Making Human Rights a Reality

Author: Emilie Hafner-Burton

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691155364

Category: Law

Page: 276

View: 1260

Includes bibliographical references (pages 199-265) and index.
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Organization of African Unity

Making Human Rights a Reality for Africans

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Human rights

Page: 41

View: 2652

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Making Her Rights a Reality

Women's Human Rights and Development

Author: Gillian Moon

Publisher: Oxfam Publications

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 123

View: 9843

Is there any benefit to taking a human rights approach to development for women living in poverty? In this book, international lawyers, development practitioners, and activists explore the concept of a human rights approach.
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Making Rights a Reality?

Disability Rights Activists and Legal Mobilization

Author: Lisa Vanhala

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 113949712X

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 2663

Making Rights a Reality? explores the way in which disability activists in the United Kingdom and Canada have transformed their aspirations into legal claims in their quest for equality. It unpacks shifting conceptualizations of the political identity of disability and the role of a rights discourse in these dynamics. In doing so, it delves into the diffusion of disability rights among grassroots organizations and the traditional disability charities. The book draws on a wealth of primary sources including court records and campaign documents and encompassing interviews with more than sixty activists and legal experts. While showing that the disability rights movement has had a significant impact on equality jurisprudence in two countries, the book also demonstrates that the act of mobilizing rights can have consequences, both intended and unintended, for social movements themselves.
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Resilience and Contagion

Invoking Human Rights in African HIV Advocacy

Author: Kristi Heather Kenyon

Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP

ISBN: 0773552308

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 4673

HIV represents not only an unprecedented pandemic but also a site of civil society innovation. In the midst of devastation, activists in sub-Saharan Africa are progressing from traditional forms of advocacy to strategies that engage human rights principles, techniques, and language. Employing a comparative case-study approach, Resilience and Contagion considers the efforts of nine local civil society organizations in Ghana, Uganda, South Africa, and Botswana. Kristi Heather Kenyon examines who adopts rights-based discourse and why, arguing that leadership, individual beliefs, and structure all play a critical role in framing organizations. Beyond changing laws or policies, the most important impact of promoting patients’ rights, she attests, is that it enables individuals living with HIV to interact with health services from a position of resilience, strength, and empowerment. This book delves into discourse at the juncture of human rights, social theory, and global health, prompting significant and relevant discussion on advocacy’s evolution in the region of the world hit hardest by the HIV pandemic. Drawing on 145 interviews, extensive participant observation, and fascinating document analysis, Resilience and Contagion foregrounds the voices of civil society actors who have conducted the most vocal, widespread, and innovative advocacy to date.
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Human Rights Futures

Author: Stephen Hopgood,Jack Snyder,Leslie Vinjamuri

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107193354

Category: Political Science

Page: 344

View: 4382

For the first time in one collected volume, mainstream and critical human rights scholars together examine the empirical and normative debates around the future of human rights. They ask what makes human rights effective, what strategies will enhance the chances of compliance, what blocks progress, and whether the hope for human rights is entirely misplaced in a rapidly transforming world. Human Rights Futures sees the world as at a crucial juncture. The project for globalizing rights will either continue to be embedded or will fall backward into a maelstrom of nationalist backlash, religious resurgence and faltering Western power. Each chapter talks directly to the others in an interactive dialogue, providing a theoretical and methodological framework for a clear research agenda for the next decade. Scholars, graduate students and practitioners of political science, history, sociology, law and development will find much to both challenge and provoke them in this innovative book.
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The Local Relevance of Human Rights

Author: Koen De Feyter,Stephan Parmentier,Christiane Timmerman,George Ulrich

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139501550

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 717

Do human rights offer real protection when disadvantaged groups invoke them at the local level in an attempt to improve their living conditions? If so, how can we make sure that the experiences of those invoking human rights at the local level have an impact on the further development of human rights (at national and other levels) so that the local relevance of human rights increases? Since the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) on 10 December 1948, numerous international documents have reaffirmed human rights as global norms. This book examines what factors determine whether appeals to human rights that emanate from the local level are successful, and whether the UDHR adequately responds to threats as currently defined by relevant groups or whether a revision of some of the ideas included in the UDHR is needed in order to increase its contemporary relevance.
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Human Rights

Between Idealism and Realism

Author: Christian Tomuschat

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191506699

Category: Political Science

Page: 512

View: 8168

This third edition of Human Rights: Between Idealism and Realism presents human rights in action, focusing on their effectiveness as legal tools designed to benefit human beings. By combining conceptual analysis with an emphasis on procedures and mechanisms of implementation, this volume provides a multidimensional overview of human rights. After examining briefly the history of human rights, the author analyses the intellectual framework that forms the basis of their legitimacy. In particular, he covers the concept of universality and the widely used model that classifies human rights into clusters of different 'generations'. In this edition, the author brings together the fundamental aspects of human rights law, addressing human dignity as the ethical foundation of human rights, the principle of equality and non-discrimination as the essence of any culture of human rights, the protections against racial discrimination and discrimination against women, and assesses the individual as a subject of international law. The volume then moves on to assess the activities of the political institutions of the United Nations, the expert bodies established by the relevant treaties, and the international tribunals specifically entrusted at the regional level with protecting human rights. This edition also includes specific analysis of the actions mandated by the UN Security Council against Libya in 2011. It also includes greater coverage of the jurisprudence of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights and the African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights. The author explains how and why the classical array of politically inspired informal devices has been enriched by the addition of international criminal procedures and by endeavours to introduce civil suits against alleged individual violators of human rights. Finally, the volume is rounded off by a consideration of the importance of humanitarian law as an instrument for the protection of human life and dignity and an exploration of the future of human rights.
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The Twilight of Human Rights Law

Author: Eric Posner

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199313466

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 385

Countries solemnly intone their commitment to human rights, and they ratify endless international treaties and conventions designed to signal that commitment. At the same time, there has been no marked decrease in human rights violations, even as the language of human rights has become the dominant mode of international moral criticism. Well-known violators like Libya, Saudi Arabia, and Sudan have sat on the U.N. Council on Human Rights. But it's not just the usual suspects that flagrantly disregard the treaties. Brazil pursues extrajudicial killings. South Africa employs violence against protestors. India tolerate child labor and slavery. The United States tortures. In The Twilight of Human Rights Law--the newest addition to Oxford's highly acclaimed Inalienable Rights series edited by Geoffrey Stone--the eminent legal scholar Eric A. Posner argues that purposefully unenforceable human rights treaties are at the heart of the world's failure to address human rights violations. Because countries fundamentally disagree about what the public good requires and how governments should allocate limited resources in order to advance it, they have established a regime that gives them maximum flexibility--paradoxically characterized by a huge number of vague human rights that encompass nearly all human activity, along with weak enforcement machinery that churns out new rights but cannot enforce any of them. Posner looks to the foreign aid model instead, contending that we should judge compliance by comprehensive, concrete metrics like poverty reduction, instead of relying on ambiguous, weak, and easily manipulated checklists of specific rights. With a powerful thesis, a concise overview of the major developments in international human rights law, and discussions of recent international human rights-related controversies, The Twilight of Human Rights Law is an indispensable contribution to this important area of international law from a leading scholar in the field.
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Women's Human Rights

Author: Niamh Reilly

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745654940

Category: Social Science

Page: 216

View: 2033

Women's Human Rights: Seeking Gender Justice in a Globalising Age explores the emergence of transnational, UN-oriented, feminist advocacy for womens human rights, especially over the past three decades. It identifies the main feminist influences that have shaped the movement liberal, radical, third world and cosmopolitan and exposes how the Western, legalist, state-centric, and liberal biases of mainstream human rights discourse impede the realisation of human rights in womens lives everywhere. The book traces the evolution of the womens human rights movement through an examination of its key issues, debates, and practical interventions in international law and policy arenas. This includes efforts to: Develop global gender equality norms via the UN Womens Convention Frame violence against women as a human rights issue Address gender-based crimes in conflict situations, include women in conflict resolution and post-conflict reconstruction, and challenge new forms of militarism Highlight the gendered human rights dimensions of widening inequalities in a context of neo-liberal globalisation Develop human rights responses to anti-feminist fundamentalist movements with a focus on reproductive and sexual rights Ultimately, Women's Human Rights reaffirms a commitment to critically reinterpreted universal human rights principles and demonstrates the vital role that bottom-up, transnational movements play in making them a reality in women's lives.
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Emerging Regional Human Rights Systems in Asia

Author: Tae-Ung Baik

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139789341

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 6149

Asia is the only area in the world that does not have a human rights court or commission covering the region as a whole. However, a close look at recent developments in the region, especially in East Asia, shows that a human rights system is emerging. Various activities and initiatives for human rights cooperation are developing in Asia at the regional, sub-regional and national levels. Since the establishment of the ASEAN human rights body (AICHR) in 2009, the need for a review of the regional human rights mechanisms in Asia is stronger than ever. With a primary focus on twenty-three East Asian states, Tae-Ung Baik highlights the significant changes that have taken place in recent decades and demonstrates that the constituent elements of a human rights system (norms, institutions and modes of implementation) are developing in Asia.
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The World's Religions

A Contemporary Reader

Author: Arvind Sharma

Publisher: Fortress Press

ISBN: 0800697464

Category: Religion

Page: 371

View: 6369

This wide-ranging reader combines some of the best and most valuable contemporary perspectives from leading and significant writers, teachers, and thinkers who together address critical challenges and opportunities for the world's religions in a post 9/11 world. Edited by Arvind Sharma and organized by topic, the essays in this reader consider broad questions such as, What influence does religion have on contemporary life? The thematic arrangement of topics includes diverse religious perspectives on: war, terror, peace, human rights, pluralism, diversity, gender, spirituality, the interreligious dialogue, international diplomacy and globalization.
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United Nations Reform

Author: Eric Fawcett,Hanna Newcombe

Publisher: Dundurn

ISBN: 1459718852

Category: Political Science

Page: 336

View: 6072

The UN needs reform in order to meet the challenges of the unbalanced and alienated world whose outline is now on the horizon.
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Measuring Empowerment

Cross-disciplinary Perspectives

Author: Deepa Narayan-Parker

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821360574

Category: Social Science

Page: 475

View: 9429

Large-scale poverty reduction depends on the effective empowerment of poor people themselves. This publication sets out a conceptual framework that can be used to monitor and evaluate empowerment programmes, based on papers written by practitioners and researchers in a wide variety of fields, including economics and political science, sociology and psychology, anthropology and demography. These papers draw on research and practical experience at different levels, from households to communities to nations and in various regions of the world.
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Centennial Reflections

International Association for Religious Freedom, 1900-2000

Author: International Association for Religious Freedom

Publisher: Uitgeverij Van Gorcum

ISBN: 9789023236856

Category: Freedom of religion

Page: 233

View: 1417

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Newsletter

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Oromo (African people)

Page: N.A

View: 9207

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Lexikon der Vereinten Nationen

Author: Helmut Volger

Publisher: De Gruyter Oldenbourg

ISBN: N.A

Category: International cooperation

Page: 775

View: 4166

Das "Lexikon der Vereinten Nationen" ist nicht nur Nachschlagewerk, sondern auch Sammlung kritischer Bestandsaufnahmen der Weltorganisation, verbunden mit Reformvorschlägen. Die große Zahl renommierter Experten, die an dem Werk mitgearbeitet haben, hat für ein breites Meinungsspektrum gesorgt. Damit ist das Lexikon auch ein politisches Buch.
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