A Handbook for New Researchers in the Field
Author: Dr Neil Wood,Neil Wood
View: 827The Health Project Book is a practical and detailed guide to all aspects of conducting a research project in health. It is relevant to anyone working in the health field who needs to design a study, collect the data, analyse the findings and write up a report. Clear advice and examples are given in each of these areas. Case studies illustrate the use of: * CD-Rom Facilities * the Cochrane database on the world wide web * qualitative analysis software. Individual chapters cover: * ethical considerations * the selection of samples * questionnaire design * working in a laboratory * conducting interviews * statistical and qualitative analysis. Further advice is included on how to write a research paper critically, and how to make effective verbal presentations of findings. Neil Wood has supervised student projects in health over many years and this handbook is based on his experience in teaching students how to get the best out of themselves and their project. It will be an extremely useful resource for students and professionals in nursing, health studies, health sciences, psychology and related fields.
Author: Bart L. Weathington,Christopher J. L. Cunningham,David J. Pittenger
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
View: 8886This book integrates research methods and the interpretation of statistics in a comprehensive yet easy to understand format. Technical information is provided so instructors can show students what is "under the hood" of the techniques being used, with a focus on the application of statistical methods and designing and conducting meaningful research. In addition, it broadly represents the behavioral and social sciences, rather than being overly specific to a particular discipline.
A Practitioner's Guide to Research Methods and IBM SPSS
Author: Alfred P. Rovai,Jason D. Baker,Michael K. Ponton
Publisher: Watertree Press LLC
View: 6436This book integrates social science research methods and the descriptions of over 40 univariate, bivariate, and multivariate tests to include a description of the purpose, key assumptions and requirements, example research question and null hypothesis, SPSS procedures, display and interpretation of SPSS output, and what to report for each test. It is classroom tested and current with IBM SPSS 22. This expanded second edition also features companion website materials including copies of the IBM SPSS datasets used to create the SPSS output presented in the book, and Microsoft PowerPoint presentations that display step-by-step instructions on how to run popular SPSS procedures. Included throughout the book are various sidebars highlighting key points, images and SPSS screenshots to assist understanding the material presented, self-test reviews at the end of each chapter, a decision tree to facilitate identification of the proper statistical test, examples of SPSS output with accompanying analysis and interpretations, links to relevant web sites, and a comprehensive glossary. Underpinning all these features is a concise, easy to understand explanation of the material.
Author: Valerie Malhotra Bentz,Jeremy J. Shapiro
View: 8411This innovative introduction to research in the social sciences guides students and new researchers through the maze of research traditions, cultures of inquiry and epistemological frameworks. It introduces the underlying logic of ten cultures of inquiry: ethnography; quantitative behavioral science; phenomenology; action research; hermeneutics; evaluation research; feminist research; critical social science; historical-comparative research; and theoretical research. It clarifies conceptual and intellectual traditions in research, and puts researchers firmly in the investigative saddle - able to choose, justify, and explain the intellectual framework and personal rationale of their research.
Social Research in the Digital Age
Author: Matthew J. Salganik
Publisher: Princeton University Press
Category: Social Science
View: 9225An innovative and accessible guide to doing social research in the digital age In just the past several years, we have witnessed the birth and rapid spread of social media, mobile phones, and numerous other digital marvels. In addition to changing how we live, these tools enable us to collect and process data about human behavior on a scale never before imaginable, offering entirely new approaches to core questions about social behavior. Bit by Bit is the key to unlocking these powerful methods—a landmark book that will fundamentally change how the next generation of social scientists and data scientists explores the world around us. Bit by Bit is the essential guide to mastering the key principles of doing social research in this fast-evolving digital age. In this comprehensive yet accessible book, Matthew Salganik explains how the digital revolution is transforming how social scientists observe behavior, ask questions, run experiments, and engage in mass collaborations. He provides a wealth of real-world examples throughout and also lays out a principles-based approach to handling ethical challenges. Bit by Bit is an invaluable resource for social scientists who want to harness the research potential of big data and a must-read for data scientists interested in applying the lessons of social science to tomorrow’s technologies. Illustrates important ideas with examples of outstanding research Combines ideas from social science and data science in an accessible style and without jargon Goes beyond the analysis of “found” data to discuss the collection of “designed” data such as surveys, experiments, and mass collaboration Features an entire chapter on ethics Includes extensive suggestions for further reading and activities for the classroom or self-study
Concepts, Issues, and Application, Second Edition
Author: Terry E. Duncan,Susan C. Duncan,Lisa A. Strycker
Publisher: Routledge Academic
Category: Business & Economics
View: 6314This book provides a comprehensive introduction to latent variable growth curve modeling (LGM) for analyzing repeated measures. It presents the statistical basis for LGM and its various methodological extensions, including a number of practical examples of its use. It is designed to take advantage of the reader’s familiarity with analysis of variance and structural equation modeling (SEM) in introducing LGM techniques. Sample data, syntax, input and output, are provided for EQS, Amos, LISREL, and Mplus on the book’s CD. Throughout the book, the authors present a variety of LGM techniques that are useful for many different research designs, and numerous figures provide helpful diagrams of the examples. Updated throughout, the second edition features three new chapters—growth modeling with ordered categorical variables, growth mixture modeling, and pooled interrupted time series LGM approaches. Following a new organization, the book now covers the development of the LGM, followed by chapters on multiple-group issues (analyzing growth in multiple populations, accelerated designs, and multi-level longitudinal approaches), and then special topics such as missing data models, LGM power and Monte Carlo estimation, and latent growth interaction models. The model specifications previously included in the appendices are now available on the CD so the reader can more easily adapt the models to their own research. This practical guide is ideal for a wide range of social and behavioral researchers interested in the measurement of change over time, including social, developmental, organizational, educational, consumer, personality and clinical psychologists, sociologists, and quantitative methodologists, as well as for a text on latent variable growth curve modeling or as a supplement for a course on multivariate statistics. A prerequisite of graduate level statistics is recommended.
The Art and Science of Practice
Author: Yvonne A. Unrau,Peter A. Gabor,Richard M. Grinnell
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Category: Social Science
View: 9966This book was written for you-a graduate social work student-as an introduction to program evaluation. We selected and arranged its contents so it can be used in a beginning one-semester social work program evaluation course, a social work administrative course, or a program planning course. It is designed to prepare you to: Participate in evaluative activities within your social service organization, Become a beginning critical producer of the professional evaluative literature, Become a beginning consumer of the professional evaluative literature, Master more advanced evaluation courses and texts.
A Guide To the Process
Author: Norman E. Wallen,Jack R. Fraenkel
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
View: 3199This second edition of a core text for introductory courses in educational research is a unique text-workbook that actually carries students through the process of designing and analysing a research project of their choice.
Author: Kenneth A. Sirotnik,Jeannie Oakes
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
View: 5732Major "paradigm shifts"-replacing one "world view" with another regarding what constitutes appropriate knowledge do not happen over night. Centuries usually intervene in the process. Even minor shifts admitting alternative world views into the domain of legitimate knowledge producing theory and practice-require decades of controversy, especially, it seems to us, in the field of education. It has only been in the last 20 years or so that the educational research community has begun to accept the "scientific" credibility of the qualitative approaches to inquiry such as participant observation, case study, ethnogra phy, and the like. In fact, these methods, with their long and distinguished philosophical traditions in phenomenology, have really only come into their own within the last decade. The critical perspective on generating and evaluating knowledge and practice-what this book is mostly about-is in many ways a radical depar ture from both the more traditional quantitative and qualitative perspec tives. The traditional approaches, in fact, are far more similar to one another than they are to the critical perspective. This is the case, in our view, for one crucial reason: Both the more quantitative, empirical-analytic and qualitative, interpretive traditions share a fundamental epistemological commitment: they both eschew ideology and human interests as explicit components in their paradigms of inquiry. Ideology and human interests, however, are the "bread and butter" of a critical approach to inquiry.
Author: Daniel J. Decker,Shawn J. Riley,William F. Siemer
Publisher: JHU Press
View: 9249Wildlife professionals can more effectively manage species and social-ecological systems by fully considering the role that humans play in every stage of the process. Human Dimensions of Wildlife Management provides the essential information that students and practitioners need to be effective problem solvers. Edited by three leading experts in wildlife management, this textbook explores the interface of humans with wildlife and their sometimes complementary, often conflicting, interests. The book's well-researched chapters address conservation, wildlife use (hunting and fishing), and the psychological and philosophical underpinnings of wildlife management. Human Dimensions of Wildlife Management explains how a wildlife professional should handle a variety of situations, such as managing deer populations in residential areas or encounters between predators and people or pets. This thoroughly revised and updated edition includes detailed information about • systems thinking• working with social scientists• managing citizen input• using economics to inform decision making• preparing questionnaires• ethical considerations
Author: Heidi Andrade,Gregory J. Cizek
View: 1817Formative assessment has recently become a focus of renewed research as state and federal policy-makers realize that summative assessments have reached a point of diminishing returns as a tool for increasing student achievement. Consequently, supporters of large-scale testing programs are now beginning to consider the potential of formative assessments to improve student achievement. The mission of this handbook is to comprehensively profile this burgeoning field of study. Written by leading international scholars and practitioners, each chapter includes a discussion of key issues that dominate formative assessment policy and practice today, as well as those that are likely to affect research and practice in the coming years. Key features include: Comprehensive – nineteen chapters cover all aspects of formative assessment including classroom assessment, large-scale applications, technological applications, applications for special needs students, K-12 and post-secondary applications, psychometric considerations, case studies, and discussion of alternative assessment formats such as portfolios and performance assessments. Integrative – thoughtful attention is given to the integration of large-scale and classroom assessments. Practical – provides practical guidance on how to conduct formative assessments that generate credible information to guide instruction. Global – provides perspectives from leading international scholars and practitioners whose expertise spans diverse settings, student populations, and educational systems. Accessible Style – although grounded in the latest research, the book’s style and tone has been carefully crafted to make it accessible to both the textbook and professional markets. It will also be a critical reference book for researchers in teacher preparation, educational administration, and educational policy studies.
A Historical Survey
Author: Scott T. Meier
View: 7916This text discusses the origin and nature of controversies in the realm of psychological measurement and assessment, and proposes means for resolving recurring problems. It is presented from a conceptual rather than statistical framework and is relevant to all areas of psychological practice.
Using Science-Based Innovations to Transform Practice
Author: Lisa Marsch,Sarah Lord,Jesse Dallery
Publisher: Oxford University Press
View: 8019In recent years, there has been an explosion of research focused on using technology in healthcare, including web- and mobile- health assessment and intervention tools, as well as smartphone sensors and smart environments for monitoring and promoting health behavior. This work has shown that technology-based therapeutic tools offer considerable promise for monitoring and responding to individuals' health behavior in real-time. They may also function as important "clinician-extenders" or stand-alone tools, may be cost-effective and may offer countless opportunities for tailoring behavioral monitoring and intervention delivery in a manner that is optimally responsive to each individual's profile and health behavior trajectory over time. Additionally, informational and communication technologies may be used in the context of decision support tools to help individuals better understand and access treatment. Technology may enable entirely new models of healthcare both within and outside of formal systems of care and thus offers the opportunity to revolutionize healthcare delivery. This edited book defines the state of scientific research related to the development, experimental evaluation, and effective dissemination of technology-based therapeutic tools targeting behavioral health. Behavioral Healthcare and Technology provides an overview of current evidence-based approaches to leverage technology to promote behavioral health, including management of substance use, mental health, diet/exercise, medication adherence, as well as chronic disease self-management. Additionally, the book defines the state of implementation research examining models for deploying technology-based behavioral healthcare systems and integrating them into various care settings to increase the quality and reach of evidence-based behavioral healthcare while reducing costs.
A Therapist's Guide to Working with Children
Author: Jenny Ziviani,Anne A. Poulsen,Monica Cuskelly
Publisher: Jessica Kingsley Publishers
View: 345The authors' groundbreaking approach to working with children and their parents or caregivers places motivation at the heart of all encounters and therapeutic activities. The book provides readers with both a theoretical and practical understanding of methods for engaging and working successfully with children with a range of difficulties, from physical disabilities to learning disabilities and emotional and behavioral difficulties. The authors present an innovative new paradigm - the model of Synthesis of Child, Occupational Performance and Environment - In Time (SCOPE-IT) - for working with these groups to enhance motivation and engagement and to achieve the best possible treatment outcomes. The challenges professionals may face are clearly addressed, and the contributors also explain how the therapist's use of language may influence motivation. Engaging clinical examples bring to life the SCOPE-IT model, and the book closes with an extended case study of the therapeutic journey of one individual, his parents and a therapist, placing the key concepts from the preceding chapters in a richly human and personal context. Combining research-based theory with a wealth of tools and strategies for practice, this book will be inspiring reading for all those working therapeutically with children and young people, including occupational therapists, speech and language therapists, counselors, psychologists and psychotherapists.