Marriage and the Law in the Age of Khubilai Khan

Cases from the Yuan Dianzhang

Author: Bettine Birge

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780674975514

Category: China

Page: 336

View: 3833

These thirteenth-century legal cases from the classic compendium Yuan dianzhang reveal the complex, contradictory inner workings of the Mongol-Yuan legal system, as seen through the prism of divorce, adultery, rape, wife-selling, and other marital disputes. Bettine Birge offers a meticulously annotated translation and analysis.

Historical Dictionary of the Mongol World Empire

Author: Paul D. Buell,Francesca Fiaschetti

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1538111373

Category: History

Page: 420

View: 7202

This second edition contains a chronology, an introduction, appendixes, and an extensive bibliography. The dictionary section has over 900 cross-referenced entries on important personalities, politics, economy, foreign relations, religion, and culture.

Princely Gifts and Papal Treasures

The Franciscan Mission to China and Its Influence on the Art of the West, 1250-1350

Author: Lauren Arnold

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 0967062802

Category: Art, Chinese

Page: 239

View: 3343


Mapping the Chinese and Islamic Worlds

Cross-Cultural Exchange in Pre-Modern Asia

Author: Hyunhee Park

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107018684

Category: History

Page: 276

View: 4249

This book documents the relationship and wisdom of Asian cartographers in the Islamic and Chinese worlds before the Europeans arrived.

Marriage, Law and Gender in Revolutionary China

Author: Xiaoping Cong

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107148561

Category: History

Page: 342

View: 1788

By investigating how a 1943 legal dispute over an arranged marriage in a Chinese village became a legal and political exemplar as well as a series of cultural products presented on the national stage, this book examines the social and cultural significance of Chinese revolutionary legal practice in the construction of marriage and gender relations. The book seeks a conceptual breakthrough in revisiting the Chinese revolution and its impact on women and society by presenting a Chinese experience that cannot and should not be theorized in the framework of Western discourse. The book takes a cultural historical perspective on how the Chinese revolution and its legal practices produced new discourses, neologisms and cultural symbols that contained China's experience in twentieth-century social movements. It shows how revolutionary practice was sublimated into the concept, 'zizhu' or 'self-determination', an idea that bridged local experiences of revolution and the influence of the world.

The Spirit of Korean Law

Korean Legal History in Context

Author: Marie Kim

Publisher: Brill | Nijhoff

ISBN: 9004306013

Category: Law

Page: 282

View: 3253

The first book on Korean legal history in English written by a group of leading scholars, The Spirit of Korean Law examines the developments of Korean law from the Chosŏn to colonial and modern periods from the perspective of comparative legal traditions.

Women, Property, and Confucian Reaction in Sung and Yüan China (960–1368)

Author: Bettine Birge

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139431071

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 7658

This book, originally published in 2002, argues that the Mongol invasion of the thirteenth century precipitated a transformation of marriage and property law in China that deprived women of their property rights and reduced their legal and economic autonomy. It describes how after a period during which women's property rights were steadily improving, and laws and practices affecting marriage and property were moving away from Confucian ideals, the Mongol occupation created a new constellation of property and gender relations that persisted to the end of the imperial era. It shows how the Mongol-Yüan rule in China ironically created the conditions for radical changes in the law, which for the first time brought it into line with the goals of Learning the Way Confucians and which curtailed women's financial and personal autonomy. The book evaluates the Mongol invasion and its influence on Chinese law and society.

China and Islam

The Prophet, the Party, and Law

Author: Matthew S. Erie

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316577996

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 6924

China and Islam examines the intersection of two critical issues of the contemporary world: Islamic revival and an assertive China, questioning the assumption that Islamic law is incompatible with state law. It finds that both Hui and the Party-State invoke, interpret, and make arguments based on Islamic law, a minjian (unofficial) law in China, to pursue their respective visions of 'the good'. Based on fieldwork in Linxia, 'China's Little Mecca', this study follows Hui clerics, youthful translators on the 'New Silk Road', female educators who reform traditional madrasas, and Party cadres as they reconcile Islamic and socialist laws in the course of the everyday. The first study of Islamic law in China and one of the first ethnographic accounts of law in postsocialist China, China and Islam unsettles unidimensional perceptions of extremist Islam and authoritarian China through Hui minjian practices of law.

Law and Commerce in Pre-Industrial Societies

Author: Barry Hawk

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004306226

Category: Law

Page: 350

View: 7923

Legal and informal institutions were developed to secure persons and property, resolve commercial disputes, raise capital and share risk, promote fair dealing, regulate agents and gather market information. Law and Commerce in Pre-Industrial Societies examines commerce, its participants and these institutions through the lens of nine pre-industrial societies from hunter/gatherers to 18th century Qing merchants.

Law, State, and Society in Early Imperial China (2 vols)

A Study with Critical Edition and Translation of the Legal Texts from Zhangjiashan Tomb

Author: N.A

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004300538

Category: History

Page: 1544

View: 6163

In Law, State, and Society in Early Imperial China, Anthony J. Barbieri-Low and Robin D.S. Yates offer the first detailed study and translation into English of two important early Chinese legal texts from the Han dynasty (206 BCE-220 CE).

Searching for Subversives

The Story of Italian Internment in Wartime America

Author: Mary Elizabeth Basile Chopas

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 146963435X

Category: History

Page: 250

View: 6502

When the United States entered World War II, Italian nationals living in this country were declared enemy aliens and faced with legal restrictions. Several thousand aliens and a few U.S. citizens were arrested and underwent flawed hearings, and hundreds were interned. Shedding new light on an injustice often overshadowed by the mass confinement of Japanese Americans, Mary Elizabeth Basile Chopas traces how government and military leaders constructed wartime policies affecting Italian residents. Based on new archival research into the alien enemy hearings, this in-depth legal analysis illuminates a process not widely understood. From presumptive guilt in the arrest and internment based on membership in social and political organizations, to hurdles in attaining American citizenship, Chopas uncovers many layers of repression not heretofore revealed in scholarship about the World War II home front. In telling the stories of former internees and persons excluded from military zones as they attempted to resume their lives after the war, Chopas demonstrates the lasting social and cultural effects of government policies on the Italian American community, and addresses the modern problem of identifying threats in a largely loyal and peaceful population.

The Bronze Age Towers at Bat, Sultanate of Oman

Research by the Bat Archaeological Project, 2007-12

Author: Christopher P. Thornton,Charlotte M. Cable,Gregory L. Possehl

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 1934536067

Category: History

Page: 360

View: 8110

In the third millennium B.C.E., the Oman Peninsula was the site of an important kingdom known in Akkadian texts as "Magan," which traded extensively with the Indus Civilization, southern Iran, the Persian Gulf states, and southern Mesopotamia. Excavations have been carried out in this region since the 1970s, although the majority of studies have focused on mortuary monuments at the expense of settlement archaeology. While domestic structures of the Bronze Age have been found and are the focus of current research at Bat, most settlements dating from the third millennium B.C.E. in Oman and the U.A.E. are defined by the presence of large, circular monuments made of mudbrick or stone that are traditionally called "towers." Whether these so-called towers are defensive, agricultural, political, or ritual structures has long been debated, but very few comprehensive studies of these monuments have been attempted. Between 2007 and 2012, the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology conducted excavations at the UNESCO World Heritage Site of Bat in the Sultanate of Oman under the direction of the late Gregory L. Possehl. The focus of these years was on the monumental stone towers of the third millennium B.C.E., looking at the when, how, and why of their construction through large-scale excavation, GIS-aided survey, and the application of radiocarbon dates. This has been the most comprehensive study of nonmortuary Bronze Age monuments ever conducted on the Oman Peninsula, and the results provide new insight into the formation and function of these impressive structures that surely formed the social and political nexus of Magan's kingdom.

Down the Up Staircase

Three Generations of a Harlem Family

Author: Bruce D. Haynes,Syma Solovitch

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231543417

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 224

View: 4580

Down the Up Staircase tells the story of one Harlem family across three generations, connecting its journey to the historical and social forces that transformed Harlem over the past century. Bruce D. Haynes and Syma Solovitch capture the tides of change that pushed blacks forward through the twentieth century—the Great Migration, the Harlem Renaissance, the early civil rights victories, the Black Power and Black Arts movements—as well as the many forces that ravaged black communities, including Haynes's own. As an authority on race and urban communities, Haynes brings unique sociological insights to the American mobility saga and the tenuous nature of status and success among the black middle class. In many ways, Haynes's family defied the odds. All four great-grandparents on his father's side owned land in the South as early as 1880. His grandfather, George Edmund Haynes, was the founder of the National Urban League and a protégé of eminent black sociologist W. E. B. Du Bois; his grandmother, Elizabeth Ross Haynes, was a noted children's author of the Harlem Renaissance and a prominent social scientist. Yet these early advances and gains provided little anchor to the succeeding generations. This story is told against the backdrop of a crumbling three-story brownstone in Sugar Hill that once hosted Harlem Renaissance elites and later became an embodiment of the family's rise and demise. Down the Up Staircase is a stirring portrait of this family, each generation walking a tightrope, one misstep from free fall.

Images of the Immortal

The Cult of Lü Dongbin at the Palace of Eternal Joy

Author: Paul R. Katz

Publisher: University of Hawaii Press

ISBN: 9780824821708

Category: Philosophy

Page: 309

View: 9891

The Palace of Eternal Joy (Yongle Gong) is a mammoth cult site dedicated to one of late imperial China's most popular deities, Lu Dongbin. This study focuses on the Palace's role in the development of Lu's legend. It takes into account the various histories of the Palace presented in different texts and stresses the ways in which the site both reflected and produced cultural diversity. Paul R. Katz analyzes the texts in terms of the textuality - the processes by which they were produced, transmitted and understood.

Polyandry and Wife-Selling in Qing Dynasty China

Survival Strategies and Judicial Interventions

Author: Matthew H. Sommer

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520287037

Category: History

Page: 499

View: 5054

Polyandry. "Getting a husband to support a husband." Attitudes of families, communities, and women toward polyandry. The intermediate range of practice -- Wife-selling. Anatomy of a wife sale. Analysis of prices in wife sales. Negotiations between men in wife sales. Wives, natal families, and children. Four variations on a theme -- Polyandry and wife-selling in Qing law. Formal law and central court interpretation from Ming through high Qing. Absolutism versus pragmatism in central court treatment of wife sales. Flexible adjudication of routine cases in the local courts.

Legal Orientalism

Author: Teemu Ruskola

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674075781

Category: Law

Page: 338

View: 3611

After the Cold War, how did China become a global symbol of disregard for human rights, while the U.S positioned itself as the chief exporter of the rule of law? Teemu Ruskola investigates globally circulating narratives about what law is and who has it, and shows how “legal Orientalism” developed into a distinctly American ideology of empire.

The Smoke of London

Energy and Environment in the Early Modern City

Author: William M. Cavert

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107073006

Category: History

Page: 296

View: 2395

"The Smoke of London uncovers the origins of urban air pollution, two centuries before the industrial revolution. By 1600, London was a fossil-fueled city, its high-sulfur coal a basic necessity for the poor and a source of cheap energy for its growing manufacturing sector. The resulting smoke was found ugly and dangerous throughout the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, leading to challenges in court, suppression by the crown, doctors' attempts to understand the nature of good air, increasing suburbanization, and changing representations of urban life in poetry and on the London stage. Neither a celebratory account of proto-environmentalism nor a declensionist narrative of degradation, The Smoke of London recovers the seriousness of pre-modern environmental concerns even as it explains their limits and failures. Ultimately, Londoners learned to live with their dirty air, an accommodation that reframes the modern process of urbanization and industrial pollution, both in Britain and beyond"--

Legal Transplantation in Early Twentieth-Century China

Practicing Law in Republican Beijing (1910s-1930s)

Author: Michael H. K. Ng

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317674960

Category: History

Page: 142

View: 3663

"Practicing law" has a dual meaning in this book. It refers to both the occupational practice of law and the practicing of transplanted laws and institutions to perfect them. The book constitutes the first monographic work on the legal history of Republican Beijing, and provides an in-depth and comprehensive account of the practice of law in the city of Beijing during a period of social transformation. Drawing upon unprecedented research using archived records and other primary materials, it explores the problems encountered by Republican Beijing’s legal practitioners, including lawyers, policemen, judges and criminologists, in applying transplanted laws and legal institutions when they were inapplicable to, incompatible with, or inadequate for resolving everyday legal issues. These legal practitioners resolved the mismatch, the author argues, by quite sensibly assimilating certain imperial laws and customs and traditional legal practices into the daily routines of the recently imported legal institutions. Such efforts by indigenous legal practitioners were crucial in, and an integral part of, the making of legal transplantation in Republican Beijing. This work not only makes significant contributions to scholarship on the legal history of modern China, but also offers insights into China’s quest for modernization in its first wave of legal globalization. It is thus of great value to legal historians, comparative legal scholars, specialists in Chinese law and China studies, and lawyers and law students with an interest in Chinese legal history.

The Song-Yuan-Ming Transition in Chinese History

Author: Paul J. Smith,Richard Von Glahn

Publisher: Harvard Univ Council on East Asian

ISBN: 9780674010963

Category: History

Page: 528

View: 2457

&Quot;This volume seeks to examine the connections between two well-studied epochs in Chinese history: the mid-imperial era of the Tang and Song (ca. 800-1270) and the late imperial era of the late Ming and the Qing (1550-1900). Both eras are seen as periods of explosive change, particularly in economic activity, characterized by the emergence of new forms of social organization and a dramatic expansion in the production and consumption of knowledge and culture." "The ten essays in this volume aim to restore continuity to that historical narrative by filling in the gap between mid-imperial and late imperial China."