Materials Characterization

Introduction to Microscopic and Spectroscopic Methods

Author: Yang Leng

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527670793

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 392

View: 6442

Now in its second edition, this continues to serve as an ideal textbook for introductory courses on materials characterization, based on the author's experience in teaching advanced undergraduate and postgraduate university students. The new edition retains the successful didactical concept of introductions at the beginning of chapters, exercise questions and an online solution manual. In addition, all the sections have been thoroughly revised, updated and expanded, with two major new topics (electron backscattering diffraction and environmental scanning electron microscopy), as well as fifty additional questions - in total about 20% new content. The first part covers commonly used methods for microstructure analysis, including light microscopy, X-ray diffraction, transmission and scanning electron microscopy, as well as scanning probe microscopy. The second part of the book is concerned with techniques for chemical analysis and introduces X-ray energy dispersive spectroscopy, fluorescence X-ray spectroscopy and such popular surface analysis techniques as photoelectron and secondary ion mass spectroscopy. This section concludes with the two most important vibrational spectroscopies (infra-red and Raman) and the increasingly important thermal analysis. The theoretical concepts are discussed with a minimal involvement of mathematics and physics, and the technical aspects are presented with the actual measurement practice in mind. Making for an easy-to-read text, the book never loses sight of its intended audience.
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Analytische Transmissionselektronenmikroskopie

Eine Einführung für den Praktiker

Author: Jürgen Thomas,Thomas Gemming

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3709114403

Category: Science

Page: 363

View: 377

Die Autoren des Buches fassen ihre im Zuge vielseitiger Lehrtätigkeit gesammelten Erfahrungen zu häufig gestellten Fragen und Problemen von Anfängern im Umgang mit dem analytischen Transmissionselektronenmikroskop anschaulich zusammen. Dabei bilden Erklärungen anhand einfacher Modellvorstellungen und Hinweise zur praktischen Umsetzung des Erlernten die Schwerpunkte des Buches. Dieses praxisnahe Lehrbuch bietet somit eine klare und verständliche Einführung für all jene, die für Ihre Arbeit das Transmissionselektronenmikroskop verwenden wollen, jedoch noch nicht speziell dafür ausgebildet sind.
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A Guide to Materials Characterization and Chemical Analysis

Author: John P. Sibilia

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471186335

Category: Science

Page: 408

View: 6962

This book provides an overview of the most current techniques used for chemical analysis, materials evaluation, and materials testing. Over 100 materials methodologies, evaluations, chemical analyses, physical testing, and scientific computing techniques are covered, including the fields of molecular spectroscopy, mass spectroscopy, chromatography, chemical analysis, x-ray analysis, microscopy, surface science, thermal analysis, and polymer characterization. All of the.
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Materials Chemistry

Author: Bradley D. Fahlman

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9402412557

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 748

View: 1618

The 3rd edition continues to build on the strengths that were recognized by a 2008 Textbook Excellence Award from the Text and Academic Authors Association (TAA). Materials Chemistry addresses inorganic-, organic-, and nano-based materials from a structure vs. property treatment, providing a suitable breadth and depth coverage of the rapidly evolving materials field — in a concise format. The 3rd edition offers significant updates throughout, with expanded sections on sustainability, energy storage, metal-organic frameworks, solid electrolytes, solvothermal/microwave syntheses, integrated circuits, and nanotoxicity. Most appropriate for Junior/Senior undergraduate students, as well as first-year graduate students in chemistry, physics, or engineering fields, Materials Chemistry may also serve as a valuable reference to industrial researchers. Each chapter concludes with a section that describes important materials applications, and an updated list of thought-provoking questions.
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Materials Analysis in Forensic Science

Author: Max M. Houck

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128006730

Category: Law

Page: 530

View: 1920

The Advanced Forensic Science Series grew out of the recommendations from the 2009 NAS Report: Strengthening Forensic Science: A Path Forward. This volume, Materials Analysis in Forensic Science will serve as a graduate level text for those studying and teaching materials analysis in forensic science. It will also prove an excellent reference for forensic practitioner’s libraries or use in their casework. Coverage includes methods, textiles, explosives, glass, coatings, geo-and bio-materials, marks and impressions, as well as various other materials and professional issues the reader may encounter. Edited by a world-renowned leading forensic expert, the Advanced Forensic Science Series is a long overdue solution for the forensic science community. Provides basic principles of forensic science and an overview of materials analysis Contains information on a wide variety of trace evidence Covers methods, textiles, explosives, glass, coatings, geo-and bio-materials, marks and impressions, as well as various other materials Includes a section on professional issues, such as: from crime scene to court, lab reports, health and safety, and field deployable devices Incorporates effective pedagogy, key terms, review questions, discussion question and additional reading suggestions
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Industrielle Keramik

Zweiter Band Massen, Glasuren, Farbkörper Herstellungsverfahren

Author: Felix Singer,Sonja S. Singer

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642929893

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 752

View: 3249

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Structure Elucidation in Organic Chemistry

The Search for the Right Tools

Author: Maria-Magdalena Cid,Jorge Bravo

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527664637

Category: Science

Page: 552

View: 7494

Intended for advanced readers, this is a review of all relevant techniques for structure analysis in one handy volume. As such, it provides the latest knowledge on spectroscopic and related techniques for chemical structure analysis, such as NMR, optical spectroscopy, mass spectrometry and X-ray crystallography, including the scope and limitation of each method. As a result, readers not only become acquainted with the techniques, but also the advantages of the synergy between them. This enables them to choose the correct analytical method for each problem, saving both time and resources. Special emphasis is placed on NMR and its application to absolute configuration determination and the analysis of molecular interactions. Adopting a practical point of view, the author team from academia and industry guarantees both solid methodology and applications essential for structure determination, equipping experts as well as newcomers with the tools to solve any structural problem.
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Lubricants

Introduction to Properties and Performance

Author: Marika Torbacke,Åsa Kassman Rudolphi,Elisabet Kassfeldt

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118799712

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 216

View: 397

Those working with tribology often have a background inmechanical engineering, while people working with lubricantdevelopment have a chemistry/chemical engineering background. Thismeans they have a tradition of approaching problems in differentways. Today’s product development puts higher demands ontiming and quality, requiring collaboration between people withdifferent backgrounds. However, they can lack understanding of eachother’s challenges as well as a common language, and so thisbook aims to bridge the gap between these two areas. Lubricants: Introduction to Properties and Performanceprovides an easy to understand overview of tribology and lubricantchemistry. The first part of the book is theoretical and providesan introduction to tribological contact, friction, wear andlubrication, as well as the basic concepts regarding properties andthe most commonly made analyses on lubricants. Base fluids andtheir properties and common additives used in lubricants are alsocovered. The second part of the book is hands-on and introduces thereader to the actual formulations and the evaluation of theirperformance. Different applications and their correspondinglubricant formulations are considered and tribological test methodsare discussed. Finally used oil characterisation and surfacecharacterisation are covered which give the reader an introductionto different methods of characterising used oils and surfaces,respectively. Key features: Combines chemistry and tribology of lubricants into one unifiedapproach Covers the fundamental theory, describing lubricant propertiesas well as base fluids and additives Contains practical information on the formulations oflubricants and evaluates their performance Considers applications of lubricants in hydraulics, gears andcombustion engines Lubricants: Introduction to Properties and Performance isa comprehensive reference for industry practitioners (tribologists,lubricant technicians, and lubricant chemists, etc) and is also anexcellent source of information for graduate and undergraduatestudents.
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Physikalische Metallkunde

Author: P. Haasen

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662127024

Category: Science

Page: 333

View: 3047

Seit 1959 versuche ich in Göttingen, Studierende der Physik nach dem V 01' examen für ein Aufbaustudium der Physikalischen Metallkunde zu interessieren. Diese Aufgabe stellt sich heute an vielen Hochschulen, denn allgemein hat sich der Beruf des Metallkundlers in der Forschung, der Entwicklung metallischer Werkstoffe und ihrer industriellen Produktion als sehr befriedigend und aus sichtsreich erwiesen. Nicht nur ist die Metall-Technik außerordentlich vielseitig und lädt zu wissenschaftlicher Durchdringung ein, sondern auch andere Bereiche der Festkörper-verarbeitenden Industrie benutzen unter der Überschrift" Werk stoffwissenschaften" (Materials Science) zunehmend metallkundliche Methoden, etwa bei keramischen Werkstoffen, Halbleitermaterialien, Kunststoffen usw. Für ein solches Berufsbild ist heute ein Grundstudium der Physik sehr geeignet, während Metallkundler früherer Jahrgänge häufig als Chemiker oder Maschinen bau-Ingenieure begonnen haben. Das Grundstudium der Physik bietet neben strengem mathematischen Rüstzeug verschiedene Vorlesungen und Praktika der Experimentalphysik sowie den theoretisch-physikalischen Kursus incl. der Quantentheorie. Im 5. und 6. Semester leiten Einführungsvorlesungen über Festkörperphysik in das Gebiet der Physikalischen Metallkunde über. Sie lehnen sich auch in Deutschland häufig an das Lehrbuch von Ch. Kittel [1.1] an.
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Materials Characterization Techniques

Author: Sam Zhang,Lin Li,Ashok Kumar

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420042955

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 344

View: 6970

Experts must be able to analyze and distinguish all materials, or combinations of materials, in use today—whether they be metals, ceramics, polymers, semiconductors, or composites. To understand a material’s structure, how that structure determines its properties, and how that material will subsequently work in technological applications, researchers apply basic principles of chemistry, physics, and biology to address its scientific fundamentals, as well as how it is processed and engineered for use. Emphasizing practical applications and real-world case studies, Materials Characterization Techniques presents the principles of widely used, advanced surface and structural characterization techniques for quality assurance, contamination control, and process improvement. This useful volume: Explores scientific processes to characterize materials using modern technologies Provides analysis of materials’ performance under specific use conditions Focuses on the interrelationships and interdependence between processing, structure, properties, and performance Details the sophisticated instruments involved in an interdisciplinary approach to understanding the wide range of mutually interacting processes, mechanisms, and materials Covers electron, X-ray-photoelectron, and UV spectroscopy; scanning-electron, atomic-force, transmission-electron, and laser-confocal-scanning-florescent microscopy, and gel electrophoresis chromatography Presents the fundamentals of vacuum, as well as X-ray diffraction principles Explaining appropriate uses and related technical requirements for characterization techniques, the authors omit lengthy and often intimidating derivations and formulations. Instead, they emphasize useful basic principles and applications of modern technologies used to characterize engineering materials, helping readers grasp micro- and nanoscale properties. This text will serve as a valuable guide for scientists and engineers involved in characterization and also as a powerful introduction to the field for advanced undergraduate and graduate students.
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Fundamentals of Amorphous Solids

Structure and Properties

Author: Zbigniew H. Stachurski

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527682198

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 272

View: 9831

Long awaited, this textbook fills the gap for convincing concepts to describe amorphous solids. Adopting a unique approach, the author develops a framework that lays the foundations for a theory of amorphousness. He unravels the scientific mysteries surrounding the topic, replacing rather vague notions of amorphous materials as disordered crystalline solids with the well-founded concept of ideal amorphous solids. A classification of amorphous materials into inorganic glasses, organic glasses, glassy metallic alloys, and thin films sets the scene for the development of the model of ideal amorphous solids, based on topology- and statistics-governed rules of three-dimensional sphere packing, which leads to structures with no short, mid or long-range order. This general model is then concretized to the description of specific compounds in the four fundamental classes of amorphous solids, as well as amorphous polyethylene and poly(methyl)methacrylate, emphasizing its versatility and descriptive power. Finally, he includes example applications to indicate the abundance of amorphous materials in modern-day technology, thus illustrating the importance of a better understanding of their structure and properties. Equally ideal as supplementary reading in courses on crystallography, mineralogy, solid state physics, and materials science where amorphous materials have played only a minor role until now.
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Practical Materials Characterization

Author: Mauro Sardela

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1461492815

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 237

View: 6142

Practical Materials Characterization covers the most common materials analysis techniques in a single volume. It stands as a quick reference for experienced users, as a learning tool for students, and as a guide for the understanding of typical data interpretation for anyone looking at results from a range of analytical techniques. The book includes analytical methods covering microstructural, surface, morphological, and optical characterization of materials with emphasis on microscopic structural, electronic, biological, and mechanical properties. Many examples in this volume cover cutting-edge technologies such as nanomaterials and life sciences.
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Instrumentelle Analytik

Grundlagen - Geräte - Anwendungen

Author: Douglas A. Skoog,F. James Holler,Stanley R. Crouch

Publisher: Springer Spektrum

ISBN: 9783642381690

Category: Science

Page: 1030

View: 5734

Das Standard-Lehrbuchs zur Instrumentellen Analytik, begründet von Skoog und Leary, ist hiermit endlich wieder auf Deutsch verfügbar. Als stark erweiterte, komplett überarbeitete Ausgabe unterstützt es fortgeschrittene Studenten der Chemie an Universitäten und Hochschulen. Es berücksichtig die Anforderungen einer großen Vielfalt an Disziplinen, die ein Grundwissen in Analytischer Chemie benötigen, und richtet sich damit auch an Physiker, Ingenieure und Biochemiker. Das Buch führt aktuell und kompetent in die Grundzüge und Feinheiten der heutigen Instrumentellen Analytischen Chemie ein. Der Focus liegt in diesem Buch auf den theoretischen Grundlagen der diversen Gerätetypen, deren optimales Anwendungsgebiet, Empfindlichkeit und Präzision sowie deren Grenzen. Über 700 detailreiche, selbsterklärende Abbildungen, Anhänge zu Statistik und Elektronik, Übungsaufgaben mit Lösungen und viele wichtige Originalzitate ergänzen dieses moderne Lehrbuch für Studierende und Praktiker.
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Unsere Gene

eine Gebrauchsanleitung für ein besseres Leben

Author: Terry Burnham,Jay Phelan

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783870245276

Category: Science

Page: 316

View: 9227

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Microstructural Characterization of Materials

Author: David Brandon,Wayne D. Kaplan

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118681487

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 552

View: 1366

Microstructural characterization is usually achieved by allowingsome form of probe to interact with a carefully prepared specimen.The most commonly used probes are visible light, X-ray radiation, ahigh-energy electron beam, or a sharp, flexible needle. These fourtypes of probe form the basis for optical microscopy, X-raydiffraction, electron microscopy, and scanning probemicroscopy. Microstructural Characterization of Materials, 2nd Editionis an introduction to the expertise involved in assessing themicrostructure of engineering materials and to the experimentalmethods used for this purpose. Similar to the first edition, this2nd edition explores the methodology of materials characterizationunder the three headings of crystal structure, microstructuralmorphology, and microanalysis. The principal methods ofcharacterization, including diffraction analysis, opticalmicroscopy, electron microscopy, and chemical microanalyticaltechniques are treated both qualitatively and quantitatively. Anadditional chapter has been added to the new edition to coversurface probe microscopy, and there are new sections on digitalimage recording and analysis, orientation imaging microscopy,focused ion-beam instruments, atom-probe microscopy, and 3-D imagereconstruction. As well as being fully updated, this second editionalso includes revised and expanded examples and exercises, with asolutions manual available athttp://develop.wiley.co.uk/microstructural2e/ Microstructural Characterization of Materials, 2nd Editionwill appeal to senior undergraduate and graduate students ofmaterial science, materials engineering, and materials chemistry,as well as to qualified engineers and more advanced researchers,who will find the book a useful and comprehensive generalreference source.
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Laborpraxis Band 3: Trennungsmethoden

Author: aprentas

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3034809700

Category: Science

Page: 339

View: 5448

Das vierbändige Standardwerk für die grundlegende praktische Arbeit im chemisch-pharmazeutischen Labor mit Schwerpunkt Synthesemethoden, Chromatographie und Spektroskopie liegt jetzt in der 6. völlig neu überarbeiteten Auflage vor. Es dient Berufseinsteigern als breit angelegtes Lehrmittel und erfahrenen Fachkräften als Nachschlagewerk mit übersichtlich dargestellten theoretischen Grundlagen und konkreten, erprobten Anwendungsideen. Die theoretischen Grundlagen für jedes Kapitel sind gut lesbar abgefasst und unterstützen das Verständnis für praktische Arbeiten und Gerätefunktionen. Zu jedem Kapitel gibt es Hinweise auf vertiefende und weiterführende Literatur. Arbeitssicherheit und –hygiene sowie die zwölf Prinzipien der nachhaltigen Chemie finden neben den entsprechenden Kapiteln Beachtung. Die im Buch erwähnten praktischen Grundlagen gründen auf Gegebenheiten in der chemisch-pharmazeutischen Industrie in der Schweiz. Sie finden im gesamten deutschsprachigen Raum Anwendung, auch in verwandten Arbeitsgebieten wie biochemischen, klinischen, werkstoffkundlichen oder universitären Laboratorien. Die Laborpraxis eignet sich für den Einsatz in der Grund- und in der Weiterbildung von Fachpersonal. Der Inhalt entspricht den aktuellen Anforderungen der Bildungsverordnung und des Bildungsplanes zum Beruf Laborantin / Laborant mit eidgenössischem Fähigkeitszeugnis (EFZ), welche vom Staatssekretariat für Bildung, Forschung und Innovation (SBFI) in Bern verordnet wurden. Damit steht den Lernenden eine gute Grundlage für die Vorbereitung auf das Qualifikationsverfahren (QV) zur Verfügung; Expertinnen und Experten stützen ihre persönlichen Vorbereitungsarbeiten und ihre fachlichen Beurteilungen auf dieses Buch. Band 1 und Band 2 behandeln ausführlich die Grundlagen der Laborarbeit und ausgewählte Messtechniken. Band 3 ist auf präparative und analytische Trennungsmethoden, Band 4 auf nasschemische und spektroskopische Analysemethoden fokussiert. Sowohl konventionelle Methoden als auch modernste Techniken finden Erwähnung. Der Fokus auf beständig gültigen Prinzipien erlaubt auch neue, nicht erwähnte Techniktrends zu verstehen sowie die tägliche Arbeit im chemisch-pharmazeutischen Labor zu reflektieren.
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