equations grew out of a set of class notes from an introductory graduate level course at the University of Louisville. This introductory text communicates an elementary exposition of valued functional equations where the unknown functions take on real or complex values. In order to make the presentation as manageable as possible for students from a variety of disciplines, the book chooses not to focus on functional equations where the unknown functions take on values on algebraic structures such as groups, rings, or fields. However, each chapter includes sections highlighting various developments of the main equations treated in that chapter. For advanced students, the book introduces functional equations in abstract domains like semigroups, groups, and Banach spaces. Functional equations covered include: Cauchy Functional Equations and Applications The Jensen Functional Equation Pexider's Functional Equation Quadratic Functional Equation D'Alembert Functional Equation Trigonometric Functional Equations Pompeiu Functional Equation Hosszu Functional Equation Davison Functional Equation Abel Functional Equation Mean Value Type Functional Equations Functional Equations for Distance Measures The innovation of solving functional equations lies in finding the right tricks for a particular equation. Accessible and rooted in current theory, methods, and research, this book sharpens mathematical competency and prepares students of mathematics and engineering for further work in advanced functional equations.
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Means and Their Inequalities

Author: P.S. Bullen,Dragoslav S. Mitrinovic,M. Vasic

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401722269

Category: Mathematics

Page: 459

View: 2155

Approach your problems from the right end It isn't !hat they can't see the solution. It is and begin with the answers. Then one day, that they can't see the problem. perhaps you will find the final question. G. K. Chesterton. The Scandal 0/ Fa/her 'The Hermit Oad in Crane Feathers' in R. Brown 'The point of a Pin'. van GuJik's The Chinese Maze Murders. Growing specialization and diversification have brought a host of monographs and textbooks on increasingly specialized topics. However, the "tree" of knowledge of mathematics and related fie1ds does not grow only by putting forth new branches. It also happens, quite often in fact, that branches which were thought to be completely disparate are suddenly seen to be related. Further, the kind and level of sophistication of mathematics applied in various sciences has changed drastically in recent years: measure theory is used (non-trivially) in regional and theoretical economics; algebraic geometry interacts with physics; the Minkowsky lemma, coding theory and the structure of water meet one another in packing and covering theory; quantum fields, crystal defects and mathematical programming profit from homotopy theory; Lie algebras are relevant to filtering; and prediction and electrical engineering can use Stein spaces. And in addition to this there are such new emerging subdisciplines as "experimental mathematics", "CFD", "complete1y integrable systems", "chaos, synergetics and large-scale order", which are almost impossible to fit into the existing c1assification schemes. They draw upon wide1y different sections of mathematics.
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Symmetric Properties of Real Functions

Author: Brian thomson

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780824792305

Category: Mathematics

Page: 472

View: 4191

This work offers detailed coverage of every important aspect of symmetric structures in function of a single real variable, providing a historical perspective, proofs and useful methods for addressing problems. It provides assistance for real analysis problems involving symmetric derivatives, symmetric continuity and local symmetric structure of sets or functions.
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More Calculus of a Single Variable

Author: Peter R. Mercer

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1493919261

Category: Mathematics

Page: 411

View: 2124

This book goes beyond the basics of a first course in calculus to reveal the power and richness of the subject. Standard topics from calculus — such as the real numbers, differentiation and integration, mean value theorems, the exponential function — are reviewed and elucidated before digging into a deeper exploration of theory and applications, such as the AGM inequality, convexity, the art of integration, and explicit formulas for π. Further topics and examples are introduced through a plethora of exercises that both challenge and delight the reader. While the reader is thereby exposed to the many threads of calculus, the coherence of the subject is preserved throughout by an emphasis on patterns of development, of proof and argumentation, and of generalization. More Calculus of a Single Variable is suitable as a text for a course in advanced calculus, as a supplementary text for courses in analysis, and for self-study by students, instructors, and, indeed, all connoisseurs of ingenious calculations.
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Implicit Functions and Solution Mappings

A View from Variational Analysis

Author: Asen L. Dontchev,R. Tyrrell Rockafellar

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 149391037X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 466

View: 3646

The implicit function theorem is one of the most important theorems in analysis and its many variants are basic tools in partial differential equations and numerical analysis. This second edition of Implicit Functions and Solution Mappings presents an updated and more complete picture of the field by including solutions of problems that have been solved since the first edition was published, and places old and new results in a broader perspective. The purpose of this self-contained work is to provide a reference on the topic and to provide a unified collection of a number of results which are currently scattered throughout the literature. Updates to this edition include new sections in almost all chapters, new exercises and examples, updated commentaries to chapters and an enlarged index and references section.
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Optimal Control of Differential and Functional Equations

Author: J. Warga

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 1483259196

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 546

View: 7778

Optimal Control of Differential and Functional Equations presents a mathematical theory of deterministic optimal control, with emphasis on problems involving functional-integral equations and functional restrictions. The book reviews analytical foundations, and discusses deterministic optimal control problems requiring original, approximate, or relaxed solutions. Original solutions involve mathematicians, and approximate solutions concern engineers. Relaxed solutions yield a complete theory that encompasses both existence theorems and necessary conditions. The text also presents general optimal control problems, optimal control of ordinary differential equations, and different types of functional-integral equations. The book discusses control problems defined by equations in Banach spaces, the convex cost functionals, and the weak necessary conditions for an original minimum. The text illustrates a class of ordinary differential problems with examples, and explains some conflicting control problems with relaxed adverse controls, as well as conflicting control problems with hyper-relaxed adverse controls. The book is intended for mature mathematicians, graduate students in analysis, and practitioners of optimal control whose primary interests and training are in science or engineering.
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An Introduction to Nonsmooth Analysis

Author: Juan Ferrera

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128008253

Category: Mathematics

Page: 164

View: 9622

Nonsmooth Analysis is a relatively recent area of mathematical analysis. The literature about this subject consists mainly in research papers and books. The purpose of this book is to provide a handbook for undergraduate and graduate students of mathematics that introduce this interesting area in detail. Includes different kinds of sub and super differentials as well as generalized gradients Includes also the main tools of the theory, as Sum and Chain Rules or Mean Value theorems Content is introduced in an elementary way, developing many examples, allowing the reader to understand a theory which is scattered in many papers and research books
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bookdown

Authoring Books and Technical Documents with R Markdown

Author: Yihui Xie

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351792601

Category: Mathematics

Page: 138

View: 6602

bookdown: Authoring Books and Technical Documents with R Markdown presents a much easier way to write books and technical publications than traditional tools such as LaTeX and Word. The bookdown package inherits the simplicity of syntax and flexibility for data analysis from R Markdown, and extends R Markdown for technical writing, so that you can make better use of document elements such as figures, tables, equations, theorems, citations, and references. Similar to LaTeX, you can number and cross-reference these elements with bookdown. Your document can even include live examples so readers can interact with them while reading the book. The book can be rendered to multiple output formats, including LaTeX/PDF, HTML, EPUB, and Word, thus making it easy to put your documents online. The style and theme of these output formats can be customized. We used books and R primarily for examples in this book, but bookdown is not only for books or R. Most features introduced in this book also apply to other types of publications: journal papers, reports, dissertations, course handouts, study notes, and even novels. You do not have to use R, either. Other choices of computing languages include Python, C, C++, SQL, Bash, Stan, JavaScript, and so on, although R is best supported. You can also leave out computing, for example, to write a fiction. This book itself is an example of publishing with bookdown and R Markdown, and its source is fully available on GitHub.
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Table of Integrals, Series, and Products

Author: I. S. Gradshteyn,I. M. Ryzhik

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 1483265641

Category: Mathematics

Page: 1206

View: 701

Table of Integrals, Series, and Products provides information pertinent to the fundamental aspects of integrals, series, and products. This book provides a comprehensive table of integrals. Organized into 17 chapters, this book begins with an overview of elementary functions and discusses the power of binomials, the exponential function, the logarithm, the hyperbolic function, and the inverse trigonometric function. This text then presents some basic results on vector operators and coordinate systems that are likely to be useful during the formulation of many problems. Other chapters consider inequalities that range from basic algebraic and functional inequalities to integral inequalities and fundamental oscillation and comparison theorems for ordinary differential equations. This book discusses as well the important part played by integral transforms. The final chapter deals with Fourier and Laplace transforms that provides so much information about other integrals. This book is a valuable resource for mathematicians, engineers, scientists, and research workers.
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Functional Analysis and Numerical Mathematics

Author: Lothar Collatz

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 1483264009

Category: Mathematics

Page: 494

View: 7579

Functional Analysis and Numerical Mathematics focuses on the structural changes which numerical analysis has undergone, including iterative methods, vectors, integral equations, matrices, and boundary value problems. The publication first examines the foundations of functional analysis and applications, including various types of spaces, convergence and completeness, operators in Hilbert spaces, vector and matrix norms, eigenvalue problems, and operators in pseudometric and other special spaces. The text then elaborates on iterative methods. Topics include the fixed-point theorem for a general iterative method in pseudometric spaces; special cases of the fixed-point theorem and change of operator; iterative methods for differential and integral equations; and systems of equations and difference methods. The manuscript takes a look at monotonicity, inequalities, and other topics, including monotone operators, applications of Schauder's theorem, matrices and boundary value problems of monotone kind, discrete Chebyshev approximation and exchange methods, and approximation of functions. The publication is a valuable source of data for mathematicians and researchers interested in functional analysis and numerical mathematics.
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MVT: A Most Valuable Theorem

Author: Craig Smorynski

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319529560

Category: Mathematics

Page: 499

View: 3009

This book is about the rise and supposed fall of the mean value theorem. It discusses the evolution of the theorem and the concepts behind it, how the theorem relates to other fundamental results in calculus, and modern re-evaluations of its role in the standard calculus course. The mean value theorem is one of the central results of calculus. It was called “the fundamental theorem of the differential calculus” because of its power to provide simple and rigorous proofs of basic results encountered in a first-year course in calculus. In mathematical terms, the book is a thorough treatment of this theorem and some related results in the field; in historical terms, it is not a history of calculus or mathematics, but a case study in both. MVT: A Most Valuable Theorem is aimed at those who teach calculus, especially those setting out to do so for the first time. It is also accessible to anyone who has finished the first semester of the standard course in the subject and will be of interest to undergraduate mathematics majors as well as graduate students. Unlike other books, the present monograph treats the mathematical and historical aspects in equal measure, providing detailed and rigorous proofs of the mathematical results and even including original source material presenting the flavour of the history.
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How To Learn Calculus Of One Variable

Author: J. D. Ghosh

Publisher: New Age International

ISBN: 9788122415247

Category: Calculus

Page: 960

View: 7562

How To Learn Calculus Of One Variable A Central Part In Many Branches Of Physics And Engineering. The Present Book Tries To Bring Out Some Of The Most Important Concepts Associates With The Theoretical Aspects Which Is Quite Exhaustively. The Entire Book In A Manner Can Help The Student To Learn The Methods Of Calculus And Theoretical Aspects.These Techniques Are Presented In This Book In A Lucid Manner With A Large Number Of Example, Students Will Easily Understand The Principles Of Calculus. It Helps To Solve Most Examples And Reasonings.This Book Mainly Caters To The Need Of Intermediate And Competitive Students, Who Will Find It A Pleasure In This Book. It Can Also Be Useful For All Users Of Mathematics And For All Mathematical Modelers.
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The Goldbach Conjecture

Author: Yuan Wang

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789812776600

Category: Mathematics

Page: 329

View: 1248

This book provides a detailed description of a most important unsolved mathematical problem OCo the Goldbach conjecture. Raised in 1742 in a letter from Goldbach to Euler, this conjecture attracted the attention of many mathematical geniuses. Several great achievements were made, but only until the 1920''s. The book gives an exposition of these results and their impact on mathematics, particularly, number theory. It also presents (partly or wholly) selections from important literature, so that readers can get a full picture of the conjecture."
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Problems in Mathematical Analysis: Continuity and differentiation

Author: Wiesława J. Kaczor,Maria T. Nowak

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821820516

Category: Mathematics

Page: 398

View: 8205

We learn by doing. We learn mathematics by doing problems. And we learn more mathematics by doing more problems. This is the sequel to Problems in Mathematical Analysis I (Volume 4 in the Student Mathematical Library series). If you want to hone your understanding of continuous and differentiable functions, this book contains hundreds of problems to help you do so. The emphasis here is on real functions of a single variable. The book is mainly geared toward students studying the basic principles of analysis. However, given its selection of problems, organization, and level, it would be an ideal choice for tutorial or problem-solving seminars, particularly those geared toward the Putnam exam. It is also suitable for self-study. The presentation of the material is designed to help student comprehension, to encourage them to ask their own questions, and to start research. The collection of problems will also help teachers who wish to incorporate problems into their lectures. The problems are grouped into sections according to the methods of solution. Solutions for the problems are provided.
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