Marine Mammals

Evolutionary Biology

Author: Annalisa Berta,James L. Sumich,Kit M. Kovacs

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123972574

Category: Science

Page: 738

View: 2193

Marine Mammals: Evolutionary Biology, Third Edition is a succinct, yet comprehensive text devoted to the systematics, evolution, morphology, ecology, physiology, and behavior of marine mammals. Earlier editions of this valuable work are considered required reading for all marine biologists concerned with marine mammals, and this text continues that tradition of excellence with updated citations and an expansion of nearly every chapter that includes full color photographs and distribution maps. Comprehensive, up-to-date coverage of the biology of all marine mammals Provides a phylogenetic framework that integrates phylogeny with behavior and ecology Features chapter summaries, further readings, an appendix, glossary and an extensive bibliography Exciting new color photographs and additional distribution maps
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The Rise of Marine Mammals

50 Million Years of Evolution

Author: Annalisa Berta,James L. Sumich

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 1421423251

Category: Science

Page: 216

View: 2810

Setting the stage : rocks, fossils and evolution -- The oldest marine mammals : whales and sea cows -- Later diverging whales : Neoceti -- Aquatic carnivores : pinnipeds and a bear-like carnivoran -- Crown sirenians and their desmostylian relatives -- Aquatic sloths and recent occupants of the sea-sea otters and polar bears -- Diversity changes through time : the influence of climate change and humans
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Marine Mammal Biology

An Evolutionary Approach

Author: A. Rus Hoelzel

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444311336

Category: Science

Page: 448

View: 4125

This book provides a general introduction to the biology of marine mammals, and an overview of the adaptations that have permitted mammals to succeed in the marine environment. Each chapter, written by experts in their field, will provide an up-to-date review and present the major discoveries and innovations in the field. Important technical advances such as satellite telemetry and time-depth-recorders will be described in boxes.
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Encyclopedia of Marine Mammals

Author: William F. Perrin,Bernd Würsig,J.G.M. Thewissen

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080919935

Category: Science

Page: 1352

View: 9075

This thorough revision of the classic Encyclopedia of Marine Mammals brings this authoritative book right up-to-date. Articles describe every species in detail, based on the very latest taxonomy, and a host of biological, ecological and sociological aspects relating to marine mammals. The latest information on the biology, ecology, anatomy, behavior and interactions with man is provided by a cast of expert authors – all presented in such detail and clarity to support both marine mammal specialists and the serious naturalist. Fully referenced throughout and with a fresh selection of the best color photographs available, the long-awaited second edition remains at the forefront as the go-to reference on marine mammals. More than 20% NEW MATERIAL includes articles on Climate Change, Pacific White-sided Dolphins, Sociobiology, Habitat Use, Feeding Morphology and more Over 260 articles on the individual species with topics ranging from anatomy and behavior, to conservation, exploitation and the impact of global climate change on marine mammals New color illustrations show every species and document topical articles FROM THE FIRST EDITION “This book is so good...a bargain, full of riches...packed with fascinating up to date information. I recommend it unreservedly it to individuals, students, and researchers, as well as libraries." --Richard M. Laws, MARINE MAMMALS SCIENCE "...establishes a solid and satisfying foundation for current study and future exploration" --Ronald J. Shusterman, SCIENCE
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Wale und Delphine

Author: Polly Boyd

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783768824736

Category:

Page: 255

View: 9452

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Return to the Sea

The Life and Evolutionary Times of Marine Mammals

Author: Annalisa Berta

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520270576

Category: Science

Page: 205

View: 1346

"Over the past 55 million years, mammals have returned to the sea many times and in many places. Annalisa Berta leads readers through this parade of transitions, highlighting how marine mammals have met the evolutionary challenge of living an aquatic life in a variety of ways. Return to the Sea weaves ecology, anatomy, and evolution into an ideal entry point for anyone interested in knowing more about one of the most fascinating phenomena in macroevolution."--Nicholas D. Pyenson, National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution "Berta is to be congratulated. She drew on her vast knowledge of marine mammals and their evolution to write an excellent, readable introduction to the group, including the latest discoveries."--J.G.M. Thewissen, Northeast Ohio Medical University "This wide-ranging and up-to-date survey of marine mammal biology and evolution is a fine introduction to the subject for undergraduates and anyone interested in mammals of the sea."--Daryl P. Domning, Howard University
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An Introduction to Marine Mammal Biology and Conswervation

Author: Parsons, ECM,Bauer, A,Simmonds, M.P,McCafferty, D,Wright, A.J

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers

ISBN: 0763783447

Category: Science

Page: 345

View: 9075

The charismatic mammals that live in the ocean are a constant source of interest, both for scientists and our society at large. Their biology, behavior, and conservation are of utmost importance, as a vast number of species are currently threatened. Intended for the upper-level undergraduate or graduate student within biology, marine biology, or conservation/environmental science, An Introduction to Marine Mammal Biology and Conservation provides a broad introduction to marine mammal biology using cutting edge information and student-friendly learning tools. The text begins with chapters on the evolution and classification of marine mammals and their general biology. It moves on to discuss the behavior and ecology of different groups of marine mammals, such as polar bears, otters, and cetaceans. Part 3 dives into many different conservation issues facing marine mammals, as well as discussions on how they can be addressed. Closing chapters provide information on how scientists study marine mammals, how society can enjoy observing the animals while making sure they are preserved, and a word to students looking to pursue a career with marine mammals.
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Marine Mammals of the World

A Comprehensive Guide to Their Identification

Author: Thomas A. Jefferson,Marc A. Webber,Robert L. Pitman

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0124095925

Category: Science

Page: 616

View: 536

This new edition of Marine Mammals of the World describes and illustrates newly discovered and rarely photographed species, making it the most comprehensive and up-to-date identification guide available. This edition continues to meet the research-focused needs of marine biologists and conservation biologists by providing a tremendous influx of new photos, taking advantage of advances in digital and auto-focusing photography, and the emergence of marine mammal studies and "whalewatching" around the world. The book encompasses cetacean, pinniped, and sirenian species, as well as extinct species, and describes basic biology and taxonomic groupings of marine mammals. Contains superb photographs of every species of marine mammal for accurate identification Authors possess nearly 80 years of collective experience with almost all of the species and distinctive geographic forms described in the guide Provides the most detailed and anatomically accurate illustrations currently available, including more than 750 new illustrations Special emphasis is placed on the identification of species in "problem groups," such as the beaked whales, long-beaked oceanic dolphins, and southern fur seals Includes a detailed list of sources for more information Contains updated taxonomy including four new species
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Marine Mammal Physiology

Requisites for Ocean Living

Author: Michael A. Castellini,Jo-Ann Mellish

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482242699

Category: Medical

Page: 356

View: 1555

Suppose you were designing a marine mammal. What would you need to think about to allow it to live in the ocean? How would you keep it warm? What would you design to allow it to dive for very long periods to extreme depths? Where would it find water to drink? How would you minimize the cost of swimming, and how would it find its prey in the deep and dark? These questions and more are examined in detail throughout this book. Marine Mammal Physiology: Requisites for Ocean Living is the first textbook focused on how marine mammals live in the sea from a physiological point of view. It explores the essential aspects of what makes a marine mammal different from terrestrial mammals, beyond just their environment. Unlike many publications and books that cover these species from almost all perspectives, this textbook takes a step back to focus on the physiological and biochemical characteristics that have allowed these mammals as a group to exploit effectively the marine environment that is so hostile to humans. The chapter topics are grouped into major themes: diving and locomotion, nutrition and energetics, reproduction, sensory systems, and environmental interactions. Each chapter is arranged around a common perspective and theme: the big picture challenge and summary and what is known specifically by order. To aid you even further, the authors include a "Toolbox" section in each chapter where they discuss the newest methods for understanding and working on the physiology of marine mammals.
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Encyclopedia of Marine Mammals

Author: Bernd Würsig,J.G.M. Thewissen,Kit M. Kovacs

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128043814

Category: Science

Page: 1190

View: 8891

The Encyclopedia of Marine Mammals, Third Edition covers the ecology, behavior, conservation, evolution, form and function of whales, dolphins, seals, sea lions, manatees, dugongs, otters and polar bears. This edition provides new content on anthropogenic concerns, latest information on emerging threats such as ocean noise, and impacts of climate change. With authors and editors who are world experts, this new edition is a critical resource for all who are interested in marine mammals, especially upper level undergraduate and graduate students, researchers, and managers, and is a top reference for those in related fields, from oceanographers to environmental scientists. Significant content and topic updates, as well as the addition of new topics in such areas as anthropogenic disturbance Visual maps of the oceans and seas mentioned in contributions, helping to place the geographical features described in the text with clear, consistent species illustrations Written to help users learn new information or brush up on a topic quickly, with the references at the end of each entry to help guide readers into more specialist literature
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Marine Mammal Biology: An Evolutionary Approach

Author: Pooja Pandya

Publisher: Delve Publishing

ISBN: 9781773612454

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 189

View: 7448

Marine Mammal Biology: An Evolutionary Approach considers various aspects of Marine Mammal Biology including an extensive historical overview of Marine Mammal Biology and related issues. It includes definitions of understanding the elements of Marine Evolution and introduction to the evolution of Marine Mammals. Provides the reader with insights into the development of its history, so as to understand the Marine Mammal Biology and other marine mammals in detail to understand the concept from a broader perspective.
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Whales, Dolphins, and Porpoises

A Natural History and Species Guide

Author: Annalisa Berta

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022618319X

Category: Nature

Page: 288

View: 4714

The eighty-nine cetacean species that swim our seas and rivers are as diverse as they are intelligent and elusive, from the hundred-foot-long, two-hundred-ton blue whale to the lesser-known tucuxi, ginkgo-toothed beaked whale, and diminutive, critically endangered vaquita. The huge distances these highly migratory creatures cover and the depths they dive mean we catch only the merest glimpses of their lives as they break the surface of the water. But thanks to the marriage of science and technology, we are now beginning to understand their anatomy, complex social structures, extraordinary communication abilities, and behavioral patterns. In this beautifully illustrated guide, renowned marine mammalogist Annalisa Berta draws on the contributions of a pod of fellow whale biologists to present the most comprehensive, authoritative overview ever published of these remarkable aquatic mammals. Opening with an accessible rundown of cetacean biology—including the most recent science on feeding, mating, and communication—Whales, Dolphins, and Porpoises then presents species-specific natural history on a range of topics, from anatomy and diet to distribution and conservation status. Each entry also includes original drawings of the species and its key identifiers, such as fin shape and color, tooth shape, and characteristic markings as they would appear both above and below water—a feature unique to this book. Figures of myth and—as the debate over hunting rages on—figures of conflict since long before the days of Moby-Dick, whales, dolphins, and porpoises are also ecologically important and, in many cases, threatened. Written for general enthusiasts, emergent cetacean fans, and biologists alike, this stunning, urgently needed book will serve as the definitive guide for years to come.
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Wale & Delphine

Biografie der Meeressäuger

Author: Valeria Manferto

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783861322641

Category: Dolphins

Page: 167

View: 9328

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Encyclopedia of Marine Mammals

Author: Bernd G. Würsig,J. G. M. Thewissen

Publisher: Gulf Professional Publishing

ISBN: 0125513402

Category: Nature

Page: 1414

View: 8085

Includes articles devoted to wide range of topics -- from the specific behavior and physiology of cetaceans and pinnipeds, to ecology, population biology, human effects and interaction, and research methodology.
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Der Mensch, der Bonobo und die Zehn Gebote

Moral ist älter als Religion

Author: Frans de Waal

Publisher: Klett-Cotta

ISBN: 360810822X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 365

View: 1758

Woher kommt die Moral? Wie hilft sie uns dabei, richtig zu handeln? De Waal beantwortet Fragen rund um Moral und Humanismus mit Blick auf Primaten und andere Tiere, die uns erstaunlich nahestehen: Im gottlosen Universum beobachtet er, wie Menschenaffen gerecht, kooperativ und empathisch handeln. Der weltbekannte Primatenforscher Frans de Waal nimmt uns mit auf eine erfrischende, philosophische Reise, bei der die lange Tradition des Humanismus ebenso zu Wort kommt wie das Sozialverhalten im Tierreich. Er untersucht, welche Konsequenzen seine Forschungen für unser Verständnis von moderner Religion haben. Ganz gleich, welchen Einfluss die Religion auf den Moralkodex des Menschen genommen hat, sie ist nicht die Urheberin unserer Moralität. Der Autor fordert die Leser auf, sich konstruktiv mit Fragen wie diesen auseinanderzusetzen: Welche Rolle spielt die Religion heutzutage in einer gut funktionierenden Gesellschaft? Wo können Gläubige und Nichtgläubige Inspiration für eine gute Lebensführung finden?
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Sensory Evolution on the Threshold

Adaptations in Secondarily Aquatic Vertebrates

Author: J. G. M. Thewissen,Sirpa Nummela

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520252783

Category: Science

Page: 351

View: 356

Ranging from crocodiles and penguins to seals and whales, this synthesis explores the function and evolution of sensory systems in animals whose ancestors lived on land. It explores the dramatic transformation of smell, taste, sight, hearing, and balance that occurred as lineages of reptiles, birds, and mammals returned to aquatic environments.
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Biosystematik

Author: Guillaume Lecointre,Hervé Le Guyader

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3540299793

Category: Science

Page: 696

View: 8735

Wussten Sie, dass Sie mit einem Röhrling näher verwandt sind als mit einem Gänseblümchen oder Vögel den Krokodilen näher sind als Eidechsen? In den letzten 30 Jahren sind die Methoden der Klassifikation des Lebens völlig neu überdacht worden. Das Resultat stellt die bisherige Einteilung der mehr als 2 Millionen bekannten Arten auf den Kopf. Das Buch hilft, die organismische Vielfalt zu bewältigen, indem wesentliche Einteilungs- und Ordnungskriterien vorgestellt und bedeutende stammesgeschichtliche Entwicklungslinien diskutiert werden.
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Great Whales

Author: John Bannister

Publisher: CSIRO PUBLISHING

ISBN: 0643099026

Category: Science

Page: 160

View: 472

Whales are mysterious and fascinating creatures. Despite modern technology, their world is still largely unexplored and unknown. They can only be seen, or rather glimpsed, when they are near the sea surface, either from boats, or perhaps from shore, or underwater by divers. They also reach astonishing sizes – the blue whale, for example, can grow to 30 metres in length, equivalent to the height of a six-storey building, and can weigh more than 130 tonnes. Seven ‘Great Whales’ are found in the coastal waters surrounding Australia. These include six of the largest baleen whales – blue whale, fin whale, humpback whale, sei whale, Bryde’s whale and southern right whale – and the sperm whale, the largest toothed whale. This book provides a detailed account of these extraordinary mammals. As well as the seven Great Whales, a smaller species – the minke whale – is included because of its special interest to Australians. The book describes whales’ highly specialised mammalian structure and biology, and the history of people’s association with them, at first through legend and wonder, then whaling, and more recently whale watching. It also looks at their past and current status, and the conservation initiatives that are in place to protect them from existing or potential threats. With both historical and recent photographs, as well as an extensive glossary, Great Whales will be enjoyed by natural history enthusiasts, zoologists and students alike.
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Animal Behavior: Das Original mit Übersetzungshilfen. Easy Reading Edition

An Evolutionary Approach

Author: John Alcock

Publisher: Spektrum Akademischer Verlag

ISBN: 9783827417831

Category: Science

Page: 580

View: 5140

John Alcocks Standardwerk Animal Behavior - jetzt in Form eines völlig neuen Lehrbuchtyps, der speziell für die Studiensituation im deutschsprachigen Raum konzipiert wurde.* Das erfolgreiche Lehrbuch Animal Behavior stellt die verschiedenen Aspekte tierischen Verhaltens in einen evolutionsbiologischen Rahmen. Es behandelt die grundlegenden Mechanismen des Verhaltens ebenso wie seine stammesgeschichtlichen Ursachen und betont die Bedeutung der Evolutionstheorie als einigendes Element der unterschiedlichen Teildisziplinen der Verhaltensbiologie. Wichtige Konzepte werden sowohl an Wirbellosen wie an Wirbeltieren verdeutlicht. Alcocks klarer und engagierter Schreibstil macht es auch Anfängern trotz der stark konzeptionellen Ausrichtung des Werkes leicht, den Stoff zu verstehen. Die nun vorliegende achte Auflage des Standardwerkes wurde völlig neu geschrieben. Zahlreiche Erkenntnisse aus jüngster Zeit haben darin Eingang gefunden. Verständnisfragen direkt an den entsprechenden Textstellen regen dazu an, sich mit dem gerade gelesenen Stoff auseinanderzusetzen. Die beiden Kapitel über die Einflüsse von Vererbung und Umwelt auf die Entwicklung wurden vereint, um zu verdeutlichen, dass Entwicklungsprozesse sowohl von genetischen als auch von Umweltfaktoren abhängen. Der Autor führt dem Leser immer wieder vor Augen, welche Rolle der Überprüfung von Theorien und Hypothesen zukommt und dass wissenschaftliche Schlussfolgerungen immer nur vorübergehend gültig sind. So werden in diesem Buch auch kontrovers diskutierte und bisher ungelöste Probleme angesprochen. * Von Studierenden der Biowissenschaften wird heute erwartet, dass sie im Laufe ihres Studiums englische Literatur problemlos lesen und verstehen und schließlich auch Forschungsergebnisse auf Englisch kommunizieren können. Den Weg dorthin bereitet der neu entwickelte Lehrbuchtyp Easy Reading - Das Original mit Übersetzungshilfen. So bietet die vorliegende Ausgabe von Animal Behavior in einem zusammen: den englischen Originaltext deutsche Übersetzungshilfen in der Randspalte deutschsprachige Verständnisfragen / Übungsaufgaben ein englisch-deutsches Glossar deutsch- und englischsprachige Kapitelzusammenfassungen und auf der Website www.elsevier.de/alcock: eine Übersicht über die im Buch erwähnten Arten (deutsch, englisch, lateinisch) Internetlinks für Deutschland, Österreich und die Schweiz Wesentlicher Zusatznutzen der "Easy Reading"-Ausgabe ist, das Lesen des englischen Grundtextes zu erleichtern und in die spezielle wissenschaftliche Terminologie einzuführen. Wer dieses Buch durcharbeitet, steigert somit seine fachliche und seine sprachliche Kompetenz zugleich. This new edition of Animal Behavior has been completely rewritten with coverage of much recent work in animal behavior, resulting in a thoroughly up-to-date text. Notable is the inclusion, for the first time, of discussion questions embedded in the text itself, rather than appended to the end of each chapter. This format is designed to encourage students to reflect on the material they have just digested while also making it easier for instructors to promote a problem-solving approach to the subject in their classes. Another key organizational improvement is the consolidation of what had been two separate chapters on the genetic and environmental influences on development. By combining this material, the new Chapter 3 makes a stronger, more tightly argued case for the view that development is a truly interactive process codependent on both genetic and environmental factors. Like previous editions, the book shows how evolutionary biologists analyze all aspects of behavior. It is distinguished by its balanced treatment of both the underlying mechanisms and evolutionary causes of behavior, and stresses the utility of evolutionary theory in unifying the different behavio
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