Managing Labour Migration in Europe

Ideas, Knowledge and Policy Change

Author: Alex Balch

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 071908072X

Category: Political Science

Page: 230

View: 2778

Labour migration has become one of the hot topics in Europe, especially since 2000 with the shift from restriction to managed migration. This book reveals the impacts of ideas and knowledge on policy change in two of the major labour importing countries in the EU: the UK and Spain.

EU Labour Migration in Troubled Times

Skills Mismatch, Return and Policy Responses

Author: Béla Galgóczi,Janine Leschke

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317140230

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 308

View: 9640

The debate on the free movement of labour within the EU has gained new momentum in the wake of the economic crisis. Building on the earlier Ashgate publication EU Labour Migration Since Enlargement, the editors have assembled a team of experts from across Europe to shed light on the critical issues raised by internal labour mobility within the EU in the context of economic crisis and labour market pressures. The book's chapters tease out the links between economic developments, regulatory frameworks and migration patterns in different European countries. A central focus is on issues of skills and skills mismatch and how they relate to migration forms, duration and individual decisions to stay or return. Based on detailed analysis of European and national-level sources, the results presented clearly contradict assumptions about a "knowledge driven migration". Rather, over-qualification and the corresponding underutilisation of migrant workers' skills emerge as a pervasive phenomenon. At the same time the characteristics of migrants - not just skills, but socio-demographic characteristics and attitudes - and also their labour market integration are shown to be very diverse and to vary substantially between different sending and receiving countries. This calls for a differentiated analysis and raises complex issues for policymakers. Examples where policy has contributed to positive outcomes for both migrants and domestic workforces are identified. Unique in analysing labour migration flows within the European Union in a comparative manner putting skills into the centre and taking account of the effects of the economic crisis, while addressing policy concerns this is a valuable resource for academics, policymakers and practitioners alike.

Labour Migration in Europe

Author: G. Menz,A. Caviedes

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230292534

Category: Social Science

Page: 254

View: 1109

Examining the new realities of economic immigration to Europe, this book focuses on new trends and developments, including the rediscovery of economic migration, legalization measures, irregular migration, East-West flows, the role of business and employer associations, new positions amongst trade unions, and service sector liberalization.

Managing Labor Migration in the Twenty-First Century

Author: Philip Martin,Manolo Abella,Christiane Kuptsch

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300129960

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 240

View: 5959

Why have ninety million workers around the globe left their homes for employment in other countries? What can be done to ensure that international labor migration is a force for global betterment? This groundbreaking book presents the most comprehensive analysis of the causes and effects of labor migration available, and it recommends sensible, sustainable migration policies that are fair to migrants and to the countries that open their doors to them. The authors survey recent trends in international migration for employment and demonstrate that the flow of authorized and illegal workers over borders presents a formidable challenge in countries and regions throughout the world. They note that not all migration is from undeveloped to developed countries and discuss the murky relations between immigration policies and politics. The book concludes with specific recommendations for justly managing the world’s growing migrant workforce.

The Political Economy of Border Drawing

Arranging Legality in European Labor Migration Policies

Author: Regine Paul

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 1782385428

Category: Social Science

Page: 244

View: 1529

The conditions for non-EU migrant workers to gain legal entry to Britain, France, and Germany are at the same time similar and quite different. To explain this variation this book compares the fine-grained legal categories for migrant workers in each country, and examines the interaction of economic, social, and cultural rationales in determining migrant legality. Rather than investigating the failure of borders to keep unauthorized migrants out, the author highlights the different policies of each country as "border-drawing" actions. Policymakers draw lines between different migrant groups, and between migrants and citizens, through considerations of both their economic utility and skills, but also their places of origin and prospects for social integration. Overall, migrant worker legality is arranged against the backdrop of the specific vision each country has of itself in an economically competitive, globalized world with rapidly changing welfare and citizenship models.

World Migration 2008

Managing Labour Mobility in the Evolving Global Economy

Author: International Organization for Migration

Publisher: Hammersmith Press

ISBN: 9290684054

Category: Social Science

Page: 539

View: 9153

World Migration 2008 focuses on the labour mobility of people in today's evolving global economy. It provides policy findings and practical options with a view to making labour migration more effective and equitable and to maximizing the benefits of labour migration for all stakeholders concerned. The report also analyses migration flows, stocks and trends and surveys current migration developments in the major regions of the world.

Women and Migration in Rural Europe

Labour Markets, Representations and Policies

Author: Karin Wiest

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137483040

Category: Social Science

Page: 257

View: 968

Fundamental societal changes in the globalising European countryside impact women's migration decisions. The chapters in this volume represent diverse attempts to explain women's movements from rural areas, taking prevailing labour market conditions as well as gender relations into account. Utilising empirical findings from countries including Austria, Germany, Hungary, Poland, Romania and Spain, this collection particularly aims to build bridges between research following the 'cultural turn' and functionalist explanations which refer to material and practiced ruralities. The international range of contributors to Women and Migration in Rural Europe focus on societal constructions of gender and rurality, and in doing so, address various female perspectives on rural life. The analysis of the different working and living conditions in different parts of rural Europe reveals distinct obstacles but also prospects for young women. Importantly, the book includes policy implications with respect to the challenges of demographic change, questions of gender equality and women's contribution to rural development.

Trade Unions and Migrant Workers

New Contexts and Challenges in Europe

Author: Stefania Marino,Judith Roosblad,Rinus Penninx

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1788114086


Page: 424

View: 745

This timely book analyses the relationship between trade unions, immigration and migrant workers across eleven European countries in the period between the 1990s and 2015. It constitutes an extensive update of a previous comparative analysis – published by Rinus Penninx and Judith Roosblad in 2000 – that has become an important reference in the field. The book offers an overview of how trade unions manage issues of inclusion and solidarity in the current economic and political context, characterized by increasing challenges for labour organizations and rising hostility towards migrants.

Labour Mobility in the Enlarged Single European Market

Author: Jon Erik Dølvik,Line Eldring

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 1786354411

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 256

View: 5203

The economic crisis has caused a surge in intra-European labour mobility, unleashing heated debates about the consequences of large-scale labour migration. This volume improves understanding of the drivers, mechanisms, and effects of the past decade’s surge in cross-border labour mobility and work related migration within Europe.

Labor Migration, EU Enlargement, and the Great Recession

Author: Martin Kahanec,Klaus F. Zimmermann

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3662453207

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 476

View: 4343

This volume extends and deepens our knowledge about cross-border mobility and its role in an enlarged EU. More specifically, its main purpose is to enlighten the growing and yet rather uninformed debate about the role of post-enlargement migration for economic adjustment in the crisis-stricken labor markets of the Eurozone and the EU as a whole. The book addresses the political economy aspects of post-enlargement migration, including its broader political contexts, redistributive impacts, but also nationalization of the enlargement agenda. It also covers the experience of receiving and sending countries with post-enlargement migration and its role during the current crisis. Renowned experts in the field study, whether and how post-enlargement mobility has enabled the EU to absorb asymmetric economic shocks, how it has affected the European welfare systems, and whether it has contributed to the sustainability of the Eurozone. The authors also evaluate brain circulation as a sought-after vehicle of improved allocative efficiency of EU labor markets and propose a policy agenda for mobility in an enlarged EU.

The Integration of European Labour Markets

Author: Ewald Nowotny,Peter Mooslechner,Doris Ritzberger-Gru _nwald

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1849802270

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 799

This selection of essays widens the scope for discussion on the design of national labour market and migration policies in the enlarged European Union. They provide some new evidence on recent development on labour market outcomes, and thus, contribute to the ongoing political debate on the economic effects of the enlargement of the European Union. . . it was definitely a gain to spend time in reading this volume. Mathias Czaika, Jahrbücher für Nationalökonomie und Statistik Combining both academic and practitioner perspectives, this book provides authoritative insights into the integration of European labour markets against the background of increasing international labour mobility. A wide range of contributions explore, in particular, the effects that labour mobility has had on the earnings and employment situation of individual households, on the effective supply of labour, and on the availability of skills in migrants home and host countries as well as on the size of income support through migrants remittances. Global and European trends and patterns are discussed along with related policy challenges all with a special focus on European migration after EU enlargement and the nexus between labour markets and trade integration. This book will be an invaluable source of information for economists and other economic policy and European integration experts from central, commercial and investment banks, governments, international organizations, universities and research institutes alike.

Migrants, Ethnic Minorities and the Labour Market

Integration and Exclusion in Europe

Author: John Wrench,Andrea Rea,Nouria Ouali

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1349276154

Category: Social Science

Page: 274

View: 2451

This book examines racial and ethnic discrimination in the labour markets and workplaces of western Europe. Scholars from ten different countries set out the experience and implications of this exclusion for two main groups: the more established second and third generations of postwar migrant descent, and the 'new' migrants, including seasonal and undocumented workers and refugees, who are vulnerable to extreme exploitation and unregulated working environments. The book finishes by addressing the implications of these issues for trade unions and employers in Europe.

The Migration Apparatus

Security, Labor, and Policymaking in the European Union

Author: Gregory Feldman

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 0804779120

Category: Social Science

Page: 248

View: 2647

Every year, millions of people from around the world grapple with the European Union's emerging migration management apparatus. Through border controls, biometric information technology, and circular migration programs, this amorphous system combines a whirlwind of disparate policies. The Migration Apparatus examines the daily practices of migration policy officials as they attempt to harmonize legal channels for labor migrants while simultaneously cracking down on illegal migration. Working in the crosshairs of debates surrounding national security and labor, officials have limited individual influence, few ties to each other, and no serious contact with the people whose movements they regulate. As Feldman reveals, this complex construction creates a world of indirect human relations that enables the violence of social indifference as much as the targeted brutality of collective hatred. Employing an innovative "nonlocal" ethnographic methodology, Feldman illuminates the danger of allowing indifference to govern how we regulate population—and people's lives—in the world today.

International Migration in Europe

New Trends and New Methods of Analysis

Author: Corrado Bonifazi

Publisher: Amsterdam University Press

ISBN: 9053568948

Category: Social Science

Page: 342

View: 779


Illegal Immigration in Europe

Beyond Control

Author: F. Düvell

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230555020

Category: Political Science

Page: 271

View: 4331

The processes of globalization, increasing human mobility and European integration have led to immigration, and in particular illegal immigration, being among the top international policy, economic and security concerns. This book analyzes the causes of illegal immigration in Europe together with the history and political economy of the phenomenon. It offers an assessment of contemporary political responses and proposes an alternative approach aiming at a more sustainable solution.

Temporary Labour Migration in the Global Era

The Regulatory Challenges

Author: Joanna Howe,Rosemary Owens

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1509906312

Category: Law

Page: 440

View: 9965

In the global era, controversies abound over temporary labour migration; however, it has not previously been subjected to a sustained socio-legal analysis on a comparative basis, critiquing the underpinning concepts conventionally accepted as fundamental in this area. This collection of essays aims to fill that void. Complex regulatory challenges arise from temporary labour migration. This collection examines these challenges and the extent to which temporary labour migration programmes can be ethical, equitable and efficacious and so deliver decent work for workers. Whilst the tendency for migration law to divide labour law's worker-protective mission has been observed before, the authors of the chapters comprising this collection seek not only to interrogate why and how this is so, but to go further in examining the implications and effects of a wide range of regulatory mechanisms on temporary labour migration.

National Effects of the Implementation of Eu Directives on Labour Migration from Third Countries

Author: Roger Blanpain,Frank Hendrickx,Petra Herzfeld Olsson,William Chiaromonte

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9789041162571

Category: Emigration and immigration law

Page: 274

View: 7378

Guaranteeing third country national workers robust equal treatment with regard to working conditions and pay is a crucial condition for avoiding social dumping, exploitation, and other reasons for regime shopping within the EU. However, Member States are still reluctant to compromise control of their borders and their labour markets. The EU legislation adopted is, as a result, fragmented and full of solutions that give Member States an extensive margin of room for manoeuvre. In this book six distinguished European labour law academics discuss how three EU directives on labour migration - the Single Permit Directive, the Blue Card Directive, and the Directive on Seasonal Employment - interact with the labour migration systems of France, Germany, Italy, Poland, and Sweden - five countries with very different characteristics and approaches to implementation. Concrete issues dealt with in each country include the following: - conditions for granting work permits; - reasons for withdrawing a work permit; - how long a migrant worker can stay; - whether a migrant worker can bring his or her family; - employment and labour rights of migrant workers; - migrant workers' access to social rights; - how a migrant worker may enforce rights; - sanctions for violations of applicable provisions; and - potential for permanent status for a migrant worker. For each of these issues the authors analyse to what extent national legislators have been ready to adapt their national systems in order to fulfill the aims of the EU directives. They also identify unintended, or at least not explicit, effects of the implementation process. The authors clearly reveal whether the ambitions of the EU when initiating this process can be detected in the implementation process, and how implementation of the three directives have changed and could change national law on these issues. As the first in-depth analysis of how the intersection of migration and labour law and their impact on labour and employment relations play out in the EU context this book brings important insights to the growing literature in this field. The analysis will be of particular interest to national legislators, but is also sure to be warmly welcomed by academics and practitioners in fields related to labour and employment and migration.

EU Labour Migration since Enlargement

Trends, Impacts and Policies

Author: Béla Galgóczi,Janine Leschke

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317140206

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 5407

One of the most important consequences of EU enlargement in May 2004 was to extend the principle of the free movement of labour to the citizens of the central and eastern European new member states. In this book a team of labour economists and migration experts sheds light on the dimensions, characteristics and impacts of cross-border labour migration in selected sending (Hungary, Latvia and Poland) and receiving (Austria, Germany, Sweden and the UK) countries. Separate contributions detail the policy responses by governments, employers and trade unions in these countries to the challenges posed by both inward and outward migration. By setting out and analyzing the facts for seven countries, which vary greatly in their geographical situation, policies, and outcomes, the book contributes to the debate on this crucial issue in the ongoing process of European integration.

Europe: No Migrant's Land?

Author: Maurizio Ambrosini (a cura di)

Publisher: Edizioni Epoké

ISBN: 8899647240

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 4542

The Mediterranean region has always been marked by intense migration flows. Over the last few years, political instability in Middle East and North African countries, coupled with longstanding demographic and economic trends, have caused a sudden upsurge of migrants reaching Europe’s shores. Despite scattered shows of solidarity, however, the European response has been slow and fragmented. This volume offers a complete and encompassing analysis of the current state of play in terms of migration flows across the Mediterranean and policy responses by European transit and receiving countries. Attention is specifically devoted to ongoing debates about the management of mixed migration, the particular profiles and needs of asylum seekers, migrants’ labour market access, and integration policies in Europe.

Eldorado or Fortress? Migration in Southern Europe

Author: R. King,G. Lazaridis,C. Tsardanidis

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0333982525

Category: Social Science

Page: 351

View: 3575

As Europe struggles to control immigration, the EU's southern flank is perceived as the weak flank of 'Fortress Europe'. This book examines the many facets of Southern Europe's new immigration: the diverse roles played by immigrants in the labour market, issues of social exclusion and wider strategic concerns of security and geopolitics.